Tyler Maiman's Thesis

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Tyler Maiman's BS degree thesis.

Transcript of Tyler Maiman's Thesis

  • 1.small spacestyler maiman

2. ContentsBrief.................................................................................................... 5Premier Inspiration............................................................................ 6Urbanization...................................................................................10 Why Cities................................................................................. 18 Globally...................................................................................... 22Todays Small Spaces......................................................................30BOXHOME................................................................................. 34Maff Apartment......................................................................... 36Domestic Transformer............................................................. 38Monolocale................................................................................ 40 Finger Apartments.................................................................... 42 Yacht Interior Design................................................................. 44 Winnebago Bus Design............................................................ 46 The Scarecrow one room house.......................................... 48 Japanese Style Thinking.......................................................... 50Small Problems............................................................................... 526 Wall Thinking................................................................................ 58Functional Practices....................................................................... 64 Wall Partitions........................................................................... 66 Terence Conran......................................................................... 68Interviews.......................................................................................72 Stacey Fishkin..........................................................................75Sami Rintala.............................................................................. 76Petra Wilhelmina.......................................................................77Markie Melo............................................................................... 78Summary....................................................................................79Future Appliances/ Technology...................................................... 80Conclusion..................................................................................... 86References.....................................................................................88 3. I am designing for theyoung professional ur-ban dweller that has justmoved into a densely pop-ulated city, such as NewYork City. There are manyeveryday problems of liv-ing small, but with muchresearch and intelligentdesign practices there aresolutions to make theseliving spaces feel like justthe right size. 5 4. PrimaryInspiration 6 5. 7 6. In April of 2010 I participated in Electro-luxs annual Design Lab Competition. Elec-trolux is a company that focuses on innova-tive design of home appliances that tend tothe real needs of customers. In their 2010Design Lab Competition they concentratedon what they call The 2nd Space Age andprovided its participants with this brief: ElectroluxDesign Lab 2010 invitesglobal undergraduate and graduate indus-trial design students to create home ap-pliances that consider shrinking domesticspaces. Your ideas will shape how peopleprepare and store food, wash clothes, anddo dishes in the homes of 2050 when 74%*of the worlds population are predicted tolive in an urban environment. Growingpopulations living in concentrated areasdictate a need for greater space efficiency. 8 7. As I went through my research anddesign phases I constantly reminded my-self of the statistic they used in their brief.In 2050, 74% of the worlds population ispredicted to live in an urban environment.This is the foreseen trend prediction of ourworlds future.As much as I was just looking at it asa design challenge, I kept coming back tothe fact that this was a reality. After I submitted my design for a fu-ture home appliance I kept thinking, howis this flood of people moving into urbanenvironments going to affect the design ofthese domestic spaces and the productswe own, especially when there is a needfor greater space efficiency?9 8. Urbanization10 9. 11 10. People were once nomadic. We were hunters andgatherers traveling the land to provide for our familiesand create a safe and healthy life for ourselves. But wenever were stagnant until we started to grow crops andraise animals. This approach caused us to settle anddevelop villages, which gradually matured into largertowns. Soon enough these towns attracted a diverseassortment of people and developed into structured so-cieties. Laws eventually became established, religionwas developed and markets full of all the necessaryservices were formed. These towns were now constantly growing intowhat today is known as a city, and lifestyles began tochange. With this congregation of people and knowl-edge, technology advanced to new heights and creat-ed more of an industrial economy. With the realizationthat machines could do work much faster than peoplecould, people began to leave their country side farmsand started to urbanize. This shift of farming to factoryworking changed many peoples lives.12 11. Each block on the map illustrates one county in the US.The height of each block is proportional to that countyspopulation density in the year 2000, so the volume of theblock is proportional to the countys total population. Thecolor of each block shows the countys projected changein population between 1970 and 2030, with shades of or-ange denoting increases and blue denoting decreases.The patterns of recent population change, with growthconcentrated along the coasts, in cities, and in the Southand West, are projected to continue.- United States GlobalChange Research Program13 12. 1900 40%America is becoming more urban.The fraction of Americans living incities increased from 40% in 1900to more than 75% today and thisincrease is projected to continue. - United States Global Change Research Program14 13. 2010 75% 15 14. In 1800, only 3 percent ofthe worlds population livedin urban areas. By 1900,almost 14 percent were ur-banites, although only 12cities had 1 million or moreinhabitants. In 1950, 30 per-cent of the worlds popula-tion resided in urban cen-ters.-Population Reference Bureau180019001950 16 15. In 2008, for the first time, the worlds population wasevenly split between urban and rural areas. -Population Reference Bureau rural urban17 16. Why Cities?18 17. 19 18. Cities make a lot of sense for humans. Rather than being spread out over large masses of land, in rural areas, people can be gathered in a well-developed, structured metropolis. In these cities it is easier for government and others to provide necessary resources such as water, electricity, health, transportation and education to the masses.Photograph by Isaac Alongi20 19. The convenience of commerce is also avail-able at almost every street corner. With thisefficiency of providing services, cities es-tablished strong economies and generatedlarge scale job opportunities.Beyond the essentials that a city offers,these urban agglomerations provide a greatdeal of activities for your free time. You canvisit museums, parks, theaters, concertsand many historic attractions.-United Nation Population Fund21 20. This is currently happening globallyThe world is undergoing the largestwave of urban growth in history. -United Nation Population Fund 22 21. Tokyo, Japan, Hong Kong,China, Cairo, Egypt and NewYork City, New York are someof the world most populatedcities. With the past trend ofmore and more people inhab-iting these cities, certain mea-sures are going to have to betaken into account to preparefor this urbanization. 23 22. 21 21NEW YORK 21 MEXICO CITY KINSH10 Total projected population by 2025 (in millions) Projected Population by 2025SAU PAULO Population in 2005 Population in 1950 24 23. 36 26 2219 DELHI16 SHANGHAI CAIRO 17TOKYOMUMBAIHASA This world map shows the evolution of population growth and the United Nations projected popula- tion for the urban agglomeration in 2025 for the Urban Age cities and some of the largest and fast- est growing urban centers around the world.25 24. Compact Livingin ChinaPhotography by Michael Wolf26 25. 27 26. the next few decades will see an unprecedented scale of urbangrowth in the developing world. This will be particularly notable inAfrica and Asia where the urban population will double between2000 and 2030: That is, the accumulated urban growth of thesetwo regions during the whole span of history will be duplicated ina single generation. By 2030, the towns and cities of the develop-ing world will make up 81 per cent of urban humanity.-UN Population FundPhotograph by Alfredo WangCairo, EgyptPhotograph by Alfredo Wang 28 27. Tokyo, Japanby 2030, more than half of all Asiansand Africans will live in urban areas-Cities of The Future29 28. TodaysSmallSpaces30 29. 31 30. Small, if doneright, may beconsidered justthe right size.32 31. There are many positives to living small.Smaller spaces require much less energywhich also means much lower bills.They require less building resources whichthen have a lower impact on the environment.They also limit what you buy so you dontstart to collect excess clothing, furniture andappliances you cannot store.33 32. BOXHOME 200 sq. ft.By: Sami Rintala Oslo, Norway 34 33. This living space, designed in 2007 by the archi-tect Sami Rintala, is 200sq. ft. and is located inOslo, Norway. BOXHOME insures the basic livingfunctions by providing a kitchen with dining, bath-room, living room and bedroom.The design is therefore a testimony that less ismore. While reducing f