The rime of the ancient mariner

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Transcript of The rime of the ancient mariner

  • 1. The Rime Of The Ancient MarinerPart Fifth

2. Samuel Taylor Coleridge Samuel Taylor Coleridge (21 October 1772 25July 1834) was an English poet, literary criticand philosopher who, with his friend WilliamWordsworth, was a founder of the RomanticMovement in England and a member of theLake Poets. He is probably best known for hispoems The Rime of the Ancient Mariner andKubla Khan, as well as for his major prose workBiographia Literaria. His criticalwork, especially on Shakespeare, was highlyinfluential, and he helped introduce Germanidealist philosophy to English-speakingculture. He coined many familiar words andphrases, including the celebrated. He was amajor influence, via Emerson, on Americantranscendentalism. 3. The Rime of the Ancient Mariner (originally TheRime of the Ancyent Marinere) is the longest majorpoem by the English poet Samuel TaylorColeridge, written in 179798 and published in 1798in the first edition of Lyrical Ballads. Modern editionsuse a later revised version printed in 1817 thatfeatured a gloss. Along with other poems in LyricalBallads, it was a signal shift to modern poetry andthe beginning of British Romantic literature. 4. A brief introduction. The Rime of the fascination as theAncient Mariner Mariners storyrelates the experiences progresses, as can beof a sailor who has seen in the languagestyle: forreturned from a longexample, Coleridgesea voyage. The uses narrativeMariner stops a man techniques such aswho is on the way to apersonification andwedding ceremony andrepetition to createbegins to narrate a either a sense ofstory. The Wedding- danger, of theGuests reaction turnssupernatural or of 5. The Mariners tale begins with his ship departing on its journey.Despite initial good fortune, the ship is driven south off courseby a storm and eventually reaches Antarctica. An albatrossappears and leads them out of the Antarctic but, even as thealbatross is praised by the ships crew, the Mariner shoots thebird ("with my cross-bow / I shot the albatross"). The crew isangry with the Mariner, believing the albatross brought thesouth wind that led them out of the Antarctic. However, thesailors change their minds when the weather becomes warmerand the mist disappears ("Taws right, said they, such birds toslay / that bring the fog and mist"). However, they made agrave mistake in supporting this crime as it arouses the wrathof spirits who then pursue the ship "from the land of mist andsnow"; the south wind that had initially led them from the landof ice now sends the ship into uncharted waters, where it isbecalmed. 6. Changing of the mind 7. One by one, all of the crew members die, but the Mariner lives on, seeing for sevendays and nights the curse in the eyes of the crews corpses, whose last expressionsremain upon their faces. Eventually, the Mariners curse is temporarily lifted whenhe sees sea creatures swimming in the water. Despite his cursing them as "slimythings" earlier in the poem ("Yea, slimy things did crawl with legs / upon the slimysea"), he suddenly sees their true beauty and blesses them ("a spring of love gushdfrom my heart and I blessd them unaware"); suddenly, as he manages to pray, thealbatross falls from his neck and his guilt is partially expiated. The bodies of thecrew, possessed by good spirits, rise again and steer the ship back home, where itsinks in a whirlpool, leaving only the Mariner behind.The hermit prays, and theMariner picks up the oars to row. The pilots boy goes crazy and laughs, thinkingthe Mariner is the devil, and says, "The Devil knows how to row." As penance forshooting the albatross, the Mariner, driven by guilt, is forced to wander theearth, tell his story, and teach a lesson to those he meets: He prayeth best, who loveth best All things both great and small; For the dear God who loveth us, He made and loveth all. After relating the story, the Mariner leaves, and the Wedding Guest returnshome, and wakes the next morning "a sadder and a wiser man". 8. THE POEM BEGINS 9. And the coming wind did roar more loud,And the sails did sigh like sedge;And the rain poured down from one blackcloud;The Moon was at its edge.The thick black cloud was cleft, and stillThe Moon was at its side:Like waters shot from some high crag,The lightning fell with never a jag,A river steep and wide.The loud wind never reached the ship,Yet now the ship moved on!Beneath the lightning and the MoonThe dead men gave a groan.They groaned, they stirred, they all uprose,Nor spake, nor moved their eyes;It had been strange, even in a dream,To have seen those dead men rise.The helmsman steered, the ship moved on;Yet never a breeze up blew;The mariners all gan work the ropes,Were they were wont to do:They raised their limbs like lifeless tools--We were a ghastly crew. 10. The body of my brothers son,Stood by me, knee to knee:The body and I pulled at one rope,But he said nought to me."I fear thee, ancient Mariner!"Be calm, thou Wedding-Guest!Twas not those souls that fled in pain,Which to their corses came again,But a troop of spirits blest:For when it dawned--they dropped theirarms,And clustered round the mast;Sweet sounds rose slowly through theirmouths,And from their bodies passed.Around, around, flew each sweetsound,Then darted to the Sun;Slowly the sounds came back again,Now mixed, now one by one.Sometimes a-dropping from the skyI heard the sky-lark sing; 11. And now twas like all instruments,Now like a lonely flute;And now it is an angels song,That makes the Heavens be mute.It ceased; yet still the sails made onA pleasant noise till noon,A noise like of a hidden brookIn the leafy month of June,That to the sleeping woods all nightSingeth a quiet tune.Till noon we quietly sailed on,Yet never a breeze did breathe:Slowly and smoothly went the ship,Moved onward from beneath.Under the keel nine fathom deep,From the land of mist and snow,The spirit slid: and it was heThat made the ship to go.The sails at noon left off their tune,And the ship stood still also. 12. The Sun, right up above the mast,Had fixed her to the ocean:But in a minute she gan stir,With a short uneasy motion--Backwards and forwards half herlengthWith a short uneasy motion.Then like a pawing horse let go,She made a sudden bound:It flung the blood into my head,And I fell down in a swound.How long in that same fit I lay,I have not to declare;But ere my living life returned,I heard and in my soul discernedTwo VOICES in the air."Is it he?" quoth one, "Is this the man?By him who died on cross,With his cruel bow he laid full low,The harmless Albatross. 13. "The spirit who bideth byhimselfIn the land of mist and snow,He loved the bird that lovedthe manWho shot him with his bow."The other was a softer voice,As soft as honey-dew:Quoth he, "The man hathpenance done,And penance more will do." 14. Summary. After the albatross falls off our heros neck, he can finally sleep. In his sleep he dreams of drinkablewater, and sure enough, he wakes up to rain. Bear in mind, ever since midway through Part II, the guyshad nothing to drink but the blood he sucked from his own arm in Part III. And now, things are getting really crazy. All around the ship, supernatural events are occurring. For onething, theres a great storm of wind, which doesnt actually reach the ship, but is so close and so strongthat the mere sound of it makes the sails tremble. Mysterious fire dances through the sky; as for therain, its coming from one isolated cloud (presumably right above the ship), so that the moon is stillvisible. Lightning from this cloud doesnt bend like normal lightning. As if that wasnt weird enough, the ship begins to move now, even though the wind still hasnt reached it;the dead men suddenly groan and rise up, animated corpses, but its evident that their spirits are notthere: they do not respond to the narrator. They resume their tasks, but carry them out like robots. When the night ends, the zombies gather and begin to sing! A beautiful angelic chorus. The ship comes to a stop around noon, but not for long. The vessel starts sliding back and forth in thewater, before suddenly shooting forward like a rocket, with so much force that it topples our friend andputs him in a daze. In that daze, he hears spirits talking about him: it turns out there was a spirit in thearctic region who was friends with the Albatross, and that spirit seems to have cast the curse on theship. Furthermore, its revealed that while things have recently gotten better for the suffering sailor, hehas more woe to come: And penance more will do. 15. Not only can he pray again, but he can alsoLINE WISE sleep again. Exhausted from all the endlesscursing and dying of thirst, he falls asleep.EXPLANATION He credits Mary, the mother of Christ, forthis sleep. Naturally, he dreams about drinking water.Stanzas 67-69 But his dream actually comes true: it rainswhen he wakes up. Sailors are really goodat collecting rainwater from their sails andin buckets, and the Mariner has all thewater he needs. (In reality, a severely dehydrated personlike that would probably die from drinkingtoo much water too fast, but we wontquibble with Coleridge on this one.) He feels as light as if he had died and wasnow a ghost. But a happy ghost. 16. Stanzas 71-75 Now that the curse has been lifted, more good newsfollows. He hears a loud wind in the distance. The soundof the wind rattles the dried out ("sere") sails. But itsimportant to remember that the wind hasnt reachedthe ship yet. He sees new activity in the sky. More stars return, andhe sees things he calls "fire-flags." We have to thinkhes either talking about weird lightning flashes butwithout clouds to block the stars or the Aurora (inthis case, the Southern Lights). He sees a black cloud, the partial moon and lightningfalling in perfectly vertical fashion. Were not sureexactly whats going on, except that these are wilddescriptions. 17. LINE 79 AND 80 The Wedding Guest interrupts the story again. Hes not