The Old World Wonders

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there are 7 old world wonders such as Leaning Tower of Pisa, Hagia Sophia, Porcelain Tower of Nanjing, El Shoqafa, Colloseum, Stonehenge and Great Wall of China.

Transcript of The Old World Wonders

  • 1. Group 8

2. LEANING TOWER OF PISA 3. Pisa Tower is actually a bell tower Located in Pisa City, Italia It is accidentally lean because of the poor foundation and it was set in loose soil It used to lean at angle of 5.5, but after restoration, it leans only 3.99 now 4. HAGIA SOPHIA 5. Hagia Sophia is a former Orthodox patriarchal basilica, then changed into a mosque and now as a museum Located in Istanbul, Turkey First it was a Constantinople, then after 29 May 1453- 1931 it became a mosque It was closed to public for 4 years, then re-opened in 1935 as a museum by the Republic of Turkey It was famous for its massive dome, and believed as changed the history of architecture 6. Also known as Baoensi, is a Temple of Gratitude Located on the south bank of the Yangtze in Nanjing, China It was built with white porcelain bricks, that reflect the suns rays during the day And at night as many as 140 lamps were hung to illuminate the tower, created a mix of green, yellow, brown and white designs on the side of its 7. PORCELAIN TOWER OF NANJING 8. CATACOMBS OF KOM EL SHOQAFA 9. The name means Mound of Shards It is a historical archeological site located in Alexandria, Egypt It is a necropolis that consists of a series of Alexandrian tombs, statues, archeological objects of Pharaonic funeral with Hellenistic and early Imperial Roman influences It was used as a burial chamber from 2nd-4th century 10. STONEHENGE 11. It is located in Wiltshire, English Stonehenge is composed of earthworks surrounding a circular setting of large standing stones Archeologists believed it was erected around 2500 AD In early 20th most of the stones no longer upright stand It is one of the most famous sites in the world 12. COLOSSEUM 13. Colosseum is originally known as giant Amphitheatre It shaped elliptical and located in Rome, Italy It is considered as one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engingeering Colosseum construction started under the emperor Vespasian and completed under Titus It was capable for 50.000 spectators 14. THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA 15. The Great Wall of China is a series of stone and earthen fortifications It was a fortifications to protect the Northern borders of Chinese Empire from enemies It started to built since the 5th century BC One of the famous wall built between 220-206 BC by the first Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang 16. DIMENSION OF THE GREAT WALL It stretches over approximately 6.400km (4.000 miles) from Shanhaiguan in the East to Lop Nur in the West A more recent archaeological survey using advanced technologies points out that the entire Great Wall, with all of its branches stretches for 8.851,5 km (5.500,3 miles) It has been estimated that 2 to 3 million Chinese died as part of the Great Wall project 17. HISTORY At first, China was divided into 3 states : Qi, Yan and Zhao and all constructed fortifications to defend their own borders. Then Qin Shi Huang conquered all to unified, and establishing Qin Dynasty Qin Shi Huang destructed the former wall sections then built the new wall to connect the remaining wall This new wall was the started point of The Great Wall The Great Wall concept was revived again during Ming dynasty in 1449 The Ming construction was stronger and more elaborate than The Qin construction 18. NOTABLE AREAS Some notable areas of The Great Wall are in Beijing municipality, which were renovated and regularly visited by tourist nowadays The example of notable area such as in Shanhaiguan which known as the Number One Pass Under Heaven 19. CHARACTERISTIC Formerly, The Great Wall was mainly built from earth, stones, and wood. However in Ming Dynasty, bricks were heavily used in many areas of the wall Bricks could bear more weight and endure better than rammed earth