Taking OER beyond the OER Community

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Taking OER beyond the OER Community - report from UNESCO meeting

Transcript of Taking OER beyond the OER Community

  • TakingOERbeyondtheOERCommunity:

    PolicyandCapacity

    PolicyForum

    Paris,France

    1December2010

    SUMMARYREPORT

    Organisedby: UnitedNationsEducational,ScientificandCulturalOrganisation(UNESCO)

    Supportedby: CommonwealthofLearning(COL)

  • TableofContents

    ABBREVIATIONS......................................................................................................................................ii

    1. EXECUTIVESUMMARY...............................................................................................................1

    2. OPENINGANDWELCOME..........................................................................................................2

    3. SETTINGTHESCENE:OPENEDUCATIONALRESOURCESANDTHEOPENCONTENTMOVEMENT...............................................................................................................................3

    4. TAKINGOERBEYONDTHEOERCOMMUNITY:POLICYANDCAPACITYFORDEVELOPINGCOUNTRIES.................................................................................................................................5

    5. WHATWORKS:APANELDISCUSSION........................................................................................6

    5.1 OERAFRICA:LESSONSLEARNT..................................................................................................6

    5.2 THEUKOPENUNIVERSITYANDOER:ASUCCESSFULINSTITUTIONALEXPERIENCE..................8

    5.3 THEVIRTUALUNIVERSITYFORSMALLSTATESOFTHECOMMONWEALTH(VUSSC)MODELFORDEVELOPMENT:OER..........................................................................................................9

    5.4 HEALTHOERATKWAMENKRUMAHUNIVERSITYOFSCIENCEANDTECHNOLOGY................10

    5.5 UNESCOsINSTITUTEFORINFORMATIONTECHNOLOGYINEDUCATION:OERPROJECT.......11

    5.6 QUESTIONSANDANSWERS.....................................................................................................12

    6. WAYFORWARD:APANELDISCUSSION...................................................................................14

    6.1 OERINACTION.........................................................................................................................14

    6.2 THEINNOVATIVECAPACITYOFOER........................................................................................15

    6.3 THEWAYFORWARD:OERSVALUEPROPOSITION..................................................................17

    6.4 LICENSINGISSUES:ANOVERVIEW...........................................................................................18

    7. GROUPDISCUSSIONS...............................................................................................................19

    7.1 WHATKINDOFPOLICYSUPPORTDOYOUNEEDFROMUNESCO/COL?[ANNEX2:TABLEOFFOLLOWUPRECOMMENDATIONS].........................................................................................19

    7.2 HOWCANUNESCO/COLFACILITATENETWORKINGINOER?..................................................20

    7.3 HOWCANYOUSEEOERMAKINGANIMPACTONHIGHEREDUCATION?..............................21

    7.4 HOWCANUNESCOMAKEADIFFERENCE?..............................................................................22

    8. MESSAGESFROMCOUNTRIES.................................................................................................23

    8.1 GERMANY.................................................................................................................................23

    8.2 FRANCE.....................................................................................................................................23

    8.3 MAURITIUS...............................................................................................................................23

    8.4 KOREA......................................................................................................................................24

    9. CLOSINGCEREMONY................................................................................................................24

    10. APPENDICES.............................................................................................................................25

    i

  • ii

    ABBREVIATIONS

    ADEA AssociationfortheDevelopmentofEducationinAfrica

    AVOIR AfricaVirtualOpenInitiativesandResources

    BBC BritishBroadcastingCorporation

    CCSA CreativeCommonsSouthAfrica

    CERI CentreforEducationResearchandInnovation(OECD)

    CI CommunicationandInformation(UNESCO)

    CIS CommonwealthofIndependentStates

    COL TheCommonwealthofLearning

    EIA EnglishinAction

    FOSS FreeandOpenSourceSoftware

    GATS GeneralAgreementonTradeinServices

    HE HigherEducation

    HEAT HealthEducationandTraining

    HEIs HigherEducationInstitutions

    ICT InformationandCommunicationTechnology

    IIEP InternationalInstituteforEducationPlanning(OECD)

    IITE InstituteforInformationTechnologyinEducation(UNESCO)

    IP Intellectualproperty

    KERIS KoreanEducationandResearchInformationService

    KNUST KwameNkrumahUniversityofScienceandTechnology

    MDG MillenniumDevelopmentGoal

    MIT MassachusettsInstituteofTechnology

    OCW OpenCourseWare

    ODL OpenandDistanceLearning

    OECD OrganisationforEconomicCooperationandDevelopment

    OER OpenEducationalResources

    OLI OpenLearningInitiative

    OpenLearn OpenLearningrepositoryattheUKsOpenUniversity

    OU OpenUniversity

    PBL Problembasedlearning

    SAIDE SouthAfricanInstituteforDistanceEducation

    TESSA TeacherEducationinSubSaharanAfrica

    UESC UniversityeLearningSupportCentre

    UCT UniversityofCapeTown

    UK UnitedKingdom

    UN UnitedNations

    UNESCO UnitedNationsEducational,ScientificandCulturalOrganisation

    VUSSC VirtualUniversityoftheSmallStatesoftheCommonwealth

    WCHE WorldConferenceonHigherEducation

  • 1. EXECUTIVESUMMARY

    UNESCO, supported by the Commonwealth of Learning and other international and regionalorganisationsandassociations,shouldplayabrokeringroleandbedrivingtheinternationalagendatopromoteOERintheinternationalcontext.

    ThePolicyForumthatwasattendedbyparticipants from60membercountries focusedonraisingawarenessofOER at the policy level. In hiswelcoming addressDr Tang, theAssistantDirectorGeneralforEducationatUNESCOassertedthatOERhadthepotentialtotransformeducationatalllevelsof the systembyprovidingquality teachingand learning resources. Healsopromised thatUNESCOwouldbepayinggreaterattentiontohighereducation,especiallytheuseofOER,andthatitwillneedtodecideonspecificentrypointssoasnottoduplicatecurrentinitiatives.

    Sir John Daniel, CEO and President of the Commonwealth of Learning, identified a dichotomychallenging governments and a paradox confusing higher education. The dichotomy wasbetweenproprietaryorrestrictedcontentandopencontentwhilsttheparadoxwasthatwhilstODLwas booming at some institutions others were trying to suppress it often within the sameinstitutionorcountry.

    At various levelsUNESCO and other organisations are developingOER platforms to facilitate theidentification and sharing of OER materials. Already a number of OER materials have beendeveloped manyofthese intruecollaborativestyle. VariouspresentersarguedthattherewasaneedforOERtobeavailableinanumberofdifferentformats,includingprintandonCD,inordertoensuretheiraccessibilityinthedevelopingworldwhereICTinfrastructureoftenrestrictedaccesstoonlinedigitalmaterials.

    Representatives from Kenya, Ghana, the Virtual University for the Small States of theCommonwealth(VUSSC)andtheUKsOpenUniversityoutlinedtheprocessesthattheyhadadoptedin developing and quality assuring OER. Representatives from Germany, Korea, Mauritius andAgenceuniversitairede laFrancophonie (AUF)detailedofhow theircountries/organisationswerepromotingOERinhighereducation.

    During2010UNESCO, inpartnershipwiththeCommonwealthofLearning,heldfourworkshops(inSouthAfrica,Namibia,MaliandIndia)focussingonraisingawarenessaroundOER.Theseworkshopstargetedexecutiveheadsofuniversities,academics,qualityassuranceagenciesandrepresentativesfromdevelopedanddevelopingcountries.Threeonlineforumsdiscussingarangeofissuessuchascopyrightandwhatworkswerealsoheldbringingtogetherover350participants.

    Despite all the recent activities the participants indicated that there was still a great need foradvocacy,especiallyamongstteachersandresearchersatgrassrootslevel;aneedforgovernments,regional organisations and associations to be more involved in promoting OER through policydevelopment and other advocacy initiatives; and policy development around quality assurance.However, therewas general consensus that through collaborative efforts the issues of access toinstitutionsofhigher learningandqualitywouldbeaddressedand thatOERhave thepotential totransformhighereducation.

    1

  • 2. OPENINGANDWELCOME

    TheUNESCOPolicyForumonOpenEducationalResourceswasheldon1December2010atUNESCOHeadquarters.Themeetingbroughttogethersome100 participantsrepresentingdecisionmakersinhighereducationatsystems(government)andinstitutionallevelfromallUNESCOMemberStates.(AnnexI.ListofParticipants).TheobjectivesofthisPolicyForumwereto: EstablishacommonunderstandingofOpenEducationalResources(OER,)andtheirpotential

    topromoteaccesstoqualityhighereducationindevelopingcountries;

    ExplorehowOERcanmaximizetheimpactofinvestmentoneducation DiscusstheroleofOERinadvancingtheMillenniumDevelopmentGoals

    ReviewprogressmadeintheUNESCOCOLinitiativeTakingOERbeyondtheOERCommunity DiscussandproposeawayforwardforUNESCOandotherrelevantagenciestoharnessOER

    for thegreatestbenefitofeducationandexplore related issues, inparticularOpenLicensingandtheiradoptioninintergovernmentalorganizationspolicies

    ThisPolicyForumwasheldintheframeworkoftheUNESCO/COLInitiative,Ta