Sovereignty, Free Will, and Salvation - God's sovereignty over salvation part 4

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This presentation discusses the concept of effectual grace and the call of God, which He uses to bring people to salvation

Transcript of Sovereignty, Free Will, and Salvation - God's sovereignty over salvation part 4

  • 1.Sovereignty Free Will & Salvation

2. Gods Sovereignty and SalvationPart 4 3. Review from Last time If God desires all to be saved, why arent all saved? Paul shows us in Romans 9 that God elects some to salvationbased on His mercy. Isnt that unfair? No, some receive grace and some receive righteous justice How do the unsaved come to salvation if no person seeksGod? The two most plausible possibilities are prevenient andeffectual grace. 4. Much of the issues of Gods sovereignty,humanitys free will, and salvation comes down to thequestion of whether God gives grace to everyone soall have the chance to make a free-will decision to choose God. 5. Two Possible Answers1. Prevenient Grace2. Irresistible or Effectual 6. A Look at John 1:9 There was the true Light which, coming into the world, enlightens every man. (John 1:9) The word enlighten is photizo, which refers to light being shed upon an object. Therefore, it does not refer to an inner illumination, but rather an external objection revelation thatcomes through Christ. The Light, in essence, reveals where people are in their relationship toGod. Humanity has enough light to be responsible before God, but it chooses darkness.This is the judgment, that the Light has come into the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the Light, for their deeds were evil. For everyone who does evil hates the Light,and does not come to the Light for fear that his deeds will be exposed. But he who practices the truth comes to the Light, so that his deeds may be manifested as having been wrought inGod. (John 3:1921) 7. A Look at John 12:32And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to Myself. (John 12:32)The phrase all men refers to all kinds of people and does not mean all people receive prevenient grace.The context of the chapter shows that non-Jews had come to the disciples and asked to see Jesus:Now there were some Greeks among those who were going up to worship at the feast; these then cameto Philip, who was from Bethsaida of Galilee, and began to ask him, saying, Sir, we wish to see Jesus. Philip came and told Andrew; Andrew and Philip came and told Jesus. (John 12:2022). All menmeans that non-Jews are included in Gods plan of salvation as the book of Revelation says: And they sang a new song, saying, Worthy are You to take the book and to break its seals; for You were slain,and purchased for God with Your blood men from every tribe and tongue and people and nation. (Revelation 5:9). All everything belonging, in kind, to the class designated by the noun, every kind of, all sorts of Greek Lexicon 8. Prevenient vs. Effectual Grace Wesley believed prevenient grace wasirresistible, but once a persons eyes were enlightened, they could then resist Godand not be saved. Prevenient grace had tobe irresistible because no fallen person willingly seeks for or receives any part ofGod.The Reformed position says that Godsgrace is also irresistible, but it is effectual,in that God always accomplishes His purpose and does not fail to save those He chooses. In the same way no corpseresisted Jesus command to live again, no fallen person resists Gods command tobe 9. How Not to Think about Effectual GraceOpponents of Reformed theology says that irresistible or effectual gracemeans that God drags unbelievers kicking and screaming into His kingdom. This is completely untrue. Instead, irresistible grace changes the heart of the unbeliever so they cease their rebellion against God, see His beauty,and willingly choose God from their new heart. 10. How to Think about Effectual Grace Irresistible or effectual grace is not the external call to salvation made, butrather the inward, effectual call of God that quickens the spiritual dead soul of an unbeliever to life. It is called irresistible or effectual because itaccomplishes its purpose it brings the unbeliever back to life.Remember both Wesleys prevenient grace and the Reformed effectualgrace are both irresistible; they differ in terms of the accomplished task. 11. What Does the Bible say? "among whom you also are the called of Jesus Christ;" (Romans 1:6) "and these whom He predestined, He also called; and these whom He called, He alsojustified; and these whom He justified, He also glorified."(Romans 8:30)God is faithful, through whom you were called into fellowship with His Son, Jesus Christ our Lord. (1 Corinthians 1:9)who has saved us and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace which was granted us in Christ Jesus from all eternity(2 Timothy 1:9)"There is one body and one Spirit, just as also you were called in one hope of your calling;" (Ephesians 4:4) "seeing that His divine power has granted to us everything pertaining to life and godliness,through the true knowledge of Him who called us by His own glory and excellence." (2 Peter 1:3) 12. Jesus on the Call of God All that the Father gives Me will come to Me, and the one whocomes to Me I will certainly not cast out. (John 6:37) Jesus answered and said to them, Do not grumble amongyourselves. No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Medraws him; and I will raise him up on the last day. It is written in the prophets, And they shall all be taught of God. Everyone who has heard and learned from the Father, comes to Me. (John 6:4345) 13. What is the meaning of Ever man who has heard and learned from the Father comes unto me except that there is none who hears from theFather, and learns, who comes not to me? For if everyone who has heardfrom the Father, and has learned, comes, certainly everyone who does not come has not heard from theFather or learned; for if he had heard,he would come.- Augustine 14. A Sobering Truth Regenerationprecedes Faith How else could an unbeliever,trapped in their total depravity, ever believe in God unlessGod grants to them the ability(faith) to believe? 15. The problem is this: If grace isnecessary but not effectual, whatmakes it work? Obviously it is the positive response of the sinner,who is still in the flesh. Why doesone sinner respond to the offer ofgrace positively and the othernegatively? Is the difference in response found in the power of the human will or in some addedmeasure of grace? If God merely offers to change my heart, whatwill that accomplish for me as long as my heart remains opposed to Him? - R. C. Sproul 16. From Spiritual Death to LifeAnd you were dead in your trespasses and sins, in which you formerly walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of thepower of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience. Among them we too all formerly lived in the lusts of our flesh, indulging thedesires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath,even as the rest. But God, being rich in mercy, because of His great lovewith which He loved us, even when we were dead in our transgressions, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved), and raised usup with Him, and seated us with Him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus, so that in the ages to come He might show the surpassing riches of Hisgrace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus. For by grace you have beensaved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; not as a result of works, so that no one may boast. For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand so that we would walk in them. (Ephesians 2:110) 17. From Spiritual Death to Life In the same way that Lazarus did not andcould not resist Jesus call to life, those chosen byGod today do notand cannot resist thecall to new spirituallife. Like Lazarus, we arent sick; we aredead and unable to respond on our own.It takes Godseffectual call to bring us back to 18. What Does the Bible say?and these whom He predestined, He also called;and these whom He called, He also justified; and these whom He justified, He also glorified."(Romans 8:30) Notice all the verbs are in the past tense. The verbs are in theaorist tense and indicative mood it is a snapshot event that took place in the past and is not something that is in doubt of having occurred. God performed all of these actions upon his saints from beforetime began. 19. Westminster Confession of FaithAll those whom God has predestined unto life, and those only, He is pleased, in His appointed and accepted time, effectually to call, by His Word and Spirit, out of that state of sin and death, in which they are by nature to grace and salvation, by Jesus Christ; enlightening their minds spiritually and savingly to understand the things of God, taking away their heart of stone, and giving unto them an heart offlesh; renewing their wills, and, by His almighty power, determining them to that whichis good, and effectually drawing them to Jesus Christ: yet so, as they come mostfreely, being made willing by His grace. 20. What Does the Bible say? but we preach Christ crucified, to Jews astumbling block and to Gentiles foolishness, but to those who are the called, both Jews andGreeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God."(1 Corinthians 1:23-24) The call cannot be something universal in nature according to his verse there are Jews and Gentiles who have not heard the call and there are Jews and Gentiles who have been called. 21. To Those who are the Called Jude, a bond-servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, To those who are the called, beloved in God the Father, and kept for Jesus Christ: (Jude 1)ChurchThe church, the redeemed, beli