(Slideshare) lesson#2a)tauhid-course-19-sept-2012

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  • 1.IN THE NAME OF ALLAHMOST COMPASIONATEMOST MERCIFUL#2a LESSON INTRODUCTION TO THEMLEODU ES STUDY OF TAUHEEDA NEW -COURIntermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults CH ]BAT [2012conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 18 weekly class started : 5th SEPTEMBER 2012IT CAN ALSO BE A Every Wadnesday night @ 8pm 10pm REFRESHER COURSEFOR MUSLIM Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road, PARENTS, EDUCATORS, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim IN CONTEMPORARYSINGAPORE.For further information and registrationOPEN TO ALLcontact E -mail :ad.fardhayn.sg@gmail.comor +65 81234669 / +65 96838279Using curriculum he has developed especially for English-speakingMuslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims. To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)UPDATED SEPT 2012All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012

2. PREVIOUS LESSONTHEM BER R EME .All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 3. PREVIOUS LESSON .BE R E MREMAll Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 4. PREVIOUS LESSONRMBE R EME T.THAAll Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 5. PREVIOUS LESSONRMBE R EME T.THAAll Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 6. PREVIOUS LESSONTHEM BER R EME .All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 7. PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 8. PREVIOUS LESSONAll Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 9. PREVIOUS LESSONEPISTEMOLOGYAmongst the definitions:....... Knowledge is the arrival (husul- )* of the meaning(mana- ) of a thing or object of knowledge in the soul ofthe subject; and simultaneously,..... Knowledge is the soulsarrival (wusul-) at the meaning of that thing or the objectof knowledge. By meaning (mana- ) is: the recognition of the properplace of anything in a system ...: Prof. Syed Muhammad Naquib Al-Attas* attainment; acquirement is a better translation.All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 10. PREVIOUS LESSON EPISTEMOLOGY Thus, perspective of Education in Islam can be defined:... Recognition and acknowledgement, progressively instilledinto man, of the proper places of things in the order ofcreation, such that it leads to the recognition andacknowledgement of the proper place of God in the order ofbeing and existence.Quoted from: The Educational Philosophy and Practice of SyedMuhammad Naquib Al-Attas by Wan Mohd Nor Wan Daud (ISTAC publication).All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 11. PREVIOUS LESSON EPISTEMOLOGYAll Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 12. PREVIOUS LESSON IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST GRACIOUS, MOST MERCIFULADDENDUMEspecially requiredsince most participants inthis class are Muslimswho may require thisimportant reminder.** Hope those non-Muslim or participantsA REMINDER TO MUSLIMS FROMnew to Islam in this classcan understand andLESSONS ON ISLAMIC ADAB appreciate the reason forthis prelude LESSONS FROM BEGINNERS COURSEAll Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2012) 12 13. PREVIOUS LESSON SINCERE ADVICE TO MUSLIM INTELLECTUALS All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 14. TO CONTINUE .. Lesson # 2A BRIEF OVERVIEW OF THE COURSE & METHOD OF APPROACH USING OF REASON (AQLIYYAH) AS ONE OF THE MEANS OF DEVELOPING IIMAN (FAITH)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 15. AND ON EARTH there are signs [of Allahsexistence, visible] to all who are endowed with innercertainty, just as [there are signs thereof] withinyour own selves: can you not, then, see? (Quran: Dzaariyat: 51: 20-21)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 16. [All this have We expounded in this] blessed divine writ which We have revealed unto thee, [O Muhammad,] so that men may ponder over its mes-sages, and that those who are endowed with insight may take them to heart. (Quran: Swad: 38: 29)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 17. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 18. And We have certainly created for Hell manyof the jinn and mankind. They have heartswith which they do not understand, they haveeyes with which they do not see, and theyhave ears with which they do not hear. Thoseare like livestock; rather, they are moreastray. It is they who are the heedless.(Quran: 7: 179)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 19. The Holy Quran calls upon people to think and to draw conclusionsthrough thought process.It even regards thinking as part of worship, and does not recognisethe belief in its doctrinal tenets if it is not the outcome of correctthinking.Islam in this connection has paid attention to a basic point, thatalthough people are capable of thinking, still they can end up witherroneous conclusion - if they neglect to use, or inappropriatelyallow certain factors to influence their thought process.All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 20. Thus, in Islam, we are provided basic guidelines - basic lessons on how to think correctly. Firstly, in the Quran, it has pointed out the major causes which lead to wrong thinking and has explained what to do to avoid error and deviation.All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 21. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 22. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 23. Now if thou pay heed (follow) unto the majority of those [who live] on earth, they will but lead thee astray from the path of Allah: they follow but [other peoples] conjectures, and they themselves do nothing but guess *. Verily, thy Sustainer knows best as to who strays from His path, and best knows He as to who are the right- guided. (Quran: An-am: 6: 116-117)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 24. 1. Reliance on conjecture instead of sure knowledge The phrase: * nothing but guess (conjecture) *i.e. They only guess regarding the true nature of human life and its ultimate destiny, the problem of revelation, the relationship between God and man, the meaning of good and evil etc. metaphysical questions.All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 25. 1. Reliance on conjecture instead of sure knowledgeApart from leading man astray from spiritual truths, suchguesswork gives rise to arbitrary rules of conduct and selfimposed inhibitions.All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 26. "And do not follow (pursue) anything of which thou hast no knowledge: verily (thy) hearing and sight and heart - all of them - will be called to account for it (on Judgement Day)." (Quran: Bani Israil : 17 :36)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 27. 1. Reliance on conjecture instead of sure knowledgeMuslims are to be taught that there is distinction betweenknowledge (ILM) and conjecture or guesswork (DZONN); betweenabsolute and relative; between what are reliable and unreliablereports, and how to distinguish between them; etc. It exposes thefallacy of merely following the majority without concern forsubstantiation of truth, which seems to be the common approach,albeit erroneously adopted by people, in matters of religion.All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 28. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 29. 2. Bias and inclination towards base desiresIf man wants to judge rightly, he should fully maintain hisimpartiality. In other words, he should seek Truth only, and acceptwithout hesitation what evidence proves. He should behave exactlylike a judge in a court of justice, who while studying a case ought tobe neutral to the claims of both parties. If he is biased towards oneparty, the arguments in favour of that party will unconsciously attracthis attention and the arguments against it will automatically bemissed by him. That is what will mislead the judge.All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 30. 2. Bias and inclination towards base desiresIf man is not neutral and his thinking is lop-sided, the pointer ofhis thinking will unconsciously be inclined towards his personalliking and personal desire. That is why the Holy Quran regards thebase desires as much a source of error as reliance on guess andconjecture. Allah says :All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 31. 2. Bias and inclination towards base desiresIf man is not neutral and his thinking is lop-sided, the pointer ofhis thinking will unconsciously be inclined towards his personalliking and personal desire. That is why the Holy Quran regards thebase desires as much a source of error as reliance on guess andconjecture. Allah says :"They follow nothing but conjecture andthat which they desire. (Quran : Najm 53: 23)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 32. 2. Bias and inclination towards base desiresThe concept of justice (AL-ADL ) are to be applied in analysis, puttingthings in their appropriate place, requiring impartial appraisal of allrelevant views available to be considered and not suppressed oroverlooked.Often, this would be difficult when one inclines to own desires(HAWA) or self-interest, therefore we are to be extra cautious of ourown failings.All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 33. 2. Bias and inclination towards base desiresAll Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 34. 2. Bias and inclination towards base desiresO YOU who have attained to faith! Be ever steadfast inyour devotion to Allah, bearing witness to the truth inall equity; and never let hatred of any-one lead you intothe sin of deviating from justice. Be just: this is closestto being God-conscious. And remain conscious of Allah:verily, Allah is aware of all that you do. (Quran: Maa-idah: 5: 8)All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 35. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 36. 3. Haste To be able to express an opinion about a question, one should have adequate evidence before him. Unless there is enough evidence, any hasty expression of an opinion is likely to lead to error. In the Holy Quran, Allah repeatedly refers to the insufficiency of human knowledge for pronouncing an opinion in respect of many important questions. For example:All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2012 37. "And they ask you about the soul. Say: The soul is on