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    Ministry of Labour, Human Services and Social Security1 Water and Cornhill StreetsGeorgetown, GuyanaTel: 223-7408, 22-68996

    Website:www.mlhsss.gov.gy

    http://www.mlhsss.gov.gy/http://www.mlhsss.gov.gy/
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    Table of Contents...1

    Acknowledgements .......3Executive Summary.....4

    Objectives of Statistical Unit..5

    Mission and Functions of the Ministry of Labour- LOSH...5

    Purpose of Survey.6

    List of Acronyms ...7

    Definitions ....8

    Sample And Survey Methodology & Design....9

    - Training, Field Work & Sample Coverage

    -Coding & Data Processing

    Chapter 1-Introduction and Background.....10

    Chapter 2- Summary Facts on Respondents....12

    Mode of Operation..................................13

    Employees within Establishments- Gross.....15

    Employees within Establishment Sample ......16

    Occupational Types .............................17

    Chapter 3- Educational Attainment and Experience..18

    Chapter 4 Employment composition of workers by Industry and Ethnicity ...20

    Chapter 5- Employment Costs: Occupational Wages, Hours of Work & Employment Costs..21

    Chapter 6- Conclusion..35

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    LIST OF TABLES

    Table 1.1- Questionnaires distributed and returned 2007- 2009....11

    Table 2.1 Types of Establishments in sample by Sector- 2007- 2009..12

    Table 2.2 Establishments by Ownership, Market, Social Organisation. 2007- 2009.13

    Table 2.3 Distribution of Gross staffing in organizations by Gender: 2007- 09.15

    Table 2.4 Distribution of interviewees sampled by Gender: 2007-09.......16

    Table 2.5 Occupational Classifications by Gender according to ISCO 88:2007-09........17

    Table 3.1 Educational Attainment: 2007- 2009......18

    Table 3.2 Experience on the job by Gender: 2007- 2009....19

    Table 4.1 Sample of Employment Composition of Workers by Industry & Ethnicity: July 2009..20

    Table 5.1 Average Employment Cost 2003- 2009.....21

    Table 5.2 Comparative Annual Average Employment Expenses: 2007- 09.....22

    Table 5.3 Gross Employees by Ethnicity, Labour Expenses & Average Employment Expenses 2007-0924

    Table 5.4 Average Salaries and Hours of Work 2009......26

    Table 5.5 Some Top Paying Jobs by Industry: 2009..34

    LIST OF GRAPHS

    Graph # 1.1- Distribution of Responses in sample : 2007- 2009....11

    Graph # 2.1 Distribution of Responses by Sector: 2007- 2009.......12

    Graph # 2.2 Distribution of Establishments in sample by Ownership:2007- 2009.....13

    Graph # 2.3 Distribution of Establishments in sample by Market: 2007-09.........14

    Graph # 2.4 Distribution of Entities by Social Organization: 2007-09......14

    Graph # 2.5 Gross number of persons working in Establishments : 2007-09..15

    Graph # 2.6 Employees in Organizations Sampled by Gender: 2007-09....16Graph # 2.7 Distribution of Employees in Sample by Occupational Categories: 2007-09....17

    Graph # 3.1 Distribution of Academic Attainment in Sample: 2007- 2009.....18

    Graph # 3.2 Distribution of Experience in Sample: 2007- 2009......19

    Graph # 5.1 Distribution of Comparative Average Employment Cost: 2003- 2009...21

    APPENDICES

    Appendix A. Permanent Secretarys letter to Interviewees & Organizations............36

    Appendix B. Sample of OWS 2009 Questionnaire........37

    Appendix C List of Personnel Involved In The Survey...45

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    Acknowledgements

    The ILO Caribbean Office was instrumental in initiating Occupational Wages and Hours of WorkSurveys in Caribbean Countries in 2003, during which the first such survey was implemented inGuyana by Statistical Unit Ministry of Labour, Human Services and Social Security. Thus, it isimportant to acknowledge the initial training and technical support provided by ILO. Additional

    relevant training in these regards was also obtained from Bureau of Statistics, for which we arealso grateful.

    The report describes the key findings and combined efforts of many individuals, organizationsand institutions without which the successful completion of this project would not have beenpossible. In these regards, we would like to thank the Minister of Labour, the PermanentSecretary and staff of LOSH and CRMA Departments for their contributions. Sincere gratitude isalso expressed to all Institutions and Organizations Governmental, Private Sector and TradeUnions for their invaluable assistance in completing our 2009 Occupational Wages and Hour ofWork questionnaires. The collaboration and cooperation of other Departments within theMinistry of Labour, Human Services and Social Security is also deeply appreciated.

    Ivelaw Henry

    Chief Statistical Officer

    Ministry of Labour,

    Human Services and Social Security

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    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    The Guyana Occupational Wages and Hours of Work Survey (OWHWS) is an Annual Publicationof the Statistical Unit of the Ministry of Labour, Human Services and Social Security. It providesvital occupational hours and wages and salaries statistics which are collected from businesses,government institutions, trade unions andprivate organizations among others.

    The survey targeted 540 establishments. Of this amount 251 establishments responded in eightregions, giving a response rate of 47%. The establishments had 9,263 employees consisting of4,952 males and 4,311 females. A total of 227 Private organizations, 13 Public institutions and 11Para-public institutions were sampled.

    Approximately 58% of the workforce are on the job between 1 and 4 years. This indicates a seriousproblem with retaining workers. Therefore, intensive efforts are needed for workers, whileproviding reasonable compensation packages or conditions of services. Data indicates that 20% ofthe workforce is stable. 10% of the workforce has 10-14 years of service, while 10% has more than15 years on the job.

    More than 90 % of labour force does not have an education above secondary level, and since thequality of education relates to quality of service, there is need to improve academic abilities of ourworkers. Hence, the need for persons to attain higher education. This issue has to be addressed inorder to have a more competitive economy in light of Guyanas recent ranking at 97 on an index of198 in terms of having competitive economies.

    Of the 251 establishments, 90 % were Guyanese owned, while 6 % and 4% were ownership withforeign equity or completely foreign owned. This indicates the need to move towards increasingforeign investment in the country since only 1 % of these businesses were solely in the export

    sector.

    Job categories such as Accountancy, Drug Manufacturing and Commercial Banking, just to name afew, attracted the largest number of employees and higher salaries, while a significant number ofpersons preferred to work in the heavy-duty machinery working environment on the basis ofreceiving high paid salaries resulting in increased demand for training in the latter jobs from ourBIT department.

    To improve productivity, Guyanese businesses need to ensure introduction of technology or shouldwork towards making technology a catalyst in developing their full potential. Employers shouldtake into account flexible working hours for employees which is inevitable in any modern

    economy.

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    OBJECTIVES OF THE STATISTICAL UNIT

    The major functions of the Statistical Unit are aimed at ensuring collection, analysis anddissemination of employment and social statistics which can form the basis of policies.

    MISSION AND FUNCTIONS OF LABOUR OCCUPATION SAFETY HEALTH DEPARTMENT

    To contribute to the economic and social development of Guyana by executing appropriatepolicies and programmes that will:

    Maintain a stable industrial relations climate;

    Enhance the safety and health of workers by ensuring improved working conditions at worksites;

    Develop a social compact aimed at increasing the productivity and competitiveness ofenterprises in the production and service sectors and;

    Provide a range of services to employers, trade unions and employees in order to create anatmosphere of mutual trust and social justice between management and labour.

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    Purpose of the survey

    Major objectives of the survey include:

    1. Provision of up-to-date salary statistics / information for Wages and Salaries Administrationin Guyana and to facilitate monitoring of trends and informing related policy.

    2. Generation of annual workforce data for use by Tripartite Sectors of the economy: public,private, trade unions, also students and international organizations among others.

    3. Continuity of up to date labour statistics and surveys to facilitate upgrading Guyanas rankingamong other countries from Category 3 to Category 2.

    4. Provision of data for monitoring progress towards achievement of related MDGs.

    5. Providing data to assist with facilitating productivity analysis / assessment.

    The Salary / Wage data gathered is useful for the following purposes:

    Career Planning or Counselling: To provide youths with data required to make wise careerplanning choices e.g. which are the higher paying jobs / industries and which are lower paying.To assist Management with data required for counselling staff in making decisions relative tocareer changes.

    Educational Planning & Allocation of Educational Resources: To assist employer/investorwith making informed decisions relative to educational planning & allocation of educationalresources. Knowledge of the current salary levels could determine whether to invest ineducation or hire from the job market; when employer is planning his / her educational

    investment programme.

    Industrial Differences: Provide investors with approximate cost of wages and salaries costsand facilitate comparison of differences in remuneration between industries.

    Differences in Educational Attainment & Experience: To sensitize all relative to the roles ofdifferences in educational attainment and experience and salary determination/ wagecomparisons.

    Wage and Salary Negotiation: This data is important in setting wage rates and comparisonsfor salary negotiation.

    Comparison With Wages, Salaries in Other Countries: Many other countries conductsimilar surveys.

    Policy Decisions Relative To Salary / Wage Levels: This is used by Policy Makers indecisions relative to Salary and Wage rates and levels.

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    LIST OF ACRONYMS

    BIT: Board of Industrial Training

    BOS: Bureau of Statistics

    CBA: Collective Bargaining Agreement

    CRMA: Central Recruitment & Manpower Agency

    ILO: International Labour Organisation

    ISCO: International Standard Classification of Occupation

    LOSH: Labour Occupational Safety & Health

    MDGs: Millennium Development Goals

    MNC: Multi National Cooperation

    SPSS: Statistical Package for Social Sciences

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    DEFINITIONS

    Average Employment Cost: is derived by accumulating employment cost for all theestablishments and dividing by the total number of employees in the establishments.

    Clerks: This includes records clerks, accounts clerks and storekeepers.

    Craft and Craft Related Workers: This comprises of occupations such as mechanics, joiners andelectricians.

    Educational Attainment and Experience: Educational attainment refers to whether the workerwould have completed primary, secondary, technical or tertiary education. In terms of experience,the survey was used to find out whether the worker would have finished one year on the job, twoto four years, five to nine, ten to fourteen years or worked in excess of fifteen years on the job.

    Elementary Occupations: This includes occupations such as cleaners, labourers, maids, officeassistants, factory hand. For these occupations, skills are not required.

    Employment Cost: Information on employment costs was also collected. Employment cost refersto the total amount the employer expended on employees. This includes cost for training, welfareassistance, National Insurance Scheme - employers contributions, uniform and housingallowances, bonuses as well as wages and salaries.

    Enumerator: Persons who collected data for survey from establishments.

    Legislators, Senior Officials and Managers: Those employees classified in this group includedmainly senior managers, and directors within various establishments.

    Para Public- Refers to NGOs and other semi Public institutions whose staff are not paid bygovernment, but might receive subvention and other forms of government assistance to executetheir functions.

    Plant and machine operators, assemblers: This comprises of such occupations as drivers,machine operators, plant operators and pump attendants.

    Professionals: This includes accountants, pharmacists, agronomists, economists, computerprogrammers, engineers and lawyers.

    Reference Month: The reference month was July, 2009. This month was used in previous surveys

    and for purpose of consistency the month ending 31st

    July is being maintained.

    Sales and Service Workers: This includes stores attendants, security, cooks and waiters.

    Skilled Agricultural Workers: Workers falling in this group included gardeners and planters.

    Technicians: This category includes occupations such as electronic technicians, teachers, anddraughtsman.

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    SAMPLE AND SURVEY METHODOLOGY & DESIGN:

    TRAINING, FIELD WORK & CODING & DATA PROCESSING

    The Survey was done based on models and standards developed by ILO designed to collectinformation on occupational wages and hours of work. Additionally the Unit continuously updatesthe establishment listing from which it draws the related samples.

    The questionnaire attached was administered in order to collect the requisite data.

    Training and field work

    This lasted for approximately 2 months, from mid Octoberto mid December 2009.

    Data processing

    Data was coded in accordance with International Labour Classification coding requirements andkey entered in our data base using SPSS and Excel by 2 members of staff, in 2 portions and internalconsistency checks were performed. Data coding and processing were executed in January toFebruary 2010 and report completed in March 2010.

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    Chapter 1: Introduction and Background

    The Statistical Unit, Ministry of Labour Human Services and Social Security, conducted its sixthOccupational Wages and Hours of Work Survey during the period October 2009 to December2009. Previously Occupational Wages and Hours of Work Surveys were executed in 2003,2004, and 2006, 2007 and 2008.

    During this survey, expanded coverage of a greater number of Regions was achieved due to theinvaluable interventions from the Minister and the Permanent Secretary and Heads ofDepartments in Ministry of Labour. Additionally, important contributions by way ofenumeration were made by the Staff of LOSH and CRMA Depts.

    The assignments of enumerators were as follows:2007 - 10 Enumerators, 2008 - 3 Enumerators, and 2009 - 21 Enumerators.

    For these years TheRegional breakdowns of the questionnaires received are as follows:

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    A total of two hundred and fifty-one (251) establishments participated in the survey in eight (8)regions of Guyana. fourteen (14) in Region Two, twenty eight (28) in Region Three, one hundredand twenty (120) in Region Four, five (5) in Region Five, forty (40) in Region Six, twenty (20) inRegion Seven, fourteen (14) in Region Nine and ten (10) in Region Ten. The regions were betterrepresented in the current survey.

    In 2008, 130 questionnaires were dispatched and 59 returned as against 400 being dispatched and

    218 returned in 2007. This shows a fluctuation between the years with the least questionnairesdispatching in 2008.

    GRAPH 1.1Distribution of Responses in Sample2007 to2009

    TABLE 1.1 QUESTIONNAIRES DISTRIBUTED & RETURNED 2007- 2009

    Regions2007 2008 2009

    Dispatched Returned ResponseRate %

    Dispatched Returned ResponseRate %

    Dispatched Returned ResponseRate by Region%

    ResponseRate bySample

    Pop.

    Region 1 - - - - - - - - - -

    Region 2 - - - - - - 19 14 74 6

    Region 3 - - - - 8 - 31 28 90 11

    Region 4 - 60 - - 12 - 391 120 31 48

    Region 5 - 19 - - 13 - 15 5 33 2

    Region 6 - 108 - - 19 - 40 40 100 16Region 7 - - - - - - 20 20 100 8

    Region 8 - - - - - - - - - 0

    Region 9 - 15 - - - - 14 14 100 5

    Region 10 - 16 - - 7 - 10 10 100 4

    Total 400 218 55% 130 59 45% 540 251 47% 100%

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    Chapter 2 Summary Facts on the Respondents

    In 2009, two hundred and fifty-one (251) questionnaires were classified by sectors of which ninetypercent (90%) originated from the Private Sector, six percent (6%) Public Sector and four percent(4%) Para-Public Sector. These represent general increases over 2008. Further, the private andpara public sectors portions of the establishments sampled in 2009 indicate significant increasesover the previous years. However, overall analysis might indicate the need to aim for improvement

    in the numbers dispatched and returned in all sectors, but more especially the public and parapublic sectors in future.

    GRAPH 2.1 Distribution of Responses by Sectors 2007 to 2009

    TABLE 2.1-TYPES OF ESTABLISHMENTS IN SAMPLE BY SECTORS- 2007- 2009

    2007 2008 2009

    Private Sector 195 48 227

    Public Sector 18 9 13

    Para Public Sector 5 2 11

    Total 218 59 251

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    Mode of Operation

    Of the 251 establishments in 2009, ninety percent (90%) of the establishments are WhollyGuyanese owned while six percent (6%) and four percent (4%) are Ownership with Foreign Equityand Wholly Foreign owned respectively. There was fair representation of the institutions that wereforeign owned/ had foreign equity, operated in both markets and those that were unionized. Withthe exception of export activities, all other entities realized increases in all aspects for 2009 above

    those for2008.

    GRAPH 2.2 DISTRIBUTION OF ESTABLISHMENTS IN SAMPLE BY OWNERSHIP: 2007-2009

    TABLE 2.2 ESTABLISHMENTS BY OWNERSHIP, MARKET AND SOCIAL ORGANISATION-2007-2009

    ENTITIES BY LOCATION OF OWNERSHIP 2007 2008 2009

    Wholly Guyanese Owned 197 57 226

    Foreign Owned Entities 21 2 25

    ENTITIES BY LOCATION OF MARKET

    Engaged solely in Export Activities 9 4 2

    Engaged solely in domestic market 194 38 219Engaged in both markets 15 17 30

    ENTITIES BY SOCIAL ORGANISATION

    Establishments whose workers are unionized 30 8 21

    Establishments with Collective Bargaining Agreements(CBA 16 3 9

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    For 2009, of the organizations sampled, eighty seven percent (87%) operated in the domesticmarket and twelve percent (12%) in both markets while one percent (1%) of these, engaged inexport market only. These represented increases in the first 2 markets categories for 2009 over theprevious years.

    GRAPH 2.3 DISTRIBUTION OF ESTABLISHMENTS IN SAMPLE BY MARKET: 2007-2009

    In 2009, eight percent (8%) of the sampled establishments are unionized and four percent (4%)have Collective Bargaining Agreements (CBA).

    GRAPH2.4DISTRIBUTION OF ENTITIESBY SOCIAL ORGANISATION-2007- 2009

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    Employees within Establishments - Gross

    According to data below, women seem to be maintaining a substantial share of the workingpopulation; even working to reduce the male- female gap in some instances. While 218organizations in 2007 employed 9753 workers, in 2009, 251 organizations utilized 9263employees. This could indicate that more proportionately smaller firms were used in the 2009survey or that employers seem to be managing with relatively less staff. Data shows consistent

    increase in both categories and total for 2009 relative to the previous years, despite being belowthe figures for 2007.

    GRAPH2.5GROSS NUMBER OF PERSONS WORKING IN THE ESTABLISHMENTS: 2007-2009

    TABLE 2.3: DISTRIBUTION OF GROSS STAFFING IN ORGANISATIONS BY GENDER 2007-2009

    2007 2008 2009Male 5299 2047 4952

    Female 4454 1694 4311

    Total 9753 3741 9263

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    Employees in Establishments - Sample

    The total sample for 2009 was far in excess of the previous years, more than double that for 2007and more than 4 times that of 2008; in most circumstances the higher sample would be preferredsince it might usually be expected to give a better indications.

    GRAPH 2.6 EMPLOYEES IN ORGANISATIONS SAMPLED BY GENDER 2007-2009

    TABLE 2.4 DISTRIBUTION OF INTERVIEWEES SAMPLED BY GENDER

    2007 2008 2009

    Male 650 294 1176

    Female 432 203 1070

    Total 1082 497 2246

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    Occupational Types

    The chart displays significant increases in the categories of legislators/ managers, associateprofessionals, clerks, service workers, and elementary occupations recorded approximately 2times or more in numbers for 2009 compared to 2007. There is also a great improvement over theprevious years in the numbers identified in the category as unclassified, there being none in 2009.

    GRAPH 2.7 DISTRIBUTION OF SAMPLE BY OCCUPATIONAL CATEGORIES 2007- 2009

    Table 2.5 Occupational classifications by Gender according to ISCO-88: 2007-2009

    Occupational Classifications 2007 2008 2009M F T % M F T % M F T %

    1 Legislators, SeniorOfficials, Managers

    61 17 78 7 16 12 28 6 96 63 159 7

    2 Professionals 33 37 70 6 8 19 27 5 51 38 89 4

    3 Technical & AssociateProfessional

    53 42 95 9 38 46 84 17 110 137 247 11

    4 Clerks 46 134 180 17 17 44 61 12 202 150 352 16

    5 Service Workers, Shop &Market Sales Workers.

    92 109 201 19 42 37 79 16 236 387 623 28

    6 Skilled Agricultural &Fisheries Workers.

    0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 2 6 0

    7 Craft & Related TradeWorkers

    99 10 109 10 38 5 43 9 115 15 130 6

    8 Plant & MachineOperators & Assemblers

    93 19 112 10 55 0 55 11 165 28 193 8

    9 Elementary Occupations 87 55 142 13 47 32 79 16 197 250 447 20

    10 Unclassified 86 9 95 9 33 8 41 8 0 0 0 0

    Total 650 432 1082 100 294 203 497 100 1176 1070 2246 100

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    Chapter 3 Educational Attainment & Experience

    The educational attainment level of the 2246 persons who were sampled from the 9263respondents indicate that 29 % gained primary education, 52 % completed secondary schooleducation, 9 % obtained technical education, 8 % achieved a tertiary level education and 2% did notindicate. Thus, tertiary and technical levels account for 17 %. More men than women have beenconsistently noted in the total samples from these 3 yrs. Men out number women at primary,

    technical and for those not stated for the 3 years. The exception to this trend was 2009 wherewomen attained higher numbers at secondary level and 2008 when more women at tertiary levelsthan men were observed. For 2009, technical and tertiary percentages declined relative to previousyears, while 2%of the academic levels were not indicated.

    GRAPH 3.1 DISTRIBUTION OF ACADEMIC ATTAINMENT IN SAMPLE: 2007-2009

    Table 3.1 Educational Attainment: 2007- 2009

    Educationallevel attained

    2009 2008 2007

    M F T % M F T % M F T %

    Primary 393 251 644 29 116 50 166 33 233 110 343 32

    Secondary 508 652 1160 52 93 72 165 33 227 198 425 39

    Technical 130 73 203 9 36 26 62 13 113 64 177 16

    Tertiary 110 78 188 8 29 43 72 15 71 57 128 12

    Not Stated 35 16 51 2 20 12 32 6 6 3 9 1

    Total 1176 1070 2246 100 294 203 497 100 650 432 1082 100

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    In 2009, those with 1 yr experience accounted for 26%, 2 - 4 yrs amounted to 32 percent (%), 5-9yrs experience totaled 19%, 10-14 yrs amounted to 10%, 15 yrs totaled 10 %, while 3% did notstate. That fact that 20 % for 2009 and 2007 had between 10-15 yrs experience is commendabledespite the mobility of employees and the attrition rate of some organizations. This has implicationsfor decisions relative to planning for training of staff versus efforts to retain staff.

    Comparison of the 3 years showed men exceeding women in each category with the exception of

    2008 at 1-14 yrs and 15 yrs categories and 2009 at did not indicate section. Approximately half ofthe persons had less than 5 years experience generally. The highest number of males in 2009 was inthe 2-4 yrs experience category similar for females. For the other years the pattern was similarindicating persons might not be staying too long in their jobs.

    GRAPH 3.2 DISTRIBUTION OF EXPERIENCE IN THE SAMPLE: 2007- 2009

    Table 3.2: EXPERIENCE ON THE JOB BY GENDER - 2007- 2009

    YEARS 2009 2008 2007

    M F T % M F T % M F T %

    1 yr 256 329 585 26 72 44 116 23.3 180 128 308 28.5

    2-4 yr 372 343 715 32 92 63 155 31.1 161 131 292 27

    5-9yrs 251 186 437 19 48 40 88 18 98 76 174 16

    10-14 yr 129 85 214 10 19 21 40 8 74 34 108 10.315 yrs 148 77 225 10 23 24 47 9.4 63 48 111 10

    Did Not Indicate 20 50 70 3 40 11 51 10.2 49 40 89 8.2Total 1176 1070 2246 100 294 203 497 100 625 457 1082 100

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    Chapter 4 Employment Composition Of Workers By Industry And Ethnicity

    Based on the sample, Indo-Guyanese seem to prefer jobs in sawmilling, beverage retail, textileretail, motor vehicle repair, quarrying, rice milling, furniture manufacturing. Etc while Afro-Guyanese seem to prefer jobs in Hotels and restaurant, household items retail, telecommunication,postal services, security among others.

    TABLE 4.1 SAMPLE OF EMPLOYMENT COMPOSITION OF WORKERS BY INDUSTRY AND ETHNICITY JULY 2009

    Sample-Industry and Ethnic Composition of Workers

    No. Code Omitted Afro Indo Amerindian Mixed Other Total

    Sawmill 2010 0 54 154 22 12 1 243

    Hotel 5513 0 104 47 9 35 0 195

    Restaurant 5520 27 95 79 7 23 4 235

    Wholesale/Retail 5123 0 7 6 1 0 0 14

    Beverage Retail 5211 0 60 92 10 12 1 175

    Textile Retail 5232 7 27 78 6 18 5 141

    Household Items Retail 5233 0 28 14 2 0 0 44

    Specialized Stores Retail 5239 0 10 11 2 2 4 29

    Machinery Sales 5150 0 7 4 2 0 0 13

    Automotive Sales 5030 23 9 39 2 3 0 76

    Motor Vehicles Repair 5020 0 25 44 5 14 0 88

    Quarry 1411 0 8 20 3 0 0 31

    Food Processing 1511 0 3 12 0 8 1 24Rice Milling 1531 0 3 37 0 1 0 41

    Stock Feed Mfg. 1533 0 1 11 0 3 0 15

    Bakery 1551 0 13 39 3 6 0 61

    Gold Mining 1319 0 13 3 2 1 0 19

    Paint Manufacture 2422 0 5 8 0 1 1 15

    Metal Fabrication 2899 0 9 8 2 6 0 25

    Furniture Manufacturing 3610 15 7 31 1 4 0 58

    Jewellery 3691 0 6 7 1 1 0 15

    Water Processing/Dis. 4100 15 7 7 1 3 2 35

    News Paper Pub/Adv. 7430 12 7 16 0 3 1 39

    Electricity Gen/Dist. 4010 15 0 0 0 0 0 15

    Taxi 6021 0 5 5 0 1 0 11

    Trucking Service 6030 0 1 4 0 0 0 5

    Shipping Service 6301 0 3 11 0 0 1 15

    Travel Service 6304 0 9 4 1 1 0 15

    Telecommunication 6420 0 20 9 0 4 0 33

    Banking 6919 15 0 0 0 0 0 15

    Postal Service 6411 0 14 1 0 0 0 15

    Credit Union 6592 0 10 0 0 0 0 10

    Pawn Brokery 6592 0 3 0 0 2 0 5

    Money Transfer 6599 0 3 0 0 2 0 5

    Insurance Service 6601 0 3 0 0 2 0 5

    Computer Repairs 7250 0 9 0 0 12 0 21

    Accounting & Auditing 7412 0 6 5 1 3 0 15

    Security Service 7523 0 10 2 2 1 0 15

    Primary Education 8010 0 1 19 0 0 0 20

    Secondary Education 8021 0 12 7 1 14 0 34

    Technical Education 8022 9 27 22 1 5 0 64

    Waste Disposal 9000 0 3 6 1 0 0 10Trade Unions 9111 0 20 13 3 6 0 42

    Funeral Service 9303 0 4 1 0 0 0 5

    Hospital 8512 0 11 3 0 1 0 15

    Other Health Care 8519 0 3 0 1 1 0 5

    HIV/AIDS Awareness 8519 0 5 2 2 1 0 10

    Government Service 7511 6 25 12 2 4 0 49

    Town/ Village Council 7514 4 22 22 1 3 0 52

    Gas Station 5050 12 29 37 3 1 0 82

    Drug Manufacturing 2423 0 5 7 1 2 0 15

    Optician 3320 0 2 3 2 5 0 12

    Total 160 773 962 103 227 21 2246

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    Chapter 5 Employment Cost: Occupational Wages, Hours Of Work And Employment Cost

    The average for the current sample is G$650,114. This figure depends on various expendituresrelative to employment costs and the level of employment of the organizations involved. Up to2007 average cost of employment was increasing, with positive increments /additions, however,between 2007- 2008 AEC declined by 8 % due to negative increments. This trend continuedbetween 2008- 2009 with continued decline in AEC resulting in 10% decline.

    GRAPH 5.1 DISTRIBUTIONS OF COMPARATIVE AVERAGE EMPLOYMENT COSTS 2003-2009

    Table 5.1 Average Employment Cost 2003-2009

    Year Average Employment Cost G$ Increase G$ Increase %2003 466,898 - -

    2004 559,395 92,497 20

    2006 724,586 165,19130

    2007 786,899 62,313 9

    2008 724,715 (62,184) -8

    2009 650,114 (76,001) -10

    Source: OWS 2003, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009.

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    Changes over the period could depend in part on the types and sizes of the organizations included inthe samples over the years, the level of efficiency, level of employees used among others.

    From the table below it is observed that increases were noted in the following: Rice milling, bakery,saw milling, furniture manufacturing, construction, sale of petroleum, travel service among otherswhile decline was observed in security service.

    Table 5.2 COMPARATIVE ANNUAL AVERAGE EMPLOYMENT EXPENSES 2007- 20092009 2008 2007

    No.

    ISICCode

    Economical ActivityAnnual Total Expenditure

    on Labour Cost

    Annual Average

    Employment Cost

    Annual Average

    Employment Cost

    Annual Average

    Employment Cost

    1 1319 Gold Mining $ 47,433,698.00 $ 765,059.65 0

    2 1411 Quarry $ 37,510,734.80 $ 914,895.97 0

    3 1419 Bauxite 0 0 $1,124,526 $670,67

    4 1511 Food Processing $302,644,600.00 $ 669,567.70 0

    5 1512 Fish Processing 0 0 $273,762 $927,82

    6 1513 Canning of Food 0 0 $82,560

    7 1531 Rice Milling $ 51,135,475.00 $ 581,084.94 $535,695 $461,15

    8 1533 Man. Livestock Feeds $ 60,243,339.00 $ 860,619.13 0

    9 1551 Man. of Bakery Product $ 38,363,371.00 $ 599,427.67 $340,363 $144,08

    10 1561 Manufacturing of Liquor $ 21,991,200.00 $ 1,099,560.00 0

    11 1564 Beverage manufacturing 0 0 $62,277 $285,94

    12 2010 Sawmilling $284,505,119.00 $ 476,557.99 $421,452 $316,82

    13 2022 Manufacturing of Blinds $ 5,079,340.00 $ 1,015,868.00 0

    14 2102 Packaging 0 0 $831,429

    15 2422 Manufacturing of Paints $ 75,449,701.00 $ 838,330.01 0

    16 2423 Manufacture of Drugs $ 20,397,484.80 $ 551,283.37 0

    17 2424 Paint Manufacturing 0 0 $647,652.

    18 2899 Welding Fabrication $427,648,766.00 $ 497,266.01 0

    19 3320 Optical Service $ 3,662,000.00 $ 457,750.00 0

    20 3610 Production of Furniture $120,143,248.00 $ 1,133,426.87 $468,394 $211,17

    21 3691 Sale of Jewellery $ 33,101,924.00 $ 472,884.63 0 $418,00

    22 4010 Transmission of Power $ 27,038,229.00 $ 844,944.66 0 $1,658,53

    23 4100 Sale of Purified Water $731,175,049.00 $ 1,334,261.04 0

    24 4520 Construction $ 42,687,800.00 $ 656,735.38 $239,835 $401,91

    25 5010 Auto Parts Sale 0 0 $586,389 $412,04

    26 5020 Machine Shop $ 5,748,376.00 $ 479,031.33 0

    27 5030 Sale of Automotive Parts $ 58,201,589.91 $ 538,903.61 0

    28 5050 Sale of Petroleum prod. $319,112,849.80 $ 795,792.64 $437,142 $311,98

    29 5121 Wholesale of life animals $ 18,892,519.00 $ 64,260.27 0

    30 5123 Sale of Industr. Chemicals $ 9,627,576.00 $ 687,684.00 0

    31 5150 Sale of Mining Equipment $ 14,463,720.00 $ 602,655.00 0

    32 5200 Retail Trade 0 0 $518,254 $606,10

    33 5211 Retail of food items $100,724,898.80 $ 434,159.05 0

    34 5231 Retail of Pharmaceuticals & Cosmetics $ 80,404,681.00 $ 992,650.38 0

    35 5232 Retail of Textiles & HH Goods $140,408,086.00 $ 426,772.30 0

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    36 5233 Electronics Shop $ 66,054,918.00 $ 475,215.24 0

    37 5234 Retail of Hardware $161,549,843.80 $ 841,405.44 0

    38 5239 Retail of Stationary $ 57,440,641.00 $ 692,055.92 0 $444,74

    39 5510 Hotels 0 0 $468,727 $384,98

    40 5513 Hospitality/Accommodation $227,300,771.00 $ 666,571.18 0

    41 5520 Restaurants, Bars and Canteens $117,636,924.00 $ 435,692.31 $425,068 $348,97

    42 6021 Transportation (Taxi Service) $ 5,499,360.00 $ 274,968.00 0

    43 6030 Transportation (Trucking Service) $ 2,952,600.00 $ 492,100.00 044 6301 Shipping $ 84,059,254.00 $ 2,334,979.28 0

    45 6304 Travel Services $ 17,776,800.00 $ 888,840.00 0 $406,30

    46 6411 Mail $ 47,574,400.00 $ 98,702.07 0

    47 6420 Telecommunications $194,712,000.00 $ 255,863.34 $2,328,593. $1,303,69

    48 6519 Banking $ 0 - $ 0 - 0 $2,466,01

    49 6592 Credit Granting $ 8,383,703.00 $ 349,320.96 0

    50 6599 Money Transfer $ 3,596,568.00 $ 719,313.60 0

    51 6600 Insurance 0 0 $1,147,203 $868,62

    52 6601 Sale of Insurance $ 4,204,200.00 $ 700,700.00 0

    53 7250 Repair & Maintenance of Computer $ 17,344,480.23 $ 619,445.72 0

    54 7290 Other Computer related activities, sales 0 0 $480,11

    55 7412 Accounting Services $ 30,995,713.00 $ 815,676.66 0

    56 7430 Advertising $ 77,011,612.00 $ 846,281.45 0 $1,170,04

    57 7511 General Public Service Activities $577,654,476.58 $ 2,396,906.54 $724,310 $723,20

    58 7511 Para Public Sector 0 0 $444,10

    59 7512 Municipality 0 0 $407,638 $916,364

    60 7514 Collection of Rates & Taxes $134,827,180.30 $ 740,808.68 0

    61 7523 Security Services $ 50,450,400.00 $ 471,499.07 0 $557,56

    62 8010 Primary Education $ 9,062,016.00 $ 362,480.64 0

    63 8021 Secondary Education $ 33,593,080.00 $ 559,884.67 $3,402,698

    64 8022 Technical Education $125,024,619.88 $ 806,610.45 0

    65 8030 University 0 0 $1,642,539

    66 8511 Medical Services $243,162,312.00 $ 711,000.91 $858,630 $473,31

    67 8511 Private Hospitals 0 0 1,073,692

    68 8519 Human Health Activities $ 27,467,040.00 $ 1,831,136.00 0 $542,01

    69 9000 Garbage Disposal $ 69,629,015.00 $ 511,978.05 $518,464

    70 9111 Business $ 24,733,322.68 $ 1,075,361.86 0

    71 9233 Conservation $143,271,520.00 $ 1,053,467.06 0

    72 9303 Funeral Services $ 1,578,612.00 $ 315,722.40 0

    Grand Total $5,642,342,757.58 $41,135,419.10 $19,567,292. $18,356,373.0

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    Data below indicates that female dominate in traditional jobs such as food processing, retail,hospitality/ accommodation, restaurant/bars, mailing, banking, medical services and males in goldmining, quarrying, rice milling, sawmilling, welding/fabrication, garbage disposal among others.-though women hold substantial numbers in welding & fabrication.

    Table 5.3 GROSS EMPLOYEES BY ETHNICITY, ANNUAL LABOUR EXPENSES, and AVERAGE EMPLOYMENTEXPENSES 2009

    No.

    ISICCode

    Economical Activity

    No.ofBusinesses

    Male

    Female

    Afro

    Indo

    I M O

    NotStated

    Total

    Annual TotalExpenditure on

    Labour Cost$

    AnnualAverage

    EmploymenCost

    $

    1 1319 Gold Mining 3 62 0 0 0 0 0 0 62 62 47,433,698 765,05

    2 1411 Quarry 2 38 3 13 15 13 0 0 0 41 37,510,734 914,89

    3 1511 Food Processing 3 151 301 2 11 0 1 1 437 452 302,644,600 669,56

    4 1531 Rice Milling 3 81 7 7 78 0 3 0 0 88 51,135,475 581,08

    5 1533 Man. Livestock Feeds 1 59 11 16 50 0 4 0 0 70 60,243,339 860,61

    6 1551 Man. of Bakery Product 4 53 11 13 42 5 4 0 0 64 38,363,371 599,42

    7 1561 Manufacturing of Liquor 1 16 4 4 15 0 1 0 0 20 21,991,200 1,099,56

    8 2010 Sawmilling 22 513 84 37 131 101 13 47 268 597 284,505,119 476,55

    9 2022 Manufacturing of Blinds 1 4 1 2 0 0 3 0 0 5 5,079,340 1,015,86

    10 2422 Manufacturing of Paints 1 61 29 40 43 0 6 1 0 90 75,449,701 838,33

    11 2423 Manufacture of Drugs 1 15 22 10 24 1 2 0 0 37 20,397,484 551,28

    12 2899 Welding Fabrication 3 625 235 6 1 2 1 0 850 860 427,648,766 497,26

    13 3320 Optical Service 1 4 4 5 3 0 0 0 0 8 3,662,000 457,75

    14 3610 Production of Furniture 6 93 13 23 59 1 5 1 17 106 120,143,248 1,133,42

    15 3691 Sale of Jewellery 1 35 35 0 0 0 0 0 70 70 33,101,924 472,88

    16 4010 Transmission of Power 1 22 10 0 0 0 0 0 32 32 27,038,229 844,94

    17 4100 Sale of Purified Water 3 396 152 3 1 1 0 0 543 548 731,175,049 1,334,26

    18 4520 Construction 1 39 26 36 12 8 5 4 0 65 42,687,800 656,73

    19 5020 Machine Shop 2 11 1 2 8 0 2 0 0 12 5,748,376 479,03

    20 5030 Sale of Automotive Parts 7 72 36 13 60 2 33 0 0 108 58,201,589 538,90

    21 5050 Sale of Petroleum prod. 10 245 156 206 149 35 11 0 0 401 319,112,849 795,79

    22 5121 Wholesale of life animals 1 168 126 121 92 20 61 0 0 294 18,892,519 64,26

    23 5123 Sale of Industrial. Chemicals 2 10 4 8 5 1 0 0 0 14 9,627,576 687,68

    24 5150 Sale of Mining Equipment 2 20 4 14 7 2 1 0 0 24 14,463,720 602,65

    25 5211 Retail of food items 20 100 132 73 110 16 14 9 10 232 100,724,898 434,15

    26 5231 Retail of Pharmaceuticals & Cosmetics 4 48 33 5 13 0 0 0 63 81 80,404,681 992,65

    27 5232 Retail of Textiles & HH Goods 21 132 197 109 140 23 54 3 0 329 140,408,086 426,77

    28 5233 Electronics Shop 10 77 62 45 81 4 8 1 0 139 66,054,918 475,21

    29 5234 Retail of Hardware 16 84 108 25 139 8 20 0 0 192 161,549,843 841,40

    30 5239 Retail of Stationary 2 38 45 22 53 3 0 5 0 83 57,440,641 692,05

    31 5513 Hospitality/Accommodation 18 126 215 173 82 16 59 4 7 341 227,300,771 666,57

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    32 5520 Restaurants, Bars and Canteens 24 54 216 97 72 19 25 10 47 270 117,636,924 435,69

    33 6021 Transportation (Taxi Service) 2 17 3 5 12 0 3 0 0 20 5,499,360 274,96

    34 6030 Transportation (Trucking Service) 1 6 0 1 5 0 0 0 0 6 2,952,600 492,10

    35 6301 Shipping 1 11 25 6 26 0 4 0 0 36 84,059,254 2,334,97

    36 6304 Travel Services 1 7 13 13 4 2 1 0 0 20 17,776,800 888,84

    37 6411 Mail 1 183 299 0 0 0 0 0 482 482 47,574,400 98,70

    38 6420 Telecommunications 3 229 532 16 4 0 1 0 740 761 194,712,000 255,86

    39 6519 Banking 1 206 378 0 0 0 0 0 584 584 - -

    40 6592 Credit Granting 2 14 10 21 1 0 2 0 0 24 8,383,703 349,32

    41 6599 Money Transfer 1 1 4 3 0 0 2 0 0 5 3,596,568 719,31

    42 6601 Sale of Insurance 1 2 4 3 3 0 0 0 0 6 4,204,200 700,70

    43 7250 Repair & Maintenance of Computer 2 20 8 17 0 0 11 0 0 28 17,344,480 619,44

    44 7412 Accounting Services 1 18 20 17 20 0 1 0 0 38 30,995,713 815,67

    45 7430 Advertising 3 39 52 32 30 3 2 3 21 91 77,011,612 846,28

    46 7511 General Public Service Activities 5 105 136 117 79 6 39 0 0 241 577,654,476 2,396,90

    47 7514 Collection of Rates & Taxes 6 128 54 90 63 24 5 0 0 182 134,827,180 740,80

    48 7523 Security Services 1 69 38 0 0 0 0 0 107 107 50,450,400 471,49

    49 8010 Primary Education 2 4 21 2 22 0 1 0 0 25 9,062,016 362,48

    50 8021 Secondary Education 4 20 40 24 18 4 12 2 0 60 33,593,080 559,88

    51 8022 Technical Education 6 82 73 84 53 5 13 0 0 155 125,024,619 806,61

    52 8511 Medical Services 1 74 268 230 92 7 13 0 0 342 243,162,312 711,00

    53 8519 Human Health Activities 2 4 11 8 3 1 3 0 0 15 27,467,040 1,831,13

    54 9000 GarbageDisposal 1 136 0 30 91 15 0 0 0 136 69,629,015 511,97

    55 9111 Business 3 13 10 17 5 0 1 0 0 23 24,733,322 1,075,36

    56 9233 Conservation 2 108 28 49 60 13 13 1 0 136 143,271,520 1,053,46

    57 9303 Funeral Services 1 4 1 4 1 0 0 0 0 5 1,578,612 315,72

    Grand Total 251 4952 4311 1919 2088 361 463 92 4340 9263 5,642,342,757 41,135,41

    Percent 100 53 47 21 23 4 5 1 47 100

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    From the sample below one notes that wages and salaries depend on the nature of the industryinvolved, and the technical nature of the job among others.

    TABLE 5.4 AVERAGE SALARIES AND HOURS OF WORK - 2009

    Average Wages, Salaries and Hours of Work

    Occupation Code July Earnings ($) Hours/Worked Paid

    Saw Milling & Lumber Yard Establishments 2010

    Janitor 9132 16,000 124Clerk 4111 28,620 166

    Cleaner 9132 29,600 184

    Sales Clerk 5220 31,200 160

    Foreman 8141 31,500 180

    Cashier 4211 32,000 170

    Clerk 4115 36,750 160

    Operator 8141 37,011 174

    Checker 4131 40,600 160

    Saw Doctor 8141 41,000 174

    Accounts Clerk 4121 41,599 172

    Mechanic 7231 42,666 170Labourer 9332 43,335 168

    Security Guard 5169 43,628 164

    Porter 9151 46,666 216

    Cross Cut Operator 8141 50,000 200

    Foreman 8141 50,025 183

    Timber Grader 8141 52,000 208

    Gang saw operator 8141 55,000 208

    Tractor Driver 8331 55,000 208

    Junior. Foreman 8141 59,800 208

    Manager 1210 63,683 170

    Band saw Operator 8141 65,000 208

    Fork Lift Operator 8141 65,000 208Managing Director 1317 66,000 176

    Scaler 8141 67,600 208

    Accountant 2411 68,000 160

    Senior Supervisor 3439 75,000 208

    Welder 7212 80,000 160

    Captain 2470 80,000 160

    Administrator 3431 84,000 160

    General Manager 1229 85,750 160

    Restaurants 5520

    Sales Persons 5220 38,333 192

    Labourer 9131 29,159 184Cook 5122 29,305 184

    Clerk 4111 29,453 184

    Counter Staff 5123 32,000 160

    Pastry Maker 7412 33,612 192

    Kitchen Staff 5122 34,000 184

    Cake Decorator 7412 36,000 192

    Baker 7412 37,094 192

    Clerk 4211 40,000 192

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    Supervisor 7410 48,974 192

    Washer 9133 42,000 192

    Manager 1315 66,000 192

    Chief cook 5122 66,139 173

    Hotels 5513

    Pastry Maker 7412 22,000 96

    Bartender 5123 29,477 160

    Charwoman 9132 29,658 184

    Gardener 6113 32,669 160

    Janitor 9132 33,000 172

    Maintenance Staff 6113 35,000 163

    Cleaner 9132 36,000 184

    Handyman 9313 37,491 184

    Laundry Attendant 9132 38,133 184

    Assistant Cook 5122 38,320 193

    Housekeeper 9131 41,250 170

    Bar Attendant 5520 43,813 189

    Cashier 5123 44,000 160

    Cook 5122 44,868 167

    Laundry Staff 3439 48,934 176Check in Clerk 4222 50,130 192

    Beverage Retailing 5211

    Driver 8322 23,968 189

    Clerk 4113 27,804 200

    Salesman 5220 29,745 179

    Sales girl 5220 30,000 176

    Clerk 4112 36,000 160

    Housekeeper 9131 36,000 168

    Labourer 9151 37,278 179

    Clerk 4211 38,282 176

    Sales Clerk 5220 39,167 176

    Bond Clerk 4113 42,500 190

    Inventory Clerk 4131 47,910 192

    Salesman 5220 49,134 163

    Supervisor 3439 49,798 176

    Technician 3114 60,000 163

    Human Resource Manager 1221 69,000 166

    Chief Security 5169 73,800 172

    Credit Controller 1221 84,000 166

    Manager 1210 91,133 172

    Director 1210 147,500 166

    Machine Shop- 5020

    Bond Clerk 4113 29,250 184Salesman 5220 35,930 179

    Maid 9132 50,380 154

    Manager 1314 62,500 175

    Clerk 4211 69,423 194

    Accounts Clerk 4121 78,219 217

    Mechanic 7231 75,753 192

    Quarry 1411

    Labourer 9213 21,600 160

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    Accounts Clerk 4121 49,525 160

    Carpenter 7123 54,375 160

    Security 5169 56,998 166

    Guard 5169 59,614 160

    Driver 8322 68,000 160

    Welder 7212 71,100 166

    Captain 8141 92,600 160

    Serviceman 7111 99,370 172

    Machine Operator 8141 138,852 192

    Food Processing 1511/14

    Processor 7411 33,400 200

    Porter 9151 33,750 184

    Advertiser 3415 36,875 184

    Driver 8322 40,000 184

    Accounts Clerk 4121 48,333 184

    Store Clerk 4131 50,000 200

    Branch Manager 1210 65,000 176

    Payroll Supervisor 3439 80,000 200

    Supervisor 3152 90,000 200

    Wharf Supervisor 3142 90,000 200Director 1210 100,000 200

    Managing Accountant 2411 100,000 200

    Office Manager 2470 102,032 173

    Rice Milling 1531

    Packer 9151 26,000 139

    Labourer 9322 28,112 139

    Operator 8141 44,350 167

    Electrician 7241 45,525 139

    Dryer Worker 9322 48,000 184

    Quality Control 3152 52,300 206

    Senior Operator 8141 56,475 208

    Driver 8322 60,000 184

    Dryer Operator 8141 60,000 184

    Security 5169 61,000 236

    Administrative Officer 3439 65,000 200

    Stock Feed Manufacture 1533

    Cook 5122 35,000 115

    Accounts Clerk 4121 35,000 160

    Payroll Clerk 4121 35,000 160

    Office assistant 9131 35,646 160

    Stores Attendant 4131 40,000 160

    Cashier 4211 40,000 160

    Hatchery Operator 8290 40,000 240Billing Clerk 4131 45,000 184

    Security Guard 5169 48,204 240

    Supervisor 3439 50,000 240

    Administrative Officer 3439 55,000 184

    Operator 8141 76,172 184

    Electrician 7121 85,000 184

    Electricity Distribution 4010

    Meter Reader 9153 40,733 173

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    Clerk 4211 43,333 173

    Accounts Clerk 4121 48,394 173

    Data Entry Clerk 4114 48,394 173

    Driver 8322 56,155 173

    Accounts Supervisor 2411 92,400 203

    Finance Manager 1221 123,067 173

    Engineer 8160 130,000 173

    General Manager 1210 175,813 173

    Telecommunications 6420

    Salesman 5220 32,000 160

    Senior Accounts Clerk 4121 35,000 160

    Payroll Analyst 4122 40,000 168

    Technician 7442 45,000 160

    Security Guard 5169 60,000 168

    Recruiter 2412 60,000 168

    Network Technician 7242 89,000 160

    Executive Director 1233 170,000 160

    CEO 1210 175,000 160

    Water Processing & Distribution 4100

    Pharmacist 3221 71,878 171Inventory Clerk 4131 32,625 183

    Cashier 4211 40,111 183

    Security 5169 49,500 176

    Handyman 5220 41,622 160

    Sales Clerk 5220 34,450 183

    Sales Rep 5220 50,000 176

    Customer Service 7134 42,286 146

    Plumber 7134 55,211 160

    Welder 7212 24,386 84

    Mechanic 7231 47,364 176

    Craftsman 7239 42,884 160

    Plant Operator 9401 45,335 160

    Porter 9401 18,400 184

    Manager 3152 200,000 146

    Advertisement/News Media 7430

    Receptionist 4222 43,645 160

    Clerk 4211 45,192 192

    Accounts Clerk 4121 50,000 168

    Junior Graphic Artist 2452 55,000 168

    Reporter 3462 56,000 168

    Graphic Artist 2452 60,000 160

    Administrative Head 1221 76,840 192

    Accounts Executive 2419 80,000 160Art Director 1234 170,000 160

    Fabrication of Metal 2899

    Welder 7212 35,142 176

    Data Entry Clerk 4114 40,000 176

    CEO 1210 50,000 176

    Primary Education (Private) 8010

    Clerk 4111 25,000 160

    Teacher 3310 29,333 160

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    Head Teacher 1228 60,000 160

    Secondary Education (Private) 8021

    Teacher 3310 41,765 160

    Head Teacher 3310 85,000 160

    Technical Education 8022

    Typist 4112 30,450 150

    Janitor 9141 36,990 160

    Checker 5219 37,730 146

    Receptionist 4224 37,730 146

    Typist Clerk 1 4111 37,830 146

    Typist Clerk 2 4111 40,245 146

    Store Keeper 4131 43,297 160

    Clerk 4111 43,894 160

    Technician 2330 47,959 160

    Customer Relation 5220 50,000 176

    Technician 2 2330 50,032 146

    Lecturer (Part time) 2330 52,500 42

    Instructor 2330 52,984 140

    Finance Officer 2411 60,000 136

    Lecture 1 2330 81,661 146Lecture 2 2330 111,619 146

    Deputy Principal 2413 155,000 160

    Administrator 2330 156,489 146

    Government Ministries/Agencies 7511

    Cleaner 9132 30,549 168

    Librarian 4141 36,344 168

    Stores Clerk 4131 37,730 168

    Typist Clerk 4112 37,830 164

    A/c Clerk 4121 42,915 160

    Driver 8322 44,170 163

    Lands Surveyor 3431 63,344 168

    Laboratory Technician 3152 56,007 160

    Clerk 4113 58,915 160

    Technician 8161 60,000 160

    Documentation Officer 3431 63,324 168

    Electrician 7241 67,467 160

    Adm. Officer 2413 79,500 160

    Metrication Officer 2413 79,500 160

    P.P.O 1224 89,880 160

    Junior Manager 2413 105,828 160

    Snr. PO 1222 108,639 168

    Manager 1212 110,000 160

    Manager Scholarship 2412 153,926 168Head of Department 1120 176,954 160

    Senior Manager 1212 221,516 160

    Town Councils 7514

    Charwoman 9132 24,330 148

    Janitor 9141 27,700 148

    Market Clerk 4211 28,741 168

    Clerk 4211 29,520 176

    Caretaker 9141 33,390 148

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    Handyman 9401 35,661 173

    Office Assistant 9151 38,296 160

    Finance Clerk 4122 41,305 174

    Toll Clerk 4211 47,523 173

    Treasurer 3443 54,509 176

    Driver 8322 57,564 173

    Admin Officer 3439 64,000 168

    Town Clerk 3434 64,410 176

    Manager 1221 110,769 173

    Gas Stations 5050

    Attendant 9153 33,434 192

    Data Entry 4111 40,200 192

    Driver 8322 41,400 192Driver RTW 8322 71,518 192

    Wash bay Supervisor 8159 76,596 190

    Pump Mechanic 7231 77,845 190

    Manager 1314 80,000 180

    Depot Supervisor 3431 89,662 192

    Operation Manager 3434 112,079 192

    Director 1314 160,000 192

    Computer Repairs 7250Secretary 4115 30,000 160

    Technician 7343 45,000 160

    Accounting & Auditing 7412

    Security 5169 44,640 196Support Staff 9131 51,692 173

    Administrative Assistant 3439 65,000 178

    Accounts Clerk 4121 75,141 194

    Driver 8322 85,500 208

    Payroll Clerk 4222 87,414 178

    Audit Clerk 4121 87,595 193

    Accountant/Auditor 2411 232,500 202

    Tax Senior 2411 750,000 202Director 1210 800,000 171

    Waste Disposal Service 9000

    Mechanic 7231 36,000 120

    Clerk 4122 44,000 120

    Supervisor 2412 48,000 128

    Security 5169 48,000 192

    Manager 1210 56,000 124

    Hospitals 8512

    Cleaner 9132 34,055 160

    Office Assistant 9151 37,730 160

    Cook 5122 37,732 160

    Statistical Clerk 4122 38,315 180Mechanic 7231 41,691 146

    Technician 3133 43,297 160

    Technician 2221 43,297 160

    Administrative Officer 3439 65,000 200

    Hospital Administrator 1221 162,680 160

    Medical Doctor 2221 172,033 208

    RHO 1228 206,493 160

    Drug Manufacturer 2422

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    Factory Worker 9151 28,000 160

    Factory Worker 9322 29,066 160

    Sales Clerk 5220 42,790 189

    Salesman 5220 42,790 189

    Computer Clerk 4114 46,000 160

    Labourer 9152 52,500 152

    Payroll Clerk 4121 57,500 173

    Driver 8322 60,000 160

    Driver Salesman 5220 60,000 160

    Asst. Supervisor 3439 60,285 203

    Administrator 3439 72,500 184

    Credit Supervisor 3411 75,000 176

    Production Manager 1222 200,000 173

    Managing Director 1210 250,000 173

    Sales Manager 1233 265,000 173

    Taxi Service 6021

    Chauffeur 8332 54,000 216

    Travel Service 6304

    Cleaner 9132 24,000 72

    Clerk 4222 36,000 170Travel Manager 1233 150,000 170

    Auto Sales 5030

    Store Clerk 4131 30,000 144

    Cleaner 9131 30,800 102

    Receptionist 4220 35,000 144

    Office Assistant 9151 36,000 180

    Cashier 4211 38,764 155

    Accounts Clerk 4121 40,000 170

    Labourer 9331 40,000 160

    Sales Clerk 5220 40,000 180

    Security 5169 43,419 165

    Computer Operator 4113 44,744 164

    Clerk 4152 46,000 160

    Secretary 4115 47,478 170

    Technician 3115 47,623 170

    Supervisor 3439 66,189 169

    Spare Parts Sup 3439 84,000 170

    Accountant 2411 142,147 170

    Manager 1210 190,000 180

    Service Centre Mng 1210 247,642 170

    Sales Manager 1210 301,350 170

    Sales Of Machinery 5150

    Office Assistant 9151 41,000 160Administrator 3439 78,000 160

    Commercial Banking 6519

    Clerk 4222 40,000 180

    Cambio Teller 4212 40,800 180

    Receptionist 4222 43,956 180

    Teller 4212 49,679 180

    Customer Service Officer 5220 58,693 180

    Officer-in-Charge 1221 161,157 180

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    Junior Analyst 3433 166,010 180

    Marketing Officer 1223 197,801 180

    Managing Assistant 1222 211,450 180

    Communications Officer 1224 222,059 180

    Security Service 7523

    Security Guard 5169 30,000 206

    Pawn Broker 6892

    Janitor 9132 24,000 192

    Attendant 5220 28,000 192

    Safe Room Staff 4139 32,000 192

    Administrative Officer 3439 34,000 192

    Secretary/Mng 4111 42,588 176

    Coordinator 1210 54,000 192

    Money Transfer Agency 6599

    Security 5169 50,000 192

    Customer Service Officer 5220 53,000 192

    Supervisor 6599 58,000 192

    Insurance Service 6601

    Clerk 4121 40,000 176

    Accountant 4121 60,000 176

    Supervisor 3439 65,000 176

    Claim Investigator 3439 65,000 176

    Branch Manager 1210 95,000 176

    Postal Service 6411

    Office Assistant 9151 31,503 104

    Postal Apprentice 4141 35,000 104

    Postman 4142 35,312 104

    Clerk 4122 35,436 104

    Postal Clerk 4141 47,937 104

    Accountant 2412 56,811 104

    Senior Postmaster 3431 70,236 104

    Managing Accountant 2411 123,259 104

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    TABLE 5.5 Some of the top jobs by Industries: JULY 09

    Occupation Code July Earnings ($) Hours/Worked Paid

    Accounting & Auditing 7412

    Security 5169 44,640 196

    Support Staff 9131 51,692 173

    Administrative Assistant 3439 65,000 178

    Accounts Clerk 4121 75,141 194

    Driver 8322 85,500 208

    Payroll Clerk 4222 87,414 178Audit Clerk 4121 87,595 193

    Accountant/Auditor 2411 232,500 202

    Tax Senior 2411 750,000 202

    Director 1210 800,000 171

    Drug Manufacturer 2422

    Factory Worker 9322 29,066 160

    Sales Clerk 5220 42,790 189

    Salesman 5220 42,790 189

    Computer Clerk 4114 46,000 160

    Labourer 9152 52,500 152

    Payroll Clerk 4121 57,500 173

    Driver 8322 60,000 160

    Driver Salesman 5220 60,000 160Asst. Supervisor 3439 60,285 203

    Administrator 3439 72,500 184

    Credit Supervisor 3411 75,000 176

    Production Manager 1222 200,000 173

    Managing Director 1210 250,000 173

    Sales Manager 1233 265,000 173

    Commercial Banking 6519

    Clerk 4222 40,000 180

    Cambio Teller 4212 40,800 180

    Receptionist 4222 43,956 180

    Teller 4212 49,679 180

    Customer Service Officer 5220 58,693 180

    Officer-in-Charge 1221 161,157 180Junior Analyst 3433 166,010 180

    Marketing Officer 1223 197,801 180

    Managing Assistant 1222 211,450 180

    Communications Officer 1224 222,059 180

    Technical Education 8022

    Typist 4112 30,450 150

    Lecture 1 2330 81,661 146

    Janitor 9141 36,990 160

    Checker 5219 37,730 146

    Receptionist 4224 37,730 146

    Typist Clerk 1 4111 37,830 146

    Typist Clerk 2 4111 40,245 146

    Store Keeper 4131 43,297 160Clerk 4111 43,894 160

    Technician 2330 47,959 160

    Customer Relation 5220 50,000 176

    Technician 2 2330 50,032 146

    Lecturer (Part time) 2330 52,500 42

    Instructor 2330 52,984 140

    Finance Officer 2411 60,000 136

    Lecture 2 2330 111,619 146

    Deputy Principal 2413 155,000 160

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    Administrator 2330 156,489 146

    Chapter 6 Conclusion

    The 6th Occupational Wages and Hours of Work Survey continues to garner valuable informationon trends regarding wages, salaries and hours of work across occupations and industries inGuyana.

    There were significant improvements in producing a survey that has more extensive coverageand an improvement in the quality of the data. Responses were received from eight regionscompared to five regions during the previous years.

    Based on the data, approximately 58% of the workforce are on the job between 1 and 4 yearswhich gives an indication of serious problems with retaining workers. Efforts are needed to retainworkers, while providing reasonable compensation packages or conditions of services.

    We must take cognizance that more than 90 % of labour force does not have an education abovesecondary level. This issue needs to be addressed in order to maintain a more competitiveeconomy.

    Of the 251 establishments, 90 % were Guyanese owned, while 6 % and 4% were ownership withforeign equity or completely foreign owned which indicates the need to move towards increasingforeign investment in the country.

    Job categories such as Accountancy, Drug Manufacturing and Commercial Banking, attracted thelargest number of employees and higher paying salaries, while a significant number of personspreferred to work in the heavy-duty machinery working environment on the basis of receiving highpaid salaries resulting in increased demand for training in the latter jobs from our BIT department.

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    APPENDIX - AMINISTRY OF LABOUR, HUMAN SERVICES & SOCIAL SECURITY

    Lot 1 Water & Cornhill Streets, Stabroek, Georgetown.Tel: 225- 0566, Fax: 227- 1308

    2009-08-15

    Ministry of Labour, Human Services and Social Security,1 Water and Cornhill Streets.

    Phone Statistical Unit2237408

    Dear Sir/Madam,

    The Ministry of Labour Human Services and Social Security in conjunction with theInternational Labour Organization is conducting an Occupational Wages and Hours ofWork Survey amongst establishments in Guyana from 15thAugust to 31St October 2009.

    The Occupational Wages and Hours of Work Survey is intended to generate statistics forwages and salary administration in Guyana. This survey covers establishments in the

    regions as well as the private and public sectors.

    Your establishment was selected to respond to our questionnaire.Our request is in keeping with provisions of the ILO Convention 160 and Recommendation170, which deal with labour statistics.

    Please note that information collected will be held in the strictest confidence and data willnot be reported or presented in any personal manner. From observation of thequestionnaire it will be noticed that on pages 3 and 4 detailed data will requiredaccording to random selection of fifteen positions held. There is provision on page five fortotal earnings for all the employees over a one year period.

    This would be our sixth Occupational Wages and Hours of Work Survey, havingcommenced in 2003. The International Labour Organisation has expressed satisfaction inour efforts to provide this vital information and many thanks for your cooperation if youmay have been previously contacted and responded positively.

    Queries may be forwarded to our Statistical Unit, telephone number 223-7408

    We will be very thankful for your kind assistance and wish your establishment success inits future endeavors

    Thanking you,

    Trevor Thomas

    Permanent Secretary.PHONE # 22-68996, 22- 37408

    National HIV & AIDS Workplace PolicyEmbracing the fight against HIV & AIDS

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    Visitour website:www.mlhsss.gov.gy

    APPENDIX-B

    Questionnaire

    Ministry of Labour Human Services & Social Security Guyana Occupational Wages Survey, 2009

    Date Issued and Identifier

    ISIC Code

    Name of Establishment: _________________________________________________

    Main Economic activity _________________________________________________

    Main Product or Services ________________________________________________

    Address: _________________________________________________

    _________________________________________________

    Region: _________________________________________________

    Head of Organization:(Name) __________________________________________________

    Contact Person: __________________________________________________

    Position of Contact person: ________________________________________________

    Telephone No.: _________________________________________________

    E-mail Address ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Kindly read explanatory notes before responding to questions.

    http://www.mlhsss.gov.gy/http://www.mlhsss.gov.gy/http://www.mlhsss.gov.gy/http://www.mlhsss.gov.gy/http://www.mlhsss.gov.gy/http://www.mlhsss.gov.gy/http://www.mlhsss.gov.gy/http://www.mlhsss.gov.gy/http://www.mlhsss.gov.gy/http://www.mlhsss.gov.gy/http://www.mlhsss.gov.gy/http://www.mlhsss.gov.gy/http://www.mlhsss.gov.gy/http://www.mlhsss.gov.gy/http://www.mlhsss.gov.gy/http://www.mlhsss.gov.gy/http://www.mlhsss.gov.gy/
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    Purpose of Survey

    Your establishment has been selected to participate in the Occupational Wages Survey (OWS). The main purpose of this survey is to generatestatistics for wages and salaries administrators and wages and salaries determination in collective bargaining negotiations as well asproductivity computations.

    Coverage

    Your report should include data only for the establishment in the box to avoid multiple reporting as your other branches may have also beenselected to participate in our survey. The provision of data specific to your establishment will allow us to come up with reliable estimate of

    wage rates by industry, region and employment size.

    Reference

    The reference date of this survey is July 31,2009.

    Collection Authority

    The information asked for is collected under authority of ILO Convention 160 and recommendation 170. ILO convention 160deals with the importance of collection and dissemination of Labour statistics. Our country is a member of the ILO and hasstrongly supported the progressive policies of the ILO over the years.

    Authorized Field Personnel

    The MLHS&SS will supervise this survey with guidance and assistance from the ILO Caribbean Office. Staff identified is

    employed with the MLH&SS and ID should be presented.

    Confidentiality

    All information from your establishment will be integrated with others and will be disseminated only in summary orstatistical table.

    Available Assistance

    If you have problems completing this form or feel you may have difficulties meeting the due date please feel free to contactthe Statistical Unit of the Ministry of Labour Human Services & Social Security at 1 Water & Cornhill Streets, Georgetown.Telephone number223-7408.

    Part A- Total Employment by Category

    (i) Total ------------------- Male----------- Female------------------

    ii)Ethnicity: Afro/Guyanese----------- Indo/Guyanese--------- Amerindians ------------- Mixed ------------- Others ---------------------

    iii) Age Range 15- 24 ------------ 25- 29 ----------- 30- 49----------- 5059------------ Over 60 years-------

    (ii) Working Proprietor/Partner- Total---------- Male------ --Female ----------

    (iii) Contributing Family Member Total------ Male--------Female---------------

    (iv) Employees./Wage Earners/Salaried Employees Total------ Male---------Female----------------

    2. Please provide the following information for your establishment.

    A) Ownership with foreign equity / / Wholly Guyanese owned / / Wholly Foreign owned / /

    B) Engaged in export market only / / Domestic market only / / Both / /

    C) Multinational YES/ No

    D) With Union YES/ No

    E) With CBA YES/ No

    F) Private Sector/ / Public sector / / Para-Public Sector / /

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    Thank you for completing Part A. Please complete Part B.

    Part B Occupational Wages

    Enter information as required for the remaining items in questionnaire. The information should refer to personsemployed as of July 31, 2009 and the data on earnings refer to the full month of July 2009.

    No.SEX

    M/F

    AGE15

    andOver

    ETHNICITYAG---Afro

    IG IndoI- -Amerindian

    M- MixedO-Other

    OccupationManager eg Admin.

    Mng.Technician eg.

    Electrician,Engineer eg Civil,

    Mechanical, Electrical

    Brief descriptionof main task\and duties

    EducationalAttainment(Use Code)1=-Primary2=-Secondary3=. Technical4=-Tertiary0=-None

    Experience(use Code)

    1=1yr.2=-2-4 yrs.3=-5-9 yrs4=.10-14 yrs5= . >15 Yrs.

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    7

    8

    9

    10

    11

    12

    13

    14

    15

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    OCCUPATIONAL WAGES AND HOURS OF WORK

    9NO.

    10Enter theMODE OFPAYMENTas follows:1 MTH2 DAY3 HR4 PR5 COMM6 OTH-weekly etc(See Note6)

    11Wage paidfor either afull hours, afull days ora fullmonthswork

    12Wage paid foreither a fullhours, a fulldays or a fullmonths work

    13Enter thetotalearningsreceivedby theemployeefor themonth ofJuly 2009

    TotalMonthlyEarnings(See Note9)

    $

    14Type ofEmployee

    (See Note 2)

    15Type of

    Employee

    (See Note 2)

    16No. ofnormalhoursworkedin July 2009

    (See Note10)

    17No. of hourspaid forin July 2009

    (See Note11)

    Enter thecommencingbasic wagepaid to therespectivenewemployee

    (See Note 7)$

    Enter thebasic wagepaid to therespectiveEmployee(SeeNote 8)

    $

    Enter thetype ofemployee ifappropriateas follows:1Apprentice/

    Trainee

    2 Temporary3 Part time4 Piece- rated

    5 Contract6 Full Time7 Others

    1

    2

    3

    45

    6

    7

    8

    9

    10

    11

    12

    13

    14

    15

    Thank you for completing Section B. Please complete Section C for the period 1stAugust 2008-31stJuly 2009.

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    SECTION C

    Total Expenditure of Employer on the following item for the period 1stAugust 2008 to 31st July,2009(12 months or one year).

    Labour Cost All Employees G$A Total Earnings (Wages and Salaries paid) in Cash

    (See Note 12a)

    B Total Earnings in Kind

    (See Note 12b)

    C Cost of Housing by Employer

    (See Note 12c)

    D Employers Social Security Expenditure

    (See Note 12d)

    E Vocational Training

    (See Note 12e)

    F Cost of Welfare Services

    (See Note 12f)

    G Other Labour Cost

    (See Note 12g)

    Total Expenditure on Labour Cost

    FOR OFFICAL USE CODED BY: CHECKED BY:

    REMARKS:

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    IMPORTANT

    EXPLANATORY NOTES

    1. Please note that columns 1-16 will refer to one case or occupation.2. Assemble a list of the employees of the organization. The list should only consist of employees of the

    organization. The list should consist of employees who receive pay for any part of the referenceperiod.

    Include:

    Full time and part time workers Permanent, temporary and casual employees

    Managerial and executive employees Employees who commence work during reference period

    Employees who finished work during reference period

    Employees absent on paid or prepaid leave (e.g. Annual leave, sick leave.) Employees on workers compensation who continued to be paid

    Working proprietors of incorporated businesses.

    Exclude all employees who did not receive pay for the reference period, e.g.

    Irregular casual who did not receive pay for the reference period

    Employees on leave without pay. Employees on strike or stood down without pay.

    Exclude also the following persons who, for purposes of this statistical return, are not regarded asemployees:

    Directors who are not paid by salary.

    Proprietors/ partners of unincorporated businesses. Self employed persons such as subcontractors, owners/drivers and consultant.

    Persons paid solely by commission without retainer.

    3. From the assembled list enter in the questionnaire the number of persons by category if the totalnumber of employees are more thantwo employees but less than ten employees enter all.

    4. If more than nine employees, but less than fifteen employees, enter all.

    5. If more than fourteen, then a random sample of fifteen employees will be taken. (Interviewer willguide accordingly).

    6. MODE OF PAYMENT

    (a) Refers to the manner in which employees are paid as shown by the following categories:

    Description Abbreviation Code Description Abbreviation Code(i) MONTHLY MTH 1 (iv) PIECE-RATED PR 4(ii) DAILY DAY 2 (v) ON COMMISSION COMM 5(iii) HOURLY HR 3 (vi) OTHERS -weekly etc OTH 6

    (b) PIECE-RATED employees include those who are paid a fixed basic wage plus piece ratedremuneration.

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    (c)ON COMMISSION employees include those who are paid a fixed basic wage plus commissions eventhough they may not have earned any commission in July 31 ,2009.

    8. BASIC WAGE

    Refers to the amount paid to an employee for either a full hours, or a full days or a full months work.

    EXCLUDES, overtime payments, shift/food/housing/transport allowances, payroll tax, skill

    development levy, other cash payments and payments in kind.

    7. COMMENCING BASIC WAGE

    Refers to the basic wage (as defined in Note 2) paid to a new employee without any prior relevant

    working experience and who was recruited by your company between August1 2008,and July 31,

    2009. NOT REQUIRED for apprentices and trainees.

    9. TOTAL MONTHLY EARNINGS

    a. Refers all remuneration received by an employee for July 2009 before deductions of the employeescontribution to the NIS lateness for work, equipment spoilage, personal income tax deductions and

    other deductions payable by the employee.

    b. INCLUDES overtime payments commissions, allowances (e.g. shift, food, housing and transport),

    service points and other regular cash payments.

    c. EXCLUDES payroll tax, skill development, levy, employers contribution to bonuses, productivity or

    incentive bonuses, other lump sum payments and payments in kind.

    10. Normal hours of workNumber of hours per day, or week, in excess of which any time worked is

    remunerated at overtime rates or forms an exception to the rules or customs of the establishment.

    11. Hours paid for: include all hours actually worked, as well as hours paid for annual leave, public

    holidays, sick leave, and similar paid absences or time away from work.

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    12.SECTION C

    Labour Cost:Labour cost is the actual cost incurred by the employer in the employment of labour. A description ofeach type of expenditure on labour cost is given below.

    a) Total EarningGross pay for normal and overtime work, bonus & gratuities.

    b) Payments in kindThis represents the value of goods and services given to the worker by the establishment asremuneration. If the goods or services are produced by the establishment they should be valued at

    production cost; if purchased by the establishment they should be valued at acquisition cost.Included are payments in kind for fuel (e.g. electricity, gas), food, drinks and other items such asclothing and footwear. Housing and social security benefits are not included here.

    c) Cost of workers housing:Where the dwelling is owned by the establishment, this cost takes the form of the cost of repairs,maintenance, interest and depreciation. Where the dwelling is not housing: owned by theestablishment, the cost takes the form of housing allowances and grants paid directly to employees.

    d) Employers contribution to National Insurance SchemeThis comprises the employers contributions on behalf of the workers to the National Social InsuranceScheme, as well as to private pension and medical insurance schemes. also security included areseverance and termination pay.

    e) Vocational Training InstitutionsTeaching materials, and reimbursement of school fees to workers. Cost of instructors and trainingIncluded are fees and other payments for training done by instructors

    f) Cost of welfare services

    This includes the cost of cultural and recreational facilities and services for staff.

    g) Other labour cost

    Included here are the cost of transporting workers to and from work by the employer and thereimbursement of fares and labour costs not elsewhere included.

    END OF QUESTIONNAIRE

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    APPENDIX C. List ofPersonnel Involved in theSurvey

    Survey Coordinator:

    Blenman, Carole

    Steering Committee:

    Name Designation

    Henry, Ivelaw Chief Statistical Officer

    Blenman, Carole Statistical Officer

    Benjamin-Samuels, Abike Statistical Officer

    Onwuzirike, Onyekachukwu Statistical Officer

    Enumerators:

    Basdeo, Prandatt

    Benjamin-Samuels, Abike

    Bess, Maxean

    Bissoondial, Ronald

    Blenman, Carole

    Branco, Merlene

    Forde, Karen

    Gardiner, Dawn

    Glasgow, Shondell

    Henry, Ivelaw

    Moore, Valerie

    Nichols, Neville

    Onwuzirike, Onyekachukwu

    Primus, Carol

    Rawana, Marioye

    Semple, Dexter

    Solomon, Charles

    Steaman, Corleen

    Sultan, Saudia

    Williams, Brenda

    Willis, Stanislaus

    Data Entry:

    Henry, Ivelaw

    Onwuzirike, Onyekachukwu