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Transcript of Reprogrammable Sims

Reprogrammable SIMs:Technology, Evolution and ImplicationsFinal Report

Prepared for:

Prepared by:

CSMGDescartes House 8 Gate Street London WC2A 3HP United Kingdom www.csmg-global.com

25 September 2012

2012 Ofcom. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or means (electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recording or otherwise) without the permission of Ofcom.

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ABOUT TMNG GLOBAL

www.tmng.com

TMNG Global (NASDAQ: TMNG) is a leading provider of professional services to the converging communications industry. Its companies, TMNG, CSMG, and Cartesian, and its base of over 500 consultants, have provided strategy, management, and technical consulting, as well as products and services, to more than 1,200 communications service providers, entertainment, media, and technology companies and financial services firms worldwide. The company is headquartered in Overland Park, Kansas, with offices in Boston, London, New Jersey, and Washington, D.C.

ABOUT CSMG

www.csmg-global.com

CSMG, a division of TMNG Global, is a leading strategy consultancy that focuses on the communications, digital media, and technology sectors. CSMG consultants combine a deep understanding of the global communications industry with rigorous analytic techniques to assist their clients in outmanoeuvring the competition. The organization prides itself on understanding the complex technology and financial chain that links the digital economy. CSMG serves its international client base through its offices in Boston and London.

CSMG Boston, Two Financial Center, 60 South Street, Suite 820, Boston, Massachusetts, 02111 USA Telephone +1 617 999.1000 Facsimile +1 617 999.1470 CSMG London, Descartes House, 8 Gate Street, London, WC2A 3HP, UK Telephone +44 20 7643 5550 Facsimile +44 020 7643 5555

Contact InformationMichael Dargue Principal +44 207 643 5477 michael.dargue@csmg-global.com Hsing-Ren Chiam Manager +44 207 643 5479 hsing-ren.chiam@csmg-global.com

DISCLAIMERThis report was undertaken as part of Ofcoms forward-looking technical programme. The opinions and conclusions stated within this report are those of CSMG and may not reflect the views of Ofcom or imply any future policy work by Ofcom.

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Table of Contents1. Executive Summary .............................................................................................................. 5 Potential Consumer Pain Points .................................................................................................... 9 Evolutionary Timeline for eUICC Applications .............................................................................. 9 Key Points for Regulators ............................................................................................................ 10 2. Introduction and Methodology ........................................................................................... 12 Aims and Objectives .................................................................................................................... 12 Scope and Methodology ............................................................................................................. 12 Report Structure.......................................................................................................................... 12 3. Background and Context ..................................................................................................... 14 Overview of Current SIM Cards ................................................................................................... 14 Role of the SIM in Mobile Network Systems .............................................................................. 14 A Brief History of Subscriber Identity Technology ...................................................................... 14 Traditional Architecture of the SIM ............................................................................................ 15 Traditional SIM Processes ........................................................................................................... 18 Summary ..................................................................................................................................... 23 4. Introduction to Reprogrammable SIMs................................................................................ 24 Definition of Reprogrammable SIM ............................................................................................ 24 Drivers of eUICC Demand for Industry ........................................................................................ 25 Drivers of eUICC Demand for Consumers ................................................................................... 26 Growth in Supporting and Related Technologies ....................................................................... 26 Summary ..................................................................................................................................... 28 5. eUICC M2M Applications, Technology and Processes ........................................................ 29 GSMA Use Cases.......................................................................................................................... 29 Relationships between SM-SRs ................................................................................................... 33 eUICC Standardisation Issues ...................................................................................................... 33 Summary ..................................................................................................................................... 34 6. 7. Introduction to Consumer eUICC Applications ..................................................................... 35 Handset Switching .............................................................................................................. 36 eUICC Enabled Handset Distribution Models and Provisioning Processes ................................. 36 Comparison of Handset Distribution Models.............................................................................. 36 8. National Swapping.............................................................................................................. 39 Overview of SIM Swapping ......................................................................................................... 39

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eUICC Swapping .......................................................................................................................... 39 National Swapping Benefits ........................................................................................................ 40 User-Driven vs. Managed Swapping ........................................................................................... 40 MNO vs. Handset Manufacturers Motives for National Swapping............................................. 41 9. International Swapping....................................................................................................... 43 Overview of International SIM Swapping ................................................................................... 43 Implementing International Swapping with eUICC ..................................................................... 43 Assessment of International Roaming Options........................................................................... 44 10. Assessments of Applications ............................................................................................... 46 Summary of Consumer Benefits and Potential Consumer Harm................................................ 46 Implications for Stakeholders for Applications ........................................................................... 47 Likelihood of Enablers Emerging ................................................................................................. 47 Timeline for Enablers .................................................................................................................. 48 Timeline for eUICC Evolution ...................................................................................................... 49 Key Points for Ofcom .................................................................................................................. 49 11. Conclusion.......................................................................................................................... 51 12. Annex 1: Conceptual Model ................................................................................................ 53 Introduction ................................................................................................................................ 53 References................................................................................................................................... 54 Architecture and Components .................................................................................................... 55 GSMA Use Cases.......................................................................................................................... 59 Consumer Scenarios .................................................................................................................... 68 State Models ............................................................................................................................... 78 Reference Architectures.............................................................................................................. 82 13. Annex 2: Alternative Technologies to eUICC ........................................................................ 84 Apple Virtual SIM Patent .................................................................