Rebecca Metzner Fishery Analyst – Fishing Capacity Fishery Economics & Policy Division FAO, Rome,...
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Over Capacity Basic Approaches, Current PracticesRebecca MetznerFishery Analyst Fishing CapacityFishery Economics & Policy DivisionFAO, Rome, Italy
Reminder re overcapacityBasic approaches to recognizing overcapacityCurrent approaches for addressing capacityLooking forward
What is overcapacity?
Too many people (or boats) and too few fish.
The amount of fish (or fishing effort) that can be produced over a period of time (e.g., a year or a fishing season) by a vessel or a fleet if fully utilized and for a given resource condition. The Jargon
overinvestment in capitalexcessive employment in labourdepleted abundance, overfishing of targeted stock(s) and associated stocksreduced returns to capital and labourdecline in quality of life for fishers and their families increasing political, management strifeImpacts of Overcapacity
Recognizing OvercapacityBasic Approaches
Rapid Appraisal (RA) techniquesPeak-to-peak analysisStochastic Production Frontiers (SPF)Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA)Biological, Bioeconomic & Multi-objective modelling
FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 433/2
Qualitative ApproachesBiological status of a fishery decliningCatch per unit effort decreasingValue per unit effort decreasing Conflict increasingCompliance decreasingRatios:Harvest / target catch exceedingseason length to TAC decreasingOther measures profitability decliningfleet aginglatent permits increasing
Recognizing OvercapacityCurrent Practices
Addressing OvercapacityGeneral ManagementPlans of Action for the Management of Fishing CapacityReduction & ManagementMeasurement & Directed ManagementAvoidance
What do we want?EssentialsMinimum conditionsBest practices