Radio Astronomy Telescope PPT
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Transcript of Radio Astronomy Telescope PPT
Radio Astronomical Telescope
Features of radio telescope
Arno panzias’s experiment
What is Radio Astronomical Telescope?
A radio telescope is a form of directional radio antenna used in radio astronomy.
Radio telescopes are typically large parabolic ("dish") antennas used singly or in an array.
Radio observatories are preferentially located far from major centers of population to avoid electromagnetic interference (EMI).
Features of Radio TelescopeThe most familiar type is the radio reflector consisting of a parabolic antenna .
In its simplest form it has three components:
One or more antennas to collect the incoming radio waves
A receiver and amplifier to boost the very weak radio signal to a measurable level.
A recorder to keep a record of the signal.
Applications of Radio Astronomical Telescope
Used in radio astronomy. Study of celestial objects that emit radio waves. Scientists can study astronomical phenomena that are often invisible in other portions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Radio astronomy has detected many new types of objects. These include pulsars. In 1963 it was also discovered that the object 3C273 was not a star but rather an extremely bright and distant new class of object that we now call quasars.
Advantages:They can see parts of the electromagnetic spectrum that other instruments cannot see. They can see through dust ie they can see the other side of the Milky Way.They work day or night.
Disadvantages:They have poor resolution per aperture. ie to resolve detail they have to be very, very big.They are expensive to build and maintain
Advantages & disadvantage of Radio Telescopes
Arno Penzias’s Experiment
. Using the Bell Laboratory Holmdale Horn Antenna, Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson discovered existence of COSMIC BACKGROUND RADIATION .
This discovery provided the evidence that confirmed "Big Bang" theory of the creation of the universe and forever changed the science of cosmology
Few noteble Radio Telescopes
Astronomers use the Parkes Radio Telescope to measure the radio energy
produced naturally by objects in the universe such as stars, galaxies and clouds of dust and
The world's largest filled-aperture telescope (i.e., a full dish) is the Arecibo radio telescope located in Arecibo, Puerto Rico, whose 305 m (1,001 ft) dish is fixed in the ground.
The BIG EAR radio telescope
Search for Extra Terrestrial Intelligence
Cumulative effort among array of telescopes to scan the sky in search for Extra Terrestrial Intelligence
Future scope of Radio Telescope
A space solar power. A futuristic project that could become reality.
Due to its high sensitivity to Electromagnetic Pulses (EMP), Radio Telescopes can be modified to harness the power of the sun from SOLAR WINDS.
Thus providing a renewable source of energy.