Ra-Ra Moment

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Ra-Ra Moment. Communicate the value you bring Get involved Document Branch out (bring your GIS to the world) Kudos to the Tax Assessors and non-GIS people who are here! If you prefer the background, team up .. Make someone else shine! - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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1Ra-Ra MomentCommunicate the value you bringGet involvedDocumentBranch out (bring your GIS to the world)Kudos to the Tax Assessors and non-GIS people who are here!If you prefer the background, team up .. Make someone else shine!Win-win: Personal development and contributions to the profession!Geospatial capabilities for a BEST MANAGED Georgia12The Geospatial Approach to Wicked Problems

Danielle Ayan, GISP, GIS@GTRI Program DirectorSecretary, URISA (Urban Regional Information Systems Association) InternationalFormer Board Member, National States Geographic Information Council (NSGIC)Class of 2012, Institute for Georgia Environmental Leadership (IGEL)Former Chair, Georgia Geospatial Advisory Council (GGAC)Former Chair, Georgia GIS Coordinating Committee (GISCC)Former President, Georgia URISA

Oct 2012Geospatial capabilities for a BEST MANAGED Georgia23Wicked ProblemsGeospatial technologies leveragedSimply put: Difficult to solve because of incomplete, contradictory, and changing requirementsEvery wicked problem is essentially uniqueNo well-described set of potential solutionsEvery implemented solution has consequencesEvery wicked problem can be considered a symptom of another problemExamples of Wicked Problems: Earth, Air, Fire, Water, Health, Education, Safety, TransGeospatial capabilities for a BEST MANAGED Georgia3No definitive formulationNo stopping ruleSolutions to wicked problems are not true-or-false but better-or-worse, or good-enoughNo immediate and no ultimate test of a solution4The Geospatial Approach to Wicked ProblemsGeospatial technologies leveragedBy "inspecting 'wicked problems' with geospatial goggles," complexities and interdependencies can be exposed, better defined, dissected, better managed through the geospatial approach and reassembled for overall improvementsGeospatial capabilities for a BEST MANAGED Georgia4No definitive formulationNo stopping ruleSolutions to wicked problems are not true-or-false but better-or-worse, or good-enoughNo immediate and no ultimate test of a solution5The Geospatial Approach to Wicked ProblemsGeospatial technologies leveragedContent of the human mind can be classified into 5 categories:Data: raw source contentInformation: data that are processed to be useful; provides answers to "who", "what", "where", and "when" questionsKnowledge: application of data and information; answers "how" questionsUnderstanding: appreciation of "whyWisdom: evaluated understandingGeospatial capabilities for a BEST MANAGED Georgia5Source: http://www.systems-thinking.org/dikw/dikw.htm

6The Geospatial Approach to Wicked ProblemsGeospatial technologies leveragedNational Geospatial Technology Center of Excellence (GeoTech) + Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI)Nov 3 5, 2013 | www.spatialplexus.com

Geospatial capabilities for a BEST MANAGED Georgia67The Geospatial Approach to GEORGIAs Wicked ProblemsGeorgia Geospatial Advisory Council (GGAC): BriefingsThe GGAC 2010 Georgia Geospatial Audit: Status Report and Recommendations is by far one of the best reports I have received. Thank you and the Council for all of the hard work. Senator CarterI see a lot of purpose in whats being proposed here. What will be key is applying geospatial technologies and resources to improving Georgias water and transportation issues. Senator Tolleson

Geospatial capabilities for a BEST MANAGED Georgia78Wicked Problems: WaterGeospatial technologies leveraged

Geospatial capabilities for a BEST MANAGED Georgia89H.B. 169 Catalyst (Geographic Challenge)Original objective: Provide accurate Flood Insurance Rate Map information to property owners2 issues: Accuracy of data + inequitable ability to notify citizensGeospatial capabilities for a BEST MANAGED Georgia910Georgia Geospatial Advisory Council (GGAC):Legislation: http://www.legis.state.ga.us/legis/2009_10/sum/hb169.htm Georgia Geospatial Audit: Status Report & Recommendations: http://www.legis.state.ga.us/legis/2009_10/sum/hb169.htm O.C.G.A 12-5-9 (b)(3) The council shall audit Georgias geospatial capabilities at county, regional, and state levels. The audit shall contain a complete status update and recommendations for utilizing the geospatial capabilities in Georgia to meet Federal Emergency Management Agency notification requirements, recommendations for moving forward to achieve governmental data inter-operability and enhanced delivery of services to Georgia citizens through the geospatial approach, and any other information determined by the council to be necessary for the advancement of geospatial technology.Geospatial capabilities for a BEST MANAGED Georgia1011H.B. 169 Catalyst (Geographic Challenge)Original objective: Provide accurate Flood Insurance Rate Map information to property owners2 issues: Accuracy of data + inequitable ability to notify citizensRequires the below input:

Buildings, building addresses or parcel boundaries (that fall within or intersect) accurate floodplain boundaries = properties potentially impacted by flood insurance ratesGeospatial capabilities for a BEST MANAGED Georgia1112GIS: Aerial Photography + Floodplains + Parcels

Image courtesy of Newton County, GA.Geospatial capabilities for a BEST MANAGED Georgia12Note that although Newton County has data in a GIS .. The flood zone is no longer relevant. It represents topography from the 1960s before the road and buildings were in place. E.g., Notification to these property owners is possible in Newton, yet the information is erroneous (i.e., the property owner in blue box would be required to have flood insurance, when they really dont need it).13H.B. 169 Catalyst (Geographic Challenge)Original objective: Provide accurate Flood Insurance Rate Map information to property owners2 issues: Accuracy of data + inequitable ability to notify citizensRequires the below input:

Buildings, building addresses or parcel boundaries (that fall within or intersect) accurate floodplain boundaries = properties potentially impacted by flood insurance ratesGeospatial capabilities for a BEST MANAGED Georgia13Inaccurate Geospatial Data14

Withlacoochee River Wastewater Treatment Plant, located outside the FEMA 100 year floodplain ($94 million expense to relocate). Geospatial capabilities for a BEST MANAGED GeorgiaThe Withlacoochee River Wastewater Treatment Plant in Valdosta serves 70% of the City. This plant is located outside the FEMA 100 year floodplain. However, during the March/April 2009 flood event, 1/3 of the plant was under water and an emergency berm had to be constructed to save the main pump station. Various options were considered regarding repair and future flood prevention, but the only viable option is to relocate the plant at a conservative cost of $94.5 million dollars (below).

14GIS: Elevation Data (Less Accurate)15

Geospatial capabilities for a BEST MANAGED Georgia15GIS: Elevation Data (More Accurate)16

2010 LiDAR acquisition in Towns County resulted in over 300 properties being removed from floodplain boundaries (red squares above) saving >$1M over 10 yrs.Geospatial capabilities for a BEST MANAGED GeorgiaGeorgia lacks a comprehensive, high resolution, statewide terrain and orthoimagery database to support updates and improvements to FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps and FEMA flood plain mapping. Terrain and imagery data are vital to provide better decision-making tools for management of natural resources, tax allocation, regional planning, security and emergency preparedness, and transportation assets (among many others).States including North Carolina, Tennessee, Mississippi, Texas and Ohio have used statewide base-mapping efforts to provide critical data to make better informed decisions resulting in more efficient government and increased economic development opportunities as well.

16Inequitable Elevation Data Across the State17Combined with existing data, the State is currently ~30% covered by high-resolution elevation data 18,300 mi2), with ~59,500 mi2 remaining.

Geospatial capabilities for a BEST MANAGED Georgia1718Cost of Incomplete & Inaccurate DataInsurance Commissioner John W. Oxendine said damage from flooding across north Georgia that began on September 18, 2009 reached an estimated $500 million in losses, most of that amount uninsured.Geospatial capabilities for a BEST MANAGED Georgia1819H.B. 169 Catalyst (Geographic Challenge)Original objective: Provide accurate Flood Insurance Rate Map information to property owners2 issues: Accuracy of data + inequitable ability to notify citizensRequires the below input:

Buildings, building addresses or parcel boundaries (that fall within or intersect) accurate floodplain boundaries = properties potentially impacted by flood insurance ratesGeospatial capabilities for a BEST MANAGED Georgia1920Inequitable Statewide Capabilities:Georgia Geospatial AuditGeospatial technologies leveragedThanks to:Response: 140 of 159 counties (88%)2010: Citizen notification vulnerability map (i.e., counties with GIS data and ability necessary to notify citizens)

GIS Property DB (75%)eNotification Capabilities (16%)

GIS Address DB (61%)GIS Buildings DB (21%)Geospatial capabilities for a BEST MANAGED Georgia2021H.B. 169 Catalyst (Geographic Challenge)Original objective: Provide accurate Flood Insurance Rate Map information to property owners

FINDINGS: the State of Georgia is not prepared to handle the original intent of the policy: provide accurate information to property owners based on proximity to floodplains. Geospatial capabilities for a BEST MANAGED Georgia2122Georgia Geospatial Advisory Council (GGAC):Legislation: http://www.legis.state.ga.us/legis/2009_10/sum/hb169.htm Georgia Geospatial Audit: Status Report & Recommendations: http://www.legis.state.ga.us/legis/2009_10/sum/hb169.htm O.C.G.A 12-5-9 (b)(3) The council shall audit Georgias geospatial capabilities at cou