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Transcript of PSYA3-Eating-Behaviours Essay
AQA A PsychologyPsya3:
Model Essay Answers
June 2015/16 Spec
Saj Devshi - www.loopa.co.uk - A* Psychology Revision
The A* Students Handbook (c)
Hello,Firstly thank you for purchasing my ebook for AQA Psychology Psya3 Eating Behaviour. A bit about me: My name is Saj Devshi and I was a private student that self-taught myself AQA Psychology from 2011-2012 and I received my certificate in January 2013 achieving an A* Grade. The certificate you can view on my website which I will post at the bottom - You can also get my other A* model essay answers from there too for the other topics for AQA Psychology. I achieved an A* grade overall scoring two As for Psya1 and Psya2 as well as 100% in both my A2 exams (Psya3 and Psya4). My final score was 373/400 ums points. (You only needed 90% in A2 and 320 ums for an A* grade). So basi-cally I didnt just beat the boundary - I absolutely smashed it. How did I do it? It wasnt easy and I am by no means some savant genius. I made great notes and essays that sim-plified things for me as I had no teachers and it is these notes I share with you now to help you with this topic. Self-teaching myself AQA Psychology from the ground up has given me a unique and strong foundation in grasping the concepts. I am by no means the oracle but I understood enough that I was able to work completely independently without sup-port and create such good, concise essays. Since 2012 thousands of students across the UK (as well as abroad where these exams are also taken) have downloaded my books to support their revision. These books will help cut down revision time as all the essays are made concisely and clearly for people to follow. Im confident these essays will serve you well as they did me for AQA Psychology.
If your curious to know more about me you can visit my website at http://www.loopa.co.ukThere it tells you more about me, how I self-taught myself as well as how to contact me di-rectly for help and advice and get books on the other topics and papers too.You can get plenty more free resources by liking my Facebook page and following me on twitter below - My Facebook page: http://www.facebook.com/aqapsychologyFollow me on twitter here too: https://twitter.com/SajDevshi
Again thank you for your support and I wish you the very best in your exams! Now - Lets get this show started..This book is subject to copyright and is not to be sold, shared, uploaded or distributed. It is for personal individual use only. If you are a school
or college and wish to distribute this for your students, you can earn distribution rights by placing a link to http://www.loopa.co.uk on your schools website within the psychology subject page. Any questions contact myself on: firstname.lastname@example.org
Eating Behaviours Specification Overview
Above is an extract from the AQA specification for the Eating Behaviour topic itself. This outlines exactly what the topic consists of but more importantly what the actual questions can be based on within the exam itself. Our job is then to break this down into possible essay questions that can be asked. We use a combination of past paper questions combined with the spec outline above and we then know exactly what the essay questions are.They are:
Factors influencing attitudes to food and eating behavior Explanations for the success and failure of dieting Neural mechanisms in controlling eating behaviour Evolutionary explanations of food preference Psychological explanations for Anorexia Nervosa Biological explanations for Anorexia nervosa
Just to note - you are required to only learn ONE eating disorder from a choice of anorexia ner-vosa, bulimia nervosa or obesity. I have taken a look at each and decided to focus on anorexia ner-vosa as I feel it has the most research available for it and seems easier to write about due to this.
We now know the possible essay questions - our next task is to source the informa-tion to write the essays for them. Thankfully thats where this book comes in. Ive done the hard part for you and sourced AO1 and AO2/AO3 and structured it in an easy to understand way. Your task is then to put the essays into your own words.
Before we do that - lets take a look at structuring and memorising your essays.
Structuring and Acronyms
Structuring the essays is exactly the same across all my books. We use the acronym method as well as the age old technique of writing and re-writing our final essay an-swers over and over until they stick. The essays that I give, you will be wise to put them into your own words as you dont want them to look the same as the other students who may purchase this book.
Use this information to create your own es-says as mentioned but the trick or aim is to format and structure them in a way thats nice and easy to remember.
I personally always try to write theory first followed by my evaluation points rather than mixing them together throughout the essays- Why do I do this? Imagine your an examiner sat for ages marking countless papers where students have mixed and matched their theory and evaluation points. Imagine now you see hundreds of these - It will likely drive you mad trying to decipher where the marks go. Now imag-ine you find an essay that lays out theory and evaluation distinctively and clearly - Like the picture across on the right - You can see the green is theory and blue is evaluation quite clearly there.
You can see exactly where the marks go and your able to give it better attention. Also your more likely to be happier about its formatting and structure too picking up those bonus marks.
This is why I propose you structure your es-says this way with all your theory first and then all your evaluation after a line of space from the theory section. Ultimately it is up to you but its what I did in my exams and I wanted to share it too.
Lets look at acronyms and how they work too now across on the next page.
In short acronyms are just a combination of letters you use to remember your es-says as they relate to the first letter of the researchers name. They are particularly helpful in memorising large amounts of in-formation by using triggers (the letters) to help you recall each element step by step. The way I use acronyms is I combined this method with the chunking strategy we learnt about in AS Psya1.
Acronyms act as markers that I used to trigger my memory to recall the rest of the essay. It is harder to remember a whole paragraph from memory than it is a few let-ters which can then lead me to remem-ber what those letters stand for and the actual studies themselves. This then trig-gers my memory to recall how each study is evaluated for strengths and weaknesses and so forth - a bit like a chain reaction.
Heres an example from my Aggression book across on the right. You see 4 letters I use to remember all my evaluation points. These 4 letters are MHBC.
I have used the acronym MHBC which stands for the researchers McGun, Hutchings, Brunner and Caspi et al.
As soon as I see the question I recall my acronym for this particular essay that I have memorised and write this at the top: MHBC. The green element is the Theory while the blue is the evaluation. Notice where I have put the letters. As soon as I finish writing my theory (the green element) I look at my acronym and recall M = McGun hence I recall his name and as I have practiced countless times writing this essay I recall his study too. By the time I finish writing about his study I recall how it was evaluated (again due to having written it hundreds of times before through prac-tice). I look at the next letter which is H = Hutchings and this triggers my memory for his study and findings as well as the evaluation points.
This is how memorising the essays with chunking and acronyms works. It takes
practice - Using this method WILL NOT WORK unless you have model essays cre-ated first and set up in a way that acro-nyms fit into them as I have done. Thats the bit that will require work on your half - structuring it in a way that suits you. Once done you employ this method to recall the essays.
I used this method across all 4 papers hav-ing first developed it in Psya1 after I pan-icked and looked at the vast amount of in-formation I needed to learn. I had to dumb it down for me and this is how I did it. I re-fined it to work even better at A2 level and gained full marks for both Psya3 and Psya4 using this method to memorise all my essays. You do need to start early how-ever in practicing and memorising your es-says as there is a lot to learn.
The theory element is the only element you should really try learn from memory word for word - a theory is simply a concept or explanation for something (although in some cases, dependent on how the ques-tion is worded it can also be research stud-ies). Theory you should really know from the top of your head as how can you evalu-ate something you don't fully understand or can explain? Thats the bit you need to grasp really as if you understand the the-
ory it is then far easier to oer evaluative commentary on it.
So thats structure and memorising your es-says covered as well as the overview. We know everything we need to know now so lets move on to the essay answers them-selves.
If you need further support you can get it here:
Click on the Resources tab for further help and information - more is added con-stantly.
Right - On to the first essay..
Attitudes To Food And Eating BehaviourTheory AO1
One explanation for eating behavior is through Banduras social learning theory through observing modeled behavior from other people. Ch