Presentación1 carranza

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Cholo agricultura north-east EANOR English ll Ing. Oscar Garcia report # 5 different types of Carranza Cordon Neysi 5th. Agrónomo Expert “A” Zacapa, March 6 th of two thousand and fifteen
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1. Cholo agricultura north-east EANOR English ll Ing. Oscar Garcia report # 5 different types of Carranza Cordon Neysi 5th. Agrnomo Expert A Zacapa, March 6 th of two thousand and fifteen 2. PRESENT SIMPLE 3. . We use the PRESENT SIMPLE to talk about TIMETABLES, such as school schedules, TV programmes, train timetables...So, in this activity you have to use the PRESENT SIMPLE with future meaning: a) What time (the train to Oxford/leave)? b) The film at quarter to nine. (start) c) We art at 11:00 d) When (the documentary/finish)? e) The documentary at half past nine. f) What time (we/have/the geography test)? 4. 2. We use the PRESENT CONTINUOUS to talk about FUTURE ARRANGEMENTS. In this activity, you have to use the PRESENT CONTINUOUS to talk about the future (use short forms for the verbs): a) What (do) tomorrow afternoon? I (visit) my aunt. b) We (not/go) to the shopping centre on Saturday, we (play) tennis instead. c) Where (Jane/go) on Saturday evening? She (not/go) anywhere. She (study) for an exam. d) What (do) this afternoon? They (take) their driving test. e) How (travel) to England next week? He (travel) by plane, of course! f) What (cook) for our birthday tomorrow? She (cook) a delicious chocolate and cream cake. 5. be to + infinitive You're quite right, Young. This is a future form. When we say that things are to happen, we are talking about official arrangements and formal instructions that are imposed on us by other people. This structure is quite common in news reports and official notices of various kinds: Laboratory equipment is not to be left unattended in the science labs. This medicine is to be taken three times daily after meals. All visitors entering the hospital are to wear masks as protection against infection. Manchester City are to return to their famous sky-blue shirts next season after agreeing a sponsorship deal with Reebok. 6. be to + infinitive in if clauses This structure is also very common in if-clauses when we are discussing pre-conditions: If we are to survive global warming, large-scale deforestation must be avoided. If he is to get into the first team, he must improve his diet and spend more time training. If they are to get there by nightfall, they must press on. They can't afford to hang on here, waiting for the others to arrive. 7. Defining an Infinitive Verb Basically, an infinitive verb is a verb with the word to in front of it. to be to have to hold to sleep to dream When you use an infinitive verb, the to is a part of the verb. It is not acting as a preposition in this case. And the verb is always just the verb. Its not conjugated in anyway no -ed, no -ing, no -s on the end. Sometimes youll see sentences like this: She went from kissing him to slapping him in no time. You see to slapping, and its easy to think thats an infinitive verb, but it isnt. Its a preposition (to) and a gerund (slapping). You can tell its not an infinitive because of the -ing on the end of the verb. Infinitives never have an -ing ending. 8. Using an Infinitive Verb There are several possible ways to use infinitive verbs. You can use them: as the subject of a sentence To err is human; to forgive, divine. like an adjective or adverb phrase that expresses purpose or intent My instructions are to press this button every hour. following a direct object He told me to give this to you. following certain other verbs: 9. Present perfect simple +just for since 1 I / meet just / your sister 2 You / see / ever / a hurricane? 3 It / stop / just / raining 4 We / not live / for/ in London / three years 10. l pretrito perfecto o "present perfect" se usa: 1 Para acciones o estados pasados que han acabado recientemente o que perduran en la actualidad. El 'present perfect' pone el nfasis en el resultado. The goalkeeper has broken his right hand. El portero se ha roto la mano derecha (y an tiene tiene repercusin en el presente) She has opened the door. Ella ha abierto la puerta (est abierta todava). 11. 2 Se suele usar el present perfect cuando nos referimos a acciones pasadas en las que no se indica el tiempo. I have cleaned the house. He limpiado la casa ( no especifico cundo). Si se especificara el tiempo habra que usar el pasado simple. I cleaned the house yesterday. Limpi la casa ayer (indico el tiempo). 12. REPORTED SPEECH 13. If we report what another person has said, we usually do not use the speakers exact words (direct speech), but reported (indirect) speech. Therefore, you need to learn how to transform direct speech into reported speech. The structure is a little different depending on whether you want to transform a statement, question or request. Statements When transforming statements, check whether you have to change: pronouns present tense verbs (3rd person singular) place and time expressions tenses (backshift) Type Example direct speech I speak English. reported speech (no backshift) He says that he speaks English. reported speech (backshift) He said that he spoke English. 14. Questions When transforming questions, check whether you have to change: pronouns present tense verbs (3rd person singular) place and time expressions tenses (backshift) Also note that you have to: transform the question into an indirect question use the interrogative or if / whether Type Example with interrogative direct speech Why dont you speak English? reported speech He asked me why I didnt speak English. without interrogative direct speech Do you speak English? reported speech He asked me whether / if I spoke English. 15. Past tense 16. The past tense is a grammatical tense whose principal function is to place an action or situation in past time. In languages which have a past tense, it thus provides a grammatical means of indicating that the event being referred to took place in the past. Examples of verbs in the past tense include the English verbs sang, went and was. In some languages, the grammatical expression of past tense is combined with the expression of other categories such as mood and aspect (see tenseaspectmood). Thus a language may have several types of past tense form, their use depending on what aspectual or other additional information is to be encoded. French, for example, has a compound past (pass compos) for expressing completed events, an imperfect for expressing events which were ongoing or repeated in the past, as well as several other past forms. 17. 13 down vote favorite I just stumbled over the verb "to wake", which according to various sources has two valid forms for the past tense: "woke" and "waked". Some further research stated, that there seem to be two (Old / Middle) English verbs - one strong, one weak - today's "wake" stems from, hence the two forms for past tense: waken, meaning to cease to sleep and wakien, meaning to stay awake, keep watch Now, as there are two origins, I'm wondering: Are there (subtle?) differences in meaning when using "woke" or "waked" today? 18. past Continuous (Pasado continuo) El pasado continuo se utiliza para acciones que ocurrieron en un momento especfico en el pasado. Como el presente continuo, se forma con el verbo "to be" y el gerundio. Grammatical Rules (Reglas gramaticales) Form (Forma) Para formar el pasado continuo se utiliza el verbo auxiliar "to be" y el gerundio (infinitivo + "-ing") del verbo. El verbo auxiliar "to be" est en el pasado simple, pero ten en cuenta que "to be" es un verbo irregular. Sujeto Auxiliar (to be) Gerundio I, He, She, It was talking, eating, learning, doing, going... You, We, They were talking, eating, learning, doing, going... 19. Introduction to the passive voice 20. . Active to Passive voicePresent Perfect & Past Perfect tenses Mr Abel Kok 2. Active to Passive voice Generally speaking, it is best to use the active voice. Eg.I wrote the book. Instead of The book was written by me.However, the passive voice is necessary for the following reasons: The focus on the object rather than the subject: Peter was reprimanded by the teacher. The subject (doer) is unknown: Eg. The bicycle has been stolen. To create suspense or dramatic effect: The cat was eaten by the rat! (This is typically used in Headlines) 3. Synthesis (ACTIVE to PASSIVE Voice) USE OFMarie forgets the book. PARTICIPLE is forgotten by Marie.The book________________________________. +Marie forgot the book. The tense was forgotten by Marie.The book________________________________. should notMarie has forgotten the book. be change.The book________________________________. has been forgotten by Marie.Marie had forgotten the book. For has, have &The book________________________________. had USE had been forgotten by Marie. BEEN 21. Forming Simple Past Passive Affirmative Form Object + was / were + verb3 (past participle) Question FormWas / Were + Object + verb3 (past participle) ? Something was done by someone at sometime in the past. Active : The teacher corrected the mistakes. Passive: The mistakes were corrected by the teacher. Active : Did the little boy sell all the candy bars? Passive: Were all the candy bars sold by the little boy? 22. Active : Lauren didn't eat any apples. Passive: No apples were eaten by Lauran. Active : He didn't give the wallet. Passive: The wallet wasn't given by him 23. Quick Exercise Put the following sentences into passive voice. (simple past) 1. Who wrote this book? ? 2. How did they steal her car? ? 3. The children rang the bell a few minutes ago. . 4. The kids forgot the whole story in a few days. . 5. Did the president make his speech last night? 24. http://www.grammarbank.com/simple-past-passive.html www.englishexercises.org/.../viewgame.asp?id=7688 www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/.../reported-speech es.slideshare.net/.../past-tense-to-be-there-was-were www.curso-ingles.com Curso de Ingls Intermedi es.slideshare.net/.../active-to-passive-voice-introducti. www.grammarbank.com/simple-present-passive.html