political philosophy of plato and aristotle

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Political Philosophy Of Plato and Aristotle PRESENTED BY: VELOSO, REGINE S. SECTION: III- 15 BEED
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Transcript of political philosophy of plato and aristotle

  1. 1. Political Philosophy Of and PRESENTED BY: VELOSO, REGINE S. SECTION: III- 15 BEED
  2. 2. Born: May 29, 428/427 BCE in Athens Died: 348/ 347 BCE Main Interest: Rhetoric, Art, Literature, Epistemology, Justice,Virtue, Politics, Education, Family and Militarism. Considered a s essential figure in development of Philosophy especially in Western world. Student of SOCRATES Teacher of Aristotle
  3. 3. Have been used to teach a range of subject including Philosophy, Logic, Ethics, Rhetoric, Religion and Mathematics 35 DIALOGUES 13 LETTERS (ASCRIBED BY PLATO) Platos main works of relevance to political philosophy are: THE REPUBLIC- a description of the workings of what Plato saw as an ideal state; and THE LAWS which is often read, but which is mainly an examination of how a state could realistically be organized.
  4. 4. Society/ State is natural institution. Society/ State exists for the sake of the good life. The aim of the good Society is Justice The Statesman must be a Philosopher
  5. 5. The Republic concerns with the definition of justice, the order and character of the just city state and the just man. DEFINITION OF JUSTICE Plato identifies Political Justice as harmony in structured political body (BOOK II, III, IV) PRODUCERS (craftsmen, farmers, artisans, etc) AUXILIARIES (warriors) GUARDIANS (rulers)
  6. 6. Plato tries to show that individual justice mirrors political justice. THREE PART STRUCTURE ANALOGOUS TO THE THREE CLASSES OF SOCIETY PRODUCERS (craftsmen, farmers, artisans, etc) AUXILIARIES (warriors) GUARDIANS (rulers) Rational Part of the Soul Spirited Part of the Soul Appetite Part of the Soul
  7. 7. Plato give careful directions for choosing rulers and for making sure that, once chosen, they would not work for their own advantage. All children, male and female will be raised communally by the state until they were 18 . They would be subject to three types of test. They would be in part physical, in part intellectual and in part moral.
  8. 8. Those who will passed these test would be carefully isolated for further learning. Second part of the schooling which is the practical. They will be appointed to administrative post of lesser order and constantly observe the performance in their duties. The rulers would take part in active administration of the society
  9. 9. Platos Philosophy leads, by natural steps, to an antidemocratic and to Authoritarian Philosophy. It is a government for the people but not by the people.
  10. 10. Born: 384 BCE in Macedonian city of Stagira,Chalkdice on Northern Greece Died: 322 BCE (62) Euboea, Greece Philosopher, Scientist Joined Platos Academy (18 yrs old) in Athens and remained their until 32 yrs. old. Student of Plato Teacher of famous ALEXANDER THE GREAT Established library in the Lyceum
  11. 11. - It is the clear that all partnership aim at some good, and the partnership that is most authoritative of all and embraces all the others does so particularly, and aims at the most authoritative good of all. This is what is called the city or the political partnership - The purpose of the city is to make it possible for the citizens to achieve the virtue and happiness.
  13. 13. Nature bring us together- we are by nature political animal- nature alone does not give us all of what we need to live together. There is in everyone impulse toward this sort of partnership. And yet the one who first constituted is responsible for the greatest of goods. We must figure out how to live together for ourselves through the use of reason and speech, discovering justice and creating laws that make it possible for human community to survive and for the individuals in it to live virtuous lives Discover the right laws, acting with justice, and exercising the virtues that allow human to function
  14. 14. The Six Regimes Monarchy- rule by one man for the common good. Aristocracy- rule by few for the common good. Polity- ruled by many for the common good. Democracy- rule by many in their own interest. Oligarchy- rule by few in their own interest. Tyranny- rule by one man in his own interest.
  15. 15. Polity- the mixture of Oligarchy and Democracy. A democracy in which interest of the wealthy were taken into account and protected by the laws would be ruling in the interest of the community as a whole