Photography Merit Badge

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Photography Merit Badge

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Photography Merit Badge. Here’s what we’re gonna talk about……. * A brief History of Photography * Camera Types * Essentials of a Photo * Parts of a camera * Digital vs Film Cameras * Telling a story with Photos * Photography Careers * Final MB Requirement assignment. PHOTOGRAPHY - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Photography Merit Badge

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Photography Merit Badge

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* A BRIEF HISTORY OF PHOTOGRAPHY* CAMERA TYPES* ESSENTIALS OF A PHOTO* PARTS OF A CAMERA* DIGITAL VS FILM CAMERAS* TELLING A STORY WITH PHOTOS

* PHOTOGRAPHY CAREERS* FINAL MB REQUIREMENT ASSIGNMENT

Here’s what we’re gonna talk about…….

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PHOTOGRAPHYA Brief History

• First use of “Pinhole” camera in 4th & 5Th century BC in China.• 1st printed images on pewter made in France in 1826 by Joseph Niepce.• Daguerreotypes invented in Paris by Louis Daguerre in 1839.

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• 1839 – Glass negatives invented by John Herschel in USA.• 1854 – First pictures printed on paper as “carte de visite”• 1861 – First color photograph

PHOTOGRAPHYA Brief History

• 1887– Film invented• 1900 – Brownie camera by Eastman Kodak Co.• 1925 – 35mm film for still pictures

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PHOTOGRAPHYA Brief History

• 1948 – Polaroid introduces “Instant” photography• 1981 – First digital portable camera invented• 1991 – First professional digital cameras – Cost = $13,000• 1999 – Mega-pixel cameras (2.75 mega=pixels)• 2008 – Polaroid discontinues “Instant” pictures• Today – Digital photography as high as 26 mega-pixels• Today – HDR Photography

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Camera TypesCartridge Film Cameras:

Kodak “Instamatic” – 126 CartridgePocket Cameras – 110 Cartridge

Disc Cameras – Disc Cartridge Film

Large Format “Bellows” Film Cameras:4X5 Sheet Film Cameras

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Camera TypesRoll Film Cameras:

Medium Format Camera – 120mm & 220mm Roll Film

35mm SLR Cameras – 35mm Film

Digital Cameras:Pocket Sized – 3–18 MP, 3-15x optical/digital zoomDigital SLR Cameras – 5-26 MP, Inter-changeable lensesStill/Video Digital Cameras – Shoots both still and Video Images

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Essentials of a PhotoNatural light vs Artificial light

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Essentials of a PhotoAperture and What’s an F stop?

Aperture• All lenses for cameras have an opening size in the lens to let in light.• Some cameras have a fixed size and some have adjustable sizes.• The adjustment happens in the lens, but is changed outside the lens.• F/8 is most common size used, but adjustments include…. F/1.4, F/2,

F/2.4, F/4, F/5.6 F/8, F/11, F/16, F/22 – These are the F stops• The smaller the F stop # the bigger the lens opening is going to be.

The bigger the opening the more light gets into the camera to create a picture.

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Essentials of a PhotoShutter Speed

• The speed of how quickly the shutter opens and closes.• Determines how long film or sensors are exposed to light.• Measured in factions of a second.• Fixed shutter speeds are usually set at 1/60th to 1/200th of a

second• Adjustable speeds can be from 10 seconds to 1/2000th • The faster the speed, the more capability to “stop” motion in a

moving subject.• Slower speeds can simulate motion, but will be blurry.

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Essentials of a PhotoDepth of Field

• How sharp (focus) a photograph is from foreground to background• A “shallow” depth of field = only the subject is in focus• A “long” depth of field = entire photo is in focus front to back• Depth is adjusted by the aperture size of the lens• The smaller the aperture (higher # i.e. F/22), the greater the depth • Requires move available light to use smaller aperture

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Essentials of a PhotoComposition

Basics of lining up your photo through the view finder before taking your picture.

The Rule of Thirds……

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Essentials of a PhotoComposition

Basics of lining up your photo through the view finder before taking your picture.

Leading Lines….Creating lines within your photography that causes the

viewers eye to look through the picture.

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Essentials of a PhotoComposition

Basics of lining up your photo through the view finder before taking your picture.

Framing…… the technique of drawing attention to the subject of your image by blocking other parts of the image with something in the scene.

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Essentials of a PhotoComposition

Basics of lining up your photo through the view finder before taking your picture.

Angle of view…. the amount of a scene a photograph captures and can be measured vertically, horizontally or diagonally. Also known as angle of coverage or field of view, angle of view changes given the type of lens a photographer uses.

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Basic parts of a camera

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Basic parts of a camera

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Basic parts of a camera

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Additional Camera Tools

• Tripod

• Cable Release

• Filters

• Cleaning Kit

• Self Timer

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Digital vs Film

Advantages of Digital vs Film

• View your photo immediately• Print your pictures at home on your printer• Can shoot Video and Still on same camera• Make picture enhancements on your computer• Smaller and lighter cameras• Rechargeable batteries• More detailed pictures than film at high MP• Easier to share photos with others• Pictures last longer• Easier to manage and store pictures

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Digital vs Film

Disadvantages of Digital vs Film

• Higher cost on batteries• More effort to print pictures• Cameras are more expensive• Do not get to have a “Darkroom” in your house• No choices in film sizes for greater detail

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Telling A Story with Pictures

Photojournalism TechniquesEstablishing shotStarts off your story with an overview of the story you are going to tell

Baseball game

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Telling A Story with Pictures

Photojournalism TechniquesDetails Pictures of things you liked, found interesting or documented your story

Baseball game

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Telling A Story with Pictures

Photojournalism TechniquesClosingPictures of things that sum up your story, your favorite thing about the story or what was the most important thing to you.

Baseball game

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Photography Careers

There are many career choices in Photography. This is a list of some of the most common careers.

• Photojournalist• Commercial Photographer• Industrial Photographer• Fashion Photography• Art Photographer• Photo Editor• Photo Design• Make up artist• Assistant Photographer• Portrait Photographer• Wedding Photographer• Photo Lab Tech

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Final Assignment to complete your Photography Merit Badge

• Take pictures of a family, school, church or social event that you attend.

• Keep in mind that you want to tell a story using your photographs.

• Print your pictures and lay them out on a presentation board in a way that tells your story.

• Use techniques and ideas we have discussed• Bring your story board to Scout meeting to share

your story.