Philippines Typhoon Haiyan Presentation

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Transcript of Philippines Typhoon Haiyan Presentation

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Philippines: Typhoon Haiyan1

November 8, 2013

Deadliest Philippine typhoon on record killed at least 6,268Sustained winds of 190 195 mph when it struck Philippines makes it the strongest storm recorded at landfall (Jeff Masters, director of meteorology at Weather Underground)Fourth strongest cyclone ever recorded (Joint Typhoon Warning Center, Hawaii) the other three had higher sustained winds while out at sea. Unofficially the strongest topical cyclone ever observed based on wind speedOn November 8, the eye of the cyclone made its first landfall in the Philippines at Guiuan, Eastern Samar. Gradually weakening, the storm made five additional landfalls in the country before emerging over the South China Sea. Turning northwestward, the typhoon eventually struck northern Vietnam as a severe tropical storm on Nov 10. 3


11,204,000population4,100,000persons displaced6,300persons reported dead28,700persons injured1,000persons missing1,140,000houses damagedGuiuan in Eastern Samar was the point of Haiyans first landfall, and was severely affecte due to the typhoons impacts. Nearly all structures in the township suffered at least partial damage, many of which were completed flattened. For several days following Haiyans first landfall, the damage situation in the fishing town remained unclear due to the lack of communication.By Nov 11, the provinces of Aklan, Capiz, Cebu, Iloilo, Lyete, Palawan, and Samar were placed under a state of national calamity, allowing the government to use state funds or relief and rehabilitation and to control prices of basic goods.Approximately US $700,000 had been allocated in relief assistance by NDRRMC.Population:Guiuan: 47,037 (2010)Leyte: 2,188,295 (2010)Cebu: 2,619,362 (2010)Iloilo: 1,805,576 (2010)Palawan: 771,667 (2010)This population figure is of Visayas (2010)6

TaclobanTacloban suffered more loss of life than any other Philippine city. Terminal building of Tacloban Airport was destroyed by a 17ft storm surge up to the height of the second story.Widespread devastation from the storm surge in Tacoban City, with many buildings being destroyed, trees knocked over/broken, and cars piled up. The low-lying areas on th eeastern side of Tacloban city were hardest hit, with some areas completely washed away. Flooding extended for 1km inland on the east coast of the province. City administrator Tecson John Lim stated that roughly 90% of the city had been destroyed.Although wind speeds were extreme, the major cause of damage and loss of life appears to have been storm surge. The major focus of devastation appears to hae been on the east coast of Samar and Leyte, with a particular focus on Tacloban, because of its location between Samar and Leyte, and the large population in low lying areas


TaclobanExtreme damage to infrastructure throughout the region posed logistical problems that greatly slowed relief efforts. Though aid was flown into local airports, most of it remained there as roads remained closed. According to estimates on Nov 13, only 20% of the affected population in Tacloban City was receiving aid. 8

LeyteCaused catastrophic damage throughout much of islands of Leyte, where cities and towns were largely destroyed. There is little communication in the city, and no mobile phone coverage. Up the east coast of Leyte there are numerous towns and villages that are completely cut off without any assistance. Large parts of Leyte and Samar were without power. On the western coast of Leyte, 90% of Ormoc was damaged or destroyed and supplies were running lowIn Leyte, 70 to 80 percent of the area was destroyed.



Philippine Red CrossPhilippine Red Cross was on high alert since the typhoon was anticipated. Volunteers were deployed to support pre-emptive evacuations while disaster response teams readied for immediate deployment.

IFRC responded immediately with an $82 million emergency appeal, deployment of specialized Red Cross emergency response teams and mobilization of relief supplies.On average the Philippines is struck by 25 typhoons or tropical storms each year. Many of these events are Silent Disasters largely neglected by the international media and donor community but which have a corrosive impact on the lives and livelihoods of marginal populations. Typhoon Haiyan and one year earlier Typhoon Bopha (Pablo), which struck Mindanao claiming over 1,100 lives, are an indication of the changing patterns and increasing intensity of tropical storms in the region. For decades the Philippine Red Cross has been working with communities to help them prepare for and mitigate the impact of disasters and has also been working closely with the Philippine Government to improve legal frameworks and legislation linked to more effective Disaster Management planning. The Philippine Red Cross has carried out cost benefit analysis on its community based disaster risk reduction programmes and the evidence is clear - greater investment in DRR is vital to reduce the vulnerability of people living in hazard-prone communities.

PRC has extensive experience in responding to disasters. However, there were eight ongoing disaster response operations which stretched the capacity of PRC.11

American Red Cross Response

November - December 2013Response Assessments and Implementation15

IFRC Appeal: $82 millionICRC Appeal: $16.4 million$13 million committed to IFRC$2 million committed to ICRC44,150 supplies27 people deployed

2 VSATs deployedNovember December 2013ARC was actively monitoring the situation and responding as requests came out. Two specialists were deployed within 24 hours FACT IM and RACT Relief. Within 48 hours, two IT/Telecom specialists were deployed.ARC GIS team was actively providing real-time GIS related technical support to deployed members as well as supporting the FACT SIMS Initiative remotely from DC - with Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team (HOT) assistance.

People: 19 Relief/Shelter11 Cash4 IM4 IT/Telecom5 Recovery assessments

23 Roster members20 Staff

Supplies:20,000 jerry cans22,075 mosquito nets2,075 tents



January February 2014Recovery AssessmentAdditional Rounds of Response Deployments

Odd Andersen/AFP/Getty ImagesPeter Canton/CARE

IFRC Appeal: $138,000,00014 people deployed

$3,000,000 committed to IFRCJanuary February24



Insert IROC/Haiyan response infographic27

$28 millionFor response phase providing emergency shelter, cash grants, relief supplies and response specialistsARC contributions


43 disaster specialists42% of IFRC deployed staffIn ARC specialty sectorsARC contributions

Delegates Deployed

Relief/ShelterInformation Management/GISRecovery AssessmentCash Transfer ProgrammingIT/Telecoms1911445

2,075 tarps22,075 mosquito nets20,000 jerry cansARC contributions

$85.7 million raisedLargest amount of funds raised by PNSDonations

Cash Transfer ProgrammingLaunched the largest and fastest multilateral emergency cash transfer program ever attempted by the global Red Cross networkDistributed cash grants to over 45,000 familiesDeployed all IFRC cash leads and 80% of IFRC cash program officers

Funded 2/3 of cash activities in the IFRC AppealCash grants were approximately $45 and were used to buy shelter materials, food & water, home goods, and health expenses.

Add context markets picture

Notes reference to Haiti34



Cash DistributionsTOTAL Number of householdsIFRC (led by ARC)Swiss Red CrossNetherlands Red Cross German Red Cross

households reachedPie chart37Cash Distribution ProcessMarket AssessmentVolunteer TrainingCommunity member listsAssessmentRegistrationBeneficiary CommunicationsRemittance Company

Market assessment - - assessmentTraining picture (tracys pictures with flowers) ben list/Registration with govt officialsPicture of old lady in house (tracy) Picture in registration line with yellow cardsBen commsPicture of LBCSomeone smiling and happy




Relief DistributionsARC provided the first round Relief Coordinator for IFRC ARC ERUs planned and supported distributions to over 40,000 familiesARC deployed four rounds of the relief Emergency Response Unit to Tacloban, the most highly affected area


New York Times; United Nations; Map ActionOdd Andersen/ Getty Images


Relief Distribution

Pie chartAdd FACT with PRC/IFRC

Shelter items include: tarpaulins, tents, shelter toolkitsNFI (Emergency) Items include: Blankets, sleeping mats, jerry cans, kitchen sets, hygiene kits, mosquito nets


Information Management / GISProviding long-term IM/GIS support to IFRC delegation in Philippines Deployed 70% of IM delegates and coordinated 24/7 remote IM/GIS supportCreated the interactive Haiyan dashboard as well as over 500 static maps




ARC teamed with Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team(HOT) to remotely respond to Typhoon Haiyan. OpenStreetMap (OSM) ia project to create a free and open map of the entire world, built entirely by volunteers surveing with GPS, digitizing aerial imagery, and collecting and liberating existing public sources of geographic data. The information in OSM can fill in the gaps in base map data to assist in responses to disasters and crisis. HOT works both remotely and physically in counties to assist the collection of geographic data, usage of that information and training others in OSM. There were over 1500 contributors to the Philippines mapping in response to Typhoon Haiyan, with over 4 million edits made to the map. 51

IT / TelecomsSupported two rounds of IT/Telecoms Emergency Response Unit Provided internet conn