Embed Size (px)
Transcript of Philippine Narratives
- 1. NARRATIVES
2. What do we mean byNarrative?
- The word is derived from theLatinverb narrare which means " to recount " and is related to the adjective gnarus which means " knowing " or " skilled .
- Narratives are interesting accounts of peoples ideas, feelings, and values pertinent to the development of their culture and society.
4. What is a story?
- The word " story " may be used as a synonym of " narrative ", but can also be used to refer to thesequenceof events described in a narrative.
5. ELEMENTS OF NARRATIVES
- 1. Theme
- 2. Character
- 3. Setting
- 4. Conflict
- 5. Plot
- This refers to the general idea of the story. It tells what the story is all about.
- For example, the story entitled The Legend of Maria Makiling is about the consequences for greediness.
- This refers to the people, animals, or other creatures who played a role in the story.
- There are two main types of character: theprotagonistand theantagonist .
- Protagonist is the hero in the story.
- Antagonist -is the villain in the story.
- This refers to where and when the story takes place.
- This refers to the problem faced by the characters.
- The conflict in the story happens when characters are against each other.
- This refers to the way events are ordered to create a story.
- This is the sequence or series of events.
- 1. Exposition
- 2. Rising Action
- 3. Climax
- 4. Falling Action
- 5. Resolution
- This is often the very first part of the plot.
- This will often tells about the background information about the characters, settings, or events that happened before the story began.
14. Rising Action
- This refers to the event that leads towards the climax or the peak event in the story.
- This refers to the most exciting part of the story.
- This is also known as the turning point .
16. Falling Action
- This refers to event that leads towards the end of the story.
- This refers to the end of the story.
- This occurs after the climax.
18. STORY Resolutuion Falling Action Exposition Rising Action C l i m a x 19. PHILIPPINE NARRATIVES 20. Philippine Folk Literature
- University of the Philippines professor, Damiana Eugenio, classified Philippine Folk Literature into three major groups.
21. Folk Narratives Folk Speech Folk Songs PHILIPPINE FOLK LITERATURE 22.
- Riddle (Bugtong)
- Proverbs (Salawikain)
Folk Speech 23.
- Folk Ballad
Folk Songs 24.
- These refer to stories passed on by word of mouth rather than by writing, and thus partly modified by successive re-tellings before being written down or recorded.
Folk Narratives 25.
- Legend (Alamat)
- Folktale (Kuwentong bayan)
- Folk Epic (Epiko)
Folk Narratives 26. Myth
- These refer to stories that also tell about an explanation of the origin of things but often involve gods, goddesses, and other mythological characters.
- These refer to stories that often tell about the origin of things which may be true or not.
- These refer to stories that tell about the exploits and adventures of a hero and are said to be the most valuable form of ancient literature.
- These refer to stories in which animals are the main characters and are given human qualities and abilities.
- These refer to stories which often deal with prince, princess, witch, wicked sisters, stepmother, kingdom, etc.
- These refer to stories which often deal with morals and teaching good virtues and values.
- Prepared by: Sir Ronnel V. Dacullo