Philippine Narratives

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This presentation shows some basic concepts and ideas on narratives and Philippine narratives.

Transcript of Philippine Narratives


2. What do we mean byNarrative?

  • The word is derived from theLatinverb narrare which means " to recount " and is related to the adjective gnarus which means " knowing " or " skilled .


  • Narratives are interesting accounts of peoples ideas, feelings, and values pertinent to the development of their culture and society.

4. What is a story?

  • The word " story " may be used as a synonym of " narrative ", but can also be used to refer to thesequenceof events described in a narrative.


  • 1. Theme
  • 2. Character
  • 3. Setting
  • 4. Conflict
  • 5. Plot

6. Theme

  • This refers to the general idea of the story. It tells what the story is all about.
  • For example, the story entitled The Legend of Maria Makiling is about the consequences for greediness.

7. Character

  • This refers to the people, animals, or other creatures who played a role in the story.
  • There are two main types of character: theprotagonistand theantagonist .


  • Protagonist is the hero in the story.
  • Antagonist -is the villain in the story.

9. Setting

  • This refers to where and when the story takes place.

10. Conflict

  • This refers to the problem faced by the characters.
  • The conflict in the story happens when characters are against each other.

11. Plot

  • This refers to the way events are ordered to create a story.
  • This is the sequence or series of events.

12. Plot

  • 1. Exposition
  • 2. Rising Action
  • 3. Climax
  • 4. Falling Action
  • 5. Resolution

13. Exposition

  • This is often the very first part of the plot.
  • This will often tells about the background information about the characters, settings, or events that happened before the story began.

14. Rising Action

  • This refers to the event that leads towards the climax or the peak event in the story.

15. Climax

  • This refers to the most exciting part of the story.
  • This is also known as the turning point .

16. Falling Action

  • This refers to event that leads towards the end of the story.

17. Resolution

  • This refers to the end of the story.
  • This occurs after the climax.

18. STORY Resolutuion Falling Action Exposition Rising Action C l i m a x 19. PHILIPPINE NARRATIVES 20. Philippine Folk Literature

  • University of the Philippines professor, Damiana Eugenio, classified Philippine Folk Literature into three major groups.

21. Folk Narratives Folk Speech Folk Songs PHILIPPINE FOLK LITERATURE 22.

  • Riddle (Bugtong)
  • Proverbs (Salawikain)

Folk Speech 23.

  • Folk Ballad
  • Lullabye

Folk Songs 24.

  • These refer to stories passed on by word of mouth rather than by writing, and thus partly modified by successive re-tellings before being written down or recorded.

Folk Narratives 25.

  • Myth
  • Legend (Alamat)
  • Folktale (Kuwentong bayan)
  • Folk Epic (Epiko)

Folk Narratives 26. Myth

  • These refer to stories that also tell about an explanation of the origin of things but often involve gods, goddesses, and other mythological characters.

27. Legend

  • These refer to stories that often tell about the origin of things which may be true or not.

28. Epic

  • These refer to stories that tell about the exploits and adventures of a hero and are said to be the most valuable form of ancient literature.

29. Fables

  • These refer to stories in which animals are the main characters and are given human qualities and abilities.

30. Fairytales

  • These refer to stories which often deal with prince, princess, witch, wicked sisters, stepmother, kingdom, etc.

31. Parables

  • These refer to stories which often deal with morals and teaching good virtues and values.


  • Prepared by: Sir Ronnel V. Dacullo