NITI AAYOG

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NITI AAYOG

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Transcript of NITI AAYOG

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NITI AAYOG

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GROUP MEMBERS

• KISHAN KUMAR

• RAVI JAISWAL

• ANJALI RANA

• ANURAG YADAV

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CONTENTS

• PLANNING COMMISSION.

• ABOUT NITI AAYOG

• NITI AAYOG STRUCTURE/MEMBERS.

• OBJECTIVE

• DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PLANNING COMMISSION AND NITI AAYOG.

• CHALLENGES OF NITI AAYOG.

• CRITICISM/ANTI-ARGUMENTS

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PLANNING COMMISSION

• THE PLANNING COMMISSION WAS AN INSTITUTION IN THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA, WHICH FORMULATED INDIA'S FIVE-YEAR PLANS. IT WAS ESTABLISHED IN MARCH 1950 AND JAWAHARLAL NEHRU WAS THE FIRST CHAIRMAN OF THE PLANNING COMMISSION.

• IT WAS FORMED WITH AIM OF  MAKING AN ASSESSMENT OF THE MATERIAL, CAPITAL AND HUMAN RESOURCES OF THE COUNTRY.

• TO PROMOTE A RAPID RISE IN THE STANDARD OF LIVING OF THE PEOPLE BY EFFICIENT EXPLOITATION OF THE RESOURCES AND INCREASE PRODUCTIVITY.

• TO PROVIDE EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES.

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NATIONAL INSTITUTION FOR TRANSFORMING INDIA AAYOG (NITI

AAYOG)• IT IS A GOVERNMENT OF INDIA POLICY THINK-TANK ESTABLISHED BY PRIME MINISTER

NARENDRA MODI ON 1 JANUARY 2015, 9 MONTHS AGO AFTER HIS HAVING DISSOLVED THE PLANNING COMMISSION.

• THE STATED AIM OF NITI AAYOG'S CREATION IS TO FOSTER INVOLVEMENT AND PARTICIPATION IN THE ECONOMIC POLICY-MAKING PROCESS BY STATE GOVERNMENTS OF INDIA, A "BOTTOM-UP" APPROACH IN CONTRAST TO THE PLANNING COMMISSION'S TRADITION OF "TOP-DOWN" DECISION-MAKING.

• A GROUP OF PEOPLE WITH AUTHORITY ENTRUSTED BY THE GOVERNMENT TO FORMULATE OR REGULATE POLICIES CONCERNING TRANSFORMING INDIA.

• IT IS A COMMISSION TO HELP GOVERNMENT IN SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ISSUES.

• ALSO IT'S AN INSTITUTE OF THINK TANK WITH EXPERTS IN IT.

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• THE NITI AAYOG WILL CREATE A KNOWLEDGE, INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURIAL SUPPORT SYSTEM THROUGH A COLLABORATIVE COMMUNITY OF NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL EXPERTS.

• IT ALSO PROVIDE DIRECTION AND STRATEGIC INPUTS IN THE FIELD OF DEVELOPMENT PROCESS AND UPGRADATION OF TECHNOLOGY.

• IT WILL ALSO SEEK TO PUT AN END TO SLOW AND TARDY IMPLEMENTATION OF POLICY.

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• CHAIRPERSON: PRIME MINISTER NARENDRA MODI

• CEO: SINDHUSHREE KHULLAR (IAS)

• VICE CHAIRPERSON: ARVIND PANAGARIYA

• EX-OFFICIO MEMBERS: RAJNATH SINGH, ARUN JAITLEY, SURESH PRABHU AND RADHA MOHAN SINGH

• SPECIAL INVITEES: NITIN GADKARI, SMRITI ZUBIN IRANI AND THAWAR CHAND GEHLOT

• FULL-TIME MEMBERS: BIBEK DEBROY, V. K. SARASWAT AND RAMESH CHAND

• GOVERNING COUNCIL: ALL CHIEF MINISTERS AND LIEUTENANT GOVERNORS OF STATES AND UNION TERRITORIES

NITI AAYOG: STRUCTURE, MEMBERSHIP

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OBJECTIVE AND OPPORTUNITIES OF NITI AAYOG

• TO CREATE A VISION AND PLAN OF NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT WITH THE ACTIVE INVOLVEMENT OF THE STATES.

• TO ENCOURAGE COOPERATIVE FEDERALISM BY ENGAGING THE STATES ON A CONTINUOUS BASIS TO MAKE A STRONG NATION.

• THE INTERESTS OF NATIONAL SECURITY ARE TO BE CONSIDERED IN ECONOMIC STRATEGY AND POLICY.

• TO DESIGN LONG-TERM PROGRAMS AND POLICIES AND MONITOR THEIR PROGRESS. HERE, TIME TO TIME MONITORING AND FEEDBACK WILL BECOME THE BASIS FOR MAKING THE NECESSARY IMPROVEMENTS AND CORRECTIONS.

• TO ENCOURAGE PARTICIPATION OF KEY STAKEHOLDERS, THINK TANKS, EDUCATIONAL AND POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS.

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• TO CREATE AN INNOVATION, ENTREPRENEUR AND KNOWLEDGE SUPPORT SYSTEM.

• TO OFFER A COMMON PLATFORM FOR SOLVING ANY KIND OF INTER-DEPARTMENTAL OR SECTORAL ISSUES TO SPEED UP THE IMPLEMENTATION OF DEVELOPMENT AGENDA.

• TO FOCUS ON UP-GRADATION OF TECHNOLOGY FOR PROPER IMPLEMENTATION OF PROGRAMES AND INITIATIVES.

• TO UNDERTAKE VARIOUS OTHER ACTIVITIES REQUIRED TO ACCELERATE THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AGENDA AND OTHER

OBJECTIVES.

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DIFFERENCE BETWEEN NITI AAYOG AND PLANNING COMMISSION

FINANCIAL CLOUT

• NITI AAYOG – TO BE AN ADVISORY BODY, OR A THINK-TANK. THE POWERS TO ALLOCATE FUND VESTED IN THE FINANCE MINISTRY.

• PLANNING COMMISSION – ENJOYED THE POWERS TO ALLOCATE FUNDS TO MINISTRIES AND STATE GOVERNMENTS

FULL-TIME MEMBERS

• NITI AAYOG – TWO FULL-TIME MEMBERS.

• PLANNING COMMISSION – HAD EIGHT FULL-TIME MEMBERS

STATES' ROLE

• NITI AAYOG – INCLUDES THE CHIEF MINISTERS OF ALL STATES AND THE LIEUTENANT GOVERNORS OF ALL UNION TERRITORIES IN ITS GOVERNING COUNCIL, DEVOLVING MORE POWER TO THE STATES OF THE UNION.

• PLANNING COMMISSION – STATES' ROLE WAS LIMITED TO THE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL AND ANNUAL INTERACTION DURING PLAN MEETINGS

MEMBER SECRETARY

• NITI AAYOG – TO BE KNOWN AS THE CEO AND TO BE APPOINTED BY THE PRIME MINISTER

• PLANNING COMMISSION – SECRETARIES OR MEMBER SECRETARIES WERE APPOINTED THROUGH THE USUAL PROCESS.

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• PARTICIPATION

• NITI AAYOG- CONSULTING STATES WHILE MAKING POLICY AND DECIDING ON FUNDS ALLOCATION. FINAL POLICY WOULD BE A RESULT OF THAT.

• PLANNING COMMISSION- POLICY WAS FORMED BY THE COMMISSION AND STATES WERE THEN CONSULTED ABOUT ALLOCATION OF FUNDS.

ALLOCATION

• NITI AAYOG- NO POWER TO ALLOCATE FUNDS

• PLANNING COMMISSION- HAD POWER TO DECIDE ALLOCATION OF GOVERNMENT FUNDS FOR VARIOUS PROGRAMS AT NATIONAL AND STATE LEVELS.

NATURE

• NITI AAYOG- NITI IS A THINK-TANK AND DOES NOT HAVE THE POWER TO IMPOSE POLICIES.

• PLANNING COMMISSION- IMPOSED POLICIES ON STATES AND TIED ALLOCATION OF FUNDS WITH PROJECTS IT APPROVED.

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CHALLENGES OF NITI AAYOG

• LEVERAGING OF INDIA'S DEMOGRAPHIC DIVIDEND, AND REALIZATION OF THE POTENTIAL OF YOUTH, MEN AND WOMEN, THROUGH EDUCATION, SKILL DEVELOPMENT, ELIMINATION OF GENDER BIAS, AND EMPLOYMENT.

• ELIMINATION OF POVERTY, AND THE CHANCE FOR EVERY INDIAN TO LIVE A LIFE OF DIGNITY AND SELF-RESPECT.

• REDDRESSAL OF INEQUALITIES BASED ON GENDER BIAS, CASTE AND ECONOMIC DISPARITIES.

• INTEGRATE VILLAGES INSTITUTIONALLY INTO THE DEVELOPMENT PROCESS

• POLICY SUPPORT TO MORE THAN 50 MILLION SMALL BUSINESSES, WHICH ARE A MAJOR SOURCE OF EMPLOYMENT CREATION

• SAFEGUARDING OF OUR ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECOLOGICAL ASSETS.

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CRITICISM/ANTI-ARGUMENTS

• NITI AAYOG’ WAS CRITICISED BY OPPOSITION PARTIES OF INDIA.

• FROM UNION TERRITORY ONLY LIEUTENANT GOVERNORS INVITED. CM OF DELHI AND PUDUCHERRY CAN’T PARTICIPATE IN GOVERNING COUNCIL.

• NITI AAYOG SHOULD HAVE BEEN CREATED THROUGH A LEGAL/CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT. THERE SHOULD BE A PERSPECTIVE PLAN SPANNING FOR 15 TO 20 YEARS. OTHERWISE, WHAT IF ANOTHER PARTY COMES INTO POWER.

• PLANNING COMMISSION USED TO MONITOR OF HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN THE STATES, SUB-PLANS FOR WOMEN, SC AND ST. NITI AAYOG DOESN’T SAY HOW THEY’LL DO IT.

• AT PRESENT WE’VE 60+ CENTRALLY SPONSORED SCHEMES. MODI AIMS TO COMBINE THEM INTO JUST 10 SCHEMES. THUS, POOR AND MARGINALIZED COMMUNITIES WILL SUFFER.