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  • 4 CHEMICAL STOCKPILE DISPOSAL PROGRAM CHEMICAL WEAPONS 1/2 MOVEMENT HISTORY CON..(U) OFFICE OF THE PROGRAM MANAGER CHEMICAL DEMILITARIZATION RBERD.. W R BRRNKOWITZ

    UNCLASSIFIED 12 JUN 87 SRPEO-CDE-IS-87U01 F/G 5/6. 3 NL

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  • UNCLASSIFIED

    SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE

    REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Ia. REPORT SECURITY CLASSIFICATION lb. RESTRICTIVE MARKINGS

    UNCLASSIFIED None 2a. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION AUTHORITY 3 DISTRIBUTION/AVAILABILITY OF REPORT

    DOWNGRADING SCHEDULE Unlimited distribution. Approved for public release.

    4. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER(S) S. MONITORING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER(S)

    SAPEO-CDE- IS-870 SAPEO-CDE- IS-87001

    6a. NAME OF PERFORMING ORGANIZATION 6b. OFFICE SYMBOL 7a. NAME OF MONITORING ORGANIZATION

    Ofc of the Prog Executive (If applicable) Ofc of the Prog Executive Officer- Officer-Prog Mgr for Cml DemilI SAPEO-CDE Prog N gr for Cml Demil

    6c. ADDRESS (City, State, and ZIP Code) 7b. ADDRESS (City, State, and ZIP Code)

    Bldg E4S8S, Edgewood Area Bldg E4585, Edgewood Area Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010-5401 Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010-5401

    So. NAME OF FUNDING /SPONSORING 8b. OFFICE SYMBOL 9. PROCUREMENT INSTRUMENT IDENTIFICATION NUMBER0(co~ NProg Eecutive Officer-Prog Mzr for Cml Demil NA

    8c. ADDRESS (City, State, and ZIP Code) 10. SOURCE OF FUNDING NUMBERS

    Bldg E4585, Edgewood Area PROGRAM PROJECT TASK WORK UNIT

    Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010-5401 ELEMENT NO. NO. NO. CESSION NO.

    11. TITLE (Include Security Clasification)

    Chemical Weapons Movement Histroy Complilation (U)

    ( 12. PERSONAL AUTHOR(S) William R. Brankowitz

    -, 13a. TYPE OF REPORT 113b. TIME COVERED . 14. DATE OF REPORT (Year, Atonth, Day) S. PAGE COUNT Historical FROM 124_ TO 1987 June 12 148

    16. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTATION

    - Prepared for the Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program Programmatic EIS. 17. COSAII CODES 18. SUOCT TERMS (Continue on reverse if necenary and identify by block number)

    FIjLD GROUP SUB-GROUP Chemical weapons, chemical munitions, transportation,

    1 hazardous chemicals, GB, VX, HD, movement)history. 4----

    19AB /rTRACT (Continue on reerse if necary and idntify by block number)

    This report was produced to study the history of past chemical weapons movement operations from 1946 to 1986. The history was then to be used as a source of lessons learned for planning any transportation which might be required to implement the Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. The report candidly discusses problems encountered on past chemical weapons movement operations and suggests areas in which the movement of chemical weapons can be improved based on past experience. The report summarizes all movement operations from 1946 to 1986, while acknowledging that this record is incomplete for some years because not all movement records were preserved. - , "

    20, DISTRIBUTION /AVAILABILITY OF ABSTRACT 21. ABSTRACT SECURITY CLASSIFICATION QUNCLASSIFIED/UNLIMITED 0 SAME AS RPT. C3DTIC USERS UNCLASSIFIED

    . 22a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE INDIVIDUAL 22b. TELEPHONE Include Area Code) 22c. OFFICE SYMBOL

    %Q illiam R_ Brankowitz (301) 1 71-4505 SA EO-CDE DO FORM 1473, 84 MAR 83 APR edition may be used until exhausted. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE

    All other editions are obsolete. UNCLASSIFIED

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  • Chemical Weapons Mvenent

    History Capilation

    William R. Brankowitz.

    12 June 1987 J' ' "" -

    /II

    Office of the Program Manager for Chemical Munitions (Demilitarization and Binary) (Provisional)

    Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland 21010-5401

    - *43a

  • Chemical Weapons

    Movement History Cc.ilation

    Table of Contents

    Executive SmmIary1

    How To Use The Ccmpilation 3

    Introduction 7

    Location Key 17

    Incident Sumarization Sheets 20

    Compilation of Moves Pages By Year

    1946 11 pages 1947 2 pages 1948 2 pages

    1949 4 pages

    1950 3 pages

    1951 3 pages

    1952 2 pages

    1953 3 pages 1954 3 pages S 1955 1 page 1956 2 pages 1957 3 pages

    1958 4 pages

    1959 1 page 1960 1 page

    1961 1 page 1962 2 pages 1963 3 pages 1964 4 pages

    1965 5 pages

    1966 4 pages

    1967 6 pages 1968 8 pages

    1969 2 pages

    1970-77 2 pages SETCN I (1978) 3 pages SEI'CON II (1978-1980) 3 pages 1981-86 3 pages

    Recommendations and Conclusions 27 1

    References i

    ' IJ h.

    I

  • Executive Summary

    Title 14, Part B, Section 1412 of Public Law 99-145 (the Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1986) directs the Secretary of Defense to carry out the destruction of the United States stockpile of lethal chemical agents and munitions by 30 September 1994. The law specifically directs the development of a plan defining the safest and most effective means of disposing of the stockpile. The plan was provided to Congress on 14 March 1986, by the Secretary of the Army and was the basis for a Draft Progammatic Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) issued 1 July 1986.

    During the public cam-ent period following the issuing of the DEIS, the Army's past record of moving chemical munitions was questioned. The Army has reviewed its records in an effort to canpletely answer this question and to develop a list of lessons learned and recumnendations as a result of past mtv nent operations.

    The production of a compilation of movement operations provides a base of data which can be used or interpreted in many ways. Same are favorable to the Army, and some are not. However, the Army wishes to show that (1) it has moved large quantities of chemical weapons over many years with relatively few problems and that (2) the Army has learned lessons from the problems which it has encountered. The Army also shows in this study that although there have been some problems associated with the movement of chemical weapons, there has never been a chemical agent fatality associated with such a move. The majority of the incidents catalogued in the study did not result in injuries due to chemical agent.

    That the Army records on chemical movement operations are incomplete is a theme frequently returned to in the stuey. There are many reasons for this, but one which overshadows all others. The fact is that by the 1950's these movement operations had become so common, that an attitude had became prevalent that these moves were no longer anything "special." They were regarded as a matter of routine, and as a result, few photographs were taken, and many records were disposed of as excess files according to then existing regulations. It was not until 1969 and 1970 that close control of movements under the new public laws (91-121 and 91-441) made these moves once again into something special or different which required better tracking of operations and

    * preservation of records.

    Lastly, it should be noted that the U.S. Army throughout all of these years has operated one unit to escort these munitions and to respond to emergencies. This unit, the U.S. Army Technical Escort Unit has existed since 1943 and has the responsibility for the moving of all chemical munitions. The vast majority of the information contained in this study comes either directly, or indirectly fram their records. These records have been kept under the following organizational titles:

    January 1943 - February 1944 Guard and Security Section, Camp Siebert, Alabama

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  • February 1944 -January 1946 Guard and Security Section, Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland

    January 1946 -March 1947 9710 Technical Service Unit, Guard and Security, Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland

    March 1947 - September 1957 9710 Technical Service Unit, Technical Escort Detachment, Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland

    Septemiber 1957 - Present U.S. Army Technical Escort Unit, Edgewood Arsenal/Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland

    in conclusion, between 1946 and 1986, the Army has nraved large quantities of chemical weapons many tines. There were saie problems encountered during a minority of these xmves, and these problems have presented lessons which the Army has used in the construction of its plans for disposing of the chemical stockpile. Specific input frarn this report has been used in the Transportation Concept Plan, the Emergency Response Concept Plan, the Monitoring Plan, the Overpacking Study and the Reduced Temperature Study. Mokvement of chemical weapons today would be conducted both in light of lessons learned and under far more stringent safety conditions.II

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  • OPERATION RED HAT-

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    1970-1977, PAGE 1.

    OPERATION RED HAT-

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    -fs TO JA, 1970-1977,

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  • How to Use the Ccapilation

    Excluding the Executive Summary, the movement history ccnpilation consists of five principal sections: (1) an introduction, (2) a location key, (3) a summarization of the known incidents associated with moves, (4) a compilation of the actual moves, and (5) recomrendations and conclusions.

    Introduction:

    The Introduction is provided to expl