Module 1: Configuring Windows Server 2008. Module Overview Describe Windows Server 2008 roles...

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Transcript of Module 1: Configuring Windows Server 2008. Module Overview Describe Windows Server 2008 roles...

  • Module 1:Configuring Windows Server 2008

  • Module OverviewDescribe Windows Server 2008 rolesDescribe Windows Server 2008 featuresDescribe Windows Server Active Directory Improvements

  • Lesson 1: Server Manager RolesDescribe key user interface changes in Windows Server 2008Describe improvements to Windows Server 2008 setupComplete initial server configurationDescribe Server Manager functionsDescribe server rolesList roles available in Windows Server 2008

  • Improvements in Setup from Windows 2003 to Windows Server 2008Server roles streamline managementWindows Server 2003Windows Server 2003 SetupSecurity UpdatesManage Your ServerConfigure Your Server WizardWindows ComponentsComputer ManagementSecurity Configuration WizardWindows Server 2008Operating System SetupInitial Configuration TasksServer Manager

  • Initial Configuration Tasks OverviewAdministrator PasswordNetwork IP AddressDomain MembershipComputer NameWindows UpdatesWindows Firewall

    What Works Differently

  • Overview of Server Manager

  • Overview of Role FunctionsRoles are Secured by Default

  • Lesson 2: Windows Server 2008 FeaturesDescribe Windows Server 2008 featuresList features new to Windows Server 2008List other features in Windows Server 2008Enable features using Server Manager wizardsUse Windows PowershellUse Powershell Object Pipelines

  • Windows Server 2008 FeaturesFailover ClusterBackupRemote Assistance

  • New Features Available in Windows Server 2008Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS) Server ExtensionsWindows BitLocker Drive EncryptionMultipath I/OStorage Manager for Storage Area Networks (SANs)Windows Activation Service (WAS)Wireless Networking

  • Windows Server 2008 FeaturesLPR Port MonitorRemovable Storage ManagerRemote AssistanceSimple TCP/IP ServicesTelnet ClientTelnet ServerTFTP ClientFailover ClusteringWindows Internet Name Service (WINS)Windows Server BackupMore

  • Windows PowerShellNew Command-line Shell and Scripting LanguageImproves productivity and controlAccelerates automation of system adminEasy-to-use Works with existing scripts

  • Powershell Object PipelinesUse the output from one cmdlet as the input to anotherExample: Get-Process | Sort-Object property HandlesOutput objects must be compatible with input parametersExample: Get-Process | Stop-Service will not workExample: Get-Process | Stop-Process will work

  • Lesson 3: Active Directory ImprovementsList improvements in Active Directory rolesDescribe new Active Directory features

  • Active Directory Service Server Roles

  • New Active Directory Features

    ***This key focus of this lesson is Windows Server 2008 setup and initial configuration. Describe how the setup process has been changed from Microsoft Windows Server 2003 to streamline the process. Describe the tasks that can be completed using the Initial Configuration Tasks window. Describe what functions Server Manager is used for. Describe how roles are used to add functionality to the server.

    Key message: Windows Server 2008 setup has been reorganized into two main phases: operating system installation and post-installation configuration. Many of the configuration settings that require extensive user input (like IP address configuration) have been moved to a post-installation configuration tool named Initial Configuration Tasks. Server Manager is used to add, remove, and configure server functions (called roles).

    *Key message: Initial Configuration Tasks (ICT) is used to configure operating system components like Automatic Updates and network settings. ICT is also used to launch the Add Roles Wizard process.

    *Key message: Server Manager is a unified interface for server management. It can be used to manage roles, features, and to configure specific services.

    *Key message: Server roles are packages of individual role services that are installed as a group to provide server functionality. For each server role, the default role services can be supplemented with optional role services.

    **This key focus of this lesson is Windows Server 2008 features. Describe features and list several features as examples. Describe how features are different from roles. Explain how Server Manager can be used to add and remove features and give an example of how adding a feature will automatically add any dependencies.

    Key message: Windows Server 2008 features enhance base server functionality with optional functionality.

    *Key message: Windows Server 2008 maintains many Windows Server 2003 features and adds some new features. Provide students with a brief overview of new features, including: BITS Server Extensions, BitLocker, Multipath I/O, Storage Manager for SANs, and Windows Activation Service.

    Multipathing Support for High AvailabilityWindowsServer2008 includes many enhancements for the connectivity of a computer running a Windows server-class operating system to storage area networking (SAN) devices.Among the enhancements enabling high availability for connecting Windows-based servers to SANs is integrated Multipath I/O (MPIO) support. Microsoft MPIO architecture supports iSCSI, Fibre Channel and serial attached storage (SAS) SAN connectivity by establishing multiple sessions or connections to the storage array.

    Multipathing solutions use redundant physical path components adapters, cables, and switches to create logical paths between the server and the storage device. In the event that one or more of these components fails, causing the path to fail, multipathing logic uses an alternate path for I/O so that applications can still access their data. Each network interface card (in the iSCSI case) or HBA should be connected by using redundant switch infrastructures to provide continued access to storage in the event of a failure in a storage fabric component.

    Failover times vary by storage vendor, and can be configured by using timers in the Microsoft iSCSI Software Initiator driver, or modifying the Fibre Channel host bus adapter driver parameter settings.

    New MPIO features in Windows Server2008 include a Device Specific Module (DSM) designed to work with storage arrays that support the asymmetric logical unit access (ALUA) controller model (as defined in SPC-3), as well as storage arrays that follow the Active/Active controller model.

    Features of the included DSMThe Microsoft DSM provides the following load balancing policies. Note that load balance policies are generally dependent on the controller model (ALUA or true Active/Active) of the storage array attached to Windows-based computers.

    - FailoverNo load balancing is performed. The application specifies a primary path and a set of standby paths. The primary path is used for processing device requests. If the primary path fails, one of the standby paths is used. Standby paths must be listed in decreasing order of preference (the most preferred path first). - FailbackFailback is the ability to dedicate I/O to a preferred path whenever it is functioning. If the preferred path fails, I/O is directed to an alternate path until function is restored to the preferred path, but I/O automatically switches back to the preferred path when function is restored. - Round-robinThe DSM uses all available paths for I/O in a balanced, round-robin fashion. - Round-robin with a subset of pathsThe application specifies a set of paths to be used in a round-robin fashion, and a set of standby paths. The DSM uses paths from primary pool of paths for processing requests, as long as at least one of the paths is available. The DSM uses a standby path only when all primary paths fail. Standby paths must be listed in decreasing order of preference (most preferred path first). If one or more of the primary paths become available, DSM uses the standby paths in their order of preference. For example, given 4 paths A, B, C, and D A, B, and C are listed as primary paths, and D is standby path. The DSM chooses a path from A, B, and C in round-robin fashion as long as at least one of them is available. If all three fail, the DSM uses D, the standby path. If A, B, or C become available, DSM stops using D and switches to available paths among A, B, and C. - Dynamic Least Queue DepthThe DSM routes I/O to the path with the least number of outstanding requests. - Weighted PathThe application assigns weights to each path; the weight indicates the relative priority of a given path. The larger the number, the lower the priority. The DSM chooses the path that has the least weight from among the available paths.

    *Key message: Windows Server 2008 maintains many Windows Server 2003 features. Provide students with a brief overview of features that have changed from Server 2003 including: Failover Clustering, and Windows Server Backup.

    *Key message: Powershell can be used to script and automate many administrative functions on Windows Server 2008. Introduce students to the basics of Powershell scripting syntax.*Key message: The Powershell object pipeline can be used to combine the output of multiple Cmdlets.

    **This key focus of this lesson is new Active Directory functionality and using Server Manager to add or remove Active Directory roles.

    Key message: DNS, WINS, and DHCP provide supporting functionality for Active Directory. Primary Active Directory functionality is provided by ADCS, ADDS, ADFS, ADRMS, and ADLDS.

    *Key message: Active Directory has several new features. DNS supports these new features with IPv6 support and background zone loading (for better DNS response in environments with large DNS zones).

    DNS also provides the new GlobalNames zone type, which may allow some organizations to retire WINS. Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (ADLDS) replaces Active Directory Application Mo