Japanese Piano Folk Songs Sheets

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Transcript of Japanese Piano Folk Songs Sheets

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PREFACE THEFIRST DITION TO EStudentso{ music have on occasions atiemptedto put the melodiesof some of ihe more outstandingJapanese folk songsto ihe noiaiion of Western music in order to preserve ihem from oblivion. Frorn the literary poini of v;ew, ihese folk-songshave been translatedinto English and co lectedby scholars sincethe beginningof modernjapan. However,a completecollection of ihe melodies has not been assembled. A rhoroughstirdy o{ these folk songswh'ch are characterized the placesof iheir by origin requirs the effods of specialized scholars :nd experisin musicand liieraiure. My efforis in compiling ihis book does noi preiend io be such a specialized siudy folk songs lt is iniendedto be a collectionof the mosi reprsentative of lapanese songs ol our countryand to offer a handbook the iolk-songs which are still beingsungthroughof Folk-songsare disiinguishedfrom ihe so-calledpopular songs which may be in voguefor a periodof iime but which are soonforgotten. Someo{ the folk,songs colleciedin ihis book were ai one time pcpular songs but have developedinto {olk-songsby thei. being sung over half a century though their authors v/ere forgotten. All rhe songsassembledhave been sung before 1900 and are sii I being sung and may riehtly be regarded as folk'songsof Japan. True folk songshave slch individualpecullariiies and characteristics that their notaiion in Western nrusic can be accomplished only imperfecily,for it is noi only dl{ficult to indicatethe {requenty occurringgrace nores of JEpanese songswhich include even quafter tone iniervalsbut there is also a rremendousdifference in the manner of singing them among thc Japanese peoplethemselves. Moreover,io isol:ie rhe melody of a Japanese song frorn ihe rhyihm of its accompariment of hayashi,lhe orchestraof {lute. drum and samisen, io give only half of the is realiiy of the song. This is particularlyirue in songsof which the rhythm of iis accompanimenthas been emphaslzed. and any attemptto notatethem in the Westernsiyle is not only a violaiionof the sp rii of the songsbui also fails to revealthe true melody Again, ihese folk songscome to life only when they are sung in the style pecutiar to the lapanese and especially ihe people of ihe region from which they originated, lo and they lose nrLch of thelr beauty and appeal if they are.sung by vocalisiswho have been trained n ihe Western manner of singingvibrtao. Since these folk-songscont:in ihe individual dialects of ihe various districts, it is ideal that rhey are sune by the natives of th region to which ihe songsbelona. The impossibilityof adequatelyiranslaiingthe catchy, rhythmic phrases, which in themselves hlve no nreaningbui which give a deflniie personaliry the folk-songsof io Japan,has requiredme to om't ihem in my book. These phrasesmay be comparedto ihe hi, ho. the merry-o, "ta ra,ra boom de ay, "yo ho,ho' and similar portions of Englishsongs. Despitethese technicaldi{ficulties,I have endeavored compilesome of the repreio seniativetolk songsof lapan becauseof my e:rnest wlsh to introducethem to Western pecpies For these reasons,I have h:d to chooseonly ihose folk songswiih simple melodiesand rhyihm, avoidingthose which are full of irills and iurns and at the same time lowering somewhatihe key of the melodies sung sottovoce in ihe higher register raisor ing to a certain exteni ihose of lower tones which are us'r:lly sung by men. ln receni years atiempts have been made to arrange some Japanese folk-songsso thai they may be sung wiih the accompaniment a piano or in the style of iazz. of It is my hope in cornpiing ihis book that through this colleciionof lapanese folk songs which are in the main in ihe minor scale and are characterized melodia lamenby toso m:y coniribute to ihe birth of a new style of comdositions. Tokyo. Japan November,1950

RYUTAROHATTORI

4

!096 L raqua:ac 3qr aldoodall 1o sEuosparre^pue alqerau-rnuul ,o rred e rnq 3re uorlrailor 'uoqiperl 3!roL sguosI o] ]o ^+ualdLl+re lle a^oqe PUP slrll ur ua^r8 arP .leq] sBuosaql p pue arnlln) Plo ue qlL/\ passaLq uaaq seLl uedel Luralaq} Jo asuaslrrr+s aLll ur slsxa -srea^ auo ra^o uo!]u ou uoLrPer] Pue arn]lnr +o punorF)req aLl] rnoqrl^\ Puesnoql s! plo suorlPer] a^eq Lllq^\ srralerPpue sLuolsnr q.lLllr^ PaPunoqe ]r :alelurp SLrrpuolxa 'sl uedeI se ^i]unor E lleursos sp 3r\ se iluouSosltld +o ^larP^ aqr ur qrrJ sl )l rsqlo Plror' aqr ur s'.rorleu ^luo aqr l.ou alPs aLll roi plro^ 3tl1 rrl lte jo eiellaa Pue Bu PuElsraPun ,o rnq uedel ]o asauedPIaql +eq] Padoq r3+earB ol u^\ou)j aq s8uos-)ilo+ araLl^\!a^a aldoad rro raqLunLr )jlo+ 3q] qFnorq] P3leul aldoed ^ue 'o rarral ro $looq aq] ueq.l sBuos aio+a]3!$ sl rt -tlut aq ra]t3q ^eu uolleu I! lo alrl leuorlouraaLl] se Plro/!\aqI ur salilunor raqlo lle 01 pspuarxaaq o] atqej sap sr +r :salPlsParun 3q.l Pue udel sairlunor oMr aql uaa^]aq aurluor +ou plnoqs sFuos')lo] qgnortl] a8ueq'xa lern]ln3aql asrnor +o ralleu e sV 'XeM raPun lllrs sl luaurou luasard srq] le Ll3r!l^ s8uos or pssodordsrLlur uor+er3do s,rolrPa -)lo, 9] uo 3]rns lerlsslp.ro uor+rsodLuor osauede[ ]o 'trrsnt\ jo a8alLof )iro^ r' aN sP' raqlouv 'stuos aql SuLrsanbar ]o orCrCoBn 1l Llror+ aq -)toj asauedpl fulunotrsrLlr asoq] qlr^ PalurEnbt rq8 L! ^rlunor leq+ ul aqr ]o lSnorLl+ '3PerB^rEluauela ro+ sa 1rsP ua^13ilPelS se^ qrLqM urealor Bul^,!]er8 uaiPl Ll, 3q+.leLlr L'o ssitr''r3dPalse oq^ ul looq rx3+ rrsnL! 3r-11 paluld aq o.l uoLrraloi all] ]o s3:ard o,\l ro+ tuor, Luaq]lo auo salels P.+run aL'll ^asraf aaN ur lueduo:) ]iaprn8 ra^lrs ]o ]Eql se^r\ sraI uaaq seq aq 'r3^a/hoL1 ^tretn]l+.redPeoiqe LLer+ srlal ^\41 e +ou Iq PaBernorua ')ro,^\ FurPre.Mar rlri lnq a^ susdxa uP se^\ Lp LI^\ Paaol e aLU!+ q se qtrnu' s a assqr ut se s8uos)to, 3ur+raot 1o asodrnd aq] jo' Puel aql qBnorlllrnor e apu seq rolrP3aLll pLloros ar.llarLrs sreai aor'll sl ll srea^ aarq+ asaq] gutrnO Paqslqnd s^\ uol+lPa

Notrlql Hrunol lHr oL ltvlludvg6t ttn.qdl 'luaurrueduro.rE ouerd jo suolrerouSurleLujo alqrssodur 'rtnrtt'tP iia^ are s:uos-)loj asauedeI nuaS Pue snorPo]at! ^lereroqela asaqr+Pql au +ou + nre8nsf p're araq 3re sBuos-rs3urPrunon uosearadulls aq+ ro] lti:3r reert qrra Pa.llrLuo qrns aLuos aulr ^lqBlq tu3^ PUPa^tleluasardsr >jtoj Parerrsrdde a)e^\ro rqsezl se sEuos sEuos raqlo aluesaql le lnq uolllPaslqr ul u3^r3are relnCodfua^ euroraq^la]l 3^eq qrrL-l'\ Llrns PapPeare 3rH 'rlnsrl +o sSuosiqellnl se sSlros e +o .raqurnu puP sBuosSurPunod slll ul sauo ^\au PUerno lta are uor+rP3 rsrrj aLll ul sarPolauauos uol pa Pas!^ar 3ql sarlroq rraq] ur aldoad +o iaqujnu .lsa8reL iq Palurenbieaq ^(rl ua^13 rerlrur sr o+ Pa]rosor a q ssoo se anoruqla.l a.raq Pol.Lua'-lrreq+Padoqs +r ^ea srqr ul sa o} e+ pue td|rlrs lsctu aLF palsur Pue pap o^e Illnilll^{ s }o asn a)ieLLl 1dPare sr3sodL!'o: oLreld aqr '+ueurluedurortre Bu11e1;Lsanb IupL! Lp q^ 1u3,.uaFuerrP lrrl]rl.re PelEr,lsiL.ldos oued PPe o+ aLlI I ruaur:uPduorre ue stq] +o uorlnlos3q+ +E ldLua+te sr uor+rPa Pasr^3r 'uorre+ou se os aroLuda.lseuo oB ptnoqsrol pa aLl)lou .{tjnr lerlsnu uralsa^\ aq} ul ua^13 aL|,o Pururaq+o] aqr uaaqa^eLl sEuos Jo )to+ asauEdJ s5!Potalu eruls .lPq+s ql se^ ro+rPa aqr PuV sr lrrr pue siaqsra PooBaa, rqnorqspro^ +rarp pue siarlalr aq] +eqruol+sanb aq+ sres^ osaql 3uun0 sBuoslloi .aau ro uaaq seq ro+rPa tou Iq pas,^pe pa5rnorua a^eq del ]o sarpolai\ +o uor+pa]sr+ aqr ]o uolerilqnd 3q] arLrrs PassECl srea^rnoj

lHl Or lCVllUd NO .tOt ONOCTS

EDITION PREFACE THE REVISED TOln the previouseditions,merely 33 songs out of ihe innumerabJe number of folk-songs were selected and iniroducedwhich left much to be desiredso that, Japanese in this Revised Edition, I have added five orher songs. In making this addition I have sejcted sonSswhrch are most popularlysung by the lapanese today,namely,"Bon Songs of Soma , -'Songsof.Saitara', Songsof Picking Safflowers, Songsof Kokkiriko" and >ones ot 5hrrnotsul Japanesefolk songs are yearly atiracting more attention and interest by the poples of the world as might b ndicaied, In part, from the correspondencesaddressed to the compiler fror vafious parrs o{ the wor,u. fhe one who mrght be consrdered the Of ihe growing number of such persons, as rolk songs, I shoujd like ro me4iion ihe narre of Vafla most ardent ioler of Japanese Jllo Reinh.rot a proless,oral+olksine;r.of W.sh,n8fo