Jane's airline recognition guide

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Collins, 2006

Transcript of Jane's airline recognition guide

  • FLEET:

    51 x 8737-300, 63 x 8737-500,36 (15) x 8737-700,86 (26) x8737-800,12 (3) x 8737-900,41 x 8757-200,9 x 8757-300,10 x 8767-200ER, 16 X 8767-400ER,18 (2) x 8777-200ER, (5) x 8787-8FEATURES:Continental's livery is based onblue, white, and gold, with theblue tailfin the dominant feature,incorporating a stylized three-dimensional globe in whitelatitudes and gold longitudes. Athin gold pinstripe divides theupper white fuselage from thegray belly. Simple blueContinental titles are carried onthe forward cabin roof. Thecorporate identity, unveiled on12 Feburary 1991, was said tosymbolize the progress of theairline after periods inadministration and its goalsfor the future.

    Major u.s. carrier with an extensive network ofscheduled passenger flights serving 125 u.s. citiesand 90 international destinations throughout theAmericas, Europe, and the Far East from hubs atHouston, Newark, Cleveland, and Guam. Thenetwork is further enlarged at home throughContinental Express and Continental Connection,and internationally through ContinentalMicronesia and membership of SkyTeam.Continental Airlines was formed on 15 July 1934 asVarney Speed Lines, which inaugurated a servicefrom El Paso to Denver using a Lockheed Vega. InDecember that year, the name was changed toVarney Air Transport, and on 1July 1937 thecompany became Continental Airlines. Texas Air,parent ofTexas International Airlines, formerlyAviation Enterprises and Trans-Texas Airways,acquired a controlling interest, merging the twoconcerns on 31 October 1982 under the Continentalbanner. Following the purchase of low-fare carrierPeople Express (formed 7 April 198o) and the assetsof Frontier Airlines in 1986, all services of these twoairlines, as well as those of the already owned NewYork Air, which started operations on 19 December1980, were fully integrated with effect from January1987. Frontier Airlines was founded on 1June 1950after Monarch Airlines merged with Arizona Airways.

    Continental Airlines (CO/COA)UNITED STATES (N)

    FLEET:

    1 X 8727-2OOA, 8 X 8737-2OOA,6 x 8737-300,2 x 6737-400

    FEATURES:All Comair aircraft carry fullBritish Airways markings with theBritish flag on the tailfin and thespeedmarque and name on theforward fuselage. AdditionalOperated by Comair Limitedtitles are applied under thecockpit windows.

    FLEET:

    1 X 8757-200, 13 x 8757-300,9 x 8767-300ER

    FEATURES:Condor aircraft basically carry theThomas Cook identity developedby global design agencyFutureBrand, with the addition oflarge Condor titles in blue on theforward fuselage. The tailfin inthe traditional Condor yellowfeatures a globe in the groupcolors of blue and yellow with theThomas Cook signature. Itsymbolizes its "world" as anefficient pan-European and fullyintegrated leisure group.

    Major South African airline operating domestic andregional services as a British Airways franchise.Apart from the main cities within the country,Comair also serves destinations in Zimbabwe,Zambia, and Namibia. Low-fare services are offeredby its Kulula.com brand. The airline was registeredin 1943 as Commercial Air Services and operated itsfirst charter flight between Germiston and Durbanwith Fairchild aircraft on 14 July 1946. Scheduledservices were introduced in 1948 and consolidatedon 1 November 1967 under the present title. Thefranchise agreement with British Airways wassigned on 27 October 1996.

    Germany's leading holiday airline providingextensive inclusive-tour services to resort areas inthe Mediterranean basin, together with long-haulflights to the Caribbean, North and Central America,East Africa, points in the Indian Ocean, and the FarEast. Flights originate from all major Germanairports, but mainly from Frankfurt, Berlin, Cologne,Diisseldorf, Munich, Hamburg, and Stuttgart. Nowpart ofThomas Cook, the airline was founded on21 December 1955 as Deutsche Flugdienst andbegan operations on 28 March 1956. The Condorname was adopted on 25 October 1961.

    Comair (MN/cAW)SOUTH AFRICA (ZS)

    Condor Flugdienst (OE/CFG)GERMANY (D)

    153

  • Continental Connection (co)UNITED'STAT_ES (N)

    Regional air services network provided by fourcarriers connecting into Continental Airlines' hubs.Cape Air, founded in 1989, serves Cape Cod, Florida,the Caribbean out of San Juan, and Rota, Saipan,and Guam in Micronesia. Gulfstream InternationalAirlines, founded in October 1988, covers Floridaand the Bahamas, while Colgan Air services radiatefrom Houston's George Bush Intercontinental.Commutair links the Northeast and upper Midwestfrom hubs at Cleveland and Albany. Colgan Airstarted operations on 1 December 1991, initially asNational Capital Airways. Commutair started flyingon 1August 1989.

    Continental Express (Co/BTA)UNITED STATES (N)

    Regional carrier ExpressJet Airlines, operating alarge network of services as Continental Express,serving some 140 destinations in the United States,Canada, Mexico, and the Caribbean fromContinental Airlines' hubs at Houston, New York/Newark, and Cleveland. Founded in 1956 as VercoaAir Service, it operated as Britt Airways from late1968. The airline underwent several ownershipchanges before starting operations as ContinentalExpress in January 1989 and later becoming asubsidiary of Continental Airlines. It is owned byExpressJet Holdings.

    154

    FLEET:

    3 x ATR 42-300, 2 XBeech1900C-1, 58 x Beech 19000,3 x EM6 120ER Brasilia,31 x Saab 3406FEATURES:The Continental Connectionlivery is identical to that ofContinental Airlines, withadditional silver gray Connectionwording. Based on blue, white,and gold, the blue tailfin is thedominant feature, incorporatinga stylized three-dimensionalglobe in white latitudes and goldlongitudes.

    FLEET:

    11 XERJ 135ER, 19 XERJ 135LR,23 XERJ 145ER, 117 XERJ 145LR,91 (13) X ERJ 145xRFEATURES:The Continental Express livery isidentical to that of the mai nairline, with additional silver-grayExpress wording. Based on blue,white, and gold, the blue tailfin isthe dominant feature,incorporating a stylized three-dimensional globe in whitelatitudes and gold longitudes.Athin gold pinstripe divides theupper white fuselage from thegray belly.

    Continental Micronesia (CsICMI) (v6)MICRONESIA (N)

    Subsidiary of Continental Airlines operatingscheduled passenger services from Guam to otherisland destinations in the Micronesian basin of thePacific, and to Australia, Indonesia, the Philippines,Hong Kong, Taipei, and Japan. Guam is anUnincorporated Territory of the United States. Theairline was formed in 1966 as Air Micronesia by theUnited Micronesian Development Association(UMDA), Continental Airlines, and Aloha Airlines toprovide interisland services and began operationson 16 May 1968. The present name was adoptedwhen Continental acquired full ownership.

    ConviasaVENEZUELA (VV)

    Flag-carrier of the Bolivarian Republic ofVenezuela, operating scheduled passenger andcargo services from the capital Caracas to 10domestic destinations and to neighboring Grenadaand Trinidad and Tobago in the southern Caribbeanand to Bogota in Colombia. Long-haul routes toEurope are under consideration. Conviasa(Consorcio Venezolano de Industrias Aeronauticas yServicios Aereos) was established on 7July 2004 bythe national goverment and the regional govern-ment of Nueva Esparta and began operations on11 December that same year.

    FLEET:

    9 x 6737-800

    FEATURES:As aircraft are wet-leased fromthe parent company, the livery isidentical, except for additionalMicronesia wording, although thisis not always applied. The livery isbased on blue, white, and gold,with the blue tailfin the dominantfeature, incorporating a stylizedthree-dimensional globe in whitelatitudes and gold longitudes. Athin gold pinstripe divides theupper white fuselage from thegray belly.

    FLEET:

    1 x 6737-300, 1 XDash 7-100FEATURES:The aircraft's bright orange tailfinincorporates a golden sun inwhich resides a speciallydesigned letter v for Venezuela,and a dynamic representatiqn ofthe country's yellow, blue, and redflag. Large Conviasa titles areapplied on the forward fuselage,the v in the name again beinghighlighted, with the web addressatthe rear.

    155

  • Copa Airlines (CM/CMP)PANAMA (HP}

    Leading Panamanian airline operating a compre-hensive passenger and cargo network from PanamaCity's Tocumen International Airport, the "Hub ofthe Americas," to more than 30 destinations in20 countries within Central America and theCaribbean, and extending to North and SouthAmerica. Connecting services are available to otherparts of the world through its strong alliance withContinental Airlines. The airline was established on21 June 1944 as Compania Panamena de Aviacion(COPA), with the assistance of Pan American, andbegan services over local routes on 15 August 1947.

    C~rsa.ir (SS/CRL)FRANCE (F).

    French charter airline operating regular flightsfrom its main base at Paris Orly to more than 60destinations in Europe, Africa, the Caribbean, NorthAmerica, and the South Pacific. The airline wasfounded by the Corsican Rossi family in 1981, flyingfor small tour operators and other organizationsunder the name of Corse-Air International, with afleet of four Sud-Aviation Caravelles from Orly andAjaccio, starting on 1 July 1981. It was purchased byNouvelles Frontieres in 1990 and rebranded underthe present title. In September 2002, NouvellesFrontieres sold Corsair to the TUI Group.

    156

    FLEET:

    18 (7) x B737-700, 4 x B737-800,(12) EMB 190ARFEATURES:The Copa livery of white, blue,and gold mimics that of itsalliance partner ContinentalAirlines with the suggestion of aglobe in white latitudes on theblue tailfin. Gold speed linesstreak away from the globe givingan impression of movement.Simple blue Copa Airlines titlescover the cabin roof. Agoldenpencil line divides the white fromthe gray lower fuselage.

    FLEET:

    2 X ABo-200, 2 x B737-400,2 x B747-2OOB, 3 x B747-300,3 x B747-400FEATURES:Following its acquisition by theTUI Group, the colors of theSouth Sea were replaced by theparent's blue, and smiley red faceon the tailfin. Large corsairjly.comtitles in red and white take up allof the front half of the aircraft.The tailfin design is repeated onthe winglets on appropriateaircraft.

    Cosmic Air (FS/COZ)NEPAL (9N)

    Regional airline operating a comprehensivedomestic network from the capital Kathmandu overtrunk routes to Biratnagar, Bhairahawa, and Nepal-gunj, and to many remote areas in this Himalayankingdom, including sightseeing flights over MountEverest. Cross-border services are operated toseveral destinations in India, and to Dhaka inBangladesh, with extensions planned to Myanmar,Thailand, and Bhutan. Cosmic Air, a subsidiary ofthe SOl Group, a leading business house in Nepal,was established in 1997 and started operations on1January 1998, initially using two Mil Mi-17helicopters on tourist flights.

    cRAirways (N8/CRK)HONG KONG (B-H)

    Regional jet airline operating an expanding servicebetween Hong Kong, mainland China, the island ofHainan, and several destinations in Southeast Asia,including Cambodia and the Philippines. Businessjet charters are also offered by the Rainbowjetassociate company. CR Airways was established in2001 by Robert Yip and China Rich Holdings toprovide jet services from the Hong Hong SpecialAdministrative Region of China. Operations startedon 5July 2003.

    FLEET:1 X Dornier 228-100,1 X Dornier

    228-200,4 x FlOO, 1 x Saab 340A

    FEATURES:The company's symbol of redswirls, suggesting circularmovement, is the only decorationon the white tailfin, with redCosmic Air titles on the cabin roofin English on the port side andNepali script on the starboardside.Turboprop aircraft in thefleet have additional twincheatl ines.

    FLEET:

    2 X CRJ200LR, 1 x CRJ700FEATURES:This smart scheme focuses onmagenta and white, with themagenta tailfin displaying threewhite flower petals and the whitefuselage a beautifully curvedsplash of magenta. The wingletsare also painted in magenta.CR Airways titling in black ispreceded by the name in Chinesecharacters in magenta.

    157

  • Cubana de Aviacion (CU/CUB)CUBA (CU)

    Croatia Airlines (OU/CTN)CROATIA (9A)

    0............ 0CUBRnRCU-T1284

    ............................

    Croatian flag-carrier operating internationalscheduled services from the capital Zagreb to pointsin Europe. Domestic flights also link Zagreb with allmajor inland and coastal towns, and there areadditional direct summer schedules and chartersfrom northern Europe to the country's holidayresorts on the Adriatic. Croatia Airlines was formedon 7August 1989 as Zagreb Airlines (Zagal) andadopted the present title on 23 July 1990 followingdemocratic elections in the former Yugoslavrepublic. Operations started on 5 May 1991 betweenZagreb and Split with a leased MD-82.

    CSA Czech Airlines (OKjCSA)CZECH REPUBLIC (OK)

    Flag-carrier of the Czech Republic providing servicesto 60 international destinations, its network includ-ing intra-European flights and long-haul services tothe Middle East, Asia, and North America. Domesticservices also link Prague Ruzyne to other majorcities. The airline was founded on 29 July 1923 as CSA(Ceskoslovenske Statni Aerolinie) and operated itsfirst flight on 29 October from Prague to Bratislava.The name changed to its present title on 26 March1995 to take account of the break-up of theCzechoslovak Federation, although it retained theoriginal initials. Member of the SkyTeam Alliance.

    158

    FLEET:

    5 x A319-100,4XA320-200,3 XATR 42-300FEATURES:Croatia Airlines' livery is builtaround the red, white, and bluecolors of the national flag and isnotable for the heraldiccheckerboard pattern on thetailfin. Developed by in-housedesigner Ivana Ivankovic, the redand white squares have beenseparated to create a dynamicexpression of a young andmodern company. The Croatiatitling in blue is sped alongby a small red and whitecheckered arrow.

    FLEET:

    4 x A31O-300, (6) x A319-1OO,2 (6) XA3290-2OO, 2 XApl-200,2 XATR 42-400,5 x ATR 42-500,4 x ATR 72-200,15 x 8737-400,15 x 8737-500FEATURES:The fresh white overall paintscheme is complemented by thered and blue colors, which makeup the national flag. Red and bluecheatlines underscore large redCSA initials (standing for the Czechtitle of Ceske Aerolinie) and CzechAirlines lettering. The same colorcombination is maintained onthe tailfin in the form of threepennants, adding a semblance ofspeed. -

    Cuban flag-carrier operating scheduled interna-tional services to some 40 destinations in the Carib-bean and South America, and across the Atlantic toEurope. A domestic network serves all major pointson the island. Cubana was founded by CurtissAviation in 1929 as Compania Nacional Cubana deAviaci6n Curtiss. It began operations on 30 October1930 with a single Ford Tri-Motor from Havana tothe coastal town of Santiago de Cuba. Curtiss wasdropped from the name in 1932 when the airlinewas taken over by Pan Am. It was acquired by thenew socialist government of Fidel Castro in 1959.

    Cygnus Air (RGN)SPAIN (EC)

    Spanish all-cargo airline offering scheduled flightsfrom its base at Madrid Barajas Airport to variousdestinations in Europe. Cygnus Air began life as apassenger airline, having been established in 1994by Regional Airlines of France and Spanish exec-utive operator Gestair as Regional Lineas Aereas.Passenger flights were operated from Madrid untilJanuary 1998, after which the airline lay dormantuntil reemerging in November that same year as anall-cargo airline under the name of Cygnus Air,operating two McDonnell Douglas Dc-8-62Ffreighters. It is now a full member of Grupo Gestair.

    FLEET:

    3 x APO-200, 8 XAN-24RV,1 x 8747-400, 5 x IL-62M,2 x IL-96-300, 3 x Yak-42DFEATURES:The Cubana scheme, which hasbarely changed since itsintroduction in 1970, has asurprisingly clean and modernlook. Taking up the entire tailfin-.is a clever representation of thenational flag, where the blue andwhite stripes stand for theoriginal provinces of Cuba andthe purity ofthe revolution, withthe red symbolizing liberty andblood shed in defense offreedom.

    FLEET:2 XDc-8=62F, 1 XDc-8-73CFFEATURES:The attractive two-tone blue andwhite tailfin and rear fuselagedesign is highlighted by whiteswans soaring into the skies. BlueCygnus Air titles are appliedbehind the cargo door, with theletter Cserving both as the firstletter in the airline name and alsoin the word Corporation above.The aircraft engines are paintedin blue and white.

    159

  • Cyprus Airways (cv/cvp)CYPRUS (SB)

    Flag-carrier operating scheduled internationalpassenger services from Larnaca to more than 30destinations within Europe, and to the Middle Eastand Persian Gulf. Some destinations are also servedfrom Paphos. Charter flights are operated throughsubsidiary Eurocypria Airlines. Cyprus Airways wasestablished on 24 September 1947 as a joint venturebetween the Cyprus government, British EuropeanAirways, and local interests. Operations began on6 October between Nicosia and Athens. The airlinelost its Nicosia base and several aircraft whenTurkey invaded Cyprus in July 1974 but restartedoperations from Larnaca on 8 February 1975.

    DaaUo Airlines (03/0AO)DJIBOUTI (J2)

    Private African airline connecting the Horn ofAfrica with some 15 regional destinations inSomalia, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Saudi Arabia, andthe United Arab Emirates. The airline also linksDjibouti with France and the United Kingdom.Daallo Airlines was established in 1991 and beganoperations on 20 March that same year, initiallyusing only ex-Soviet equipment.

    160

    FLEET:

    2 X A319-100, 7 X A320-200,2 XA330-200

    FEATURES:The livery provides a strikingcontrast between the royal blue ofthe tailfin and engines and thesnow white fuselage which isinterrupted only by blue CyprusAirways titles, highlighted by thelarge rendition of the countryname. The tailfin and enginesdisplay the airline's wingedmouflon symbol in ocher. Themouflon is a graceful, hardy, andpowerful native mountain goat,once widespread throughout theisland, but now found only in theTroodos Mountains.

    FLEET:1 x AN-24, 1 x AN-24RV, 1 x LetL-410 UVP-E

    FEATURES:The white upper fuselage iscontrasted by the green tailfin,belly, engines, and wings of theaircraft, together with a bluecheatline that starts thin at thefront and broadens out towardsthe rear. The airline logo isapplied on the tailfin. The blueand green come from theDjibouti flag, where the blue issymbolic of the Issa and thegreen of the Afar people.

    Dalavia Far East Airways (H8/KHB)RUSSIAN FEDERATION (RA)

    Largest airline in Russia's far east operatingscheduled passenger and cargo services fromKhabarovsk to major cities throughout Russia andto China, Japan, South Korea, Uzbekistan, andAzerbaijan. International destinations includeGuangzhou, Harbin, Seoul, Niigata, Osaka, Baku,and Tashkent. The state-owned company alsoprovides a variety of other aviation-related servicesand owns and manages Khabarovsk Novy Airport.It was founded as Khabarovsk Aviation Enterprisein 1953 and changed its name to Dalavia inJanuary 1999

    Danish Air Transport (OAT) (OxJOTR)DENMARK (OY)

    Danish aviation concern offering a diverse portfolioof activities from scheduled passenger flights to

    ch~rters and specialized transport such as air ambu-lance. Scheduled passenger services link points inNorway, France, and the UK. Ad hoc, contract, andshort-notice cargo transport is also available, withflights carried out for FedEx, DHL, PostDenmark,and others, carrying mail, livestock, and generalfreight. DAT was founded by Jesper and KirstenRungholm in 1989 and began flying all types ofcargo and mail with a Shorts SC-7 Skyvan. Scheduledpassenger services were added on 18 November 1996.

    FLEET:

    7 x AN-2 4 RV, 9 x AN-24v,5 x AN-26, 1 x AN-26B, 7 X IL-62M,

    11 X TU-154B-2, 5 X TU-154M,3 (5) x TU-214FEATURES:There are variations among theaircraft fleet, although all featurea blue windowline and lowercheatline, with two flying wingsoutlined against the blue sky onthe tailfin, the symbol beingrendered in several differentversions. Da/avia titles are carriedon the cabin roofin English onthe starboard with additionalsmall Da/avia Far East Airways-Khabarovsktitles in English andin Cyrillic.

    FLEET:

    4 x ATR 42-300,1 x ATR 42-320,2 x ATR 72-200,1 X Beech1900c-1, 1 x Beech 19000

    FEATURES:The airline's logo and highlyvisible multicolored aircraftpainted in blue, yellow, red, andgreen, illustrate the diversity ofits product range. OAT also wantsto project the fact that it is anunconventional and flexibleairline. Acentral symbol is anaircraft taking off, featured onthe tailfin and under the cockpitwindows.

    161

  • Darwin Airline (OWT)SWITZERLAND (HB)

    Swiss regional airline operating scheduled servicesfrom its base at Lugano Agno in the canton ofTicino to other Swiss cities, with extensions toLondon, mainland Italy, and the island of Sardinia.International points on the network are London,Rome, and Olbia. Darwin Airline was founded on12 August 2003 and started operations on 28 July2004 with a service to Geneva.

    OAS Air Cargo (WO/OSR)UGANDA (sx)

    All-cargo airline specializing in providing regularconnections between Europe and Africa, where itserves 40 destinations, but its scheduled networkalso extends to the Middle East and the Indian sub-continent. The airline operates out of hubs atAmsterdam, London Gatwick, Dubai, and Entebbe.DAS Air Cargo was established in 1983 by Captain JoeRoy and began operations in June that year, flyingbetween Europe and West African cities with asingle Boeing 707-320C.

    FLEET:2 X Saab 2000FEATURES:The creator of this corporateidentity has taken a different pathto most others, reversing thegeneral trend towards a darkunderside and white upperfuselage. Agray roofline opensout to fill the dorsal fin and tail,leaving the major part of thefuselage below in white. Theairline's symbol of swirls of redand blue, drawn to suggest birdsin flight, are displayed on thetailfin and forward in front ofthename. The name underlines theairline's willingness to evolve.

    FLEET:1 X AN-12, 7 X DC-10-30F

    FEATURES:The colors used by DAS Air Cargoare essentially those of theUgandan flag, with the blackchanged to a chocolate brown,particularly recognizable in thetriple straight-throughcheatlines. Aleaping lion isoutlined against a winged sun onthe tailfin and underslungengines, while the airline's redDAS initials stand out on thecenter engine. The winged ANAinitials ahead of the full namerefer to the airline's owners.

    Dauair (OS/OAU)GERMANY (D)

    German regional airline headquartered at Lubeck innorthern Germany, with an operational base atDortmund in the Ruhr area. Scheduled passengerservices are targeted primarily at the businesstraveler, offering fair prices from Berlin andDortmund to other destinations within the countryand to neighboring Poland and Switzerland. Dauairwas established in March 2005 by Hans-J6rg Dau,from whom the airline takes its name. Inauguralflights took off on 25 April that same year, providinga link between Berlin and Poznan, and Dortmundand Poznan.

    dba (Deutsche BA) (Ol/BAG)GERMANY (D)

    Second-largest scheduled airline in Germany,concentrating its flying activities on intra-Germanroutes, where it provides low-fare connectionsbetween all major cities. Additionally, dba flies toScandinavia and Russia, and also operates leisureroutes to the Mediterranean. The airline's historygoes back to the founding of Delta Air inFriedrichshafen in April 1978. In March 1992, BritishAirways acquired a major stake, increased to fullownership in April 1997, and renamed the airlineDeutscheBA. Another change of ownership on1June 2003 resulted in the present trading name.

    FLEET:

    2 X Saab 340BFEATURES:Acolor scheme that meansbusiness, as displayed by thesmart red and sober gray Dauairtitles on the clean white fuselageand two gray flying wing symbolsassembled to form a D. On thelower forward fuselage, theDauairtitles have an additionalslogan in German, translating as"We give you wings." Aircraft aregiven names of the destinationsserved and these can be foundunder the cockpit window.

    FLEET:

    13 x Boeing 737-300,1 x 8737-500, (40) x B737-700l800FEATURES:Lime green is a rare choice forairlines, but in dba's case, wherelarge blue initials are spreadacross the base ofthetailfin, itmakes for a new and refreshingimage. The lime green engineswith the blue web address,repeated in a larger typeface onthe forward upper fuselage,create a harmonious balance tothe design.

  • Delta Air Lines (DL/DAL)UNITED STATES (N)

    "B 0A Delta , ~ N934DL. ...........ii;L1 ~O.~c:::::> _

    Delta Connection (DL)UNITED STATES (N)

    A Delta COIIIIl'ct;on........

    Major u.s. airline operating a vast domesticpassenger network from six main hubs at Atlanta,Cincinnati, DalIas Fort Worth, Los Angeles, NewYork, Orlando, and Salt Lake City, together withinternational services throughout the Americas andto Europe and the Far East. Its international reach isextended through the SkyTeam Alliance, in which itwas a founding member. An extensive domesticfeeder network is also flown by regional airlinesunder the Delta Connection banner, with low-fareservices provided by Song. Founded in 1924 as HuffDaland Dusters, using a fleet of 18 "Duster" crop-spraying aircraft, it moved its operations to Peruduring the winter months and later also opened amail service between Peru and Ecuador. It becameDelta Air Service in 1927, taking its name from theMississippi Delta. It operated its first passengerservice on 17 June 1929 from Dallas to Jackson. Thename was changed to Delta Air Corp in 1930, andagain in 1945 to Delta Air Lines. The airline's subse-quent growth was marked by three major acquisi-tions and mergers. The first was Chicago 8{ SouthernAir Lines, formed in 1933 as Pacific SeaboardAirlines, which was absorbed on 1 May 1953. Thiswas followed by Northeast Airlines in 1972 and byanother pioneer dating back to 13JulY1925, WesternAirlines, formerly Western Air Express, on 1April 1987.

    FLEET:

    40 x 737-2ooA, 22 x 737-300,71 (50) x 737-800, 85 x 757-200,12 X767-200,28 x 767-300,59 x 767-3OOER,8 (5) XB777-200ER, 120 x MD-88,16 x MD-90-30

    FEATURES:The Landor-developed "flowingfabric" branding features acolorful, vibrant tail in dark blueand red, contrasted against thewhite fuselage. The simple Deltawording, without the Air Lines, issaid to reflect an assumptivepride in its heritage andleadership role. The triangularheritage mark, long referred to asthe "widget," has been softened,symbolizing a more humanapproach.

    Extensive feeder network throughout the UnitedStates, Canada, and Mexico, provided by fiveindependent regional airlines under contract toDelta Air Lines, plus wholly owned subsidiaryComair. From its Cincinnati and Orlando hubs,Comair serves 95 cities from Canada to theBahamas, and from the Great Plains to the Atlantic.SkyWest covers 66 cities in 14 western states fromSalt Lake City and Dallas Fort Worth, while itssubsidiary Atlantic Southeast Airlines (ASA) has anetwork from Atlanta and Dallas Fort Worth thattakes in 100 cities across the USA, Canada, Mexico,and the Bahamas. Shuttle America also flies DeltaConnection services out of Salt Lake City.Chautauqua Airlines serves the Florida market, asdoes Mesa Air Group member Freedom Airlines.Comair was founded in 1976 as Wings Airways andbegan flying in April 1977. It became a DeltaConnection carrier on 1 September 1984. ASA wasestablished in March 1979 and started commuterservices on 27 June that same year. It became awholly owned subsidiary of Delta in 1999 but wassold to SkyWest Airlines in 2005. Chautauqua wasestablished on 3 May 1973 and started scheduledAllegheny Commuter services on 1August 1974.Shuttle America was founded in 1995 and beganflying on 12 November 1998.

    FLEET:

    12 XATR 72-210, 79 XCRJ1ooER,42 XCRJ1OOLR, 121 XCRJ2ooER,62 XCRJ7ooER, 30 XFD 328-100

    FEATURES:All Delta Connection carriershave adopted the Delta "flowingfabric" brand to offer a seamlesstransfer to the mainlineoperation, both visually and interms of service standards, withadditional Connection titling ingray. Some aircraft also carry theindividual airline name on thelower forward fuselage or tailfi n.

  • Denim Airways f;JO/ONM)NETHERLANDS (PH)

    Airline arm of multi-discipline Dutch group thatnow focuses entirely on regional airline ACMI(aircraft, crew, maintenance, and insurance) wet-lease services for other airlines. Denim Air is alsodeveloping its ACMI Plus service, which offers start-up airlines full operational support. The company'shistory dates back to 1996. Charter operations beganon 26 April that year. It was owned for a time bySpanish regional Air Nostrum but was bought outby its management in October 2002. For a time theairline operated scheduled regional services inGermany and Switzerland.

    oHLAir(oHK)UNITED KINGDOM (G)

    ~"''''hfl _W&.._ ......-

    Operating arm of DHL Aviation (UK), based atNottingham East Midlands Airport, providing airexpress and logistics uplift for DHL customers acrossmore than 100 countries in its Europe and Africaregions. DHL Air was established in March 2001 andbegan operations in December that year afterreceiving its air operator's certificate from the UKauthorities.

    166

    FLEET:

    1 X ATR 42-300, 8 x F50FEATURES:Blue and gold are a favoritechoice, adding a touch of class tothe design. The large goldenarrow in a blue disc on the tailfinis the dominant element, whilethe Denim Airways titles set inwhite into the blue cheatline areby contrast exceptionally small.The golden arrows tumblingtowards the lower goldencheatline add a modicum of extrainterest to the visual display.

    FLEET:

    22 x B757-200(SF)

    FEATURES:The red DHL initials are amongthe most recognized of companysignatures right across the world.Adding them to an almost totallyyellow aircraft, with the exceptionof the red underbelly, ensuresthat the airline will be noticedwherever one of its aircrafttouches down. Set into a redtriple speed line, the large initialsproclaim its guarantee for a fastdelivery service.

    Domodedovo Airlines (E3/0MO)RUSSIAN FEDERATION (RA)

    Moscow-based Russian airline operating anextensive network of scheduled services fromMoscow's Domodedovo International Airport todestinations throughout Russia and to Uzbekistanand Thailand. Charter flights are also operated toSpain, the Canary Islands, Indonesia, Seychelles,Thailand, India, and Malaysia. The airline's historygoes back to 1960 when it was part of the airport.The present carrier was created in January 1998,following the restructuring of the airport andseparation of airline activities.

    Donbassaero (70/UOC)UKRAINE (UR)

    OO"""D.ASS.ACftO

    .1].

    Prominent Ukrainian airline operating scheduledand charter passenger flights from Kiev todestinations in Russia, the Commonwealth ofIndependent States, the Baltic countries, the UnitedArab Emirates, Greece, Turkey, Germany, andAustria. Charter-only flights are undertaken toother countries. The airline also serves the maindomestic centers. Donbassaero's history goesback to 1933.

    FLEET:

    11 X IL-62M, 2 x IL-96-300,

    2 x TU-154M, 2 x Yak-42D

    FEATURES:The white, blue, and red wingedDMO logo on the tailfin and lowerforward fuselage is derived fromthe airline's ICAO designator. Itforms the key element of thelivery, which also includes a bluestraight-through windowlineabove a red cheatline, andDomodedolJo Airlines titles inEnglish on one side of the aircraftand in Cyrillic lettering on theother, accompanied by theRussian flag in both locations.

    FLEET:

    1 X A320-2OO, 2 X AN-24RV,5 x AN-24v, 6 x Yak-42,4X Yak-42D

    FEATURES:The major design element usesthe blue, yellow, and white of thenational flag to present a splashof color, with lines of varyingwidths sweeping up from theunderside of the rear fuselage tothe top of the tailfin. Bold blueDonbassaero titles are angled thesame way, maintaining thestreamlining impression.

  • Dragonair (Hong Kong Dragon Airlines)(KA/HDA)HONG KONG (B-H)

    Eastern Airways (T3/EZE)UNITED KINGDOM (G)

    :=

    Second-largest Hong Kong airline serving morethan 30 destinations, with an emphasis on linkingHong Kong with mainland cities in China. Alsoserved are regional destinations in Japan andTaiwan, and in Southeast Asia, taking in cities inThailand, Cambodia, and Malaysia. A growingcargo business serves markets in Europe, theMiddle East, China, and Japan. Dragonair (HongKong Dragon Airlines) was founded in May 1985and began operations the following July with aflight to Kota Kinabalu. The airline was granted alicence to serve China in 1986.

    FLEET:

    1 X A300B4-200F, 10 X A320-200,6 X AFI-200, 11 (4) x A330-300,1 x B747-200F, 3 X B747-300SF,1 X B747-400FFEATURES:As its name implies, the centralmotif is a beautifully drawnChinese dragon that climbs upthe white tailfin and, on a smallerscale, the engines. The name isapplied to the forward fuselage inred Chinese characters, andbelow in black English lettering.All cabin doors and emergencyexits are highlighted in red, as arethe winglets on the airbuses.Large Dragonair Cargo titlesreplace the normal design onfreight aircraft.

    Expanding regional airline operating a growingnetwork of scheduled services, which spread rightacross the UK from Wick in Scotland's far north toSouthampton on the south coast. Strong huboperations are maintained at Humberside,Aberdeen, and Newcastle. In addition to scheduledservices, the airline has a thriving charter business,covering ad hoc executive flights, crew movementsfor major carriers, and occasional freight charters.Eastern Airways started flying in December 1997with daily services between Humberside andAberdeen. It purchased Air Kilroe in February 1999.

    FLEET:

    1 X BAEJetstream 31,4 x BAEJetstream F, 2 X BAEJetstream32EP, 15 BAE Jetstream 41,2 X ERJ 14SEP, 4 x Saab 2000FEATURES:The emphasis on this patrioticred, white, and blue designconcept is on the Eastern Airwaysname, which, together with thestylized crowned bird, takes up alarge part of the white fuselage.The red and blue arrangement atthe rear underlines"the shape ofthe tailfin.

    Druk Air (Royal Bhutan Airlines) (KB/DRK)BHUTAN (AS)

    easyJet (U2/EZV)UNITED KINGDOM (G)

    National airline of the Himalayan Kingdom ofBhutan, known locally as Druk Yul or "Land of theThundering Dragon." A small network of scheduledservices is operated from the capital Thimphu topoints in India, Nepal, Myanmar, and Thailand.Druk Air was established by royal decree on 5April1981 and began operations on 11 February 1983 witha flight to Calcutta, using a Dornier 228-200. Untilthen, the only way to the capital of this isolatedkingdom was a 16-hour overnight journey alongprecipitous mountain roads from Bagdoara in thetea-growing center of north Bengal.

    168

    FLEET:

    2 X A319-100, 2 X BAE 146-200FEATURES:The tailfin of the aircraftrepresents the national flag,which traces its origin back toBhutan's former links with China.The fin is divided diagonally, theupper half of saffron yellowdenoting the royal authority, withthe lower reddish-orangealluding to the Buddhist faith.The dragon, a benevolent figurein the East, is associated withpower and generosity. Populartradition ascribes the thunder ofthe mountain valleys to the voiceof the dragon.

    Europe's biggest low-fare, no-frills airline operatingmore than 130 routes to 40 key European citiesfrom hubs at London Gatwick, Luton, NottinghamEast Midlands, Liverpool, Berlin Schonefeld,Amsterdam, and Paris Orly, carrying in excess of 20million passengers a year. Services are also operatedout of Geneva by associate easyJet Switzerland.EasyJet was formed on 18 October 1995 by Greekshipping magnate Stelios Haji-Ioannouand beganoperations on 10 November that year. On 16 May2003, it acquired London Stansted-based low-farecarrier Go, which has been fully integrated.

    FLEET:

    47 (65) x A319-1OO, 22 B737-300,32 x B737-700FEATURES:The bright orange rendering ofthe tailfin and engine cowlingswith the airline's name reversedout in white are unmistakable, asis the prominent orange letteringthat covers virtually the wholelength of the otherwise largelywhite fuselage. This eitherrepresents the telephone nu mberor weD address through whichflight bookings can be made, or avariety of topical slogans. Thename infers a relaxed attitudeand a desire to make flying apleasu rable experience.

  • EAT-European Air Transport (QV/BCS)BELGIUM (00)

    Subsidiary of DHL Worldwide Express operatingexpress parcel services throughout Europe and todestinations in the Middle East and Africa on behalfof its pare!1.t company. It also offers ad hoc cargoflights including the transportation of livestock. EATwas established on 9 December 1971 by four pilotsto operate a flying school, but activities were soonexpanded to include air-taxi work, air-ambulanceflights, general passenger and cargo charters, and,for a time from April 1976, scheduled passengerservices out of Brussels on behalf of Sabena. It wasbought by DHL in 1986 to transport urgentshipments across Europe.

    Edelweiss Air (8rtJEDW)SWITZERLAND (HB)

    Charter arm of the Swiss-owned Kuoni TravelGroup, operating holiday flights to the popularresorts in the Mediterranean, Red Sea, CanaryIslands, Maldives, Kenya, the Caribbean, and theUnited States. Most of its flying activities are under-taken for its parent company, although other touroperators are also serviced. The airline was foundedon 19 October 1995 by Kuoni Reisen and NiklausGrob and operated its first flight with an MD-83 fromManchester to Zurich. The first commercial flightfollowed on 10 February 1996 with a round-tripbetween Zurich and Paphos and Larnaca in Cyprus.

    170

    FLEET:

    13 X A300B4-200F, 1 X B727-1OOF,1 X B757-200PF, 12 X B757-2OOSF

    FEATURES:All EAT aircraft are painted in thefull yellow and red colors of DHL.The red DH L mark is among themost recognized of companysignatures right across the worldand is prominently displayedwithin triple red cheatlines on thealmost totally yellow aircraft,ensuring that the airline will benoticed wherever one of itsaircraft touches down. The verybase of the ai rcraft is pai ntedin red.

    \

    FLEET:

    3 x A320-2OO, 1 x A330-300

    FEATURES:The airline's livery, dominated bya large representation of theedelweiss, the Swiss nationalflower, on the red tailfin andforward fuselage, suggest thereliability, punctuality, andfriendliness associated with theSwiss psyche. The corporatephilosophy of Edelweiss Air is adetermination to be as uniqueand unmistakable as theedelweiss, growing high in theAlpine meadows, as it reachesproudly for the stars.

    EgyptAir (MS/MSR)EGYPT (SU)

    Egyptian flag-carrier operating scheduled servicesfrom Cairo to more than 50 destinationsthroughout the Middle East and to the Far East,Africa, the United States, and Europe. Domesticflights serve 11 points, including all the majortourist attractions. Charter and tourist flights arealso undertaken by wholly owned subsidiary AirSinai. EgyptAir was founded on 1June 1932 asMisrair and operated its first service the followingmonth. During a short-lived union between Egyptand Syria, it operated as United Arab Airlines. Thepresent name was adopted on 10 October 1974.

    Eirjet (EIR)IRELAND (EI)

    Irish charter airline serving the holiday resortsaround the Mediterranean basin from bases atDublin and Shannon. The airline was formed in2004 and started operations on 23 December 2004with an inaugural flight to Agadir in Morocco.

    FLEET:

    2 X A300B4-200, 5 X A300-600R,12 X A320-200, 2 X A321-200,

    7 X A330-200, 3 X A340 - 200,

    2 X B707-320C, 4 x B737-500,(6) x B737-800, 5 x B777-200ER

    FEATURES:Key element of the EgyptAi ridentity is the ancient symbol ofHorus, the falcon-headed god ofthe sun and the moon ofEgyptian mythology, depicted onthe royal blue tailfin in red andgold, and repeated on thesimilarly painted enginecowlings. Egyptairtitles in blueare followed by Arabic scriptpainted in red.

    FLEET:

    3 XA320-200

    FEATURES:The emerald green and name ofthe carrier identifies this jetairline as coming from Eire,which is the Gaelic name forIreland. This uncomplicatedarrangement, where the greentailfin and engine contrastbeautifully with the pristine whiteof the rest ofthe aircraft, vividlybrings to mind spring freshnessand the green vales of thisemerald isle.

    171

  • EL AL Israel Airlines (LV/ELV)ISRAEL (4X)

    National airline providing scheduled passenger andcargo services from Tel Aviv's Ben Gurion Inter-national Airport. The network is dominated byEuropean connections and extends to the UnitedStates, Canada, Africa, and the Far East. SubsidiarySun D'Or International operates regular, ad hoc,and seasonal charter flights with aircraft leasedfrom the parent company as and when required.EL AL was formed on 15 November 1948 as the flag-carrier of the newly established state of IsraeLOperations began in August 1949 with a DouglasDC-4 service from Tel Aviv to Rome and Paris.

    Emerald Airways ~EM)UNITED KINGDOM (G)

    Predominantly a cargo carrier, operating convertedfreighters on long-term contracts with post andparcel carriers and major consolidators. Ad hoccargo charter flights, wet and dry leasing, andaircraft maintenance are also offered. Scheduledpassenger and freight services connect Liverpoolwith the Isle of Man across the Irish Sea. Bases aremaintained at Liverpool and BlackpooL EmeraldAirways was established on 1 December 1987 asJanes Aviation, and adopted the present title inrecognition of business generated across the IrishSea. Streamline Aviation was bought in August 2002.

    FLEET:

    2 x B737-700, 3 x B737-800,1 x B747-2OOB, 2 X B747-200C,3 X B747-2OOF, 5 x B747-400,4 x B757-200, 2 X B767-200,4 X B767-200ER, 1 X B767-300ER,4 (2) X B777-2OOERFEATURES:

    The predominantly white aircraftis wrapped in a dark blue andgray ribbon ending at the baseand top ofthe tailfin. In betweenthe bands, the six-pointed Starof David provides instantrecognition. Bold EL AL titling,meaning"to the skies," isinterspersed with the Hebrewequivalent in a lighter shade.

    FLEET:

    2 X BAE ATP, 2 X BAE ATP(F),13 x BAE (HS) 748 SRS 2,3 x Shorts 360-100,4 x Shorts360-200FEATURES:The pu rpose of the attractivearrangement of squares withrounded corners in shades ofemerald on the tailfin and behindthe cockpit windows is to conveythat the major business of theairline is the carriage of cargoacross the Irish Sea. The nameadds further to this clear state-ment. The presentation of theweb address is almost a mustthese days, and Emerald opted todisplay it twice!

    Emirates Airline (Et

  • Eritrean Airlines (S8/ERT)ERITREA (E3)

    National airline of Eritrea operating a smallnumber of passenger routes from the capitalAsmara to points in East Africa and Europe. Cargoactivity includes transporting relief supplies to theregion and exporting fresh fish. The airline startedlife in 1991 as a ground-handling company atAsmara, Assab, and Mssawa and was converted intothe national airline following independence of thisEast African country along the Red Sea fromEthiopia on 24 May 1993. Eritrean Airlinesinaugurated passenger services the month beforewith a single Boeing 767-300ER.

    Estafeta Carga Aerea (E7/ESF)MEXICO (XAIxB)

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    San Luis Potosi-based Mexican cargo airlineoperating scheduled domestic cargo services to 12destinations, with two cross-border routes into theUnited States. Domestic and international charterservices are also offered, together with capacity forspecial contract cargo flights. Estafeta Carga is partof the Estafeta Group, which is the leading express-shipping company in Mexico. Operations on thedomestic front started in November 2000, with thefirst international connection to Miami added inJanuary 2002.

    174

    FLEET:

    1 X B767-200ER, 1 X B767-300ER

    FEATURES:The letter E for Eritrea on the darkblue tailfin is formed by a goldenolive leaf, signifying peace, andthree horizontal stripes in thenational colors of green, red, andblue. It is also used as the firstletter in the blue Eritrean Airlinestitles on the forward fuselage.The tailfin design is mirrored onthe aircraft engines. The green,red, and blue are the officialcolors of the Eritrean People'sLiberation Front.

    FLEET:

    3 x B737-2OOC, 1 x B?37-2OOQC,1 x B737-2OOF, 2 x B737-300QCFEATURES:Estajeta translates from theSpanish as "post office," but theairline is a commercialundertaking, transporting alltypes of cargo and mail. Apartfrom the bold red Estajeta titleson the forward fuselage, the onlyother'form of decoration is asimple letter e in white over awhite contrail on the red tailfin. Asmall Mexican flag accompaniesthe name.

    Estonian Air (OV/ELL)ESTONIA (ES)

    National carrier of Estonia operating flag-servicesfrom the capital Tallinn on the BalticSea to a smallnumber of cities in northern Europe, Russia, andthe Ukraine. No domestic services are scheduled.Estonian Air was set up on 1 December 1991 by thegovernment following the country's newly wonindependence and was based on the remains of thelocal Aeroflot division. The first service wasoperated the same day to Helsinki with an inheritedTupolev TU-134A. It was partially privatized inSeptember 1996 with SAS Scandinavian Airlineshaving a 49% stake.

    Ethiopian Airlines (ET/ETH)ETHIOPIA (ET)

    One ofAfrica's most prominent airlines, operatingflag services from Addis Ababa to almost 50 pointsthroughout Africa and to the Middle and Far East,Europe, and across the Atlantic to the United States.It also serves a vital domestic network incorporatingmore than 25 destinations. Ethiopian Airlines wasfounded on 30 December 1945 by proclamation ofEmperor Haile Selassie I to develop internationalservices and link the capital to communities inisolated mountain areas. Operations began on 8April 1946 with local services and a Douglas DC-3flight between Addis Ababa and Cairo in Egypt.

    FLEET:

    5 x B737-500

    FEATURES:Estonian Air uses the nationalcolors of blue, black, and white togood effect, although the blackhas been replaced by a deepshade of blue. The two-tone bluecovers the upper half of theaircraft with white below, anunusual reversal of traditionalconcepts. The light blue andwhite tailfin, divided by thecompany's stylized bird motif indark blue, is an imaginativeportrayal of the national flag.Estonian Air titles are preceded bythe airline symbol.

    FLEET:

    1 XB737-2OOA, 5 x B737-700,4 x B757-2OO, 1 XB757-2OOPF,1 XB767-200ER, 6 XB767-300ER,(10) x B787-8, 3 x DHC-6 TwinOtter 300, 5 x F50, 2 x L100-30HerculesFEATURES:The smart livery is dominated bythree attractive tail feathers in thenational colors of green, yellow,and red. The rampant lion of thedays of the em peror has beenretained in gold on the forwardfuselage. Large red Ethiopeanlettering is displayed in Englishacross the front fuselage and in asmaller rendition at the rear inAmharic, the official language.

    175

  • Etihad Airways (EV)UNITED ARAB EMIRATES (A6)

    Fast-growing Abu Dhabi-based national airline ofthe United Arab Emirates operating scheduled flagservices to a growing number of destinations in theMiddle East, the Indian subcontinent, the Far East,and Europe. The airline was set up by thegovernment ofAbu Dhabi in 2003 and made a firstceremonial flight to AI Ain on 5November that year.The inaugural commercial passenger service tookplace on 12 November with a flight from Abu Dhabito Beirut. The first commercial cargo flight wasoperated on 3 February by Etihad's Crystal Cargodivision between Abu Dhabi and Frankfurt.

    Euro,~ypriaAirlines (UI/ECA)CYP~U_S (5B)

    Charter subsidiary of flag-carrier Cyprus Airwaysestablished on 12 June 1991. Operations began on25 March 1992, initially with Airbus A320S, and thesenow provide services from over 50 Europeanairports in 14 countries to Larnaca and Paphos. Themajority of flights serve regional airports, offeringdirect connections to Cyprus in support of thegrowing tourist industry. Eurocypria Airlines alsoprovides flights for specific interest groups andprivate charters.

    FLEET:

    2 X A300-600F, 1 X A31O-300F,6 (14) X A330-200, 1 X A34o-30o,(4) x A34o-50o, (4) x A340-600,(4) x A38o-8oo, 1 x B767-300ER,(5) X B777-300ERFEATURES:The main element is the coat ofarms of the UAE in the shape of afalcon, incorporating thetraditional dhow sailing boatused in the Persian Gulf. It isshown on the tailfin under therepresentative sweep of the flagin the national colors of red,green, white, and black. The wordEtihad, applied prominently ingold in English and Arabic onthe fuselage, refers to the unity ofthe Emirates.

    FLEET:

    4 x B737-800FEATURES:The fleet has been named afterMediterranean winds, each beingdistinguished by a different tailcolor. All incorporate a yellow sunlogo crossed by a blue flash.Zephyrus, a light wind blowingfrom the west and a god in Greekmythology, issym bolized by theblue fin, while Levantes, denotedin light blue, is a strong eastwind. Gray Maestros is a low-intensity northwesterly thatbrings coolness during thesummer. Northeast Grecos is awind blowing from Greece. It ishighlighted in white:

    Eurofly (GJ/EEZ)ITALY (I)

    Independent Italian airline providing a network ofshort-haul scheduled and charter flights from Milan,Rome, Bologna, and Verona to points in Europe, theeastern Mediterranean, and North Africa, togetherwith long-haul leisure services to the Caribbean,Central and South America, East Africa, the Maldives,and Sri Lanka. Abusiness class-only service has alsolinked Milan with New York since June 2005.Eurofly was established on 26 May 1989, initiallywith AIitalia and Olivetti having a 45% stake each,primarily to develop the Italian flag-carrier's charterbusiness. Operations began on 26 February 1990.

    euroLOT (K2/ELO)POLAND (sp)

    Regional subsidiary of flag-carrier LOT PolishAirlines serving some 20 domestic and secondaryinternational cities with frequent scheduled flights.Cross-border flights link destinations in Austria,Germany, Ukraine, the Czech Republic, Latvia, andLithuania. Ad hoc charters and flight training arealso offered. eurOLOT was established on19 December 1996 and began operations withturboprop aircraft on 1July 1997.

    FLEET:

    8 x A320-200, 4 X A330-2OO,(3) x A350FEATURES:The bold and uncluttered liveryprovides a striking contrastbetwee.n the red company colorand the pristine white aircraft. Alowercase e in red is painted rightacross the slim tailfin, whilesimple eurojly titles are appliedabove the windows on theforward fuselage. Unusual is thetriple curved cheatline in twoshades of gray.

    FLEET:

    5 x ATR 42-500,8 x ATR 72-200FEATURES:Alarge red lowercase e, being thefirst letter in the name while alsosuggesting its European origin, issu rrou nded by two concentriccircles, which illustrate the rangeof the airline's operations. Thered euro in the title on theforward fuselage is followed bythe logo of eurOLOT's parentcompany.

    177

  • EuroManx (lW/EMX)ISLE OF MAN (G)

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    Regional airline operating a growing network ofscheduled passenger services from the Isle of Man,a British Crown Dependency in the Irish Sea, todestinations in Ireland and the United Kingdom.The airline also has a thriving charter business.EuroManx was established at Ronaldsway Airport inthe capital Ballasalla at the start ofAugust 2002 byAllan Keen, and began operations on 19 August,initially to Dublin and Edinburgh, using a leasedBeech 1900D. The airline was acquired by WarrenSeymour, CEO of executive jet operator club328, anda group of UK investors in September 2004.

    Europe Airpost (sO/FPO)FRANCE (F)

    Wholly owned subsidiary of La Poste, the FrenchPost Office, operating nightly mail and cargo flightsover 20 regular lines throughout metropolitanFrance and the island of Corsica. Scheduled andcharter services for both passengers and freight areprovided during the day. Aircraft are stationedthroughout the country, but the main base islocated at Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport. Theairline was founded and started operations in 1991.It was formerly known as Intercargo Service.

    FLEET:

    2 X Avro RnO, 2 x BAE Jetstream31,1 X Dash 8 300, 1 X FD 328-100FEATURES:The tailfin ofthe EuroManxaircraft is representative of thered Isle of Man flag, which in itscenter features the triskelionemblem dating back to thethirteenth century, depicting theunmistakable "Three Legs ofMan" conjoined at the thigh andbent at the knee. The gold andred EuroManx titles are splitabove and below the forwardwi ndows, to take accou nt of thehigh-wing configuration of itsaircraft.

    FLEET:

    4 x ATR 72-2OOF, 12 x B737-jOOQC,2 x B737-300SF

    FEATURES:The latest livery is a bright yellowwith a wavy mauve and whitedesign resembling a fish, whichcovers most of the lower fuselageand much ofthe tailfin. Theunderside of the aircraft isfinished in deep blue and shapedto add further dynamism to thedesign. The engines are alsopainted deep blue.

    European Air Express (EAE) (EA/N RX)GERMANY (0)

    German regional airline operating scheduledpassenger and cargo services from hubs atMonchengladbach and Cologne Bonn. The routenetwork serves 10 destinations within Germany,and in neighboring Belgium, Poland, Switzerland,and the United Kingdom. European Air Express wasfounded in early 1999 and entered the scheduledmarket in February that year.

    Eurowings (EW/EWG)GERMANY (0)

    German regional airline providing scheduledpassenger and cargo services within Germany andto neighboring countries as part of the LufthansaRegional system from bases at Dortmund,Frankfurt, and Munich. Eurowings also has a busysummer and winter charter program serving theMediterranean area and the Canary Islands.Eurowings was established on 1January 1993 fromthe merger of NFD Luftverkehrs of Nuremberg andRFG Regionalflug of Dortmund, which had been inbusiness since 1975 and 1976 respectively.

    FLEET:

    5 x ATR 42-300, 2 x SA227ACMetro III, 1 X SA227DC Metro 23

    FEATURES:Five blue stars with a comet trailacross the red and blue EAEinitials signify the airline'sEu ropean credentials,highlighted both on the whiteforward fuselage and the whitetailfin. An interesting addition isthe dark blue cheatline arrange-ment in which lines of varyingthickness commence at theundercarriage bulge and sweepup to the base ofthe fin. The bluelower rear of the aircraft isbalanced by the blue engines onthe high wing. .

    FLEET:

    2 X ATR 72-200, 3 X ATR 72-210,1 X ATR 72-500, 4 x BAE 146-200,

    6 X BAE 146-300, 12 x CRJ200ER,4x CRJ200LR

    FEATURES:Two speedwing arrows in red andblue, the latter with a curvedcontrail, form the principalelement of the standard design,applied on the white tailfin,engines, and forward fuselage,with black Eurowings titlingapplied on the forward upperfuselage. The majority of the fleet,however, operates in LufthansaRegional colors, and there aresome special schemes.

    179

  • EVA Air (BR/EVA)TAIWAN (8)

    Major privately owned Taiwanese carrier serving anexpanding global network of some 40 destinationsin Asia, Australia, New Zealand, the Indiansubcontinent, the Middle East, Europe, and NorthAmerica. A dedicated international cargo network isalso operated. Domestic services are flown byassociate UNI Airways. The airline was establishedby Evergreen Corporation in March 1989 and beganinternational passenger and cargo services on 1 July1991 with leased Boeing 767-200ERS.

    FLEET:

    9 (2) XA330-2OO, 5 x B747-400,3 x B747-400F, 10 XB747-400M,1 XB767-2OO, 2 XB767-300ER,11 XMD-11F, (3) XB777-200LR,2 (10) XB777-300ER, 3 x MD-90-30FEATURES:The tailfin features a globedisplayed against dark green, thecolor of durability, suggestingstability and reliability. It ispositioned so that the upper left-hand corner is cut off at an angle,stated to represent new vistas ofservice innovation. Avertical stripof orange at the fin's outer edgeis said to impart a sense of high-tech innovation.

    Excel Airways UNJxLA)UNITED KINGDOM (G)

    Holiday charter airline providing flights to Mediter-ranean leisure destinations, serving Egypt, theGreek Islands, Cyprus, Turkey, Italy, France, Spain,Portugal, and the Canary Islands. Excel Airwaysoperates from three main UK bases at LondonGatwick, Manchester, and Glasgow, but regularinclusive-tour flights are also operated from anotherseven provincial airports. The airline's history goesback to the foundation of Sabre Airways on 17December 1994, but it was relaunched as ExcelAirways on 1 May 2001 following the acquisition ofa stake by Libra Holidays. It is now owned by theIcelandic Avion Group.

    FLEET:

    9 (2) x B737-800, 2 x B747-200B,1 x B747-300, 4 x B757-2OO,2 XB767-200ER, 3 XB767-300ER

    FEATURES:Blue for sky and sea is thedominant color applied to thetailfin and engines ofthe aircraft.Large Excel titles, suggestingexceptional service, are writtenalong the leading edge of thetailfin, with the letter x drawn inred and sky blue. The samedesign element has been used inthe blue excefairways.com wordingon the cabin roof.

    Evergreen International Airlines (Ez/EIA)UNITED STATES (N)

    NAL

    Express.Net Airlines (XNA)UNITED STATES (N)

    tJ express.net

    Diverse u.s. company providing passenger andcargo services on an ad hoc and contract charterbasis, or operating subservices for other airlines onwet lease and dry lease. A major part of its operationis flying for the Air Mobility Command, providingrapid global mobility for America's armed forcesand humanitarian support missions. It is also aCivilian Reserve Air fleet, supporting Department ofDefense emergency airlift requirements. It was setup on 28 November 1975 when EvergreenHelicopters acquired the certificate ofJohnsonFlying Service, whose history dated to 1924.

    180

    FLEET:

    3 x B747-lOOF, 2 XB747SR~100F,2 XB747-2OOC, 4 XB747-2OOF

    FEATURES:Apair of broad straight-throughcheatlines in two shades of greendivide the fuselage, which iswhite above and a natural metalfinish below. The green circlemotif, behind what originallyrepresented the bow of a boatincorporating the Evergreenname, has been tilted to followthe angle of the leading edge ofthe fin and now resembles acheck mark. Large EvergreenInternational titles occupy muchof the cabin roof.

    Contract cargo airline serving the express andovernight freight markets in the United States,Canada, Mexico, South America, and the Far East. Italso provides flights on an aircraft, crew, main-tenance, and insurance basis. The airline's historydates back to June 1972 when it was founded asInternational Airlines Academy, organized out ofthe former Universal Airlines Training Center. Itreceived its commercial operator's certificate in 1975and began cargo flights with eight Curtiss C-46Commandos under the name ofTrans ContinentalAirlines. It was renamed in March 2000.

    FLEET:

    8 xA300B4~200F, 3 XB727-lOOCFEATURES:Blue and black lines broadenfrom a point at the nose to widebands at the rear, giving theimpression of a slim, long,speeding arrow. Riding on theforward part of the arrow is theexpress.net name in black.Prominent on the white fin isthe black hand-drawn letter e,given a flourish with a longwraparound tail.

  • FLEET:

    7 x B757-2oo, 1 X B757-2ooPF,6 X Mo-82, 5 x Mo-83,2 x MO-90-30

    FEATURES:

    The Swiss-based cargo carrieruses the colors of the EuropeanUnion togood effect. The bluetailfin incorporates five goldenstars of graduating sizes, indi-cating that it is firmly based andoperating within Europe. Theonly other decoration on theotherwise white aircraft is theairline name on the lowerforward fuselage in the samecolor combination.

    FLEET:

    1 X ATR 42-300,1 x ATR 42-3OOF,1 X ATR 72-200, 3 X ATR 72-2ooF,6 x F27-5OO, 1 x Let L-41OM,1 X Let L-410 UVP, 4 x Let L-410UVP-E

    FEATURES:

    The gold and red design, whichgoes from thin lines to broad red,both on the lower fuselage andengine cowlings, is reversed onthe tailfin, where the broad red isapplied at the top. This arrange-ment enhances the long, slimshape of the aircraft, making itanything but FAT, as the airline'sinitials proclaim on the fin. Thefull Far Eastern Air Transport titlesare applied on the cabin roofinEnglish and Chinese lettering.

    European airline consortium comprising FarnairHungary and Farnair Switzerland, engaged inscheduled express parcel flights, services forhumanitarian relief organizations, and ad hoc andcontract passenger and cargo charters. FarnairHungary was formed in 1990 as NawaAirTransportand was acquired in 1993 by Farner Air Transport,the ancestor of Farnair Switzerland, which had beenestablished in 1984.

    Farnair Europe (FAH/FAT)HUNGARY (HAySWITZERLAND (HB)

    Far Eastern Air Transport (FAT) (EF/FEA)TAIWAN (B)

    Taiwan's largest domestic passenger and cargocarrier with more than one-third of the market,serving all principal points from its main base atTaipei Sungshan Airport. Its network also extends toneighboring regions, flying to Macau and severalcities in Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines, and thePacific, operated on both a scheduled and charterbasis. The airline was organized on 5June 1957 byformer pilots of Civil Air Transport. Charters werecarried out for some years until January 1965, whenscheduled passenger services were introducedbetween Taipei and Kaohsiung.

    FLEET:

    4 x B727-2OOA, 2 X B737-3OO, .1 x Mo-82

    FLEET:

    2 x B737-300QC

    FEATURES:

    Given its name, the airline focusis on the falcon, a strong bird ofprey that flies fast and has greataerial agility. The head of a falconforms the core of the red andwhite striped tailfin, and eachaircraft carries the name of adifferent species of this birdfamily. A red cheatline separatesthe white upper fuselage, whichalso carries blue Falcon Airtitles,from the gray underside.

    FEATURES:

    A rather unusual scheme with agold cummerbund wrappedaround the center fuselage afterdark blue Falcon Airtitles. Thiscolor combination is also used forthe tailfin, with three gold bandssweeping across a dark bluebackground. The u.s. flag isalso carried.

    Airline arm of the Swedish Post Office, operatingdomestic night mail flights throughout Swedenfrom its main base at Malmo-Sturup Airport, withdaytime flights undertaken for other airlinestogether with charters in cooperation with several

    Scandinavia~ tour operators. Falcon Air's historygoes back to the 1960s, when it operated an air-taxiservice with small aircraft out of Gothenburg.Services for the Post Office started on 6 October1986 with a flight along the length of the countryfrom Malmo to Stockholm, Umea, and Lulea.

    Falcon Air (I H/FCN)SWEDEN (SE)

    Falcon Air Express (F2/FAO)UNITED STATES (N)

    Private u.s. airline operating ad hoc and contractcharter and wet-lease services from its main hub ofMiami in Florida to destinations throughout theAmericas, together with the transportation ofmilitary personnel on behalf of the Department ofDefense. Falcon Air Express was established byindustry veteran Emilio Dirube in 1995 and beganflying in March 1996.

  • FEATURES:The predominant white and bluescheme, signifYing snow and sky,is derived from the Finnish flag.The biggest splash of color is onthe tailfin, where three largewhite curved contrails make atrack across the blue sky.Finncomm Airlines titles in blueand red can be seen on the lowerforward fuselage and the rearengines.

    FLEET:

    6 x ATR 42-300, 2 x B727-100C,1 X B727-2OOC, 2 X B727-2OOF,3 X B737-2OOC, 3 X BAE 748-2A,1 X Dash 7-150, 1 x L1OO-30Hercules

    FLEET:

    (8) x ATR 42-500, 2 x ERJ 145LU

    FEATURES:The choice of four rainbow colors,graduating from yellow to orange,magenta, and black, makes for anattractive scheme. The quadruplewindowlines, ending in an arrowpoint atthe front, are comple-mented by the airline symbolshowing the figure i cut into asun, drawn in the same fourcolors. The symbol is repeatedahead of the airline name on theforward cabin roof.

    First Air (7F/FAB)CANADA (C)

    Finnish commuter airline operating services withinFinland on behalf of Finnair and Swedish carrierGolden Air but also flying in its own right fromHelsinki to domestic points and to Germany andNorway. The domestic network serves 13 townsand cities across the country. Finncomm wasestablished in 1993 and started flying in 1995.

    Finncomm Airlines (FC/WBA)FINLAND (OH)

    Division of Bradley Air Services, one of Canada'slargest independent aviation companies, providingscheduled passenger and cargo services to 24communities in Canada's Arctic regions, togetherwith connections to Ottawa, Montreal, Winnipeg,and Edmonton. Charter services worldwide are alsooffered. Now owned by the 9,000 Inuit of northernQuebec through the Makivik Corporation, thecompany's history goes back to the formation ofBradley Flying School in 1946, renamed Bradley AirServices in 1954. Northwest Territorial Airways(NWT Air) was merged into First Air in 1998.

    FLEET:

    46 x A300-600F, 49 X A31O-2OOF,6 X A31O-300F, (10) X A380-800F,28 X B727-lOOF, 90 X B727-200F,42 X MD-11F, 56 X DC-IO-IOF,18 X DC-1O-30F

    FLEET:

    11 X A319-100, 12 X A320-200,6 X A321-2OO, 5 X B757-200,1(9) X EMB 170LR, (6) X EMB 190,6 x MO-11, 4 X MD-82, 5 x Mo-83

    FEATURES:The latest livery, introduced inMay 2000, retains the nationalcolors of white and blue,signifYing snow and sky,accentuated by a more softlydrawn "Flying F" symbol reversedout in white on the dark blue tailand underlined by a bright blueflash. It was designed by Finnishagency SEK 8{ Gray to convey amessage of safety, reliability,Finnishness, and freshness, andreflecting the spirit of the time.

    FEATURES:The Landor-designed brand issaid to embrace speed, reliability,innovative technology, andcustomer service. It is charac-terized by a bold typeface indynamic shades of purple andorange, applied in large letters onthe white fuselage and in smallerletters on the all-purple tailfinand engines.

    FedEx (Federal Express) (FM/FDX)UNITED STATES (N)

    Finnair (AV/FI N)FINLAND (OH)

    World's largest express transportation companyproviding scheduled air cargo and express freightdelivery to over 300 airports in more than 200countries across the globe, from a superhub atMemphis; regional hubs at Newark, Oakland, FortWorth, Chicago, and Los Angeles; and the Anchoragegateway. Major overseas facilities are operated atLondon Stansted, Frankfurt, Paris, Subic Bay, andTokyo. The domestic network is supplemented by anumber of contract carriers operating smallfreighters. Federal Express was founded in 1972 byFrederick Smith and began overnight expresspackage delivery flights on 17 April 1973.

    Finnish flag-carrier serving 50 international destin-ations, mainly in Europe, but also covering points inNorth America and Asia. With one of the densestdomestic networks in the world in relation to pop-ulation, it serves 16 towns. In addition to scheduledtraffic, Finnair also provides leisure flights to morethan 60 resorts in the Mediterranean, CanaryIslands, Southeast Asia, the Caribbean, and SouthAmerica, Founded on 1 November 1923 as Aero Oy,Finnair began operations, initially with floatplanes,on 20 March 1924. The present name wasadoptedon 25 June 1968 but had been used since 1953.

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  • First Choice Airways (DP/AMM)UNITED KINGDOM (G)

    One of the UK'S largest charter airlines, servingmore than 60 of the most popular holiday desti-nations around the Mediterranean basin, Madeira,and the Canary Islands, together with long-haulflights to across the Atlantic to Florida, Mexico, andthe Caribbean, and eastwards to the Maldives.Flights originate from 18 UK and Irish airports. Theairline also operates scheduled leisure routes fromUK cities to Cyprus, and operates a vIP-configuredBoeing 757 on prestige around-the-world charters.Operations started on 11 April 1987 as Air 2000, withthe present name being adopted in spring 2004.

    FLEET:

    7 x A320-200, 4 XA321-200,18 XB757-2OO, 3 XB767-300ER,(6) x B787-8FEATURES:There is no mistaking the tropicalattributes of the First Choicelivery. The magenta star-shapedflower on the turquoise tailfin isinstantly recognizable, butanother attractive aspect is thewavy cheatline that graduatesfrom turquoise to magenta.Aquamarine First Choice titles arepreceded by the corporatesymbol, which depicts a tableaucomprising a golden sun, bluesky, tropical flower, white sandybeach and turquoise sea.

    Flightline (BS/FLT)UNITED KINGDOM (G)

    06" Dfl fl fl fl fl otrf~~~~~~~- ""FLiGHTLiI'll'~~rc::::r=~,t:,"

    rL

    UK charter company operating ad hoc and contractpassenger charters out of its hub at SouthendAirport, together with branded aircraft, crew, main-tenance, and insurance wet-lease contracts andsubservices for major airlines. Flights are alsooperated on behalf of Premiership football clubs,car manufacturers, and major recording artists, andthe airline is also a prime contractor to the oilindustry, providing air services from Aberdeen tosupport North Sea installations. AVIP product isalso part of its expanding portfolio. Flightline wasestablished in April 1989, initially for the purchaseand sale of executive aircraft.

    FLEET:

    4 x BAE 146-200, 1 X BAE 146-300

    FEATURES:As the aircraft are operatedmostly for other clients, the onlypaint scheme that refers to theairline are small Flightline titlesabove or below the forward cabinwindows. The name is displayedin black, with a green triangJeabove the letter F and green dotsabove both letters i and after thefinal e.

    Fischer Air Polska (8F/FFR)POLAND (sp)

    Florida West International Airways (RF/FWL)UNITED STATES (N)

    Polish charter airline providing package holidayservices to destinations in European and NorthAfrican countries along the Mediterranean. Flightsare operated out ofWarsaw and other Polish cities.Charter flights for other travel companies are alsoavailable. The airline was set up by Czech operatorFischer Air, which has ceased operations. Fischer Airwas established on 26 July 1996 byVaclav Fischerand inaugurated its first commercial flight on30 April 1997 between Prague and Palma deMallorca using a Boeing 737-300.

    186

    FLEET:

    2 x B737-300, 1 x B757-200

    FEATURES:The modern new livery comprisesan attractive tailfin in bright blue,graduating at the base into skyblue and light blue, andincorporating a fan shape inthree shades of blue with agolden dot that can be looselyinterpreted as the letter F. BlueFischer Air titles are applied on thecabin roof, with the additionalPolska title for its Polishoperation. Asmall version of theairline name and tailfin symbolis also carried on the aircraftengines.

    All-cargo carrier, operating scheduled servicesbetween Miami and several destinations in LatinAmerica, including Bogota, Guatemala City,Medellin, Panama City, Quito, and San Jose. Theairline also offers worldwide charter flights,transporting general cargo, perishables, valuables,and livestock. Formerly known as Pan AeroInternational, Aero Exchange, and Florida WestAirlines, the company gained its charter authorityfrom the Civil Aeronautics Board in 1981. Domesticscheduled flights were authorised in 1984, andinternational scheduled flights some time later.

    FLEET:

    1 XB767-300F

    FEATURES:The central motif of the airline isa representation of the globe,drawn in blue longitudes and redlatitudes on the white tail. Thewhite upper fuselage is separatedfrom the gray underside bycurtailed blue and red cheatlines.Large Florida West titles, also inblue and red, take up much oftheforward fuselage.

  • Fly Air (Fly Airlines) (F2/FLM)TURKEY (TC)

    Private Turkish airline, providing a mix ofholidaycharter flights and domestic scheduled services.Charter flights connect Turkey with destinations inBelgium, the Netherlands, France, Germany, Italy,Switzerland, Israel, Lebanon, Iran, Syria, Armenia,Northern Cyprus, the United Arab Emirates,Pakistan, Afghanistan, Egypt, Niger, Nigeria, andSudan, while scheduled flights link Trabzon andIstanbul with several major cities. Fly Air wasfounded in 2002 and is part of the Trabzon-basedPeksen Group. Scheduled domestic services wereinaugurated in October 2003.

    FlyGlobespan (GSM)UNITED KINGDOM (G)

    Scottish no-frills airline operating low-fare servicesfrom Glasgow, Edinburgh, and London Stansted tosome 15 European cities, reaching as far as theCanary Islands. FlyGlobespan was launched on7 November 2002 by travel group Globespan andinaugurated services from Glasgow Prestwick toMalaga, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, and Rome in April2003. These services were soon moved to GlasgowInternational, with a second base at Edinburghestablished on 30 October 2003.

    188

    FLEET:

    2 x A30082K-3C, 1 x A30084-200,2 XA30084-2C, 1 X8737-300,1 x Mo-83

    FEATURES:

    This complicated scheme on awhite aircraft uses stripes of blue,red, orange, and yellow on thetailfin and along the fuselage.The large redjlyairtitles forwardare a highly visible signature,while the two-tone blue "eye inthe sky" emblem dominates thetailfin. Asmall red Turkish flagwith its crescent moon and starsis shown on the front fuselage.

    FLEET:

    4 x 8737-300, 1 x 8737-400,4 x 8737-600, 3 x 8737-800FEATURES:

    The huge jlyglobespan.com titles,taking up almost all of the aircraftfuselage, make a strongstatement of the airline's policy ofbooking flights on the Internet.The web address is repeated onthe red engine cowlings, whichcomplement the wavy redunderside ofthe aircraft andwinglets. White letter gs arefloating on the red tailfin againstthe background of the sameletter in outline reflection.

    FlyBaboo (F7/BBO)SWITZERLAND (HB)

    Geneva-based Swiss regional airline operating asmall network of services linking Geneva to Luganoand to points in nearby Italy, France, Spain, andthe Czech Republic. Special "Escape" packagesincluding hotels and excursions are also offered.FlyBaboo was established by Julian Cook on21 August 2003 and started flying on 2 Novemberthat same year with a service between Geneva andLugano using a Bombardier Dash 8 300 wet-leasedfrom German carrier Cirrus Airlines.

    FlyBE (British European) (BE/BEE)UNITEDKINGDOM (G)

    Large independent low-fare airline operating fromprincipal hubs in London, Birmingham, Belfast,Bristol, Exeter, Liverpool, Southampton, theChannel Islands, and Scotland, from where it serves17 domestic and more than 20 internationaldestinations. Athriving charter business is operatedat weekends. The airline came into being as JerseyEuropean Airways on 1 November 1979, taking overthe operations of Intra Airways. On 1 June 2000 thename was changed to British European, with thepresent brand adopted on 18 July 2002 to reflect itsrelaunch as a low-fare, full-service airline.

    FLEET:

    2 XDash 8 Q300FEATURES:The unusual name reflects theidiosyncratic approach of itsfounder, who wanted to provide adifferent flying experience for hispassengers. The word baboocomes from Hindi and is arespectful and honorary title orform of address given toeducated people. Only upon closeexamination can the unusualtailfin design be recognized as astylistic representation oftheIndian turban.

    FLEET:

    7 x 8AE 146-200,8 X8AE 146-300,18 (27) x Dash 8 Q400,(14) x EM8 175LRFEATURES:The emphasis of the livery is toprovide reminders ofthe airlinename and web address. HugejlysE titles in sky blue and darkblue are applied on the tailfin andrear fuselage, as well as across theforward cabin, with additionalBritish European lettering under-lined by a line graduating acrosspart of the color spectrum fromred to yellow. The belly of theaircraft and underside of theengines help to reinforce the skyblue theme.

  • FlyJet (FJE)UNITED KINGDOM (G)

    London Gatwick-based airline offering holidaycharter flights from London and Manchester,taking in the major resort areas in Cyprus, Finland,Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain, the Canary Islands,Turkey, and Israel. Long-haul flights are alsoundertaken to India and Ghana. FlyJet wasestablished in 2002 and acquired its air operator'scertificate on 13 June 2003. Services were launchedwith a 233-seat Boeing 757-200.

    FlyLAL (Lithuanian Airlines) (TElL. L)LITH UAN IA ( LV)

    National carrier of Lithuania operating a modestinternational network from the capital Vilnius topoints in Western Europe and to Russia and theUkraine. A domestic link is also provided betweenVilnius and Palanga. The airline's history dates backto 20 September 1938 and the formation of Lietuvosoro linijos, which operated as a regional branch ofAeroflot during the Soviet occupation. It was re-established on 21 December 1991 as Lietuvos Avia-linijos (Lithuanian Airlines) following the country'sindependence. The new trademark was adopted in~ate 2005 following the airline's privatization.

    190

    FLEET:

    2 XB757-200

    FEATURES:The FlyJet design comprises twoelements, which appear on thetailfin, engine cowlings, andforward fuselage. It consists ofthe airline name, either in whiteor blue depending on thebackground, preceded by anorange flash. The logo is stronglypromoted on the white fuselageand on the blue tailfin. Theairline's web address can be seenat the rear.

    FLEET:

    1 XB737-2OOA, 5 x B737-500,2 x Saab 2000FEATURES:The livery reflects the nationalcolors of red, green, and yellow,which are painted in stripes ofvarying thickness diagonallyacross the white fuselage to thebase of the fi n. The effect ofspeed is created by threegraduated yellow stripes. Thecompany motif of two encircledred letter LS forming a stylizedbird is featured on the largelywhite tailfin. The FIyLAL trade-mark, designed byVaidotas

    Skolevi~ius, is short and simple,as ,befits a modern airline.

    FlyMe (sH/FLV)SWEDEN (SE)

    Low-fare airline, operating a network of scheduledservices aimed at the business traveler and linkingits main base of Gothenburg, as well as Malmo andStockholm, to other Scandinavian cities, with aconnection to Helsinki in Finland. Contract and adhoc charter flights are also provided to increase theutilization of its leased fleet. The airline originatedunder the title Array but was registered as FlyMe inNovember 2003. Operations began betweenGothenburg, Malmo, and Stockholm on 1 March2004 with Boeing 737-300s.

    FlyNordic (LF/NDC)SWEDEN (SE)

    Swedish-based airline operating low-fare flightswithin Scandinavia from its main base atStockholm Arlanda Airport. The network servesdestinations in Sweden, Denmark, and Norway. Theairline offers ticketless travel by telephone or via itswebsite www.flynordic.com. FlyNordic wasestablished on 1 November 2000 as Nordic Airlink,beginning regional services on 1December thatyear. It was transformed into a low-cost, low-fareairline in fall 2003 when purchased by Finnishflag-carrier Finnair.

    FLEET:

    3 x B737-300

    FEATURES:This catchy name probably doesnot need further embellishmentand the airline could not havekept its corporate identity muchsimpler. Large Fly Me titles in fullon the forward fuselage andcurtailed on the tailfin, togetherwith the front half of the engines,are painted in dark red on theall-white aircraft.

    FLEET:5 x MD-82, 3 x MD-8 3

    FEATURES:The two delta-wing arrows designin blue and red has been replacedby a smart red and white schemecentered on a floral motif, inwhich the petals represent theairline's route network inScandinavia. It is applied on thetailfin and ahead of the airlinename on the cabin roof. The blueand yellow Swedish flag followsthe aircraft registration atthe rear.

  • Focus Air (F2)UNITED STATES (N)

    Cargo charter carrier operating on a domestic andworldwide basis out of Fort Lauderdale HollywoodInternational Airport in Florida. Focus Air alsoprovides subservices for other airlines includingCargolux and China Eastern. The airline wasestablished by Omega Air Holdings in March2004.

    Four Star Air Cargo (HKfFSC)u.s. VIRG.~N ISLANDS (N)

    Scheduled all-cargo airline based at St. Thomas inthe u.s. Virgin Islands providing frequent links withthe British Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and Miamiin Florida, carrying general cargo, express freight,perishable goods, and hazardous material. Customcharters are also undertaken throughout theCaribbean. Four Star Air Cargo started operationson 1 January 1982 and is part of Four Star Aviation.

    FLEET:

    1 X B747-300SFFEATURES:

    The tailfin is divided by a curvedgold line, which separates theupper midnight blue from thelower mid-blue paint scheme.The lower blue is transformedinto two broad bands that speedalong the rear fuselage beforequickly fading into white. Themid-blue also highlights theaircraft engines. Athin bluecheatline provides a border tothe gray underside. Acurvedgold horizon is superimposedon the blue Focus Airtitles on thefuselage.

    FLEET:

    3 x Convair 440, 6 x DC-3CFEATURES:

    The only color used on this whitelivery is in the airline title on thecabin roof. This comprises thewords Four Star, surroulildingfour five-pointed stars in outline,all rendered in the same blue.

    Free Bird Airlines (FHV)TURKEY (TC)

    Turkish charter airline serving the popular resortson the country's Aegean coast from more than50 European points, and transporting Turkishholidaymakers to other Mediterranean touristdestinations. The airline was formed in June 2001by the Gozen Group, which provides groundservices, fuel supply, and aircraft brokerage. FreeBird started flying on 5April 2001 with threeMcDonnell Douglas MD-83 aircraft, flying betweenIstanbul and Lyon in France.

    Freedom Air (FOM)NEW ZEALAND (ZK)

    Auckland, New Zealand-based airline offeringvalue-for-money scheduled services between majorcities on New Zealand's North and South islands,across the Tasman Sea to Australia, and to Fiji in theSouth Pacific. The airline traces its history to 1995and the establishment of South Pacific Air Chartersby the Mount Cook Group. Charters only wereoperated at first, but the trading name of FreedomAir International was introduced with theinauguration of scheduled services. TheInternational has since been dropped from the title.

    FLEET:

    3 x A32o-200, 4 x MD-83FEATURES:The emblem of the Gozen Groupis made up of the letter g in blueand red, set into a white field onthe red tailfin. A large red flashcrosses the Free Bird titles,rendered in a blue outline alongthe forward fuselage. The redTurkish flag is applied behind thecabin door.

    FLEET:

    2 X A320-200, 2 x B737-300FEATURES:Ayellow and blue spinning sunwith red rays covers the centralpart of the blue tailfin, indicatingthe fact that the airline serves theleisure industry. This is furtherenhanced by the orange-yellowbody of the aircraft, with the redfreedomair.com web addresscovering most of the upperfuselage. The tail design andcolor combination is repeated onthe' engines with additionalFreedom Air titles.

    193

  • Frontier Airlines (F9/FFT)UNITED STATES (N)

    Major u.s. low-fare airline operating an extensivenetwork of scheduled passenger services from itshub at Denver International, where it is the second-largest jet user. Services extend to almost 50 destin-ations in more than 20 u.s. states, spanning thenation coast-to-coast, and to five cities in Mexico.Regional services under the name of FrontierJetExpress are flown by Horizon Air with CRJ700regional jets. Frontier Airlines was established on8 February 1994 to fill the gap left in the Denvermarket by the downsizing of Continental Airlines atthat airport. Operations began on 5July that yearwith two Boeing 737-200S.

    Frontier Flying Service (2F/FTA)UNITED ~TATES (N)

    u.s. commuter airline operating an extensivenetwork of scheduled commuter services forpassengers and freight to more than 30 communitiesin central and northern Alaska from its main base atFairbanks and hubs at Anchorage, Barrow, andBethel. Statewide charters and flights into neigh-boring Canada 'are also provided, as are air-ambu-lance services. Frontier Flying Service was establi-shed in 1950 byJohn Hajdukovich to offer a charterservice from Fairbanks. Scheduled services wereadded in December 1983, initially serving Bettles,Wiseman, Chandalar, Allakakeet, and Anatuvik Pass.

    194

    FLEET:

    8 x A318-1OO, 42 (11) XA319-1OOFEATURES:

    Large Frontier titles with the insetslogan A whole different animal aresplashed across the white aircraftand can be seen from afar, butthe most recognizable feature isthe colorful tail. Agrowingnumber of stunning photographsare used to depict various nativeanimals (mountain goat shown)found in the western u.s. Mostaircraft have the samephotograph on both sides of thetailfin, but different animals, orthe same in an altered rendition,are applied on some aircraft.

    FLEET:

    8 x Beech 1900c-1, 1 x Beech C99FEATURES:

    Displayed to good effect on theblack tailfin is the company'smotif of an eagle flying against ared sun, with the red and blackcombination carried through tothe underside of the aircraft inthe form of a red cheatline overblack. Red Frontier titles innatural handwriting cover thewhite mid-cabin roof.

    Futura International Airways (FH/FUA)SPAIN (EC)

    ~ .~~~~oCJ ~"""';;;;~-

    Spanish charter airline serving all the popularresorts on the Spanish mainland, the Balearic andCanary islands from more than 50 points innorthern and Eastern Europe. It also operates ascheduled interisland route from its main base atPalma de Mallorca to Mahon on the smallerBalearic island of Minorca. Futura International wasset up in 1989 as a joint venture between Aer Lingus,Belton Air, and Spanish interests, initially to flytourists from Ireland to Spain. The first flight wasoperated on 17 February 1990 between Dublin andPalma de Mallorca with two leased Boeing 737-300s.The airline is now owned by its management.

    Garuda Indonesia (GA/GIA)INDONESIA (PK)

    - -'F Garuda Indonesia[3 ...g O~~~~;i;~...~...~.. _~

    Indonesian flag-carrier providing internationalscheduled passenger and cargo services to manyregional destinations in Asia, Australia, and NewZealand, together with long-haul flights to theMiddle East, Europe, and the United States. Theairline also operates an extensive domestic networklinking Jakarta and its hubs at Medan, Bali, andSurabaya with 30 points throughout the Indonesianarchipelago. Founded as Indonesian Airways on28 December 1949, one day after Indonesia'sindependence, it was formally incorporated asGaruda Indonesian Airways on 31 March 1950.

    FLEET:

    6 x B737-400, 10 x B737-800

    FEATURES:This is not a typical color schemefor a holid?y airline. The blue andwhite has been used well tocreate a smart and soberappearance with strong businessethics. The orbiting-planet designon the blue tailfin is repeated onthe winglets of specific aircrafttypes, while the blue Futuralettering on the forward upperfuselage is given a flourish withthe unifying planet leitmotiv.

    FLEET:

    6 (3) x A330-300, 13 x B737-300,26 x B737-400, 5 x B737-500,(18) x B737-700, 3 x B747-400,(6) x B777-200ER, 2 x DC-1O-30FEATURES:Th is is one of the of the mostattractive airline liveries designedby Landor Associates. Its center-piece is a modern representationof the garuda, the sacred bird ofHinduism, which is displayed onthe deep blue fin in progressiveshades of blue to turquoise. Thefive wing feathers symbolize thefive national ideals: Belief in onegod, ajust and civilized humanity,unity, democracy guided by innerwisdom, and social justice.

    195

  • GB Airways (GT/GBL)GIBRALTAR (VP-G)

    British flag-carrier to Gibraltar, Madeira, Morocco,and Tunisia, operating from London Heathrow,London Gatwick, and Manchester to some 30 leisuredestinations in France, Spain, the Canary Islands,Gibraltar, Portugal, Morocco, Tunisia, Malta, Croatia,Cyprus, and Greece. All services are flown in fullBritish Airways branding following a franchiseagreement signed on 1 February 1995. GB Airwayswas founded in 1931 as an offshoot of Gibraltarshipping company M. H. Bland, and started oper-ations to Tangier, using a single Saro Windhoverflying boat. It traded as Gibair until 1 November 1981.

    Gemin~ Air Cargo (Grt/GCO)UNITED STATES (N)

    Major Washington-based u.s. all-cargo airlineoperating worldwide cargo scheduled and charterservices on an aircraft, crew, maintenance, andinsurance wet-lease basis for many leading airlines,as well as for the United States Postal Service andthe Air Mobility Command, providing globalmobility for the u.s. armed forces and humanitarianrelief missions. Gemini Air Cargo was founded in1995 and began flight operations on 18 Novemberthat year, using the McDonnell Douglas DC-1-30Fon behalf of Swissair Cargo.

    FLEET:

    11 (1) X A320-2OO,4 (6) X A321-2OOFEATURES:As a franchise operation, theentire GB Airways fleet is paintedin the livery of Brit