Introduction to Multiple Intelligences Θάλεια Χατζηγιάννογλου.
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Transcript of Introduction to Multiple Intelligences Θάλεια Χατζηγιάννογλου.
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Introduction to Multiple Intelligences Slide 2 By the end of the seminar, participants will be able to answer the following questions: What is intelligence? What is the theory of Multiple Intelligences (M.I.)? How can I use Gardners theory in my classroom? What are the benefits and challenges of using multiple intelligences? Now, lets play a game Slide 3 Reflect on: What you already know about intelligence. How do you know if someone is intelligent or not? Do you consider yourself to be intelligent? Why? What is your evidence for this? Slide 4 Reflect on the following: During your own education, how has your "intelligence" been assessed? How has this affected the educational opportunities you have been given? What judgments have people made about you that have been affected by an assessment of your "intelligence"? Slide 5 How did the intelligence issue start? Alfred Binet was a French psychologist who invented the first practical intelligence test, the Binet-Simon scale. His principal goal was to identify students who needed special help in coping with the school curriculum. Along with his collaborator Theodore Simon, Binet published revisions of his intelligence scale in 1908 and 1911, the last appearing just before his death. Slide 6 OVERVIEW Early 20 th century thoughts implied an all or nothing approachsmart or not (2004). VS Gardner claims intelligence is not unitary rather multifaceted (2004). Multiple Intelligences (MI) theory first proposed by Howard Gardner in 1983. Slide 7 How did Gardner come to his M.I. idea? He works at the Boston Veterans Medical Center People who have experienced aphasia (a loss of language) from brain damage can maintain their musical abilities, while others become disabled musically yet keep basic language skills (p.118). Slide 8 What are the Intelligences? Logico-Mathematical: the use of logical methods and to solve mathematical problems Spatial: to use and manipulate space Musical: the ability to create, perform, and appreciate music Interpersonal: to understand others needs, intentions, and motivations Intrapersonal: the ability to understand ones own motivations and emotions Naturalist: the ability to recognize, identify, classify objects Linguistic: the ability to use language Bodily-Kinesthetic: the ability to use ones body Slide 9 Gardner claims that individuals possess at least eight independent types of intelligence (2004). Eight Intelligences SpatialMusicalInterpersonalIntrapersonalNaturalistLinguistic Bodily- Kinesthetic Logico- Mathematical Slide 10 Other intelligences Existential Intelligence (cosmic smart): The ability to be sensitive to, or have the capacity for, conceptualizing or tackling deeper or larger questions about human existence. In the Moral Intelligence of Children, Robert Coles (1997) notes that it is not enough for children to know right from wrong; they must act in the right way. Slide 11 According to Gardner The ability to solve a problem (in a real-life situation) or create a product that is valued in a society. Creating a product means transforming a blank canvas into a picture that evokes emotion, or it might mean forming and leading a productive team from a group that couldnt agree on anything. Slide 12 Slide 13 According to Gardner: All human beings possess all nine intelligences in varying amounts. Each person has a different intellectual composition. We can improve education by addressing the multiple intelligences of our students. These intelligences are located in different areas of the brain and can either work independently or together. These intelligences may define the human species. Slide 14 True or False? Everyone is intelligent in a different way. People with strong linguistic intelligence are likely to enjoy crossword puzzles. Some intelligences are more important for academic success. People with strong intra-personal intelligence enjoy going to parties and socializing. If you enjoy keeping budgets and family accounts, you probably have mathematical intelligence. Map reading is a characteristic of interpersonal intelligence. You are displaying musical intelligence when you tap your fingers or foot in rhythm with the music. If you enjoy gardening and camping, it shows you have some naturalist intelligence. Slide 15