Introduction to Endocrinology Block Endocrinology

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Transcript of Introduction to Endocrinology Block Endocrinology

  • 1. Introduction to Endocrinology Block

2. Endocrinology

          • The study of ductless glands

3. Endocrine block

  • Each week has a theme
  • 4 CBLs, lectures, case studies, labs, TBL and integration sessions
  • Other activities in endo block
    • SIM
    • Pathology/ Histology /Radiology
    • Professionalism
    • PSD

4. Endocrine block

  • Endo block includes cardiovascular risk reduction and diabetes risk and prevention section
  • We are always looking for ways to improve our block
  • We will incorporate your feedback !

5. Hormones and Diabetes

  • The endocrine system regulates:
  • growth and development
  • reproduction
  • energy production, utilization and storage
  • maintains homeostasis

6. Hormones

  • molecules that are synthesized and secreted by specialized cells
    • produced in glands, ectopic tissue or exogenous
    • may be stored in large amounts in gland
  • may act in
    • same cell autocrine
    • nearby cell paracrine
    • distant cell endocrine

7. Hormones and Receptors 8. Disorders of the Endocrine System

  • not enough hormone/resistance to activity
  • too much hormone/excess hormone action
  • structural change in gland with or without change in level of hormone
  • may be congenital, hereditary or acquired
  • may have one or more hormone/gland involved
  • will have short and long term effects

9. Investigations

  • History and physical examination
  • Biochemical assessment including dynamic testing
  • Imaging
  • Response to therapy

10. Treating endocrine disorders

  • not enough hormone
    • replace hormone or target tissue product
  • too much hormone
    • remove or destroy source
    • block production
    • block action
  • space occupying lesion
    • observe, remove or destroy it
  • monitor and treat short and long term consequences

11. Week 6 lipids/fat and metabolism 12. Week 7- Diabetes/Hypoglycemia 13. 14. Week 8 - Thyroid and Bone 15. 16. Week 9 HPA/puberty/growth 17. Week 9 Disorders of growth and development 18. 19. Calculation of overall mark* Unit 2 Final (54.5 %) Midterm(15%) Oral/ENT(14%) Gastro(57%) Oral/ENT(6%) Gastro(23%) Endo(31%) Repro (39%) Gastro Endo Repro Oral/ENT1 week 4 weeks 4 weeks 4 weeks Contribution to overall mark isproportional to weeks/topic SIM (7%) WRITTEN (69.5%) LAB (15%) OBESITY(8.5%) Endo(29%) *Subject to change 20. Unit II midterm practical exam Discipline Number of Station Anatomy 4 Histology 4 Radiology 3 Pathology 3 ENT 2 Embryology 1Surgery (GI) 1 Rest 2 Practical exam includes mostly sessions covered on WednesdayBUTit can have questions from the rest of the week. For example an X-ray shown in CBL may end up on the radiology section. Bell ringer, 1 point per station, 1 or 2 Questions 2 min. per station Total: 20 Stations 4 rotating groups, 38 or 40 students per group __________________________________ 21. Endocrine exam

  • The objectives will help and are covered in class/ cbl/slm/ unit directed activities
  • Midterm will have MCQs
  • Final exam will have MCQ and CDM
  • each week represented in proportion (more or less)
  • Balance of basic and clinical science

22. Concerns or questions??