Harriet Tubman

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Harriet Tubman. By Alyssa Labrum. http://darleneanitascott.files.wordpress.com/2011/03/harriet_tubman.jpg. Introduction. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Harriet Tubman

Harriet TubmanHarriet Tubman was around 1820. She was a slave who reached freedom through the Underground Railroad in 1849. Harriet was a hero to many slaves that she led to freedom. She was one of the best conductors in the Underground Railroad. This PowerPoint is about her life and what she has done to help everyone else
Abolitionists were people who were against slavery. They also go South to bring the slaves North to freedom. Harriet Tubman was a friend to an abolitionists named Fredrick Douglass.
Born a Slave
Right at the moment Harriet was born, she was automatically a slave. Like her ten brothers and sisters, they were all slaves too because a white man owned them all; including her mom and dad.
Conductor in the Underground Railroad
A conductor in the Underground Railroad is someone who help slaves escape to the North. Harriet helped guide the runaway slaves North to freedom. Soon she became one of the best conductors.
Died from Pneumonia
When Harriet lived in the house she bought for other people, she got pneumonia and lived for a while longer. Then soon after, she died lying her bed with people all around her.
One night, when everyone was sleeping, Harriet took a loaf of bread with her and began the journey to North. She followed the north star, or on cloudy nights followed the moss that grew on the trees. She also used the Underground Railroad to find her way. Then finally, she reached Philadelphia, a free Northern state.
Fugitive Slave Law
The Fugitive Slave Law was a law where any runaway slave found had to be returned to their masters. This law had made Harriet’s job a lot harder, but that didn’t stop Harriet. She still saved all of the slaves that she brought to the North.
“Go On or Die”
Some people Harriet was bringing to freedom became tired or scared. Some slaves wanted to go back, or just stop where they are and collapse. When a slave did any of this, Harriet and all the other slaves she was saving would be in danger. When a slave complained, Harriet pulled out a pistol she carried and says, “You’ll go on or die.” After that, the slaves always changed their minds and Harriet got them to freedom.
Helped in the Civil War
During the Civil War, she helped a lot. She was a spy, a nurse, a cook, and did other duties. Harriet did everything she could to help the Union Army.
Even though Harriet was hit in the head and sleeps at random times, she was still smart enough to know where she was and what she was doing. She noticed everything around her and what happened. Harriet was so smart that she memorized the Underground Railroad and saved many slaves through that route.
John Tubman
John Tubman was Harriet’s husband before she escaped to the North. He was born free, and when Harriet came back bring John to the North, he had already taken another wife. So Harriet left him in the South and took other slaves instead.
Kind- Hearted
When homeless free slaves came to Harriet’s house in Pennsylvania, usually the same slaves she had helped run away, they often asked for food and someplace to sleep. Though she had little money and a small amount of food for herself and her parents, she did everything she could to give what they wanted.
Left the South to Be Free
When Harriet was about a teenager, she was mad that she was a slave, as well as many other African Americans. When her master died, all of the slaves he had owned, including Harriet, had to move deeper into the South to live with a different master. It was worse in the deep South, so Harriet escaped to freedom before she went to live with her new master.
Never Captured
Harriet Tubman went back to the South 19 times and saved over 300 slaves. However, out of all of the times she went back, Harriet was never captured.
Overseers are people who watch over every slave’s move. If an overseer thinks a slave isn’t working hard enough, the slave gets whipped. If they get whipped, it leaves scars on their backs.
Parents Were Slaves
When Harriet was born, her parents were also slaves. They didn’t have a lot of time to spend with their children. They could only work in the fields with the other adults. When Harriet came back from the North to escape more slaves, she took her parents with her in one of her trips.
Quotes by Harriet Tubman
During her lifetime, Harriet wrote 6 quotes. 2 of them were about freeing slaves in the Underground Railroad, 1 of them was about liberty or death, 1 of them about trouble with other people, 1 of them was about having no experience, and 1 of them about dreams.
“I was the conductor of the Underground Railroad for eight years, and I can say what most conductors can’t say; I never ran my train off the track and I never lost a passenger.”
“I had reasoned this out in my mind, there was one of two things I had a right to, liberty or death; if I could not have one, I would have the other.”
“I grew up like a neglected weed- ignorant of liberty, having no experience of it.”
“I freed a thousand slaves. I could have freed a thousand more, if only they knew they were slaves.”
“Oh, Lord! You’ve been with me in six troubles, don’t desert me in the seventh!”
“Every great dream begins with a dreamer. Always remember, you have within you the strength, the patience, and the passion to reach for the stars to change the world.”
Risked Her Life to Save Slaves
When Harriet reached the North, she stayed a while longer before she went back to the South to bring more slaves to freedom. She knew this was a dangerous job, but she was determined to have freedom for all of the slaves. Harriet went back to the South 19 times to get slaves over 300 slaves to freedom, and she was never captured out of all of the trips she made.
___ ______ __ _____ _____ ___ ___ ___ ___ __ ___ ________ __ _ ___ _____ ____ ______ ________ _______ _______ ___ ___ ____ ____ ______ ___ ______ ___ __ ______ ____ ________ __ _____ ______ ________ ____ _____ ___ _ _______ ____ _______ __ _______ ____ __ ____ _ ____ ___ ____ _______ __ _______
When Harriet was about 15 years old, she was hit in the forehead by a two- pound iron weight, bleeding. Everyone thought she was dead. Later, Harriet got better, but it caused some problems. She falls asleep suddenly, even while she’s talking with someone or working. Still, it didn’t stop her from getting to freedom.
Traveled at Night
Harriet stopped in the morning and traveled at night. The reason why is because it is easier to hide in the dark, especially in swamps and forests. In the daytime, the slaves stopped at people’s houses to get food and somewhere to sleep.
Underground Railroad
The Underground Railroad was not a real railroad, nor underground. It is actually a group of people who helped slaves escape to the North. Houses in the Underground Railroad are called “stations”, and the people who live there may help the slaves hide and give them something to eat. Then they show where the next “station” is.
Victory for Abolitionists
When the Civil War was over, there was no more slavery. It was a victory for the North and the abolitionists. All of the slaves were freed and the North and South joined together.
When the slaves got in trouble or rested for a second, they would get whipped. In this case, these aren’t the reasons why Harriet was whipped. She was whipped because of stealing a sugar lump from a bowl on the master’s kitchen table. The master’s wife caught her stealing it and hid in a pigpen for four days and nights, fighting for potato scraps. She became so hungry, she went back into the house. When she was found, Harriet was whipped twice: once for stealing the sugar and once for running away.
When Harriet was 93 years old, she died from pneumonia. Before she died, she wasn’t too weak to sing, so she asked her friends to sing with her. While “their voices filled the room” with music, Harriet Tubman laid there until she was dead.
Yankee is the nickname for the North during the Civil War. Harriet worked for the North during the war. She was a spy, cook, nurse, ect. She worked and helped a lot in that time period.
When she was working in the Underground Railroad, she was very active by rushing North and South to free slaves. She was also active in the Civil War because of going everywhere.
zealous- ardently active, devoted, or diligent
Harriet died on March 10, 1913. She was a great person and helped save other people’s lives. Remember, no matter what the color of your skin is or how you act, everyone is an equal person.