Hall2D Wednesday 13h00 - Dr Nydia Suppen

download Hall2D Wednesday 13h00 - Dr Nydia Suppen

If you can't read please download the document

  • date post

    10-Feb-2017
  • Category

    Environment

  • view

    231
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Hall2D Wednesday 13h00 - Dr Nydia Suppen

Increased profitability through greener production

Water Footprinting: International practice

Session: Water Efficiency and Water Footprinting

Dr. Nydia Suppen

1

The human right to water and sanitation2Source: UN: http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/64/292

Generally there is a rising pressure on producers to account for environmental issues. For water, this includes physical, regulatory and reputational water risks (CEO Water Mandate 2010). The first is the most obvious risk for operation, but regulations are increasing costs and reputation is a general business risk. Therefore technological solutions for water supply are not enough for business success in water scarce regions.Embodied water could be significant and highly associated to certain products. Therefore water footprint introduces another strong element besides carbon footprint to asses responsible consumption, and provides a sustainability indicator to analyze highly consumed products and materials (especially those that can be considered luxury materials or expendable; example, coffee is produced in Central America and consumed abroad). It can therefore also be used to raise producer and consumer awareness and reduce potential environmental and socioeconomic differences of producer and consumer countries.

2

Sustainable resource management of freshwater and energy holds the key to Sustainable Development

WWAP 2014. The United Nations World Water Development Report 2014: Water and Energy. Paris, UNESCO.

Ban Ki MoonUnited Nations

4

Motivation for assessing a Water FootprintWater scarcity is one of the most important environmental problemsIncreasing population is aggravating water problemsSustainability has become a key marketing factorPublic pressure and operational risk make it relevant for business to assess physical, regulatory and reputational risks (beyond green pioneers)

Generally there is a rising pressure on producers to account for environmental issues. For water, this includes physical, regulatory and reputational water risks (CEO Water Mandate 2010). The first is the most obvious risk for operation, but regulations are increasing costs and reputation is a general business risk. Therefore technological solutions for water supply are not enough for business success in water scarce regions.Embodied water could be significant and highly associated to certain products. Therefore water footprint introduces another strong element besides carbon footprint to asses responsible consumption, and provides a sustainability indicator to analyze highly consumed products and materials (especially those that can be considered luxury materials or expendable; example, coffee is produced in Central America and consumed abroad). It can therefore also be used to raise producer and consumer awareness and reduce potential environmental and socioeconomic differences of producer and consumer countries.

6

Secretariat: SNV SwitzerlandConvenership:

Sebastien Humbert Switzerland

Nydia Suppen MexicoISO 14046Water footprint: Principles, requirements and guidelines

8

6. Water foorprint standard NEXT WORK and OPINION ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE STANDARD - SEB8

9

Starting in 2009 80 experts-delegates(from all continents)

6. Water footprint standard General description of WG8 work, meetings, participants - NYDIA

9

10

9 working meetings(Sweden, Mexico, Switzerland, Norway, Brazil, Thailand, Italy, Bostwana, Panama)to deliver a consensualInternational Standard onwater footprinting

6. Water footprint standard General description of WG8 work, meetings, participants - NYDIA

10

5. Aplicaciones directas:Propuestas de mejora

the water footprint is determined by one or more metrics that quantify the potential environmental impact on water of a product, process or organization.

12En lugar de este slide se puede utilizar el pocket para repasar la metodologa del ACV. Se puede hacer a travs de preguntas a los participantes.

13

9. IMPORTANT WFP RESULTS General outline of the methodology The FOUR PHASES OF A WATER FOOTPRINT ASSESSMENT

DATA COLLECTION AND WATER FOOTPRINT ANALYSIS USAR LA ANIMACIN

18

9. IMPORTANT WFP RESULTS General outline of the methodology The FOUR PHASES OF A WATER FOOTPRINT ASSESSMENT

WATER FOOTPRINT IMPACT ASSESMENT USAR LA ANIMACIN (incluye lo que diga de water availability footprint y degradation)

19

9. IMPORTANT WFP RESULTS General outline of the methodology The FOUR PHASES OF A WATER FOOTPRINT ASSESSMENT

INTERPRETATION AND REPORTING Usar con lo que digo al final de esta seccin

20

Water footprint of Mexican Beer

9. IMPORTANT WFP RESULTS EXAMPLE OF THE MEXICAN BEER - Nydia

21

Introduction to the example and the water inventory analysis for the beer example22

Monthly data (aprox. 25 companies 1994 to 2009)

Packaging materials (INEGI, 2009) 94% up to 500ml 53% bottles are returnable 22% non returnable 25% aluminium cans

Disposal (Semarnat, 2008)24.1% aluminium is recycled17.8% glass is recycled 8.5% cardboard is recycled

Agricultural data from MexicoUse: 2.7 Wh/Lt (3 days in freezer)

Farell,C., Turpin, S., Suppen, N., 2012, Water footprint of Mexican Beer.

Introduction to the example and the water inventory analysis for the beer example

23

36% volume of water use is due to crops

16% volume of water is due to packaging

98.98% of water used in the process is groundwater

RAW MATERIALS PRODUCTION USE DISPOSALFarell,C., Turpin, S., Suppen, N., 2012, Water footprint of Mexican Beer.

Introduction to the example and the water inventory analysis for the beer example Nydia (USAR ANIMACIN CUANDO HABLO DE LOS PORCENTAJES)

24

Source: Sabmiller-WWF, 2011

Introduction to the example and the water inventory analysis for the beer example Nydia25

Farell,C., Turpin, S., Suppen, N., 2012, Water footprint of Mexican Beer.

Introduction to the example and the water inventory analysis for the beer example Nydia PONER ANIMAICN CUANDO HABLO DE LAS MEJORAS QUE HIZO LA INDUSTRIA26

Introduction to the example and the water impact assessment for the beer example Nydia

27

Distributed volume (m3/person.yr)

Scarcity water footprint (m3/person.yr)

Farell,C., Turpin, S., Suppen, N., 2012, Water footprint of Mexican Beer. MEXICO

Introduction to the example and the water impact assessment for the beer example Nydia AQUI CUANDO HABLO DE AVAILABILITY Y DE COMO AJUSTAMOS LAS REGIONES HIDROLOGICAS DE MEXICO

28

7120Volume of freshwater

Raw materialsWater footprint

Fuels and energy

UseDiposalProductionPackagingCropsFarell,C., Turpin, S., Suppen, N., 2012, Water footprint of Mexican Beer.

Introduction to the example and the water impact assessment for the beer example Nydia CUANDO HABLO DE LOS RESULTADOS29

30

Water footprint of urban water consumption in Mexico

FUENTE: Farell, et.al. (2013)19.8% of population must cover their water needs 0.76% of freshwater in Mexico and are responsible of 10.9% of the water footprint of the country

Se presenta grficamente la desproporcin que existe entre la concentracin de poblacin, la disponibilidad del agua renovable media y los impactos ocasionados por su uso (huella de agua); por ejemplo, se observa que en la Region Hidrlogico Administrativa (RHA) de Aguas del Valle de Mxico (XIII), ubicada en la zona central del pas, un 19.8% de los habitantes deben cubrir sus necesidades con 0.76% del agua renovable de Mxico y son responsables de 10.9% de la huella de agua del pas.

Fuente: Farell, et.al. (2013). Farell, C., Turpin, S., & Suppen, N. (2013) Huella de agua de uso pblico urbano en Mxico, en Revista Internacional de Geografa y Estadstica. Mxico. www.inegi.org.mx/RDE/RDE_08/Doctos/RDE_08_opt.pdf

32

www.inegi.org.mx/RDE/RDE_08/Doctos/RDE_08_opt.pdf

Esta investigacin propone una metodologa para evaluar la huella de agua con la tcnica de anlisis de ciclo de vida. De este modo, es posible cuantificar no slo el volumen del vital lquido utilizado sino, tambin, los impactos ambientales provocados por su uso, adems de la escasez de agua que provoca el proceso evaluado. Una metodologa con estas caractersticas proporciona mayor informacin en la toma de decisiones y facilita la gestin de este recurso. La metodologa propuesta se aplica a un estudio de caso para evaluar la huella de agua de uso pblico-urbano en Mxico, cuantificando los impactos provocados desde la extraccin de materias primas y energa para la construccin de la red, la distribucin y uso del agua, hasta su final de vida. Los resultados se muestran para cada una de las 13 regiones hidrolgico-administrativas del pas.

Fuente: Farell, et.al. (2013). Farell, C., Turpin, S., & Suppen, N. (2013) Huella de agua de uso pblico urbano en Mxico, en Revista Internacional de Geografa y Estadstica. Mxico. www.inegi.org.mx/RDE/RDE_08/Doctos/RDE_08_opt.pdf

33

FUENTE: Rojas et al., 2013

40

FUENTE: Rojas et al., 2013FUENTE: Rojas et al., 2013

41

45

allows to assess, scientifically and objectively, the impacts on water associated with a product or an organization

ISO 14046

10. What are the benefits of quantifying the water footprint Nydia45

46

allows to have objective information to feed into different initiatives

ISO 14046

10. What are the benefits of quantifying the water footprint Nydia poner como introduccin y luego a mi con lo que enlisto46

47Assess and prepare for the future risks to your water use

ISO 14046 - BENEFITS

10. What are the benefits of quantifying the water footprint Nydia47

48

Identify ways to reduce the environmental impacts of your water use

ISO 14046 - BENEFITS

10. What are the benefits of quantifying the water footprint Nydia48

49

Improve efficiency at product, process and organizational levels

ISO 14046 - BENEFITS

10. What are the benefits of quantifying the water footprint Nydia49

50

Share knowledge and best practice with industry and government

ISO 14046 - BENEFITS

10. What are the benefits of quantifying the water footprint Nydia 50

51Meet customer expectations of increased environmental responsibility

ISO 14046 - BENEFITS

10. What are the benefits of quantifying the water footprint Nydia51

Las footprints piden los impactos que el ser humano provoca en diferentes reas (suelo, aire y agua)

Ecological footprint (Rees, 1992) is a measure of human demand on the Earth's ecosystemsCarbon footprint (PAS 2050:2011, 2011; ISO /CD14067, 2011)Toxicity footprint (Hauschild et al., 2011)Water footprint (Hoekstra et al, 2011; ISO /WD 14046)

53

Water Footprinting: International practice

Session: Water Efficiency and Water Footprinting

Dr. Nydia SuppenThank you!

54