Embed Size (px)
Transcript of FIRST AID
First aid is basic knowledge about how to help people who are suddenly sick (illnesses) or hurt (injuries or body damage). For example, first aid is used at accidents to help an injured person until he receives medical treatment.
First aid is also used to help people who suddenly become sick, until help arrives or they can be taken to medical care.
A person does not need a lot of equipment to give first aid. A package of stuff useful to give first aid is called a first aid kit. Lives can be saved even without a first aid kit. First aid can be done just about anywhere. In places far from hospitals, first aid may be the only help possible until the person can be taken to a hospital or clinic.
Goals of first aid
Goals of first aidFirst aid skills are kept simple on purpose so that people can
remember and use them in an emergency to save at least one life.One set of goals of first aid – what you want to do – are called the
"Three P's":Preserve life – stop the person from dying
Prevent further injury – stop the person from being injured even more. If possible, an injured person should not be moved. First aid
can include how to safely move injured people -- or move them anyway with less harm if there is no choice.
Promote recovery – try to help the person heal his injuries
Another set of goals for keeping a badly hurt person alive is sometimes called "A-B-C" or "C-A-B"
Circulation (or Compressions)
Basic principles, such as knowing to use an adhesive bandage or applying direct pressure on a bleed, are often acquired passively through life experiences. However, to provide effective, life-saving first aid interventions requires instruction and practical training. This is especially true where it relates to potentially fatal illnesses and injuries, such as those that require cardiopulmonary resuscitation(CPR); these procedures may be invasive, and carry a risk of further injury to the patient and the provider. As with any training, it is more useful if it occurs before an actual emergency, and in many countries, emergency ambulance dispatchers may give basic first aid instructions over the phone while the ambulance is on the way.
Specific disciplines There are several types of first aid (and first aider) which require specific additional training. These are
usually undertaken to fulfill the demands of the work or activity undertaken.
Aquatic/Marine first aid
Battlefield first aid
Hyperbaric first aid
Oxygen first aid
Wilderness first aid
Hydrofluoric Acid first aid
Mental health first aid
Equine first aid
SymbolsAlthough commonly associated with first aid, the symbol of a red cross is an
official protective symbol of the Red Cross. According to the Geneva Conventions and other international laws, the use of this and
similar symbols is reserved for official agencies of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent, and as a protective emblem for medical personnel and facilities in combat situations. Use by any other person
or organization is illegal, and may lead to prosecution.The internationally accepted symbol for first aid is the white cross on a green
background shown below.Some organizations may make use of the Star of Life, although this is usually
reserved for use by ambulance services, or may use symbols such as the Maltese Cross, like the Order of Malta Ambulance Corps and
St John Ambulance. Other symbols may also be used.
ISO First Aid Symbol St. Andrew's First Aid Badge Symbol of the Red Cross
Maltese or Amalfi Cross Star of lifeCivil defence
First Aid Kits1. First aid kits may be kept in cloth bags or plastic or metal boxes. They are often labelled with a symbol such as those on the upper right. A first aid kit may contain many items, but basic
items that can help with first aid include:2. Gloves for the helper's hands made of vinyl, latex or nitride to
protect the helper's hands from blood3. Dressings of cloth that can be put on wounds to stop bleeding,
much like gauze pads or sanitary napkins4. Bandages of gauze or cloth which hold dressings tightly over
wounds; sometimes these are in rolls
• Rolls of tape to hold on dressings and bandages• Scissors that can be used to cut tape, to open clothing and to make more
bandages and dressings• CPR masks or barriers to make it sanitary for a helper to breathe into
someone's mouth, which is one part of CPR• Blanket made of cloth or Mylar ("space blanket") to cover a sick or hurt
person to keep them warm• A small first aid book which shows how to do first aid and reminds people
who have been trained• Adhesive strips (a small piece of tape with a bit of cloth in the center),
special dressings such as moleskin for blisters and antiseptic creams for small wounds
• Tweezers to remove stingers, splinters and thorns
Made by -- Ansh CLASS -- 9TH B