Film Theory

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    24-Jan-2015
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This is a sample lesson plan which I created and utilized to teach high school students Film Theory concepts using films of their choice.

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  • 1. Movie Criticism and Film Theory Mrs. Kellie-Ann Cripe

2. Character Can be revealedthrough their actions,speech andappearance. Can be discovered bycomments of othercharacters andinteraction with othercharacters. Can be flat (one-sided) or round (fullydeveloped 3. Protagonist Is the main character in a work ofliterature or movie. Can sometimes be the narrator 4. Antagonist The character in a story who is inconflict with the main character. Can be another character, nature, fate, society or even the protaganist 5. Character Foil Traits are in direct contrast toprotagonist Highlights traits ofprotagonist byopposition, can beminor or majorcharacter. 6. Stereotype Demonstrates common traits of agroup rather than being individual Sometimes derogatory in nature 7. Setting The time and the place of the story. A story can be set in a realistic or imaginaryplace and can occur in the past, present,orfuture. Setting affectsthe charactersand storylinein uniqueways 8. Setting Types Integral Settingisessential to the plotand influencescharacters. BackdropSettingrelativelyunimportant to theplot and charactersjust a background 9. Mood A feeling or emotion that a story stirsin the viewer. 10. Point Of View The vantage point in which the story is told. First Person- I Third Person- He, she it Omniscient -knows everything Objective - presents without comment or emotion 11. Foreshadowing An authors wayof hinting to thereader of what isto come in thestory. 12. Theme The main idea that the film wishes toshare with the audience Rarely stated directly, inferred by theaudience Universal in nature applying to society,human nature Can often be applied to individualswatching the film as they relate to it. 13. Sample Themes Acceptance Good Versus Evil Betrayal Justice Coming of Age Love Destiny Perserverance Duty Power Faith Redemption Freedom Revenge Friendship Transformation 14. Conflict A struggle between opposing forces;conflicts can be external or internal. 15. External Conflict Struggle with outside forces Person-vs-fate Person-vs-person Person-vs-nature Person-vs-society Person-vs-technology 16. Internal Conflict Takes place in the characters mind. Character oftenpulled by twocourses of action orby conflictingemotions 17. Plot The series ofevents in sequentialorder. What happens 1st,2nd, 3rd, and so on. The plot centers onat least one majorproblem called aconflict. 18. Timing of Plot Chronological - Events are told in theorder of occurance. Flashback/Flashforward - Eventsare told out of order either jumpingahead or back at various points in thestory. Time Lapse - Story skips a timeperiod that seems unusual comparedto rest of plot 19. Five Main Parts of the Plot Climax Not all stories fitthis pattern. The exposition mayFalling Risingappear in theAction Actionmiddle of the storyinstead of thebeginning. A story can end ResolutionExpositionwith a climax,leaving no fallingaction. 20. Exposition The opening film oftenprovides backgroundinformation that theaudience needs toknow. It introduces thecharacters, describesthe setting, and mayrecap important eventsbefore the action of thestory. 21. Rising Action The chain of eventsbecome morecomplex. The Risingactions and feelings Actionof the charactersintensify as theirproblems becomemore complicated. 22. Climax The highest point ofinterest Where most actiontakes place in thestore Involves animportant event,decision, ordiscovery thataffects the finaloutcome. 23. Falling Action Following the Falling climax, the intensity action of the story may subside. The falling action describes the results of the major events as the action winds down. 24. Resolution The final part of the story. It tells how the story ends. All the loose endsare tied up. May also set the stage for future stories orsequels. 25. Film Elements Film Score Lighting Costumes Sound Effects Special Effects Filming Editing 26. Additional Questions How does the movie portray Men? Women? Children? Product Placements/Advertising? What is the protagonist main strength and flaw? What character do you most relate to? Admire? Despise? Is there a portrayal of faith or religion? Is it positive, negative, neutral? How do the values and themes compare to your own values and beliefs?