Civic Engagement Examples

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This was originally intended to serve as a proposal for the "Community Challenge" grants program of the Partnership for Livable Communities (HUD/EPA/USDOT). I have revised it to demonstrate that community engagement starts at the grassroots level.

Transcript of Civic Engagement Examples

  • 1. Community EngagementStrategies for Brunswick Maine Specic proposals for the town of Brunswick.Originally submitted 8/25 to town of Brunswick planning department asproposal to submit applications Community Challenge grant program from the EPA/USDOT/HUD Partnership for Livable Communities.

2. ContentsChallengesOpportunitiesRecommendations 3. Short Term ChallengesCause EffectTight Credit limits the ability of the Private Real Estate marketsector to grow through traditional meanscontinues to be Less buyers, More renters= low home prices,sluggish, credit is high rent pricestight More rentals+older housing stock= Increasedvulnerability to Rising Heating Oil Prices Oil and Gas PricesAffordable Housing often located far fromemployment centers=Vulnerability to Gasolinehave risen nearly Prices$1/Gallon in one year Service Industry Jobs are particularly sensitiveto effect of recession/energy prices on tourism Reduced RevenueseconomyCompetition for donations and grants preventshave impacted Local,collaboration within Non-Prot Sector and resultsState and Federal in inefcient duplication of effortsTreasuries cuts have severely limited Local, State andFederal Agencies ability to respond to thesechallenges 4. Cause Cause Effect Effect Less Home$ For SaleOwnersLess RenovationsLending Fuel PricesOlder HousingStockMoreFor Rent RentersLess HigherProperty Tax Heating HigherRevenue CostsCommuting Higher Demand CostsPublic Services Staff Cuts Limits Ability Outer Communitiesto Address NeedsTown Center More Much Higher Affordable Transportation and ??Higher Lower EnergyHousing Heating CostsRentUsage?? 5. People in the suburbs drive to supermarkets andload up the car with many bags of food. People incities depend much more on walking to the local store, or taking a bus or train. This map came aboutafter asking a simple question: how many Americans live within a reasonable walk or drive to asupermarket? In this case, "reasonable" was dened as a 10 minute drive, or a 1 mile walk.The greenSources: Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, TomTom, Intermap, AND, USGS, NRCAN, and the GIS User Community | dots represent populations in poverty who live within one mile of a supermarket. The red dots representUSDApopulations in poverty who live beyond a one mile walk to a supermarket, but may live within a 10 minute drive...assuming they have access to a car. The grey dots represent the total population in agiven area. 6. SupermarketAccess MidcoastRegion 7. Text for Pages 4-6 quoted Long Term Challengesdirectly from MidcoastEconomic DevelopmentDistrict, ComprehensiveEconomic Development Strategy 2009. Some text size has been changed foremphasisThe major challenge to the region isdemographic. Planning Decisions, Inc., projects that the regions overallpopulation will be stable overall between 2005 and 2015 going from 99,300 to 99,700 but that it willchange dramatically in composition. the number of young people under the age of 20Specically,will decline by 4,700, or 20%; the number of working-agepeople (20 to 54) will decline by 3,300, or 7%; while the number ofretirement-age people (55 plus) will increase by 8,400, or 30%. 8. growth in income for area businesses, local governments, and In general,the state require a growth in the number of people working andproducing products and services of economic value.Attracting young people to move to the area and start businesseswill be important to the regions future economic success.Growth of Population 65+ 60.00% United States11.4% Maine12.4% 45.00% Midcoast 25.6% 30.00% Brunswick 50.6%Sagadahoc 16.3% 15.00%Lincoln 21.6% United StatesMaineMidcoast Brunswick Sagadahoc 0%Lincoln 9. It is hard to attract young people when housing is so expensive. Both Lincoln County and the Brunswick labor market area communities haveseen housing prices grow from around $125,000 in 2001 to around $200,000 in 2005. During this same period, median household incomes only grew about $3,000. Even though housing prices have stabilized in the last 18 months, they are still out of line with historical ratios to household incomes. This is an obstacle to attracting young people to the area. 10. Summary of Challenges Lack of property tax revenues/ Base Closure/Recession hasFederal, State Austerity haveresulted in low home prices butseverely strained public planning high rentsagencies ability to address theseissuesLow-Income residents living inThe Midcoast Region needs to older housing in outlyingactively attract young talentedcommunities are the most workers or the economy will lackvulnerable to energy pricesignicant growth.increases 11. Opportunities-Community Challenge GrantsIn June 2009, HUD, DOT, EPA formed the Partnership for Sustainable Communities and arecommitted to aligning programs and resources in support of 6 Livability Principles:Provide more transportation choices to increase safety, accessibility, and reliability while reducing household transportation costs. affordable housing that expands location- and energy- Promote equitable, efcient housing choicesImprove economic competitiveness of neighborhoods by giving people reliable access to employment centers, educational opportunities, and other basic services.Target Federal funding toward existing communities through place-based policiesremove barriers to collaboration, leverage Align federal policies and funding to funding and increase the effectiveness of existing programs. Enhance or urban.rural, suburbanthe unique characteristics of all communities, whether 12. Eligible Activities-A Development of master or comprehensiveD. Develop building codes that balance energyplans thatefcient rehabilitation of older structures and the a. promote affordablehousing co-locatedcreation affordable and healthy housing;and/or well-connected with retail andbusiness development andE Strategies for creating or preserving affordableb. 2)discourage development not aligned withhousing for low-, very low-, and extremely low-incometransportation, economic development, orfamilies or individuals in mixed-income, mixed-useregional sustainability plans;neighborhoods along an existing or plannedtransportation corridor which are based on data andB. Development and implementation ofmarket analysis;local,corridor or district plans and strategiesthat promote livability and sustainability while F Strategies to bring additional affordable housing toavoiding displacement; areas that have few affordable housing opportunities and are close to job clusters;c. Comprehensive review to develop andprioritize revisions to zoning codes,G. Planning,establishing,and acquiring land forordinances, building standards,development, redevelopment, and revitalization thatadministrative regulations/actions or otherreserves property for the development of affordablelaws to remove barriers and promotehousing within the context of sustainablesustainable and mixed-use development anddevelopment (see Section VI.B.1 for additionalto overcome the effects of impediments to fair requirements for land acquisition);housing choice, including form-based codesand inclusionary zoning ordinances toH Development of community-scale energy strategiespromote accessible, long-term affordable and implementation plans, and climate adaptationhousing that reduces racial and povertyplans; andhousing concentration and expands fair I! Development of pre- and post-disaster plans inhousing choice;the context of sustainable communities. 13. A. Development of master orB. Development andG. Planning,establishing,and comprehensive plans thatimplementation ofacquiring land for development, local,corridor or district redevelopment, and revitalizationa. promote affordable housing plans and strategies thatthat reserves property for theco-located and/or well-connected promote livability and development of affordable housing with retail and businesssustainability whilewithin the context of sustainabledevelopment andavoiding displacement;development (see Section VI.B.1 forb. 2)discourage development notadditional requirements for land aligned with transportation,acquisition);economic development, orregional sustainability plans; 14. F. Strategies to bring additionalaffordable housing to areas that havefew affordable housingopportunities and are close to job affordable housingclusters;close to job clusters;E. Strategies for creating or preserving along an existing oraffordable housing for low-, very low-,and extremely low-income families or planned transportationindividuals in mixed-income, mixed-use corridorneighborhoods along anexisting or plannedcommunity-scale energytransportation corridor whichstrategies andare based on data and market analysis; climate adaptation plans;H. Development of community-scale energy strategies andimplementation plans, and climateadaptation plans; 15. Whats newStronger emphasis onpublic engagement, andthis year?alignment with state andfederal efforts.In addition, no less than 5 percent of the budget requestmust be committed to activities that specically supportthe goals of this NOFA to deepen the engagement,participation, and governance of populationsunderrepresented in planning processes. 16. Opportunities: Government as Platform[T]he most successful companies are those that build frameworks that enable awhole ecosystem of participation from other companies large and small. Thepersonal computer was such a platform. So was the World Wide Web.[...]This isthe right way to frame the question of "Government 2.0." How does governmentitself become an open platform that allows people inside and outsidegovernment to innovate? How do you design a system in which all of theoutcomes arent specied beforehand, but instead evolve through interactionsbetween the technology provider and its user community?Rather than licensing government data to a few select "value added" providers,who then license the data downstream, t