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Transcript of Chapter 8 Pedestrian, Bicycle and Public Transit · PDF filePedestrian, Bicycle and Public...

  • Topic #625-000-007 Plans Preparation Manual, Volume 1 January 1, 2016

    Pedestrian, Bicycle and Public Transit Facilities 8-i

    Chapter 8

    Pedestrian, Bicycle and Public Transit Facilities

    8.1 General ...................................................................................... 8-18.1.1 Pedestrians and Bicyclists .......................................... 8-18.1.2 Transit ........................................................................ 8-3

    8.2 References ................................................................................. 8-4

    8.3 Pedestrian Facilities ................................................................... 8-58.3.1 Sidewalks ................................................................... 8-58.3.2 Accessibility Considerations ....................................... 8-68.3.3 Crosswalks ................................................................. 8-7

    8.3.3.1 Crosswalks at Intersections ........................ 8-78.3.3.2 Midblock Crosswalks .................................. 8-8

    8.4 Bicycle Facilities ......................................................................... 8-98.4.1 Bicycle Lanes ........................................................... 8-108.4.2 Bicycle Lane Between Through Lane and Right

    Turn Lane, Bus Bay or Parking Lane (Keyhole) ....... 8-118.4.2.1 Keyhole Locations .................................... 8-118.4.2.2 Green Color Bicycle Lanes ....................... 8-12

    8.4.3 Paved Shoulders ...................................................... 8-198.4.4 Wide Curb Lanes ..................................................... 8-198.4.5 Shared Lane Markings (Sharrows) ........................... 8-198.4.6 Bicycle Route Systems ............................................. 8-20

    8.4.6.1 United States Bicycle Routes ................... 8-21

    8.5 Drainage and Utility Considerations ......................................... 8-23

    8.6 Shared Use Paths .................................................................... 8-238.6.1 Considerations ......................................................... 8-23

  • Topic #625-000-007 Plans Preparation Manual, Volume 1 January 1, 2016

    Pedestrian, Bicycle and Public Transit Facilities 8-ii

    8.6.2 Widths ...................................................................... 8-24 8.6.3 Cross Slopes ............................................................ 8-24 8.6.4 Grades ..................................................................... 8-24 8.6.5 Lateral Offset ............................................................ 8-25 8.6.6 Vertical Clearance .................................................... 8-25 8.6.7 Design Speed ........................................................... 8-25 8.6.8 Horizontal Alignment ................................................ 8-26

    8.6.8.1 Minimum Radii.......................................... 8-26 8.6.8.2 Stopping Sight Distance ........................... 8-27

    8.6.9 Vertical Alignment .................................................... 8-28 8.6.10 Separation between Shared Use Path

    and Roadway ........................................................... 8-28 8.6.11 Path Railings ............................................................ 8-28 8.6.12 Lighting .................................................................... 8-28 8.6.13 Signing, Pavement Marking, and Signalization ......... 8-29

    8.7 Bridges, Overpasses, and Underpasses .................................. 8-29 8.7.1 Design Criteria ......................................................... 8-29 8.7.2 Prefabricated Steel Truss Bridges on

    FDOT Projects ......................................................... 8-32 8.7.2.1 Qualification of Prefabricated Steel

    Truss Pedestrian Bridge Producers ........... 8-33 8.7.2.2 Design and Detailing Responsibilities ....... 8-33 8.7.2.3 Plans Development .................................. 8-34

    8.8 Drop-off Hazards for Pedestrians and Bicyclists ....................... 8-39

    8.9 Strategic Intermodal System Highway Component Standards and Criteria .......................................... 8-42

  • Topic #625-000-007 Plans Preparation Manual, Volume 1 January 1, 2016

    Pedestrian, Bicycle and Public Transit Facilities 8-iii

    8.10 Public Transit Facilities ............................................................. 8-42 8.10.1 Curb-Side Facilities .................................................. 8-43 8.10.2 Street-Side Facilities ................................................ 8-46 8.10.3 Exclusive Transit Running Ways .............................. 8-47

    Tables Table 8.1.1 Bicycle Facilities ......................................................... 8-2 Table 8.4.1 U. S. Bicycle Route Criteria ...................................... 8-22 Table 8.6.1 Maximum Grade Lengths ......................................... 8-25 Table 8.6.2 Minimum Radii for Horizontal

    Curves on Shared Use Paths ................................... 8-26 Table 8.6.3 Minimum Stopping Sight Distances .......................... 8-27

    Figures Figure 8.4.1 Bike Lane with Separate Right Turn Lane ................ 8-14 Figure 8.4.2 Bike Lane with Right Turn Drop Lane ....................... 8-15 Figure 8.4.3 Bike Lane with Channelized Right Turn Lane ........... 8-16 Figure 8.4.4 Bike Lane with Free Flow Channelized Right

    Turn Lane ................................................................. 8-16 Figure 8.4.5 Bike Lane with Bus Bay ............................................ 8-18 Figure 8.7.1 Pedestrian/Shared Use Path Bridge Typical

    Section ..................................................................... 8-31 Figure 8.7.2 Prefabricated Pedestrian Bridge Standard Truss

    Configurations .......................................................... 8-37 Figure 8.7.3 Prefabricated Pedestrian Bridge Standard Truss

    Member Shapes ....................................................... 8-37 Figure 8.7.4 Prefabricated Pedestrian Standard Bridge

    Cross-Sections ......................................................... 8-38 Figure 8.8.1 Drop-Off Hazards for Pedestrians and Bicyclists ...... 8-41

  • Topic #625-000-007 Plans Preparation Manual, Volume 1 January 1, 2016

    Pedestrian, Bicycle and Public Transit Facilities 8-iv

    Figure 8.10.1 Accessible Boarding and Alighting Area for Flush Shoulder Roadways with Connection to Roadway ... 8-44

    Figure 8.10.2 Accessible Boarding and Alighting Area for Flush Shoulder Roadways with Connection to Sidewalk .... 8-45

    Figure 8.10.3 Bus Stop and Bus Bay Categories ........................... 8-48 Exhibits Exhibit 8-A Sample Steel Truss Pedestrian Bridge Plans ........... 8-49

  • Topic #625-000-007 Plans Preparation Manual, Volume 1 January 1, 2016

    Pedestrian, Bicycle and Public Transit Facilities 8-1

    Chapter 8

    Pedestrian, Bicycle and Public Transit Facilities

    8.1 General

    8.1.1 Pedestrians and Bicyclists

    It is the goal of the Department and in accordance with Section 335.065, Florida Statutes, Bicycle and pedestrian ways along state roads and transportation facilities:

    (1)(a) Bicycle and pedestrian ways shall be given full consideration in the planning and development of transportation facilities, including the incorporation of such ways into state, regional, and local transportation plans and programs. Bicycle and pedestrian ways shall be established in conjunction with the construction, reconstruction, or other change of any state transportation facility, and special emphasis shall be given to projects in or within 1 mile of an urban area.

    (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (a), bicycle and pedestrian ways are not required to be established: 1. Where their establishment would be contrary to public safety; 2. When the cost would be excessively disproportionate to the need or

    probable use; 3. Where other available means or factors indicate an absence of need.

    Projects that comply with the design criteria contained within the PPM are considered to meet the requirements of the statute. If the design criteria contained within the PPM for pedestrian and bicycle facilities are not met, a Design Variation is required. The documentation must reference which of the three conditions under Section 335.065 (1)(b), Florida Statutes support not providing a bicycle or pedestrian facility.

    Sidewalks and shared use paths are appropriate pedestrian facilities for all types of projects and locations. Beyond one mile of an urban area where only occasional pedestrian traffic is expected, a shoulder (paved and unpaved) would meet the need for a pedestrian way. Table 8.1.1 identifies appropriate bicycle facilities for various types of projects. The Urban Area 1-Mile Buffer Maps are posted in conjunction with the PPM.

    http://www.leg.state.fl.us/Statutes/index.cfm?Mode=View%20Statutes&Submenu=1&Tab=statutes&CFID=32730001&CFTOKEN=8a6246a25b70adb7-9727AC49-D92E-51F1-D3583C848C97C2B9http://www.dot.state.fl.us/rddesign/PPMManual/BufferMaps.shtm

  • Topic #625-000-007 Plans Preparation Manual, Volume 1 January 1, 2016

    Pedestrian, Bicycle and Public Transit Facilities 8-2

    Table 8.1.1 Bicycle Facilities

    Location

    Condition

    Type of Work

    New Construction, Reconstruction

    Resurfacing, Restoration,

    Rehabilitation (RRR) 1, 2, 3

    Traffic Operations, Intersection

    Improvements

    In or within one mile of an urban area

    All Buffered Bicycle Lane

    Buffered Bicycle Lane, Bicycle Lane, Wide Curb Lane, or Shared Lane with Shared Lane Markings (acceptable for posted speed