Camara laye and stolen jacket(1)

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Camara Laye Guinean writer BORN IN KOUROUSSA UPPER GUINEA Januar y 1, 1928
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Transcript of Camara laye and stolen jacket(1)

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Guinean writerBorn in KouroussaUpper guineaJanuary 1, 1928

The place where he grew up

Guineadivided into 8administrative regionssubdivided into 34prefecturesamong which the national capitalConakryranks as a special zone.

country inWest Africa. Formerly known asFrench Guinea(French:Guine franaise), it is today sometimes calledGuinea-Conakry

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Guinea

it curves from its western border on theAtlantic Oceantoward the east and the south, it shares its northern border with Guinea-Bissau,Senegal, andMali, and its southern border withSierra Leone,Liberia, andCte d'Ivoire.The sources of theNiger River,Gambia River, andSenegal Riverare all found in theGuinea Highlands Your Text Here

GUINEA Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone

Kouroussa(var.Kurussa)The town in Guinea

Kouroussa(var.Kurussa)The town in Guinea

A town located in northwestern Guinea, and is the capital ofKouroussa Prefecture.

In 2008 it had an estimated population 10,165.

Kouroussa has long relied upon its position near the upstream limit of navigation of theNiger River.

The town and surrounding area is a center ofMalinke culture, and is known for its Djembe drumming tradition.

History

Kouroussa's position as a river port has made it historic center for regional trade.

Kouroussa was a major trade stop between theNiger Rivervalley and the coast.

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Colonialism The French, added the region to the colony of French Upper Guinea, later a part ofFrench West Africa

During the colonial period the town was made a main trans-shipment point for commodities coming fromFrench Soudan(today's Mali).

The French encouraged the collection gold sifted from streams and dug by local small scale mines.

The French also attempted to promote local farming ofgroundnuts andcotton.

Culture

The majority of the surrounding population comes from theMalinkeandDjallonkeethnic groups,

Kouroussa and the surrounding region is the centre of the Hamana-Malinke Mande sub-group -- "Hamana" being the name for the region

Kouroussa and surrounding towns maintain the pre-colonial Mande ceremonial kingship of Hamana

Malinke Ethnic Group Village

Kouroussa

Contemporary History

In 2001, Kouroussa was one of several places which was particularly hard hit by flooding, and became a center for thousands of internally displaced people from the surrounding area.

In 2005, Kouroussa was rocked by major protests against the government

Traditional Music

Hamana-Malinke are especially known for their unique musical traditions, especially theirdrumming traditions

Djemb groups in Kouroussa are known for the inclusion of the bassdununbadrum and the longkenkenbell.

Famoudou Konate: Malinke Rhythms Dances & Songs

Camara Laye (1928-1980)

Camara Laye (1928-1980)

Camara Laye was a Guinean writer.

He was born in Kouroussa in Upper Guinea on January 1, 1928.

His novel "L'Enfant noir" established him as one of the most important novelists from French-speaking Africa.

According to Adele King inThe Writings of Camara Laye,he was, "passionately concerned with preserving a record of traditional homeland."

He let his narrative and his gently observed characters speak of thewarmth, wholeness, and deeppietyand of the growing sadness of his people and thestimulusof French rule and influence.

Family History

Laye's family belonged to the Malink people.

His father, Camara Komady, was a blacksmith andgoldsmith.

His mother, Dman Sadan, also came from a family of blacksmiths.

Although Camara was his family name, he published his work as Camara Laye.

Laye's early childhood years were strongly traditional and full of happiness; Sonia Lee inCamara Layewrote that, "For Laye, Africa remained forever the Africa of his youth, and he was always to look upon her with the eyes of the heart."

Education in Guinea and France

First studying in Koranic and French-run schools, Laye went on to study technical subjects at the cole Poiret in Conakry.

In 1947 he won a scholarship to France, where he studied motor engineering

He decided to remain in Paris after his scholarship had finished and continue his technical education

Education in Guinea and France

Laye then attended school at the Conservatoire des Arts et Mtiers and the cole Technique d'Aeonautique et de Construction Automobile.

He supported himself as a porter in Les Halles and at the Simca automobile plant.

Yearnings for Guinea Inspired Laye's First Novel

Laye believed that the sacrifices he made by leaving his home, warranted more, "It was not, in my opinion, worth the trouble to leave Africa only to become a mechanic. It was too simple a job."

Feeling lonely, Laye began writing down warm memories of his childhood in Guinea, which became the roots of his first novel.

L'Enfant noirand Critical Success

L'Enfant noir(1953;Dark Child) is primarily a recounting of Laye's own voyage from childhood

The book wins its audience through its tender but unsentimental treatment of the older African life and the dignity and beauty of that nostalgically lamented past.

Laye expresses his deepanxietyat leaving his homeland, writing, "It was a terrible parting! I do not like to think of it. I can still hear my mother wailing. It was as if I was being torn apart."

L'Enfant noirand Critical Success

However, this separation enhanced his appreciation for his home and his culture.

He brought Marie Lorifo, whom he had known from Conakry, to Paris and married her.

L'Enfant noirreceived critical acclaim and won the Prix Charles Veillon in February of 1954.

Le Regard du roiConsolidated Laye's Literary Career

Laye's second novel,Le Regard du roi(1954;The Radiance of the King)

Clarence enters thewhirlpoolofsloth, oflust, ofdespair, until one day the King arrives and accepts in his open arms thebedraggledbut earnest man

Widely considered Laye's masterpiece,Le Regard du roifirmly established Laye's reputation as a quality writer.

Increasing Popularity and Acknowledgment in West Africa

Laye continued to write, completing plays for radio and collecting some oral literature of the Manding.

His popularity in West Africa grew.

He received critical praise in the first issue ofBlack Orpheusin 1957 and was included in Gerald Moore'sSeven African Writers(1962).

Guinean Independence and Government Posts

Laye and his wife returned to Guinea in 1956.

He worked in several positions in West Africa, including teaching French in Accra, Ghana.

After Guinea attained its independence, Laye became Guinea's ambassador to Ghana

He also spent a short time as a diplomat in Liberia.

He returned to Guinea and held a series of prominent positions including director of the Department of Economic Agreements and associate director of the National Institute of Research and Documentation.

Difficult Years in Senegal

Life for Laye and his family in Senegal was not easy. He worked as a research fellow at the Institut Fondamental d'Afrique Noire (IFAN)

In 1970, Laye's wife was arrested at the airport in Guinea after receiving a letter from her sick father urging her to visit.

Laye was left to raise their seven children.

In 1971 Laye completed a novel entitledL'Exile,butdeferredits publication because of its political sensitivity

Difficult Years in Senegal

During his wife's imprisonment, Laye married a second wife - and had another two children.

After his first wife was released in 1977, she returned to Dakar, but was unable to accept Laye's additional wife.

Acute Illness

In 1975 Laye became acutely ill with a kidney condition

Reine Carducci, an admirer of Laye's work, became conscious of Laye'splight.

Flix Houphout-Boigny, president of the Ivory Coast, Laye later wrote his biography and expressed his admiration for the leader.

Laye received the necessary medical care in Paris.

DeathCamara Laye died in 1980 inDakarof a kidney infection.

Authorship controversy

Camara Laye's authorship ofLe Regard du roiwas questioned by literary scholar Adele King in her bookRereading Camara Laye.

Scholar F. Abiola Irele, in an article calledIn Search of Camara Layeasserts that the claims are not "sufficiently grounded" to adequately justify that Laye did not author the mentioned work.

Radiance of the King Part IThe Stolen Jacket by Camara Laye

SETTING

At the busy street of Africa- There was a feverish activity. Everywhere the drums were rumbling, rolling and quivering to the reeds There were hoarse cries of men and womenCourt room

CHARACTERS Clarence, beggar, landlord, judge, guard

Clarence

Scene 1

Scene 2

Landlord Clarence

Scene 3

JudgeGuardBeggarClarenceLandlord

At the Judge Room

At the Judge Room

The Plan to Scape

Just then the beggar whispered in Clarence ear Run! Dont wait! Run! Meet me at the gate of the city. Run, I tell you, theyll have your underpants as well.

Clarence was resigned to the loss of his trousers, and the shirt but not his underpants so he bolted like a hare, and found himself in the corridor .

Fleeing

Clarence in the meantime, had opened at random one of the hundred doors which gave on to the corridor. And now he was fleeing through a maze of deserted rooms and empty passages.

Got out, At Last!

After opening so many doors, he ended up opening on to that same court room from which he had fled so many hours.

He saw that the room was deserted except for the judge who was asleep and snoring.

Slowly he tiptoed.

JudgeClarenceZzZzZzZzZzZzZ

And with a sigh of relief he found himself once more in the street, in the red glow of the first an uproar of the street.