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Transcript of Botswana Integrated Water Resources Management & Water ... Botswana IWRM WE Plan Vol...

  • Botswana Integrated Water Resources Management & Water

    Efficiency Plan

    Republic of Botswana

    Volume :, May, 2013

  • Botswana Integrated Water Resources & Water Efficiency Plan Volume 2

    Botswana Integrated Water Resources Management &Water Efficiency Plan

    May 2013

    Volume 2: Appendices

    Prepared for: Ministry of Mineral, Energy and Water ResourcesDepartment of Water AffairsPrivate Bag 0029Gaborone, BotswanaTel: +267 395 2241Fax: +267 390 3508

    Prepared by: Centre for Applied Research and Aurecon Botswana

    Citation: Department of Water Affairs Ministry of Minerals, Energy & Water Resources.(2013). Botswana Integrated Water Resources Management & Water EfficiencyPlan. (L. Dikobe, Ed.) Gaborone, Botswana: Government of Botswana.

  • Botswana Integrated Water Resources & Water Efficiency Plan Volume 2

    i

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    LIST OF TABLES .......................................................................................................................................VII

    LIST OF FIGURES.....................................................................................................................................VIII

    ABBREVIATIONS.......................................................................................................................................IX

    1.0. APPENDIX A: SUMMARY OF IWRM WE PLAN CONSULTATION .................................................................. 1

    1.1. Sector Consultation ....................................................................................................................... 1

    1.1.1. Environment Sector..................................................................................................... 1

    1.1.2. Agricultural sector ....................................................................................................... 3

    1.1.3. Mining Sector............................................................................................................... 6

    1.1.4. Tourism sector............................................................................................................. 9

    1.2. District consultations................................................................................................................... 11

    1.2.1. South and south western consultations (held in Kang)............................................. 11

    1.2.2. Northern North East consultations ......................................................................... 17

    1.2.3. East consultations (Palapye)...................................................................................... 21

    1.3. Participants in Consultations....................................................................................................... 28

    2.0. APPENDIX B SUMMARY OF SELECTED SADCWATER POLICY DOCUMENTS.................................................... 31

    2.1. SADC Water Policy and Strategy ................................................................................................. 31

    2.2. Other SADC policy notes.............................................................................................................. 34

    3.0. APPENDIX C: REVIEW OF TRANSBOUNDARY RIVER BASINS IN SADC.......................................................... 35

    3.1. Introduction............................................................................................................................... ..35

    3.2. International Watercourses: Policy and Conventions ................................................................. 35

    3.3. International Legislation.............................................................................................................. 37

    3.3.1. UN Convention on the Law of the Non navigational Uses of InternationalWatercourses .............................................................................................................................. 37

    3.3.1.1. Part I: Introduction .................................................................................................... 38

    3.3.1.2. Part II: General Principles .......................................................................................... 38

    3.3.1.3. Part III: Planned Measures......................................................................................... 39

    3.3.1.4. Part VI: Protection, Preservation & Management .................................................... 39

    3.3.1.5. Part V: Harmful Conditions & Emergency Situations ................................................ 40

  • Botswana Integrated Water Resources & Water Efficiency Plan Volume 2

    ii

    3.3.1.6. Part VI: Miscellaneous Provisions.............................................................................. 40

    3.3.1.7. Part VII: Final Clauses ................................................................................................ 40

    3.3.2. Draft articles on the Law of Transboundary Aquifers ............................................... 40

    3.3.3. UN Convention to Combat Desertification................................................................ 43

    3.3.3.1. Convention Provisions and Priorities......................................................................... 43

    3.3.4. Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar).............................. 54

    3.4. REGIONAL LEGISLATION .............................................................................................................. 55

    3.4.1. Revised Protocol on Shared Watercourses in SADC (2000) ...................................... 55

    3.5. Zambezi River Basin..................................................................................................................... 56

    3.5.1. Institutional Review (Pietersen and Beekman) ......................................................... 57

    3.5.1.1. Organizational Structure ........................................................................................... 58

    3.5.1.2. Functions and Mandate............................................................................................. 58

    3.5.1.3. Rules on Decision making & Procedure for Dispute Resolution ............................... 59

    3.5.1.4. RBO programmes and capacity building processes................................................... 59

    3.5.1.5. Comments ................................................................................................................. 60

    3.5.2. Zambezi IWRM Strategy and Implementation Plan .................................................. 61

    3.5.2.1. Challenges and Development Issues ......................................................................... 61

    3.5.3. Zambezi IWRM Strategies ......................................................................................... 64

    3.5.3.1. Strategic Options Analysis ......................................................................................... 64

    3.5.3.2. Strategies ................................................................................................................... 65

    3.5.4. Zambezi IWRM Implementation Plan........................................................................ 77

    3.5.4.1. Implementation Plan ................................................................................................. 77

    3.5.4.2. Financing Strategy Implementation .......................................................................... 77

    3.5.4.3. Coordination and Monitoring.................................................................................... 78

    3.5.4.4. Key Follow up Steps .................................................................................................. 79

    3.5.5. Recommendations and Actions................................................................................. 79

    3.6. Cubango Okavango River Basin................................................................................................... 80

    3.6.1. Institutional Review (Pietersen and Beekman) ......................................................... 80

    3.6.2. Comments ................................................................................................................. 83

    3.6.3. Botswana National Action Plan for the Okavango .................................................... 85

    3.6.3.1. Driving factors ........................................................................................................... 86

  • Botswana Integrated Water Resources & Water Efficiency Plan Volume 2

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    3.6.3.2. Priority Areas of Concern .......................................................................................... 87

    3.6.4. Management Interventions Botswana Specific Thematic Areas............................ 94

    3.6.5. NAP Implementation ................................................................................................. 98

    3.6.5.1. Institutional set up for NAP coordination ................................................................. 98

    3.6.5.2. Monitoring and Evaluation Mechanisms................................................................. 102

    3.6.5.3. Required resources and possible funding ............................................................... 103

    3.6.6. Recommendations and Actions............................................................................... 114

    3.6.6.1. Botswana National Action Plan for the Zambezi ..................................................... 114

    3.6.6.2. Funding .......................