BIOREMEDIATION OF OIL SPILLS IN...

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BIOREMEDIATION OF OIL SPILLS IN VIETNAM OIL SPILL RESPONSE IN VIETNAM HCM City, 02 nd June 2005

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  • BIOREMEDIATION OF OIL SPILLS IN VIETNAM

    OIL SPILL RESPONSE IN VIETNAM

    HCM City, 02nd June 2005

  • CONTENTS

    1. Oil Spill Risks1.1 Potential risk resources1.2 Oil movement1.3 Resources at risk1.4 Legislation2. Oil Spill Preparedness & Response2.1 Organization2.2 Responsibilities2.3 Key response forces for each region2.4 Other response resource2.5 Response strategies

  • 1. OIL SPILL RISKS

    1.1 Potential Risk ResourcesFrom oil & gas drilling & producing operations: crude oil being produced, fuel oil of FPSO/supply vesselProducing rate: 400.000 barrels/days aver. Location: occurs mainly in offshore of the SouthFrom sea transportation: DO, FO, LO, KO, condensate (Fuel or goods of tankers)Unloading rate: 7-8 million tons/yearLocation: at inland terminal (10-20km away from the estuaries) and unloading points in Ganh Rai Bay Vung Tau city.

  • 1.2 Oil MovementMainly depend on time of year and location

    Offshore incident (offshore area of the south)In NE monsoon: (from Nov to Mar/Apr) toward the shorelineIn SW monsoon: (from Jun to Sep) drifts away the shoreline(modeling is available)Near shore incident: not easy to forecast the movement direction (modeling is available for few rivers in HCM city, BR-VT province)On river incident: moves quickly & changes dimension after six hours

    1. OIL SPILL RISKS

  • 1. OIL SPILL RISKS

    1.3 Resources At RiskPresent at almost coastal provincesInvested values of each type of feeding/panting objective could estimate Statistical reports in details are not available

    - Tiger shrimp - Oyster/shell farm- Salt farm- Fish/ farm- Lobster farm- Mangrove stand- Seaside resorts- Bird breeding- Tourists, beaches- Fishing spawning area

  • 1. OIL SPILL RISK

    1.4 LegislationEnvironmental protection law (EPL), 1995 & circular guidelines to implement EPLPetroleum law (PL), 1993 & circular guideline to implement PLSafety Management Regulations in the Petroleum Activities Decision No. 129/2001/DQ-TTg, 2001 improved national plan to develop oil spill response capacity from 2001 2010Circular No. 2262/TT-MTg, 1995 issued by MoSTE regulating temporarily for responding to oil spill incident

  • 1. OIL SPILL RISK

    1.4 LegislationEnvironmental protection law (EPL), 1995 & circular guidelines to implement EPLPetroleum law (PL), 1993 & circular guideline to implement PLSafety Management Regulations in the Petroleum Activities Decision No. 129/2001/DQ-TTg, 2001 improved national plan to develop oil spill response capacity from 2001 2010Circular No. 2262/TT-MTg, 1995 issued by MoSTE regulating temporarily for responding to oil spill incident

  • 2.1 OrganizationNSR Committee

    Local Authorities- Port authorities- Militaries

    River response teams

    2. OIL SPILL PREPAREDNESS & RESPONSE

    National OSR Centers

    Industry stakeholder- VSP- PV Drilling- RDCPSE- PTSC

    Shoreline cleanup teams

    Offshore response teams

    Private Sector - Dai Minh- Thanh Trung

    Other support teams

  • 2.2 Responsibilities National Search & Rescue Committee (NSR committee)- Direct & coordinate national centers in tier III incident- Report to the Government the result of response operations

    National oil spill response centers (National OSR Centers)- Conduct directly the response operations up to tier III- Coordinate & control directly response teams from other resources attending to the response operations- Report response results to the NSR Committee- National contact point for international cooperating operations

    2. OIL SPILL PREPAREDNESS & RESPONSE

  • 2.2 Responsibilities Response teams of National OSR Center- Prepare and arrange equipment, personnel, vehicles to carry out response operationsIndustry stakeholder: PV Drilling, VSP, PTSC, RDCPSE, - Support response teams to carry out the response operations (provide equipment, personnel, chemical, vehicles)Local authorities: Military, Port Authorities- Conduct/ support response operations from tier II- Report the responses to People committee

    2. OIL SPILL PREPAREDNESS & RESPONSE

  • 2.3 Key Response ForcesNavy No. 128 Company (for the north)- Assigned temporarily to respond to oil spill incident in the north- Main working area: Hai Phong Port, Ha Long Bay - Personnel: a small response team- Equipment: some kinds of equipment.- Experiences: 02 years with real incidents

    2. OIL SPILL PREPAREDNESS & RESPONSE

  • 2.3 Key Response Forces For Each RegionAutumn River Company (for the center)- Officially launches its operations as a NORC in 2003- Main working area: Da Nang Port, Nha Trang & Vung Ro Bay- Personnel: 10 15 persons- Equipment: focus mainly on inshore response in this period- Experiences: 02 years with real incidents

    2. OIL SPILL PREPAREDNESS & RESPONSE

  • 2.3 Key Response ForcesPV Drilling (for the south)- Assigned temporarily to respond to oil spill incident in the south- Main working area: all oil fields in Vietnam territory

    oil transferring areas on rivers in VT, HCM, D.Nai..- Personnel: stand-by with 30 trained experts, technicians, operators

    back up with app. 150 offshore men- Equipment: diverse & enough to cope with a spill at tier II (booms, skimmers, tanks, chemicals, bio-degradable adsorbent, auxiliaries,)- Experiences: since 1994, carry out such exercise (6-10 times/year) and respond to real incident

    2. OIL SPILL PREPAREDNESS & RESPONSE

  • 2.4 Other Response ForcesVSP (Vung Tau)- Activities: stand-by/ respond for VSPs oil production operations in at offshore oil filed, VSP supply port at VT- Personnel: stand-by with 1 response team (10 trained persons)- Equipment: diverse & enough to cope with a spill at tier II- Experiences: since 1995, carry out 1-2 exercise a year, responded to some spills

    2. OIL SPILL PREPAREDNESS & RESPONSE

  • 2.4 Other Response ForcesHa Dat, Thanh Trung (VT), Dai Minh (HCM)- Activities: stand-by for oil transferring at few terminals inshore/ on river in Vung Tau- Personnel: stand-by with 1 response team (5 10 persons)- Equipment: enough to cope with a spill on river at tier I- Experiences: 2-3 years

    RDCPSE - Activities: consult for planning, assess the envi. Impact from a spill, etc.,- Personnel: experts on field of lab, IT, environment, etc,- Facility: lab, treatment facility, software for forecast oil movement, .

    2. OIL SPILL PREPAREDNESS & RESPONSE

  • 2.5 Response Strategies- Natural clean-up & monitoring- Chemical dispersant- Mechanic containment & recovery- In-situ - Protect the sensitive shorelines- Shoreline clean-up

    For each situation, one or combined strategy mentioned above will be chosen to prevent/reduce the affect of a spill to and promote the recovery of the environment

    2. OIL SPILL PREPAREDNESS & RESPONSE

  • - Oil spill incident is one of the most potential risks which could affect seriously to Vietnam coastal environment, specially in the south.

    - The fundamental regulations/ contingency plans have been issued to regulate, guideline strategies for preparedness & response of oil spill.

    - Three NORSCs will be established, developed to cope with a spill up to tier II for each region and cooperate in case of tier III incident

    CONCLUSION

  • THANK YOUFOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION

  • Mangroves in Ba Ria Vung Tau

  • Offshore mechanical equipment

  • Inshore boom

  • Dispersant heli-spraying set

  • Hong Anh Incident in Ganh Rai Bay