Bike safety comes with three things

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Transcript of Bike safety comes with three things

  • three things proper equipment and bike

    inspections, competency and knowledge, and last but just as important is skills or skill tests

    Did you know that 6 out of 10 provinces have helmet laws?

    British Columbiaall cyclists

    Manitoba cyclists under 18

    Albertacyclists under 18

    Ontariocyclists under 18

    Nova Scotiaall cyclists

    New Brunswickall cyclists

    Newfoundland - all cyclists

    Prince Edward Islandall cyclists


  • Did you talk with everyone you know about the ABC of Bicyles


    Before you ride your bike, be sure to check your tires to ensure they are properly inflated. Also

    check your tires to ensure they are not worn, cracked or gouged.

    BBrakes, Bar & Bell

  • Brakes

    If you have handlebar brakes, squeeze the brake levers to ensure they are working. Also

    check the brake pads for wear and tear.


    Ensure your handlebar is set at the correct height. The key is setting the handlebar height

    correctly so that you can ride comfortably without strain on your back, shoulders or wrists.


    Ensure you have a working bell so that you can communicate clearly to other road users.

    CChain & Crank


    Check the chain to ensure it is secure and is not slipping from the gears. Also check to see if

    it needs any oil.


    Run your bicycle through its gears to ensure you can shift gears easily and cleanly.

  • 1. Headset/Front Fork: Check that it turns freely and doesn't rattle.

    2. Brakes: Check that the nuts on the brakes are tight. Brake pads should not touch the

    rims unless you are squeezing the brakes. Brake levers should stop at least 2.5

    centimetres from the handlebars when the brakes are fully applied.

    3. Derailleur Movement: On derailleur bikes, try shifting through all your gears and make

    sure your derailleur does not throw the chain off the sprockets.

    4. Shift Levers: Derailleur levers should move easily only when shifting. A screw or

    butterfly nut or similar device lets you adjust the movement of some types of shifter


    5. Tires: If your bike has been sitting unused all winter, your tires will likely be soft or flat.

    Inflate to the recommended tire pressure as shown on the tire.

    6. Spokes: Check for and replace loose, bent or broken spokes.

    7. Wheels: Make sure wheels are centred in the forks and not touching the brake blocks.

    Check the rim for side-to-side wobbles and up and down hops by watching the wheel

    spin past the brakes or frame. More than half a centimetre of wobble is cause for


    8. Chain: The chain and sprokets on your bike play an important role in the transfer of

    power from your legs to your wheels. When they collect dirt and grit, not only does it

    slow you down, but they also wear out faster. Keeping your chain clean and lubricated

    is one of the best ways to keep your bike working well.

    Get your Teams to Totally fill in the single correct answers on these next question, and see

    how they do in their STREET Sense regarding bike safety!

    1. Is it OK to ride a bicycle while wearing headphones?

    A. Never

    B. Only on busy roads

    C. Only on residential streets

    2. Before entering a roadway, you should look:

    A. Left

    B. Right

    C. Left, centre and right

  • 3. Your bicycle helmet should fit:

    A. Snugly and cover your forehead

    B. Loosely and cover your ears

    C. Snugly and cover your ears

    4. A low speed fall on a bike path can cause:

    A. A brain injury

    B. Cuts and bruises

    C. All of the above

    5. You should wear a helmet:

    A. Every time you ride a bike

    B. Only on busy roads

    C. Only on bicycle paths

    6. Before entering a roadway from a parking lot, you should:

    A. Slow down

    B. Speed up

    C. Stop

    7. You should observe the following at a four way stop.

    A. The bicycle/vehicle that stops first should go first

    B. Go first as soon as you arrive

    C. Both bicycle/vehicle go at the same time

    8. Its important to check over your shoulder every time you:

    A. Are going to change lanes

    B. Are going to make a turn

    C. All of the above

    9. Visibility is important to staying safe on the road. Always make sure you have:

    A. Good working lights and reflectors

  • B. Light-toned clothing

    C. All of the above

    10. A bell is an important safety feature because:

    A. It informs others you are passing

    B. It keeps you from getting bored

    C. Its fun to play with

    11. If a cyclist dismounts completely and is walking beside and pushing their bicycle:

    A. They are considered by law to be a pedestrian

    B. They are considered by law to be a vehicle

    C. They are breaking the law

    12. Stay well behind large vehicles because:

    A. They may not like bicycles

    B. They may not see you

    C. They may want to back up

    13. When riding:

    A. Ride with your head down

    B. Ride with your head up and look well ahead

    C. Look mostly in your mirror

    14. To make sure that cars see you:

    A. Always enter the intersection either ahead of or behind the cars

    B. Pull out in front of traffic

    C. Always enter the intersection without stopping

    15. When riding your bicycle:

    A. Only signal on busy roads

    B. Obey all traffic laws

    C. Ride on the left side of the road

  • 16. Before entering an intersection, you should look:

    A. Left

    B. Right

    C. Left, centre and right

    17. Before turning right at an intersection, you should:

    A. Look left

    B. Look right

    C. Shoulder check and look left and right

    18. The ABCs of bicycle maintenance are:

    A. Air

    B. Brakes, Bars and Bell

    C. Chains and Crank

    D. All of the above

    19. When do most bicycle injuries occur?

    A. Evening

    B. Afternoon rush hour

    C. Morning

    D. None of the above

    20. How many provinces have helmet laws?

    A. 2

    B. 4

    C. 6

    D. 10

    21. Ride in a straight line at least how many metres away from parked vehicles?

    A. 2

  • B. 4

    C. 1

    D. 5

    22. If the right curb lane is about to become a right-turn only lane and you wish to go straight:

    A. Keep going

    B. Stop

    C. Shoulder check, signal and move to the adjacent through lane

    23. To cross tracks safely, cross the tracks at a:

    A. Right angle

    B. Left angle

    C. Centre

    D. Do not cross

    24. When riding your bicycle you should be:

    A. Alert

    B. Wary

    C. Seen

    D. All of the above

    25. What is a common vehicle-bike collision?

    A. Driver opening the car door

    B. Driver turning left and right

    C. Driver passing

    D. All of the above

    Talk with EVERYONE ABOUT. Be Alert, Be Wary, Be Seen

    Be Alert

    Scan ahead, center, left and right.

    Be Wary

  • Be wary of vehicles, pedestrians and other road users.

    Be Seen

    Use your horn, hand signals and light to be seen by other road users.

    Ride with your head up and look well ahead

    Never stare at the ground, you need to see what is coming up ahead in order to plan your


    One person per bike

    Never ride with more passengers than the bike was designed for, otherwise you risk injury to

    yourself and others.

    Ride in single file

    Keep your space to avoid hitting another bicycle.

    Ride on the right side of the road (never ride against traffic)

    Riding on the wrong side of the road is illegal and you could risk injury to yourself and others.

    Riding in a group

    When riding with a group, discuss the general route ahead of time. Agree on what you will do

    when separated by traffic. Check local municipalities for any bylaws about group riding. In

    Toronto, for example, cyclists are required to ride single file, except at red lights, where they

    may temporarily pull up side-by-side. Be sure to contact a local cycling group or police station

    for more information.

    Choose a route

    Plan where you want to go ahead of time and if possible avoid riding in peak traffic times or on

    busy roads.

  • Did anyone cover Hazards on the Road?

    1. Uneven riding surfaces

    Riding on an uneven riding surface can affect balance and is very dangerous. On rough

    surfaces, a cyclist can easily lose balance and fall. So, when possible, always ride on

    even surfaces.

    2. Unknown or sharp objects on the road

    Avoid riding across sharp or unknown objects. This helps you avoid a flat tire or losing


    3. Unknown or slippery surfaces

    Unknown or slippery surfaces are very hazardous when riding a bicycle. Loss of

    traction can cause you to lose control of your bicycle and possibly hit the pavement

    and be injured. Its best to slow down and keep the bicycle as upright as possible.





    Practice Activity

    Use of Equipment

    1. Knows how to properly wear a helmet

  • Ensures helmet fits snugly

    Ensures helmet is positioned two fingers above the eyebrows to

    protect the forehead

    Tightens the chinstrap with enoug