Bender Visual Motor Gestalt. Card A Card 1 Card 2.
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Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Slide 2 Card A Slide 3 Card 1 Slide 4 Card 2 Slide 5 Card 3 Slide 6 Card 4 Slide 7 Card 5 Slide 8 Card 6 Slide 9 Card 7 Slide 10 Card 8 Slide 11 Interpretive Factors Sequence Sequence Expected order: left to right, top to bottom Deviations such as Shifts in expected progression (Cards A and 1 are left to right, card 2 is below card one, card 3 is next to card 1) Shifts in expected progression (Cards A and 1 are left to right, card 2 is below card one, card 3 is next to card 1) Normal methodical sequence Abnormal Overly concerned with organization (e.g. measuring Overly concerned with organization (e.g. measuring Slide 12 distance between figures, possibly obsessive distance between figures, possibly obsessive Indecisiveness Excessive rigidity Covert feelings of inadequacy Compulsive doubting Irregular lack of control, possibly bipolar or impulse control disorder Irregular lack of control, possibly bipolar or impulse control disorder Low frustration tolerance High latent anxiety Indecisiveness Borderline ego control Impulsiveness Left to right organization possibly rebellious Left to right organization possibly rebellious Slide 13 Position of first drawing Position of first drawing Normal is within upper third of page Egocentric within 3 inch square of center of paper Abnormal within one inch of edge of paper Shows orientation of individual to his/her world Center of the page, especially enlarged Narcissism Narcissism Egocentrism Egocentrism Passive oppositionalism Passive oppositionalism Slide 14 Use of space Use of space Space between drawings Excessive space Excessive space Immaturity Acting out Constricted space Constricted space Passive Withdrawn Schizoid tendencies Collision Collision Running together or overlapping figures Slide 15 Broadest terms loss of control Poor anticipatory planning Difficulty with figure/ground relationships Could be neurological (cortical dysfunction) Could be neurological (cortical dysfunction) Impulsivity Shift in position of the paper rotation of paper Shift in position of the paper rotation of paper Latent or passive oppositional tendencies Closure difficulty difficulty joining parts Closure difficulty difficulty joining parts Difficulty maintaining relationships Slide 16 Fearfulness in relationships Emotional disturbance Crossing difficulty difficulty crossing lines in figures 6 and 7 Crossing difficulty difficulty crossing lines in figures 6 and 7 Psychological blocking (preventing decisions) Indecisiveness Compulsive doubting Phobias Curvature Difficulty obvious change in curves Curvature Difficulty obvious change in curves Slide 17 Emotional disturbance Increased curves emotionality Decreases repression of emotions Can indicate depression Change in angulations angle of part of figure 15% or more from card Change in angulations angle of part of figure 15% or more from card Problems with emotional control Problems with impulse control Associated with organic brain damage, particularly when more severe Slide 18 Perceptual rotation entire figure rotated while card and paper are in standard positions Perceptual rotation entire figure rotated while card and paper are in standard positions Severe disturbance in ego functioning Often in people who are psychotic Sometimes oppositional Clockwise can indicate depression if mild Counterclockwise can indicate oppositional tendencies if mild Slide 19 Retrogression substitute more primitive Gestalt form (dashes for dots) Retrogression substitute more primitive Gestalt form (dashes for dots) Defense against trauma failure of ego Some types of schizophrenia Some types of schizophrenia Anxiety and poor defenses Always indicates severe pathology in adults Slide 20 Simplification Simplification Reduce involvement in an external task, reduce energy expended Often related to organic problems Fragmentation Fragmentation Unfinished or incomplete Problems in abstract thinking or synthesizing gestalts Slide 21 Overlapping Difficulty Overlapping Difficulty Overlap when not in stimulus card Failure to overlap Usually associated with brain damage Elaboration or Doodling Elaboration or Doodling Impulse control Intense anxiety Slide 22 Preservation Preservation Marked difficulty in ego control Redrawing Total Figure Redrawing Total Figure Absence of adequate anticipatory planning Temporal brain damage Also associated with obsessive behavior Slide 23 Case 1 Card A Slide 24 Card 1 Slide 25 Card 1 Enhanced Slide 26 Card 2 Slide 27 Card 3 Slide 28 Card 4 Slide 29 Card 5 Slide 30 Card 6 Slide 31 Card 6 Enhanced Slide 32 Card 7 Slide 33 Card 8 Slide 34 Case 2 Slide 35 Case 2 Enhanced