Baroque Music George Freidrich Handel Part I Renaissance Music Baroque Music.

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Transcript of Baroque Music George Freidrich Handel Part I Renaissance Music Baroque Music.

  • Slide 1
  • Slide 2
  • Baroque Music George Freidrich Handel
  • Slide 3
  • Part I
  • Slide 4
  • Renaissance Music Baroque Music
  • Slide 5
  • Renaissance Polyphony (Palestrina) too sophisticated; cant understand all those voices!!! They even sing in Latin!*?#!
  • Slide 6
  • Protestant Church (the Reformation) Catholic Church
  • Slide 7
  • Protestant Church (the Reformation) Catholic Church Simplify musical expression
  • Slide 8
  • Part II
  • Slide 9
  • Opera
  • Slide 10
  • Opera Musical and theatrical performance. The lines (dialogue) sung, not spoken
  • Slide 11
  • Recitative
  • Slide 12
  • Baroque composers looked back to Greek theatre
  • Slide 13
  • Text sung with musical accompaniment
  • Slide 14
  • Result was a recitative: single vocal line with simple instrumental accompaniment Within the Messiah, the recitative acts as an informational segue to the narrative
  • Slide 15
  • Much easier to understand music (vocal lines) Music gave emotional intensity to performance.
  • Slide 16
  • Oratorio
  • Slide 17
  • Oratorio: Music set to stories derived from Bible
  • Slide 18
  • Recitatives normally secular Oratorios normally sacred
  • Slide 19
  • Part III
  • Slide 20
  • George Frideric Handel (16851759)
  • Slide 21
  • Child Prodigy
  • Slide 22
  • By the age of seven he was a skillful performer on the harpsichord and organ, and at nine he began to compose music.
  • Slide 23
  • Father wanted him to study LAW, but he died and Handel turned to
  • Slide 24
  • Music
  • Slide 25
  • He moved to Hamburg, accepting a position as violinist and harpsichordist in the orchestra of the opera-house.
  • Slide 26
  • In 1710 Handel became Kappellmeister (Choir Master) to George, Elector of Hanover, who would soon be King George I of Great Britian.
  • Slide 27
  • He visited London in 1710 and settled there permanently in 1712, receiving a yearly income of 200 from Queen Anne.
  • Slide 28
  • In 1723, Handel moved into a newly built house in Brook Street, London, where he rented until his death 36 years later.
  • Slide 29
  • Handel lived at 25 Brook Street, London, now commemorated by a blue plaque on the outside of the building. It was here that he composed Messiah Next door at 23 Brook Street is another blue plaque for a more modern musician.
  • Slide 30
  • Handel lived at 25 Brook Street, London, now commemorated by a blue plaque on the outside of the building. It was here that he composed Messiah Next door at 23 Brook Street is another blue plaque for a more modern musician, Jimi Hendrix.
  • Slide 31
  • If you dont believe it, look at this photo of Mr. Holdren outside the apartments on Brooke Street in London in March 2011.
  • Slide 32
  • Slide 33
  • Part IV
  • Slide 34
  • Handels Messiah
  • Slide 35
  • Handels Messiah sacred Oratorio
  • Slide 36
  • Composed in 24 days
  • Slide 37
  • Thematic Outline for Messiah
  • Slide 38
  • 1. Messianic prophecy: the coming of Christ
  • Slide 39
  • Thematic Outline for Messiah 1. Messianic prophecy: the coming of Christ 2. Suffering and death of Christ. The defeat of humanity and the spread of Gods doctrine
  • Slide 40
  • Thematic Outline for Messiah 1. Messianic prophecy: the coming of Christ 2. Suffering and death of Christ. The defeat of humanity and the spread of Gods doctrine. 3. Redemption of Humanity through Christ; overthrow of death; and a hymn of thanksgiving. This is the same theme as the Sistine Ceiling!!!!
  • Slide 41
  • O=Orchestra; R=Recitative; A=Aria, C=Chorus
  • Slide 42
  • Aria= a solo piece; emphasizing great emotion; noted for high pitchesa soaring soundparticular to Italian operas. Love is an often used subject for arias
  • Slide 43
  • CHORUS: And the glory of the Lord shall be revealed. And all flesh shall see it together, for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken. (Isaiah 40:5)
  • Slide 44
  • Recitative: Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Emmanuel, God with us. (Isaiah 7:14/Matthew 1:23)
  • Slide 45
  • Aria (air): I know that my Redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth. And though worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh I see God. (Job 19:25-26)
  • Slide 46
  • Chorus: Hallelujah, for the Lord God Omnipotent reigneth, Hallelujah! The Kingdom of this world is become the Kingdom of our Lord and of his Christ, and he shall reign for ever and ever, Hallelujah! King of Kings, and Lord of Lords, and he shall reign for ever and ever, Hallelujah! (Revelation 19:6, 11:15, 19:16)