Baroque Music

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Baroque Music. Sonata. Audio Clip. A work for solo piano, or a solo instrument accompanied by harpsichord. Often the basso continuo would also be played by a cello/Viola de Gamba. From the Classical period onwards a sonata was a work for piano or solo instrument accompanied by piano. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Baroque Music

  • SonataA work for solo piano, or a solo instrument accompanied by harpsichord. Often the basso continuo would also be played by a cello/Viola de Gamba. From the Classical period onwards a sonata was a work for piano or solo instrument accompanied by piano.Audio ClipAudio ClipBassoContinuo

  • ConcertoWork for solo instrument and orchestra, e.g. a flute concerto is written for solo flute and orchestra. Audio ClipAudio Clip

  • Concerto GrossoA type of concerto in which a group of soloists (concertino) is combined and contrasted with a larger group (ripieno). Audio ClipRipienoConcertino

  • Concerto GrossoThere are two sections in a Concerto Grosso.The section played by the soloists (concertino) is called the concertante .The section played by the larger group (ripieno) is called the ritornello.Audio ClipRipienoConcertinoRitornello

  • The ritornello can also be a brief introduction or interlude in a vocal composition, or for a brief instrumental passage between scenes in a 17th-century opera.RitornelloAudio ClipRitornello BeginsRitornello Ends

  • SuiteA set of dances or a collection of pieces which are part of a larger scale work.Dances contained in the suite include.

    Overture

    Gavotte

    Courante

    Bourree

    Minuet

    GigueAudio clipAudio clipAudio clipAudio clipAudio clipAudio clipA piece of orchestral music which introduces a large-scale work such as an opera, an oratorio, or a musical.J S Bach

  • PassacagliaVariations over a ground bass. Audio File

  • ChaconneVariations over a repeated progression of chords.Audio Clip

  • FugueA contrapuntal piece based on a theme (subject) announced in one voice part alone,then imitated by other voices in close succession.

    The following slides will describe different aspects of the fugue. See Episode, and Stretto.

  • ExpositionThe exposition is the opening section of a fugue. It is made of 3 main ideas.

    They are

  • SubjectThe subject is the opening and main melody of a fugue. subject

  • AnswerThe answer is the same melody as the first subject but at a higher or lowerPitch. The answer can be either real (an exact copy by interval) or Tonal (the intervals may change slighly to fit with the harmony)Answer

  • Counter SubjectOnce the subject has been played the instrument will continue by playinga continuation of the melody called a counter subject.Counter subject.

  • Note how these 3 feature fit together in the opening two lines of this fugue.subjectAnswerAnswersubjectCounter subject.Counter subject.

  • StrettoWhere voices or instruments enter very quickly one after the other, as in Fugue. Each entry or part enters closely after the previous part, thus adding tension and excitement.

  • Now watch a video clip of this fugue and look at how these ideas link together.It is also worth noting the pedal note near the coda (the extra section at the end) as this is a common feature in fuguesAudio Clip

  • EpisodeIn some Fugues an episode can be used as a modulating link between entries of the subject and is frequently based on fragments from the subject or Countersubject.This fugue is in C minor. Listen for the tierce di picardie (major chord) at the end.Audio Clip

  • Chorale PreludeAn extended composition for organ based on a chorale melody. The melody can be treated in a wide variety of ways, e.g. fugal style and variation form. Audio Clip

  • Da Capo AriaAn aria in Ternary form (A B A), found in opera and oratorio in the 17th and 18th centuries. The third section is not written out but the instruction Da capo (from the beginning) is given instead. The repeat of the A section was performed with the solo ornamented. In the Baroque section B was often in the relative minor or major.

    Audio ClipSection AIntroduction in BbSection BG minor Relative MinorGo back toSection A

  • Other Features

  • Basso ContinuoSometimes referred to as Continuo. In the Baroque period, the continuo part consisted of a bass line (basso continuo) played by cello, bass, viola da gamba or bassoon. In addition the harpsichord, organ or lute player was expected to fill in harmonies built on that bass line.

    Audio Clip

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