BarCamp Homebrew Presentation Final (No Transitions)

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Presentation I gave at BarCamp CHS 2010 on how to make beer at home.

Transcript of BarCamp Homebrew Presentation Final (No Transitions)

  • 1.HOMEBREW 101 How to Get Started Making Your Own Beer

2. Were going to talk about... What exactly is beer, anyway? What kind of beer can you make at home? What equipment do you need? How do you actually make beer? Cool! How do I get started? What to do after my first batch? 3. What is beer, anyway? 4. What is beer, anyway? Besides delicious, beer is... Malted Grains Contribute fermentable sugars, flavors, and color Typically barley, but also wheat, oat, rye, etc Base and specialty malts Hops Add bitterness, flavor and aroma to beer A natural preservative Lots of variety in level of bitterness and types of aromas Yeast Convert fermentable sugars to alcohol and CO2 Two types, ale (top fermenting) and lager (bottom fermenting) Ale yeasts can add flavors Water Cleaner water leads to better beer Home brewers often opt for bottled drinking water 5. What is beer, anyway? In addition to the four main ingredients, you can brew with... just about anything! Fruit (raspberries, cherries, watermelon, etc) Chocolate Coffee Spices (vanilla, nutmeg, cinnamon, lemon zest, etc) Sugars (like brown or beet) Honey Chili peppers (no really) 6. What kind of beer can you make at home? Answer: Anything but Bud Light 7. What kind of beer can you make at home? Most home brewers start with ales They ferment best between 65 and 75 degrees Some common ale styles: India Pale Ale (IPA) Stout Porter Barley Wine Brown / Red / Amber Ales Wheat Beers (Hefeweizen) Belgian Dubbel and Trippel 8. What kind of beer can you make at home? Sounds a little intimidating... thats a lot of options Home brew stores sell recipe kits with everything you need As a beginner, just decide what you want to brew 9. What kind of beer can you make at home? Were going to talk about making: An ale recipe kit using specialty grains With a single-stage fermentation Using a technique called Extract Brewing and a Partial Boil 10. What kind of equipment do you need? Hint: Not this much... 11. What kind of equipment do you need? Brew Pot Stainless vs. Aluminum $40 - $300+ Lots of sizes (4 to 30+ gal.) Fermenter Bucket or Carboy 6 gal. min. capacity Both require an airlock 12. What kind of equipment do you need? Brewing Accessories Long Handled Spoon (plastic or stainless) Strainer Thief (Turkey Baster) Auto-Siphon 6 foot hose Cheap ($11) and super easy to start a siphon 13. What kind of equipment do you need? Bottling Bucket Plastic bucket with spigot Short length of hose Bottle filler Bottling Accessories Bottles New or Used Caps Bottle Capper 14. What kind of equipment do you need? Measurement Devices Thermometer Hydrometer Test tube Cleaning Supplies Powdery Brew Wash StarSan Sanitizer Brushes 15. How do you actually make beer? Made (not so) painstakingly by YOU! 16. How do you actually make beer? Step 1: Clean Everything Mix up a solution of your cleaner, per instructions Thoroughly clean everything that will touch the beer Step 2: Assemble Equipment and Ingredients Youll need the brew pot, fermenter, airlock, long spoon, strainer, turkey baster, hydrometer, thermometer Recipe kit + 6 gallons of bottled drinking water Set the yeast out at room temperature, up to 24 hours 17. How do you actually make beer? Step 2: Assemble Equipment and Ingredients 18. How do you actually make beer? Step 3: Soak the Specialty Grains Bring 2 to 2.5 gal. of water up to approx. 155o Once heated, place the grain bag in the water Typically steeps for 20 to 30 minutes, per recipe When finished, lift in and out like a tea bag Let it drip, then discard Return the pot to the heat and bring to a boil 19. How do you actually make beer? Step 4: Add Malt Extract Remove the heat source and slowly add the extract Add slowly, and stir; it can scorch and needs to dissolve Return to heat, bring to a roiling boil Watch it! It contains a LOT of sugar and can boil over... 20. How do you actually make beer? Step 5: Boil the Wort and Add Hops Once you get to a roiling boil, reduce heat and set timer 60 minutes: Add bittering hops 15 minutes: Add flavoring hops 5 minutes: Add aroma hops While the wort boils, sanitize the fermentation equipment Bucket, airlock, turkey baster, strainer, ladle Just dont go too far... 21. How do you actually make beer? Step 6: Cool the Wort Need to get the wort below 75o as fast as possible Your Kitchen Sink Submerge the brew pot in an ice bath in sink or cooler Will need to stir the wort to circulate Replace the cold water as necessary Wort Chiller Passes cold water through a ring of tubing for heat exchange Connects to faucet with adapter Place into wort for last 15 min of boil to sanitize Ice Cold Top-Off Water Put 3 gallons in the freezer when you start When youre ready to ferment, it will be ice cold Some brewers frown on it, and its not entirely effective 22. How do you actually make beer? Step 7: Strain & Aerate the Wort Straining remove grain and hop fragments Aerating introduces O2 which helps start fermentation Check specific gravity with sanitized hydrometer 23. How do you actually make beer? Step 8: Pitch the Yeast Shake the yeast vial and pour into fermenter Give a good stir with a sanitized spoon Seal the fermenter with sanitized lid, and add airlock 24. How do you actually make beer? Step 9: Clean Everything Take good care of the equipment, clean after every use Step 10: Wait Beer ferments for between 2 and 3 weeks In the third week, take three specific gravity readings at 24 hour intervals; stable gravity = time to bottle 25. How do you actually make beer? Step 11: Prep for Bottling Soak and scrub all bottles the night before Day of, clean bottling bucket, spigot, bottle filler, siphon 26. How do you actually make beer? Step 12: Prime and Transfer to Bottling Bucket Sanitize everything, let bottles drip dry Boil and dissolve priming sugar into 2 cups of water Add sugar water to bottling bucket Using the sanitized auto- siphon, transfer the beer from primary to bottling bucket 27. How do you actually make beer? Step 13: Bottle and Store Fill each beer to top and put sanitized cap on top Seal all bottles with capper Store in a cool dark place for 3 weeks 28. Cool! How do I get started? Dont take my word for it Keep reading, theres a ton of info out there The Complete Joy of Home Brewing HomebrewTalk.com (Forums) TastyBrew.com (Recipe Database) Purchase an equipment kit and recipe I buy from AustinHomebrew.com Tons of recipes, $7.99 flat rate shipping 29. What to do after my first batch? Get another fermenter and try two-stage fermentation Transfer from primary to secondary after 7-10 days Gets away from dead yeast, and allows for clarification Come up with your own recipe Software available to help build recipes Mini-Mash and All-Grain brewing Mini-mash is all-grain technique for a small amount of 30. Resources Equipment / Recipes AustinHomebrew.co m NorthernBrewer.com Knowledge HomebrewTalk.com TastyBrew.com This Presentation slideshare.net/mlamb200 5 CHS Homebrew Club? If interested, email me at: matthewlamb@gmail.com