Assignment 31: Photography Research & practice: draft 1
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Assignment 31: Photography Research & PracticePerson 1: Person 2:Person 3:Person 4:Jodie Foster-PiliaAbigail Menzies Pamela YounesLaura Cuk
Lighting under exposurebeforeafter
What is itFound examplesMy example before and afterThere is not enough light in the photograph.
As a result photo appears quite dark and gloomy
Under exposure makes it difficult to see the subject matter
A photograph may be described as underexposed when it has a loss of shadow detail
Lighting Over exposureToo much light
A photograph may be described as overexposed when it has a loss of highlight detail, that is, when important bright parts of an image are washed out or effectively all white
Good exposure BeforeAfter
What is itA found exampleMy example before and afterThe lights are darks are balanced, creating very good lighting
Image is clear and good quality
Deep focusDeep focus is when everything in the photo graph is in focus, not just specific parts
What is itfound examplesMy example before and after
in deep focus the foreground, middle-ground and background are all in focus.
Composition - leading lines
What is it found examplesMy example before and afterLeading lines are lines within an image that leads the eye to another point in the image, or occasionally, out of the image.
Anything with a definite line can be a leading line. Fences, bridges, even a shoreline can lead the eye
Lighting High KeySource: http://www.ephotozine.com/article/high-key-and-low-key-lighting-tutorial-13881High key lighting eliminates all shadowsBefore After
DescriptionA found exampleMy exampleWhen artificial bright lighting is used to blow out most or all harsh shadows in an image
Lighting Low KeySource: http://www.digitalcameraworld.com/2012/05/13/black-and-white-photography-what-you-need-to-know-for-perfect-mono-pictures/6/Contrasts with dark colour creates suspense and mysteryBeforeAfter
DescriptionA found exampleMy exampleThere is reduced intensity of lighting as a result there are strong contrasts in the photograph
Shallow FocusSource:http://www.luminouslandscape.com/techniques/3_years_later_dslr_video_one_mans_perspective.shtmlBlurred background suggests its unimportant and puts greater emphasis on the woman
DescriptionA found exampleMy examplePart of the photograph is in focus while the rest of it is focused
Composition Rule of thirds/PowerpointsSource: http://digitalphotographylive.com/rule-of-thirds/Object placed in the centre is the most important
DescriptionA found exampleMy exampleAn image should be divided into nine equal parts by two equally spaced horizontal lines and two equally spaced vertical lines and the important element of the image should be situated at the intersection of these lines
Lighting - FillBrings more brightness to their face making it look naturalWhere theres a balance between over and underexposure Fill lighting removes the shadows from the image and replace them with light This makes the person look more healthier and presentable
this is an image i took of my glass shoe i used my normal room light to take the first picturei then added an extra light to balance the light and remove any shadows to make the picture look better and better quality
DescriptionA found ExampleYour Examplesame amount of detail typically seen by an eye in average lighting and considered normal. From that baseline of normality using more or less fill will make shadows seem lighter or darker than normal
Shutter Speed Fast A fast shutter would let less light enter the film or the sensor This enables the camera to take quick pictures where you can see even the small detail such as the examples aboveCan see the drops of the water and it would intend to be crisp However if it was slow you would see the water running instead of drops
DescriptionA found ExampleYour ExampleThe camera's shutter speed, the lens's brightness and the scenes Luminance together determine the amount of light that reaches the film or sensorUnfortunately I dont have a professional camera in order to take an example of my own for a fast shutter speed example.
Shutter Speed SlowA slow shutter would let more light enter the film or the sensor This enables the camera to take the picture more slower, therefore the background would be blurry while the objet is crisp or the oppositefor example if a water tap is running and the shutter is slow you would see the water running instead of drops
however i dont have a specific camera that has a slow shutter so i tried making the background blurry while the main object is crisp and can see properly compared to the background which is blurry
DescriptionA found ExampleYour ExampleThe camera's shutter speed, the lens's brightness and the scenes Luminance together determine the amount of light that reaches the film or sensor
Transferring photos to computerby using an SD card, you can save the images on that SD card an access it wherever the SD card is connected to view the images takenthe cable connects the phone to the laptop to either to transfer the images or just to view them on the laptop
i took a picture of my SD cards and memory cards which i am able to store my photos and transfer them or view them when inserted in a phone, camera or laptopi can also view my photos or transfer them to a laptop using a cable that is connected either to a iPad, phone, camera etc to a laptop.
DescriptionA found ExampleYour ExampleWhen your able to view the same photo on a different device. This can be done by using a cable that connects the camera to the computer, or even use a SD card.
Composition Changing angle/perspectivestaking a picture in a weird angle would show the meaning of the picture, for example the Eiffel tower the angle of it shows that it really big it would make the image look more interesting for example the wedding image
taking the picture of my glass shoe in a low angle makes my shoe seem bigger also by taking picture in a low angle of my sisters ready book gives an illusion of bigger and makes it seem theres a lot of books
DescriptionA found ExampleYour Exampleshooting from unusual angles, getting higher or lower, this would then make the image more interesting and more meaningful for example a baby would normally be small, taking a picture in a specific angle to make the baby looking small
Lighting - reflectingCamera SurfacesObjectWithout reflectorWith reflector
ExplanationExample images My images Reflecting is another way to diffuse light.
Light is reflected or bounced off another surface (therefore making it less harsh)
Different surfaces/textures/colours/ will reflect light differently.
Lighting shutter speed motion blur
ExplanationExample images My images When something blurs because it is in motion.
This means that it is going too fast for the shutter (object is faster than shutter).
Type 1 objects are crisp, and background is blurry (moving cameras).
Type 2 objects blurry (object is moving).Type 1: The person is in motion so they have become so blurred out that they are hardly visible in the shot.
Type 2: When the camera follows the moving person, the background becomes blurred
Transferring photos to computer Facebook, Twitter etc.
Using iCloud an online storage service you can send the image electronically.
SD Card An SD card holding all your photos can be taken and inserted into a SD slot on your computer /laptop
Social Media If the image is taken from your phone there are different options to send to your computer.
Composition - framingThis is bad framing because the head is cut off
ExplanationExample images My images How you frame objects/subject.
Frame using unique angles
Ensure that the space around objects are appropriate and comfortable for audience.Bad examples:
Good examples:Bad framing:
Using I photoClick exposure at the bottom and then drag bar right for more exposure or drag left for less exposureBeforeAfter
Description/purpose of toolAnnotated screen grabsBefore and afterChanging exposure
Click effect at the bottom and choose desired effect i.e. black and whiteBeforeAfter
Description/purpose of toolAnnotated screen grabsBefore and afterHow to add effect
DescriptionMy example (before/after)This is a tool used for cropping photos
DescriptionMy example (before/after)This is a tool that is used to turn an image around
DescriptionMy example (before/after)This is an effect used to change the colour of a picture
DescriptionMy example (before/after)These are filters that changes the colour balance of a picture
Brushes - Repair
Description A found ExampleYour ExampleThis would repair anything in a picture, for example it would repair any imperfectionsSuch as spots, wrinkles etc
In this example the repair tool has blended her imperfections (spots) into her skin and now it looks like she doesnt have any
I used iPhoto app to repair my image I used this app to all my brushes I repaired the reflection from the sun on the sea, it almost acts like an elimination brush where it erases it.
Description A found ExampleYour ExampleThis would turn the red eye into