Apostila Ingles

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2GRAMTICA

INGLS

Pronomes

POSSESIVOS Adjetivo: Sally has lost her book.Reflexivos

Pessoais

Possessivos

Sujeito I you he she it we you they One usados como sujeito de um verbo

Objeto Me You Him Her It Us You Them One Usados como: objeto de um verbo objeto de preposio

Adjetivo My Your His Hers Its Our your their Ones Precedem substantivos

Pronomes Mine Yours His Hers Its Ours Yours theyrs ___ Substituem substantivos Myself Yourself Himself Herself Itself ouselves yourselves themselves Oneself Usados como: reflexivos enfaticos

Pronome:Those book are hers. (her books)

Nota: Concordncia com indefinidos Everybody must bring his own material. Nobody will wrute his composition in ink. A concordncia do indefinido sempre feita atravs de um adjetivo ou pronome masculino e singular.

Nota: Of + pronome possesivo They have seen a friend of theirs (one of their friends).

Concordam com o possuidor

idiomaticos

One: Pronome indefinido (partcula se) one must speak in a low voice in hospitals. (Deve se falar em voz baixa nos hospitais.) o possesivo de one ones.

A estrutura of + pronome possesivo significa um dos...

Observe: One must not forget to do ones homework. (no se deve esquecer de fazer a tarefa.)

Se um verbo tem dois objetos (direto e indireto): a) utiliza-se usualmente a estrutura verbo + objeto indireto + objeto direto; b) quando o objeto indireto for usado aps o objeto direto, ele precedido de to ou for.

I have lost a watch of mine (one of watches).

my

PRONOMES PESSOAIS Sujeito: He likes coffee. Objeto: Albert loves her. Fred is talking about us. Nota: Posio dos objetos: I gave him a present. Ou I gave a present to him. Objeto Objeto Objeto Objeto direto direto indireto direto They bought me some books. ou Objeto Objeto indireto direto They bought some books for me. Objeto Objeto indireto indireto REFLEXIVOS Reflexivos: Paul cut himself yesterday. Enfatico: a) Paul cut the cake himself. Paul himself cut the cake. b) Paul cut the cake itself. Idiomtico: Billy made the cake by himself.

Uso:

3

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Reflexivo indica que o sujeito pratica e recebe os efeitos da ao. Neste caso o pronome vem logo aps o verbo e concorda com o sujeito. I hurt myself in the footbal game.

c) The ozone layer blocks ultraviolet radition and protects you and I and all the people. blocks ultraviolet radition and protects d) Dont I leave the door open. .

Obs: Quando o sujeito for um pronome indefinido, a concordncia sempre feita com he, 3 pessoa do singular, masculino.

Dont leave

open.

e) Technology brings comfort but we have to pay a certain price. Nobody hurt himself. brings comfort but we to pay a certain price.

Relfexivo enfatico Enfatiza o sujeito ou o objeto da orao. Neste caso o pronome no parte essencial da orao e sua posio pode variar. She herself talked to the king. (nfase no sujeito) She talked to the king herself. (nfase no sujeito) She talked to the king himsef. (nfase no objeto) She talked to the king. (orao sem nfase) sits between Reflexivo idiomatico O pronome vem precedido de by formando uma expresso que significa sozinho, sem ajuda. h) Shirley sits between Bob and Mary. sits between He lives by himself. EXERCCIOS 01) Chosse the correct alternative. A) We live near (she/her). B) The ozone layer protects (we/us). C) Barbara likes to walk (I/me) D) I seldom speak to (he/him). E) They often see (we/us) at the bus stop. F) We always bring (them/they) to school. G) There are some letters for (him/he) on the table. H) Look at (she/her) when she speaks to you. I) J) The director is talking to (they/them) now. What do you think about (us/we)? a) itself b) yourselves c) himself 03) check the correct alternative. A) Why dont you both beheave ? J) These aerosols damage the environment. Damage I sit in from of i) Sit in front of Suzy. were at the zoo yesterday, werent you? g) Mary sits between Shirley and me. f) He and you were at the zoo yesterday, werent you?

02) Supply the correct personal pronoun. a) I see Mary and Jill in the park every mornig. I see in the park every mornig.

B) Two women spoke to the actor a) themself b) Herself c) himself

b) Betty is talking to Bob now. Is talking to now.

C) We _________________ made the cake. a) itself b)ourselves c) myself

4D) The students a) themselves talked to the fireman. b) himself c) itself

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h) We are thinking about (our/ours) next test. Are you thinking about (your/yours)? i) There are three magazines here. The first in (my/mine), the second is (her/hers), and the is (their/theirs). j) Give him (your/yours) address.

E)We did execise by _________________________ . a) ourselves b) itself c) themselves

04) Supply the correct reflexive pronoum. a) Susan drinks too much. She is destroying ________ .

06) Supply the correct possesive. a) Marys train is leaving at 3 oclock, but Johns

b) Karen and Tom walked in the park by ____________ . c) The old man is singing to in the shower. .

leaving in 3 minutes. Train is leaving at3 oclock, but 3 minutes. is leaving

d) I painted the room by e) f)

You must protect ______________ from the rain . b) My brothers favorite fruit is apple.________favorite fruit I have to solve this question by before breakfast. c) is apple. The cats are sleeping in the dogs house. house.

g) We always wash

h) He has to make that decision by i) j) They love to look at in the mirror.

The cats are sleeping in

d) The teacher corrects the students compositions. The teacher corrects e) compositions.

The boy ____________________ treated the horse .

05) Choose the correct alternative. a) In the future housewives are going to do all (their/theirs) shoping through the computer.

Mr. Allens computer puts him in connection with the Internet._____________computer puts him in connection with the Internet.

f) b) Tom always types (his/hers) letters, but we never type (our/ours).

Franciscos daughter reads English very well. Daughters reads English very well.

_

g) Bob and Janes favorute song is New York. c) Karen and Susan are waiting for (their/theirs) parents. favorite songs is New York, New York. h) I see Mrs. Allisons car in front of the bus terminal every morning. I see every morning. i) The nurses room is on the second floor. Room is on the second floor. car in front of the bus terminal

d) I know (my/mine) family very well. Do you know (yours/your)? e) (your/yours) is an excellent car. How much did you pay for it? f) She always shouts at (her/hers) children.

g) Children ask (theirs/their) parents difficult questions.

5j) We are waiting for the childrens letter. letter.

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We are waiting for 07) Suply the correct possesive. a) I do b) She can do things you do

VERBO TO BE PRESENTE

Afirmativa I am (Ia) You are (youre)

Negativa I am not (Imnot) You are not (you arent) He is not (he isnt) She ins not (she inst) It is not (it isnt) We are not (we arent) You are not (you arent)

Interrogativa Am I? Are you? Is she? Is she? Is it? Are we? Are you? Are they?

homework alone. He cant do

He is (hes) She is (shes) It is (its)

c) We must wash lunch. d) The boys arent going to clean e) Dr. Smith Washes 08) Check the correct alternative. a) Does a) he-him c) her-she bring b) she-her

hands before

We are (were) You are (youre)

rooms today. car every morning.

They are (theyre)

They are not (they arent) books to the class?

VERBO TO BE PASSADO d) she-hers records or Afirmativa I was b) Do you preferer listening to ? a) your yours b) my him c) your our c) Everybody must talk to coordinator. a) ours b) mine c) his d) him children answer. b) their yours d) her ours 01) EXERCCIOS Complete the dialogues. Follow the example. Peter is English. (Susan) Is Susan English, too? No, she isnt. are d) your mine You were He was She was It was We were You were They were Negativa Interrogativ

I was not (Iwasnt) a You were not (you werent) He was not (he wasnt) She was not (she wasnt) It was not (it wasnt) We were not (we werent) You were not (you arent) Was I? Were you? Was he? Was she? Was it? Were we? Were you? Were they?

d) Mrs. Cohen and waiting for a) his our c) her our

They were not (they werent)

6a) He is at school. (they) No, b) Philip and Sheila are late. (I) Yes, . , too? . , too?

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c) The dog ago. d) e) you

in the garden na hour

we at johns house last weekend? not a good student last month.

c) that man is French. (you and your sister) ________too? No, d) This cat black. (dog) Yes, e) The doctor is yung. (pilot) Yes, f) The airport is far. (theater) No, . . , too? I am working You are working He is working There is (h, existe) usado com substantivos singular. There are (h, existem) usado com substantivos no plural. There was (havia) usado com substantivo no singular. There were (havia) usado com substantivos no plural. She is working It is working We are working You are working EXERCCIOS Regra geral Os verbos no sofrem modificaes ao receber a terminao ing. Work working Try tryng agree agrecing ski skiing Ortografia . , too? . too? . THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE Presente Do verbo TO BE Verbo terminado em

+

-ING

01) Supply there is or there are. a) b) c) d) e) park. children playng ball. a bus on the street. there boats on the lake. a boy reading under a tree. policemen at the gate of the

Particularidades 1) Se o verbo termina em um nico e, ele perde o e, ao

02) Suplly there was or the