Download - Intro to latin music

  • Introduction to Latin MusicCultural HistoryPercussion InstrumentsLatin Jazz

  • Cultural History of Latin MusicWhat is Latin music?Where does Latin music originate?How did Latin music come to the USA?Why is Latin music American music?

  • What is Latin music?The term Latin music is a generic category with a singular identity.The term Latin music can include music from various Latin American and Caribbean countries.Latin American and Caribbean cultures do not share the same musical traditions, musical instruments, or cultural identities.Each country has its own musical heritage and identity.

  • Where does Latin music originate?Latin music shares three common cultural elements:African cultureNative American cultureEuropean culture

  • How did Latin music come to the USA?Colonialization of the new worldEngland, Spain, France and Portugal began colonizing territory in the new world during 1500s to 1800s.European countries enslaved and imposed customs on native people.Colonial powers transferred people from their homelands to the new world.

  • Colonial powers in the new worldSpain colonized Mexico, Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Dominican Republic, and South America.France colonized Haiti.Portugal colonized Brazil.England colonized the USA.

  • Colonial CubaCuba is the largest island in the Caribbean.Spain colonized Cuba to be the largest sugar producing region in the world.Approximately 3.5 million African slaves were transported to the new world between the 1500s to 1800s.The Spanish suppressed African traditions by imposing religion and Spanish language on the slaves.

  • How did African traditions survive Spanish colonialization?Africans maintained their cultural and religious practices in secret.Africans continued to worship their own gods by giving African deities names of Christian saints.Africans continued religious ceremonies that involved drumming and chanting.

  • Spanish American War 1898U.S. entered into war with Spain due to sinking of the battleship, Maine.The Platt amendment allowed the USA to intervene in Cuban independence by requiring Cuba to sell or lease to the USA land for naval bases.Guantanamo Bay is the result of that amendment.The USA occupied Cuba from 1898-1902.

  • Why is Latin music American?In the 1920s the United States granted citizenship status to Puerto Rico.Puerto Ricans immigrated to East Harlem in New York City.In 1959, Fidel Castro overthrew the Cuban government. Many Cuban citizens left Cuba for the USA.Cubans immigrated to the USA and began living in Miami and New York.

  • Latin music integrates with JazzIn the 1940s, Latin and Jazz music begin to integrate when Latin composer, Juan Tizol, wrote Caravan for Duke Ellington.Cuban arranger Mario Bauza formed the Latin group: Machitos Afro-Cubans.Dizzy Gillespie merged Jazz with Afro-Cuban music to introduce, CuBop.In 1947, Chano Pozo, a Cuban conga drummer joined Dizzy Gillespies jazz band.

  • Percussion Instruments ClaveMaracasCowbellsCongasBongosTimbalesTamboraBomboGuiroPalitosCajonesCascaraShekereTresMarimbula

  • Gillespie & Chano Pozo, Manteca

  • Cuban Dock Workers

  • Giavonni Hidalgo & Changuito

  • Carlos Patato Valdez

  • Buena Vista Social Club