Download - Flashcard Psp

  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 1

    Scheduling Method

    Definition 1

    Scheduling Method: the techniqueselected for use in developing the

    schedule model; CPM (ADM or PDM)f,Critical Chain, etc (this is closely

    aligned with the selection ofappropriate scheduling software).

    Term 2

    Schedule Model

    Definition 2

    Schedule Model: the full set of dataused to develop the schedule with itsinherent logic, durations, resources,

    calendars, etc. This is closelyintegrated with the characteristics ofthe scheduling software selected forthe project. The schedule model will

    be developed and maintained inaccordance with the agreed schedule

    design and specification as the projectprogresses.

    Term 3


    Definition 3

    The Baseline is a particular instanceof the schedule used for comparingthe current status with the approved

    schedule objectives. The baselineshould only be changed for variationsin scope and then only to the extent

    necessary to properly adjust thebaseline for the scope change.

    Page 1 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 4

    Instances of the Project Schedule

    Definition 4

    Instances of the Project Schedule: Aprinted or stored version of the

    schedule model as at a point in timeor stage of development. Instances

    do not change and should be uniquelynamed whereas the Schedule Model

    is expected to be developed,maintained, statused, updated and

    revised as the project progresses (inaccord with the projects change

    management policies).

    Term 5


    Definition 5

    Critical Path Method, this includesADM and PDM but not PERT

    Term 6


    Definition 6

    Arrow Diagramming Method orActivity-on-Arrow

    Page 2 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 7


    Definition 7

    Precedence Diagramming Method orActivity-on-Node

    Term 8


    Definition 8

    Work Breakdown Structure

    Term 9

    What do you have to take into accountfor Project Calendars & Work Periods

    Definition 9

    The number of working days in aweek.

    The number of shifts to be workedeach day.

    The number of hours to be workedeach shift or day.

    Any periods of scheduled overtime

    work or non-working time (egholidays)

    Page 3 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 10

    The Who, What, When, How

    Definition 10

    Who will undertake the work(resources)

    What work is to be doneWhen is should be done

    How to do the work is defined by specdocuments

    Term 11

    Forward Pass

    Definition 11A start date is assigned to the start

    milestone and then moving

    throughout the network from activityto activity (from left to right) and in the

    sequence defined by the logicalrelationships start and finish dates are

    calculated for each activity andmilestone as determined by their

    defined durations. The start and finishdates on each activity are called theearly dates and when the analysisreaches the end of the network it

    establishes the earliest possible finish

    date for the project.Term 12

    Early Dates

    Definition 12

    Established by the Forward Pass. It isthe earliest an activity can start/finish

    based on the logic of the schedule

    Page 4 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 13

    Backward Pass

    Definition 13A finish date is assigned to the end

    milestone (or last activity). This couldbe the same date as the one calculatedby the forward pass or a different dateapplied as a constraint. The analysis

    process then works back through thenetwork, from right to left, until it

    arrives back at the start milestone andanother set of start and finish dates

    have been calculated for each activity.This is called the backward pass and

    establishes the late dates for eachactivity and milestone.

    Term 14

    Late Dates

    Definition 14

    Established by the Backward Pass. Itis the latest an activity can start/finishbased on the final activity and logic of

    the schedule

    Term 15

    Total Float

    Definition 15

    Typically Total Float is calculated bysubtracting the early start date from

    the late finish date and then deductingthe duration ([EFT - EST] - Dur).

    Page 5 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 16

    Free Float

    Definition 16

    Free float is calculated by subtracting

    the early finish date of the activityfrom the earliest start date of any of its

    successors. Free float is nevernegative.

    Term 17

    The traditional governmentalcontracting process in the United

    States is:A. Design, build, and operate

    B. Design, bid, buildC. EPC

    D. Design, build

    Definition 17

    B. Design, bid, build

    Term 18

    Critical delivery dates are referred toas

    A. Milestones.B. Phases.

    C. Substantial completion.

    D. Flags.

    Definition 18

    A. Milestones

    Page 6 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 19

    When a planner-scheduler iscollecting information about the

    project during the initial planningcycle, which information is of

    GREATEST value?A. Contract specifications.

    B. The contractors pre-bid site visitmeeting minutes and notes.

    C. The contracts Changes clause.D. A detailed scope of work statement

    Definition 19

    D. A detailed scope of work statement.

    Term 20

    Describe the difference betweencontract types and delivery methods

    Definition 20

    Contracts define the financial terms ofa relationship between an owner and a

    contractor, whilethe delivery method describes the

    method of management the contractorwill use to perform the


    Term 21

    Describe what milestones are.

    Definition 21

    Milestones are interim completiondates that are either contract driven or

    contractor self-imposedto measure progress or trigger

    subsequent work activities. Theirachievement may earn progress

    payments for the contractor.

    Page 7 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 22

    Project architects are:

    A. StakeholdersB. Developers

    C. ActivistsD. Special interest groups

    Definition 22

    A. Stakeholders

    Term 23

    Which is NOT normally considered astakeholder on a Greenfield chemical

    plant project?A. Shop owners in an enclosed mallthree miles downwind of the project.

    B. The owners project bankersengineer.

    C. A third-tier electrical subcontractor.

    E. The employee-owned contractor

    Definition 23

    A. Shop owners on an enclosed mallthree miles downwind of the project

    Term 24All project stakeholders provide inputdata and information during the initial

    planning process toset the overall project duration?

    A. Absolutely true.B. Absolutely false.

    C. Only by analyzing the contract canone determine if a change in duration

    is allowed.

    F. Only the project owner-client mayset the overall duration, and this isoften driven by

    marketing and businessconsiderations.

    Definition 24

    B. Absolutely false.

    Page 8 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 25

    Name the three levels of governmentor public agencies in the US.

    Definition 25

    Federal, state and local.

    Term 26Which should not be a reason whysuperintendent and subcontractors

    are included duringplanning phase?

    A. They have more immediate buy-into project plan.

    B. Planning phase is a theoreticalexercise and their input is not needed

    until the executionphase.

    C. Accuracy of a resultant plan isimproved through brainstorming.

    D. Management expectations

    regarding plan are transmitted to theteam (alignment).

    Definition 26

    B. Planning phase is a theoreticalexercise, and their input is not needed

    until execution phase.

    Term 27Constructability, in terms of schedule

    modeling, is best defined as:A. Understanding how the contractorsplan defines overall project duration.B. Understanding how the owners

    arbitrary completion milestones willdrive resource


    C. How the contract specifies allaspects and phasing of work.D. The input data necessary to

    understand the various means andmethods alternatives to

    accomplish and execute a project.

    Definition 27

    D. The input data necessary tounderstand the various means and

    methods alternatives to

    accomplish and execute a project.

    Page 9 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 28

    Constructability takes into account allbut:

    A. Location, logistics, and resourceavailability analysis.

    B. The average price of general laborin the area.

    C. Quality inspections andcompliance.

    D. Labor productivity studies fromprevious similar projects in the area

    Definition 28

    C. Quality inspections andcompliance.

    Term 29

    True or False: During aconstructability analysis, the

    availability of specified materials isdetermined?

    Definition 29


    Term 30

    True or False: A constructabilityanalysis is only performed during the

    initial planning stage ofdesign?

    Definition 30


    Page 10 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 31

    What are some different methods ofconstructability enhancement?

    Definition 31

    Modularization, pre-fabrication, pre-assembly

    Term 32

    What is the purpose of aconstructability analysis?

    Definition 32

    Reduce time and cost to construct aproject

    Term 33

    When is the optimum time to performconstructability analysis?

    Definition 33

    Constructability can be performedthroughout the project, but the most

    favorable impact is fromconstructor input during the planningphase to best enable a constructible


    Page 11 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 34

    During the planning process for acapital project, which is NOT a

    consideration?A. Religious holidays.

    B. Local country language.C. Education and skill level of local

    craft labor.D. None of the above.

    Definition 34

    D. None of the above.

    Term 35

    Material resource considerationsinclude all except:

    A. AvailabilityB. InstallationC. Crew skills

    D. Timing of delivery

    Definition 35

    C. Crew skills.

    Term 36

    Which of the following is NOT aconstraining resource?

    A. Labor availabilityB. Scheduling software

    C. Material delivery

    D. Craft skill levels

    Definition 36

    B. Scheduling software.

    Page 12 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 37

    True or False: On constructionprojects, labor and equipment areconsidered limitless resources?

    Definition 37


    Term 38

    True or False: The physicalconstraints of a jobsite can impose a

    limit on the amount ofsimultaneous equipment usage?

    Definition 38


    Term 39

    List three types of resources.

    Definition 39

    Labor, equipment and materials.

    Page 13 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 40

    Describe how resources can influencea project.

    Definition 40

    Resources can influence a project dueto availability, labor skill level, and

    social aspects.

    Term 41

    Describe the VE process, especially asit relates to the planning and

    scheduling process

    Definition 41

    VE provides functional and projectalternatives that are part of the

    strategic planning process

    Term 42

    List the six phases of VE

    Definition 42

    Information, function analysis,creativity, evaluation, development,

    and evaluation.

    Page 14 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 43

    True or False: The information phaseof VE occurs during design


    Definition 43


    Term 44

    True or False: The VE process startswith the submittal of bid price?

    Definition 44


    Term 45Which of the following documents is

    probably of LEAST value whenplanning a contractors

    baseline critical path schedule forconstruction of a high-rise building on

    a remote South Pacificresort island for a private developer?

    The contract has been awarded.A. Specifications as found in the

    contract document.B. The local governments report onfuture resort projects on the island.C. International Building Codes asreferenced in the contract document.

    D. A project-specific geotechnicalreport.

    Definition 45

    B. The local governments report onfuture resort projects on the island.

    Page 15 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 46

    Which of the following is NOTnormally considered a project


    A. Project supplier to a subcontractor.B. Client or owner.

    C. Project consultant or engineer.D. Non-governmental organizations

    (NGOs)E. Local news media

    Definition 46

    E. Local news media.

    Term 47

    What should one do with stakeholderconsiderations?

    Definition 47

    Determined, evaluated, and resolved.

    Term 48

    What are some examples ofconsiderations that should be


    Definition 48

    Cash flow, timeframe, resourceavailability, contractor or designer


    Page 16 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 49

    List five common project variables.

    Definition 49

    Project size, site location, projectdelivery methods, productivity, and


    Term 50

    How do project variables affect aproject?

    Definition 50

    Project variables can have either apositive or negative influence on a

    project. It is the projectteams responsibility to identify and

    mitigate the negative aspects ofproject variables and utilize

    the positive aspects of variables.

    Term 51

    True or False: The project size mayrequire additional constraints on the


    Definition 51


    Page 17 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 52

    True or False: Local climatologicalconditions may result in a restricted

    work schedule forvarious construction activities?

    Definition 52


    Term 53When reporting progress and

    completion forecasts to the clients

    management, a schedule that isorganized by the projects work

    breakdown structure (WBS) structureprovides _____________.

    A. A useful reporting tool that meetsthe clients project team special

    needs.B. An early finish constraint with a

    20 day negative lag on the last activity.

    C. A late start constraint on the first

    activity with a 20 day negative lag.D. A late finish constraint on the last


    Definition 53

    D. A late finish constraint on the lastactivity

    Term 54When gathering data to document

    activity progress and observed trends,the activitys reported

    percent complete ______________.A. Is all that is necessary to forecastremaining duration for that activity?B. Is used as part of the 6/10 rule to

    determine the remaining duration forthat activity.

    C. Must be analyzed in conjunctionwith all observed activity data (actual

    start dates, trends,etc.) to estimate the remaining

    duration for the activity.D. Provides sufficient information

    necessary to determine the activitysearned value.

    Definition 54

    C. Must analyze in conjunction with all

    observed activity data (actual startdates, trends, etc.) to

    determine an estimated remainingduration for the activity.

    Page 18 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 55

    True or False: Contract deliverablesare defined in the scope of work?

    Definition 55


    Term 56

    True or False: Drawings andspecifications augment the written

    scope of work narrative?

    Definition 56


    Term 57

    What does the scope of work influenceduring the planning process?

    Definition 57

    Scope of work influences theexecution strategy, development ofwork packages, project goals and

    objectives, and milestones.

    Page 19 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 58

    Who is responsible to develop theconceptual scope of work?

    Definition 58

    The owner is responsible for theconceptual scope of work

    Term 59

    Define the differences between anasset or functional scope of work and

    the project scope ofwork.

    Definition 59

    An asset or functional scope of workdefines the process for which the

    facility is constructed,while the project scope of workdefines the scope of work to be

    physically constructed.

    Term 60

    What is a project goal?

    Definition 60

    A project goal is a concept that isidentified and expressed as anachievable project and product.The goal may or may not be a

    contractually specified requirement.

    Page 20 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 61

    Can a project have multiple goals?

    Definition 61


    Term 62

    Can each stakeholder have a differentview of what the project goal may be?

    Definition 62


    Term 63

    What is the purpose of a project plan?

    Definition 63

    A project plan provides a roadmap forthe project team during the planning

    process. The projectplan is the basis for the baseline plan.

    Page 21 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 64

    Once the project plan becomes thebaseline plan, how is it utilized?

    Definition 64

    The baseline plan becomes thebenchmark for performance and


    Term 65

    When does the project plan getmodified?

    Definition 65

    The project plan is modified whenthere are significant changes to the

    scope of work. The newplan should be agreed upon by the


    Term 66

    What is a phase?

    Definition 66

    A phase is a significant period of timeor grouping of related activities with

    the project. A phase Iderived from the scope of work,

    sequence of work, phase

    relationships, and the WBS.

    Page 22 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 67

    Why is the identification of phases anessential product of the planning


    Definition 67

    As the scope of work evolves intogreater detail, phases are identified. A

    phase may encompassseveral stages of planning and work.

    Term 68

    Which is not a phase?A. Engineering

    B. ConcreteC. Conceptual engineering

    D. Pre-construction

    Definition 68

    B. Concrete is an activity, not a projectphase.

    Term 69

    Which of the following is untrue?A. OBS intersects with WBS to define

    a project cost account.B. Different managers might structurea WBS differently for the same project.

    C. A WBS can include design,

    procurement, and constructionactivites.D. None of the above.

    Definition 69

    D. None of the above

    Page 23 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 70

    True or False: WBS is a system bywhich work activities are organized

    and summarized into likeactivities?

    Definition 70

    True A WBS is a hierarchy divisionof work scope elements of a project to

    be performed

    Term 71

    True or False: WBS may be organizedas a result of capital costing


    Definition 71


    Term 72

    How are the scope of work and theWBS related?

    Definition 72

    The WBS breaks down the scope ofwork into manageable parts of work

    that correspond todeliverables, phases or milestones

    Page 24 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 73

    How are the WBS and the projectschedule related?

    Definition 73

    The WBS begins the process ofbreaking down the scope of work into

    project phases and workpackages whose parts can be further

    segregated to create scheduleactivities.

    Term 74

    Describe the difference between awork package and a cost account.

    Definition 74

    A work package is a WBS component,while a cost account is the

    intersection of the WBS andOBS. The work package is a discretelyidentifiable element of work, whereas

    the cost accountcaptures the time-phased resource

    cost required to execute a workpackage, as planned.

    Term 75When reporting progress and

    completion forecasts to the clientsmanagement, a schedule that isorganized on the projects OBS

    provides ______.A. A list of all equipment resources

    utilized on the project.B. A baseline for change management


    C. A useful reporting tool that meetsthe clients project team specialneeds.

    D. Identifies resource utilization, andidentifies gaps, utilization variances,

    and areas ofmanagement attention

    Definition 75

    D. Identifies resource utilization andidentifies gaps, utilization variances,

    and areas for

    management attention.

    Page 25 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 76

    What is an OBS?

    Definition 76

    The OBS is a structure that breaks

    down the scope of work intoorganization functions. The OBS

    identifies who performs specific scopeof work elements.

    Term 77

    A CBS:A. Should generally not include

    indirect costs.B. Is not absolutely essential foreffective management of a large

    project.C. Allows ready comparison of actual

    versus planned costs.D. All of the above.

    Definition 77

    C. Allows ready comparison of actualversus planned costs.

    Term 78

    What is a CBS?

    Definition 78

    A CBS is a structure that breaks downinto cost types such as labor, material,

    equipment,subcontractor for cost forecasting


    Page 26 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 79

    How is the CBS related to the WBSand OBS?

    Definition 79

    The CBS is the intersection of theWBS and OBS.

    Term 80

    Can the CBS be broken down betweendirect and indirect costs?

    Definition 80


    Term 81

    What is the difference between phasesand sequencing?

    Definition 81

    Phases are a significant period of timeor grouping of activities within the

    project. The logical,chronological sequencing of the

    phases begins the process that builds

    phases into a schedule.

    Page 27 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 82

    What is a phase relationship?

    Definition 82

    A phase relationship identifies howmajor work elements will be

    completed in a logical manner.

    Term 83

    What process does sequencing orphase relationships provide a

    framework for?

    Definition 83

    Progress monitoring, analyzing,controlling and reporting

    Term 84

    Which is not a key component orcharacteristic of review by

    stakeholders?A. Cyclical

    B. ScheduledC. Managed

    D. Estimated

    Definition 84

    D. Estimated

    Page 28 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 85

    Stakeholder review is:A. Critical and divided into multi-

    groups.B. Not important

    C. One-dimensionalD. Not considered

    Definition 85

    A. Critical and divided into multi-groups

    Term 86

    To what may stakeholders decisionslead during the planning process?

    Definition 86

    Additional planning and potentiallysignificant cost and impacts to the

    program or project.

    Term 87

    Why is stakeholder review criticalduring the planning phase of a


    Definition 87

    Stakeholder decisions may requirefavorable or unfavorable actions that

    require re-planning orstoppage of the project and create

    significant cost impacts

    Page 29 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 88

    Why should stakeholders bemanaged?

    Definition 88

    Stakeholders should be managed to

    ensure all interests and concerns areconsidered and if not

    managed could have negative costand schedule impacts to a project.

    Term 89

    How do resource constraints andconsiderations affect cost estimate


    Definition 89

    Resources can influence thescheduling timeline and budgeting

    process. The end result is thebasis for the initial schedule and cash

    flow models.

    Term 90

    Why are budgets often revised?

    Definition 90

    Stakeholder expectations caninfluence decisions during the budget

    development. The budget isoften revised to be in agreement withproject goals, objectives and timeline.

    Page 30 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 91

    The budgetary process provides thebasis for what?

    Definition 91

    The budget is the basis for cost andschedule baselines used formonitoring, controlling and


    Term 92The baseline plan is an end result ofthe planning process. What is not a

    basic step in theplanning process that results in the

    baseline plan?A. Identification of the project goals

    and objectives.B. Scope of work definition.C. Phase identification and

    sequencing result in the baseline plan.

    D. Identification of the schedulespecification.

    Definition 92

    D. Identification of the schedulespecification.

    Term 93

    Which is not a characteristic of thebaseline plan?

    A. Serves as the basis for the initialschedule.

    B. Serves as the basis for the cashflow model.

    C. Provides the basis for progress

    measuring, evaluating and reporting.D. Is critical for schedule changemanagement.

    Definition 93

    D. Is critical for schedule changemanagement.

    Page 31 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 94

    The baseline plan is a fixed documentand should be changed only if the

    following occurs:A. Contract modifications result due to

    significant changes in the work.B. Change is allowed whenever one of

    the primary stakeholders thinks itappropriate.

    C. NeverD. Once a year

    Definition 94

    A. Contract modifications result, dueto significant changes in the work.

    Term 95

    A new baseline should:A. Never be approved

    B. Be agreed to by all primarystakeholders who have that right and

    responsibility.C. Only be approved by the contractor.

    D. Be approved by the public.

    Definition 95

    B. Be agreed to by all primarystakeholders who have that right and


    Term 96

    The baseline plan results from theplanning process. What are the basic

    steps in the planningprocess that result in the baseline


    Definition 96

    Identification of the project goals andobjectives; scope of work definition;

    and phaseidentification and sequencing result in

    the baseline plan.

    Page 32 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 97

    When performing a periodic forecastwhat should not be considered?

    A. The planB. The project scope

    C. Contract requirementsD. The WBS and OBS

    Definition 97

    D. The WBS and OBS

    Term 98

    Periodic forecasts are key to thefollowing:

    A. Basis for controlB. Reporting against projectdeliverables and milestones

    C. Based on trends and variancesD. All of the above

    Definition 98

    D. All of the above.

    Term 99What are three key components of

    periodic forecasts?A. Defining forecasting requirements,

    frequencies and timetables.B. Recovery schedules, scheduling

    change management and acceleration.

    C. Constructability methods, projectvariables and defining project goals.

    D. Sequencing and phaserelationships, risk and recovery plans

    and schedule basisdocumentation.

    Definition 99

    A. Defining forecasting requirements,frequencies and timetables

    Page 33 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 100

    Why is it important to have periodicforecasts?

    Definition 100

    Periodic forecasts provide information

    on the health of a project and assist inthe prediction of

    future conditions and report againstproject deliverables and milestones

    Term 101

    Forecasts fall into two categories.Name both and discuss their


    Definition 101

    The two forecast types are (a) periodicand (b) special. Periodic are done on a

    specific timeinterval, while special are performed,

    as needed, to satisfy a particularpurpose or to identify a

    specific problem.

    Term 102

    Which of the following is not an effectof change on a contract?

    A. Increase in time for the work to becompleted.

    B. Decrease in time for the work to becompleted.

    C. Neutral as it affects time for the

    work to be completed.D. Articulate as it relates to time forthe work to be completed.

    Definition 102

    D. Articulate as it relates to time forthe work to be completed.

    Page 34 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 103

    Which of the following types of plansis not associated with risk and

    recovery?A. Baseline contingency plan.B. Budget contingency plan.

    C. Recovery plan.D. Schedule contingency plan.

    Definition 103

    A. Baseline contingency plan.

    Term 104

    Which one of the following is animportant processing during planning

    for risk and recovery?A. Detailed cost evaluation.

    B. Planning for change.C. Using only the contract.

    D. Plan reevaluation for change.

    Definition 104

    B. Planning for change.

    Term 105

    Plan recovery is:A. Always part of the planning

    process.B. Sometimes part of the planning

    process.C. Usually required during planning.

    D. Always used during constructionevaluation.

    Definition 105

    A. Always part of the planningprocess.

    Page 35 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 106

    Why is it important to develop a riskand recovery plan?

    Definition 106

    Change and risk are inevitable onprojects. There must be a plan

    developed to identify andmanage risk as well as a plan to

    mitigate negative impacts and exploitpositive affects.

    Term 107

    What is the difference between a riskand a recovery plan?

    Definition 107

    A risk plan defines how to identify andminimize the effect of risks, whereas a

    recovery plan is anarray of means or methods to

    eliminate or reduce undesirableimpacts of changes

    Term 108

    Are risk and change the same?

    Definition 108

    Maybe and maybe not. Risk mightderive, in part, from the possibility of

    undesirable changes,but some changes might reduce risk

    and not increase it.

    Page 36 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 109If a plan estimates that 5,184 labor-

    hours will be expended on a series ofrelated construction

    activities, and the projected number ofconstruction worker equivalents

    expected to perform thatactivity is 12 personnel working a 12-hour day, what is the calculated

    overall duration for thoseactivities? Assume the work is

    performed sequentially.A. 6 work weeks

    B. 35 calendar daysC. 5 work weeksD. 36 work days

    Definition 109

    D. 36 workdays

    Term 110The primary source of information that

    defines the scope of work that theplanner-scheduler

    relies upon to create a schedule modelis what?

    A. Contract specifications.B. Contract provisions that definescope along with the contractors

    execution plan and relatedassumptions.

    C. Contract special conditions andspecifications.

    D. Pre-bid site visit and planningmeetings.

    Definition 110

    B. Contract provisions that definescope along with the contractors

    execution plan and relatedassumptions.

    Term 111

    What are three key elements indefining the schedule scope?

    Definition 111

    The scope of work; computerapplications and limitations; andability to communicate the plan

    into a workable schedule.

    Page 37 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 112

    The basis for the schedule modelshould include identification of what


    Definition 112

    Deliverables, milestones, timing,phasing, sequencing requirements,

    resources and interfacepoints.

    Term 113

    Why is it important to understand howthe WBS and OBS are related?

    Definition 113

    During schedule development theWBS and OBS define the overall work

    scope and the work packages.

    Term 114

    What is the general purpose of ascheduling specification?

    Definition 114

    The schedule specification identifiesthe planning and scheduling

    requirements, level ofrequired detail, reporting

    requirements, software requirements,milestones, change management

    and the responsible parties.

    Page 38 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 115

    The schedule specification may be thebasis for what?

    Definition 115

    Project reporting.

    Term 116

    Who is responsible for scheduledevelopment and approval?

    Definition 116


    Term 117

    Why is it important to get feedbackfrom stakeholders during schedule


    Definition 117

    It is important to get stakeholder buy-in for the schedule. If they do not buy

    into the schedule,there may be no sense of ownership.Disagreements will increase, maybe

    resulting in delays or impacts

    Page 39 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 118

    For what is the cost estimate modelused?

    Definition 118

    The cost estimate model is the basisfor baseline scheduling, progress

    measurement, reporting,and change management.

    Term 119

    What does the project execution planidentify?

    Definition 119

    The project execution plan identifiesthe means, methods, and activitiesthat the schedule module should


    Term 120What are three requirements thatdetermine what type of schedule

    should be utilized on aproject?

    A. Cost estimate, number ofstakeholders, reporting requirements.

    B. Project size, scope, complexity.C. Project size, project variables,

    phase definition.D. Risk and recovery plan, milestones,


    Definition 120

    B. Project size, scope, complexity.

    Page 40 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 121List four different types of schedules

    most commonly used?A. Bar and Gantt charts, Critical Path

    Method and network schedules, linearor line-of-balance,

    milestone.B. Critical Path Method and networkschedules, hammocks, rolling wave,

    milestone.C. Gantt chart, linear or line of

    balance, level of effort, work lists.D. Flags, constraints, estimate, bar


    Definition 121

    A. Bar and Gantt charts; Critical PathMethod and network schedules; linear

    or line-of-balance; milestone.

    Term 122

    Explain why planner-scheduler wouldchoose a linear schedule instead of a

    network schedule.

    Definition 122

    A linear schedule is typically used ona project where there are multiple

    series of repetitive tasks,as with highway construction orconstruction of multiple, similarhouses. A network schedule is

    used when non-repetitive activityarrays are determined. The network is

    derived from logical relationshipsamong activities based on their time


    Term 123

    Explain why different schedules canand should sometimes be used within

    one project.

    Definition 123

    Different schedules should be usedwithin one project based on the phase,system, timeframe, and complexity ofthe project. Different schedules are

    used based on the need of the projectat the time or phase and the need to

    control that aspect of the project.

    Page 41 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 124

    Which is not a characteristic of anactivity?

    A. Has a durationB. Should have at least one

    predecessor successorC. Is assigned to a calendar

    D. Is constrained in time

    Definition 124

    D. Is constrained in time.

    Term 125

    When activities are logically linkedthey become?A. Constraints

    B. The scheduleC. ResourcesD. Milestones

    Definition 125

    B. The schedule.

    Term 126

    What is an activity, and what are itsprimary characteristics?

    Definition 126An activity is an individual element ofwork that is logically linked to other

    activities to form theschedule. Its primary characteristics

    include an overall duration basedupon the resources

    applied to it (manpower, materials andequipment), a start and completion

    date that is tied to awork calendar and has relationships toother activities (predecessor and


    Page 42 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 127

    What should the level of detail be foractivities in the schedule?

    Definition 127

    The level of detail must be appropriate

    for managing the project with concernto duration,

    complexity, methodology, cost andrisk.

    Term 128

    What are the different activity types?

    Definition 128

    Tasks, milestones, flags, andsummary or hammocks

    Term 129Pick the least accurate statement

    concerning schedule activitydurations:

    A. They are often determined byexamining the quantity of work and

    the resources that will beapplied to perform that work.B. Work is always performed

    continuously from start to finish.

    C. There is a rubber band for overallduration, depending upon the quantityof work actually

    performed and the number of hours ofwork expended.

    D. Planned and assumed productivityfactors, location factors, and other

    considerations areapplied against the optimum duration,

    to determine a planned duration.

    Definition 129

    B. Work is always performed

    continuously from start to finish.

    Page 43 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 130

    Durations are not derived from thefollowing:

    A. Cost estimateB. Resource loading

    C. Activity IDD. Cost

    Definition 130

    C. Activity ID

    Term 131

    Durations may include the following:A. Multiple elements of the scope of

    work.B. Relationships

    C. Risk planD. Scheduling specification

    Definition 131

    A. Multiple elements of the scope ofwork.

    Term 132

    In combining multiple logically tiedactivities with the duration provides

    the basis for thefollowing:

    A. Cost estimate modelB. Defines the schedule scope

    C. A fragnet schedule durationD. The baseline schedule

    Definition 132

    D. The baseline schedule.

    Page 44 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 133

    Why is it important to understand theinterconnectivity between an activitysduration, constraints, and calendar?

    Definition 133The relationship between an activitys

    duration, calendar assignment, andconstraints form the

    basis for determining the overalltimeframe required to complete an

    activity. One mustunderstand the how constraints andthe activitys calendar directly affect

    the activitys duration,based on the calendar and constraintsimposed on either the start or finish of

    the activity

    Term 134

    What is a key element in determiningthe duration of an activity?

    Definition 134

    A key element in determining theduration of an activity is

    understanding the scope of theactivity.

    Term 135

    In addition to relationships and lags,which of the following should not be

    considered whenbuilding a schedule?

    A. ConstraintsB. Calendars

    C. StakeholdersD. Durations

    Definition 135

    C. Stakeholders

    Page 45 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 136

    Name and describe the different types

    of schedule relationships that areused in scheduling software toolsbased on the Precedence Diagram

    Method (PDM).

    Definition 136. Finish-to-Start; Activity A finishes

    before Activity B starts.Finish-to-Finish; Activity A finishes

    when Activity B finishes. The activitiesfinish simultaneously

    after running concurrently, but theymay start at different times.Start-to-Start; Activity A starts whenActivity B starts. The activities begin

    simultaneously and runconcurrently, both they may finish at

    different times.Start-to-Finish; Activity A starts before

    Activity B finishes.

    Term 137

    Describe the function of relationshiplags.

    Definition 137

    Relationship lags delay start-finishrelationships. One should be careful in

    determining the lagduration, since preparation time andthe actual delay between activities

    should be considered.

    Term 138

    What is a schedule relationship?

    Definition 138

    A schedule relationship is a logic linkbetween activities that becomes the

    fundamental tool inbuilding a schedule network.

    Page 46 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 139

    Constraints are factors that affect anactivitys start, finish and/or duration.

    Which of the followingis not an example of a constraint?

    A. CalendarB. Date restraintC. Stakeholder

    D. Weather

    Definition 139

    C. Stakeholde

    Term 140

    Which is not a characteristic of typicalproject calendars?

    A. MultipleB. Weather, environmental, seasonal

    C. WorkdayD. Based on the type of schedule


    Definition 140

    D. Based on the type of schedule used

    Term 141

    Project calendars are formulated:A. For estimates

    B. To reflect specific, long-runningconditions or circumstances.

    C. For relationships

    D. For resource loading

    Definition 141

    B. To reflect specific, long-runningconditions or circumstances.

    Page 47 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 142

    Calendars along with durationsprovide the basis for an activitys

    estimated:A. Resources

    B. CostC. Timeframe

    D. Relationships

    Definition 142

    C. Timeframe

    Term 143

    Why are multiple calendars used on aproject?

    Definition 143

    Multiple calendars are used to depictvarious workday scenarios orconditions that can occur on a

    project. For example a project mayhave the following calendars: 5-day

    work week, 7-day workweek, and exterior calendar to reflectweather days, seasonal, and weekend

    only work

    Term 144

    What may be a limit for a number ofresources assigned to an activity?

    A. Resources assigned to otheractivities on the project.

    B. Availability of resources as a resultof external constraints.

    C. Stakeholder driven.D. All of the above.

    Definition 144

    D. All of the above.

    Page 48 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 145

    Which of the following would limitedresources not affect on a project?

    A. Extend the project schedule.B. No impact.

    C. Modify the critical path.D. Increase the cost of the project

    Definition 145

    B. No impact

    Term 146

    What are the two key fundamentalelements of cost and resource


    Definition 146

    The WBS and OBS

    Term 147

    Cost and resource loading incorporatewhat two major elements into the

    schedule model?

    Definition 147

    Cost estimate and project executionplan.

    Page 49 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 148

    What are two outputs of cost andresource loading?

    Definition 148

    Resource leveling and initial cash flow

    Term 149

    When should milestones bedeveloped?

    A. Prior to identifying the projectscope.

    B. When defining the schedule scope.C. Prior to baselining the schedule.

    D. When performing scheduleupdates.

    Definition 149

    C. Prior to baselining the schedule.

    Term 150

    Name six examples of milestones

    Definition 150

    Start milestone.Finish milestone.

    Start no sooner than (constraint).Start no later than (constraint).

    Finish no sooner than (constraint).

    Finish no later than (constraint).

    Page 50 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 154

    Schedule quality analysis isperformed?

    A. At the beginning of the project.B. At changes of phases.

    C. Throughout the duration of theproject.

    D. At the beginning and end of aproject.

    Definition 154

    C. Throughout the duration of theproject.

    Term 155

    The three interactive relationships in aschedule quality analysis are?

    A. Safety, quality, time.B. Cost, safety, time.C. Time, quality, cost.D. Safety, cost, time.

    Definition 155

    C. Time, quality, cost.

    Term 156

    The end result of a schedule qualityanalysis is?

    A. Continual improvement in theschedule.

    B. Schedule acceleration.C. Tracking schedule progress.

    D. Identification of constraints

    Definition 156

    A. Continual improvement in theschedule.

    Page 52 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 157

    Schedule quality analysis should beperformed by?

    A. The scheduler only.B. The scheduler and project manager.

    C. All stakeholders.D. Only the client

    Definition 157

    C. All stakeholders

    Term 158

    What does a schedule quality analysisand compliance review accomplish?

    Definition 158

    It provides a means to resolve issuesbetween stakeholders and proves therepresentation of the scope of work.

    Term 159

    Which is not an example of criticalaspect of schedule documentation?

    A. Project scope definition.B. Contract specifications.C. Type of schedule used.

    D. Project cost estimate

    Definition 159

    C. Type of schedule used.

    Page 53 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 160The schedule basis documentation

    narrative includes the following:A. Baseline schedule development and

    schedule change managementprocedures.

    B. Baseline schedule development andcritical/near critical path activities.

    C. Critical and near-critical pathactivities and cost estimate model.D. Schedule change managementprocedures and cost and resource

    management guidelines.

    Definition 160

    B. Baseline schedule development andcritical and near-critical path activities.

    Term 161

    If the baseline schedule is revised andrebaselined, what should one do to the

    schedule basisdocumentation?A. Leave it as is.

    B. Revise the document as necessarywhen the rebaseline has been

    approved.C. Revise the document at the

    completion of the project.D. Revise the document monthly.

    Definition 161

    B. Revise the document as necessarywhen the new baseline has been


    Term 162

    Why is it important to developschedule basis documentation?

    Definition 162

    This documentation provides theassumptions, constraints and

    parameters that the development ofthe baseline schedule is derived. It

    also provides the foundation forschedule change or delay and impact


    Page 54 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 163

    If significant changes impact thecritical path or completion date, what

    is used for analysis?

    Definition 163

    The baseline schedule is thesignificant document used for

    identifying and analyzing schedulechange.

    Term 164

    The baseline schedule does all of thefollowing, except?

    A. Measure progressB. Identify trends

    C. Identify milestonesD. Identify changes

    Definition 164

    C. Identify milestones

    Term 165

    Important concepts for use of baselineschedules include?

    A. UpdatingB. RealigningC. Dumping

    D. Impacts

    Definition 165

    D. Impacts

    Page 55 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 166

    The baseline schedule is a fullydeveloped schedule for construction

    with all of the following

    attributes, except?A. Activities with durations.

    B. Activities with all appropriateattributes.

    C. Activities that are linked.D. Activities that solve logic issues

    Definition 166

    D. Activities that solve logic issues.

    Term 167

    True or False: The baseline scheduleis the foundation for progress


    Definition 167


    Term 168

    The baseline schedule is thefoundation and basis for what?

    Definition 168

    Trending, progress measuring andreporting, and change management.

    Page 56 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 169

    If there are significant variances to thebaseline schedule, what should


    Definition 169

    A new baseline schedule should becreated and used for progress

    measurement and changemanagement.

    Term 170

    Important considerations whentracking schedule progress include all

    but which of the following?A. Deductive documentation.

    B. Future change management.C. Historical documentation.

    D. Summary reporting.

    Definition 170

    A. Time period for updates.

    Term 171

    All but one of the followingrequirements is likely to be spelled out

    in the contract requirementsfor CPM periodic updates?A. Time period for updates.

    B. Number of copies to be submitted.

    C. Supporting data.D. List of completed change orders

    Definition 171

    B. Number of copies to be submitted

    Page 57 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 172From the following list of requirements

    that an owner might specify for abaseline submittal,

    which one is most likely not arequirement?

    A. Time for submittal after Notice-to-Proceed.

    B. Time for submittal afterconstruction is initiated.

    C. Time as a requirement forcompletion of the work.

    D. Time length for increments of longduration activities.

    Definition 172

    D. Time length for increments of longduration activities

    Term 173

    Name six methods to measureprogress.

    Definition 173

    Level-of-effort (LOE), physicalprogress, incremental milestones,

    activity start/finish, substantialstart/finish, supervisor judgment.

    Term 174

    What forms the basis for trending,forecasting and change management?

    Definition 174

    Accurate progressing of the schedule.

    Page 58 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 175

    What should one consider whenupdating the schedule?

    Definition 175

    One should consider the contractrequirements for cost and payment

    loading into the schedule model

    Term 176

    Which of the following principals isnot used in cost and resource

    management?A. Effective and efficient data

    gathering.B. Accurate data creation and

    manipulation.C. Schedule performance evaluation.

    D. Variance evaluation

    Definition 176

    A. Effective and efficient datagathering.

    Term 177

    Which of the following acronyms doesnot apply to cost and resource

    management?A. SPIB. VEC. SV

    D. BCWP

    Definition 177

    B. VE

    Page 59 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 178

    Cost and resource management is aprocess to optimize all but?

    A. The accurate collection of data.B. Careful monitoring of field

    activities.C. Ensuring that reporting is correct.D. Back-checking home office costs.

    Definition 178

    D. Back-checking home office costs.

    Term 179

    Recommendations, resulting fromeffective cost and resource

    management, include which of thefollowing?

    A. Changes in means and methods.B. Scope of work effort used.

    C. Changing in the pay estimates.D. Schedule manipulation

    Definition 179

    A. Changes in means and methods.

    Term 180

    Cost and resource management is aprocess that accomplishes all of the

    following goals except?A. Collecting accurate data.

    B. Monitoring field activities andprogress.

    C. Analysis of conditions found versus

    the schedule.D. Determining new activity duration

    Definition 180

    D. Determining new activity duration.

    Page 60 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 181

    Described planned work.

    Definition 181

    The scheduled value of work for agiven time.

    Term 182

    Described earned value.

    Definition 182

    The value of work that was completedin a specific time period.

    Term 183

    What is the SPI?

    Definition 183

    SPI is the ratio of worked performeddivided by work scheduled.

    Page 61 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 184

    What is a schedule variance?

    Definition 184

    Schedule variance is the differencebetween work schedule and work


    Term 185

    What is resource leveling

    Definition 185

    Leveling is the smoothing ofresources is to better allocate use ofresources and avoid peaks or valleys

    and will utilize the available float of theactivity

    Term 186

    When should a change beincorporated into the schedule?A. During the planning phase.

    B. After it is approved.C. As soon as it is identified.

    D. Never

    Definition 186

    B. After it is approved.

    Page 62 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 187

    Which of the following is an importantcharacteristic of schedule change

    management?A. Doing nothing

    B. Time impact analysisC. Baseline delineation

    D. Two-week look-ahead schedule

    Definition 187

    B. Time impact analysis.

    Term 188

    What elements of change should beintegrated into the schedule model?

    Definition 188

    Schedule suspension, delay anddisruption.

    Term 189

    What are key elements of the changeprocess that need to be fully

    understood by the projectteam?

    Definition 189

    Extensive knowledge of and attentionto the scope of work and contractual


    Page 63 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 190

    Why is it important to identify andincorporate changes early?

    Definition 190

    To minimize the affect of change onthe project schedule and cost

    Term 191

    Which of the following is not a form ofacceleration?A. Crashing

    B. CompressionC. Constructive baseliningD. Directive acceleration

    Definition 191

    C. Constructive baselining

    Term 192

    What is the difference betweendirective and constructive


    Definition 192

    Directive is when it is directed versusa stakeholders inaction or action in

    advance of direction.

    Page 64 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 193

    Schedule acceleration is a result of________.

    Definition 193

    Delay, increase in work scope,maintaining the current completiondate, or expediting the completiondate is an example of acceleration.

    Term 194

    When accelerating a schedule, whatshould be considered?

    Definition 194

    Effect of multiple shifts, overlapping ofactivities, overtime, modifying workmethods, increasing or changing of

    resources, and cost among otherelements

    Term 195

    Why is it important to document andcommunicate actions, when

    implementing schedule acceleration?

    Definition 195

    Schedule acceleration is often acontractual issue, therefore it is

    important to communicate the means,methods, and assumptions used in

    revising the execution plan

    Page 65 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 196

    Which is not a resultant of schedulemaintenance feedback?A. Recovery schedules

    B. Schedule accelerationC. Constructability reviewD. Control level schedule

    Definition 196

    D. Control level schedules

    Term 197

    Stakeholder schedule maintenancefeedback includes?A. Documentation

    B. ManagementC. Project team

    D. All of the above

    Definition 197

    D. All of the above

    Term 198

    Feedback to the scheduler is notreceived as?

    A. Written responses to previousupdate reports.

    B. Stakeholder meetingsC. Comments from the project team.

    D. Contract request for change

    Definition 198

    D. Contract request for change

    Page 66 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 199

    Why is stakeholder feedbackimportant in maintaining and updating

    the schedule?

    Definition 199

    Continual reassessment is importantto the overall success. Feedback mayalso identify failures in alignment with

    the execution plan.

    Term 200

    Which one is not a schedule controlmeasure?

    A. Identification or notice of change.B. Analysis of change on schedule.

    C. Management of change to mitigateimpacts.

    D. Management summary report

    Definition 200

    D. Management summary report

    Term 201

    Why are different levels of schedulesdeveloped?

    Definition 201

    Different schedule levels aredeveloped to communicate the

    schedule to various stakeholders toreflect their specific interests. The

    control level schedules incrementallydrop down from the

    master schedule.

    Page 67 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 202

    What is the hierarchy of scheduletypes?

    Definition 202

    Schedule types are:- Level 1 Milestone/Executive


    - Level 2 Contract master/Detailedintegrated

    - Level 3 Area master/Control- Level 4 Control /2-3 Week look-

    ahead- Level 5 Daily/Hourly

    Term 203

    Which of the following is not aprogress indicator?

    A. VariancesB. Objectives

    C. TrendsD. Total float

    Definition 203

    B. Objectives

    Term 204

    Why are variances and trend reportingimportant?

    Definition 204

    Variances and trends are progressindicators that assist in determining

    the status and health of aproject. The earlier variances and

    adverse trends are recognized, theeasier it is to take corrective


    Page 68 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 205

    What can variance and trendsinfluence?

    Definition 205

    Variance and trends can influence theend result of the project. Variances

    and trends provide thebasis for revisions to the baseline

    plan, corrective action, alternativesand recommendations orpotential change orders.

    Term 206

    Explain how Earned Value conceptsaffect variances and trends

    Definition 206

    Earned value concepts assist in theanalysis of variances and trends that

    lead to schedule forecasts.

    Term 207The current progress report indicatesthat electrical conduit installation is 5

    work days behind the baselineschedule, 65% complete, and driving

    the critical path. The previous monthlyupdate

    showed this activity to be on scheduleand was 15% complete. The baselineindicates the task should be complete

    in two weeks (remaining plannedduration when at 55% complete) andthe

    current update requires three weeks tocomplete the task using a 5 day

    workweek.A. What is the current trend?

    B. Describe the current variance.C. If you add an additional crew with

    the same capability as the currentwork effort, will the task be completed

    on time or early?

    Definition 207A. The schedule critical path activity isslipping and impacting completion for

    the entire project.B. The current variance is negative

    and may continue to grow, based onthe difference between the previous

    and current reports unless correctiveaction is taken.

    C. 5-day workweek = 20 days in a

    monthCurrent 5-day delay = 25% productivity

    loss (5 days behind in 20 workdayslast period). Existing crew created the

    5-day delay during the month,therefore = 75% variance. Adding thenew crew should finish the activity ontime, assuming the same conditions.The activity will not finish earlier thanoriginally planned by adding a second


    Page 69 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 208

    Which of the following is not anelement of critical path analysis?

    A. Evaluating activity relationships.

    B. Ensuring that change orders havebeen properly integrated into the

    schedule.C. Deleting milestones.

    D. Evaluating performance against thebaseline.

    Definition 208

    C. Deleting milestones.

    Term 209

    What is the primary focus of thecritical path analysis?

    Definition 209

    The primary focus of the critical pathanalysis is to evaluate the longest

    path of the project and identify criticalor near-critical activities

    Term 210

    Why is it important for the schedulerto understand the mechanics of

    scheduling software when performinganalysis?

    Definition 210

    It is important to understand how thesoftware tool calculates start and

    finish dates, float,constraints, and durations. All of theseimpact calculations that determine the

    critical path.

    Page 70 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 211

    What is a key process in scheduleanalysis?

    Definition 211

    Gathering accurate information aboutschedule progress and analyzing

    trends to properly forecast theremaining work in the schedule model

    Term 212

    The following earned value conceptsare included in schedule forecast

    development?A. Actual costs

    B. Estimate-to-complete (ETC)C. Schedule variance (SV)

    D. All of the above

    Definition 212

    D. All of the above

    Term 213

    Important factors in developingschedule forecasts do not include?A. Historical information, along with

    staffing and manning levels.B. Future productivity factors.

    C. Negative float.

    D. Baseline schedule

    Definition 213

    A. Historical information, along withstaffing and manning levels.

    Page 71 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 214

    Why is it important to perform what-if scenarios for significant pending

    change orders?A. Impact to schedule and cost.

    B. Equipment and material deliverylead time implications.

    C. Evaluation of available resources.D. All of the above

    Definition 214

    D. All of the above

    Term 215

    Which of the following is not anelement of schedule forecasts?

    A. Prediction of future work.B. Planned sequence of activities.

    C. Baseline schedules.D. Labor and material utilization

    Definition 215

    C. Baseline schedules

    Term 216

    From what do schedule forecastsresult?

    Definition 216

    Schedule forecasts are a result ofactual performance and the analysis of

    variances and trends.

    Page 72 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 220

    Why should constructability becontinually reevaluated?

    Definition 220

    Means and methods initiallyconsidered feasible may now be

    considered inappropriate

    Term 221

    Why would encountering a differingsite condition result in constructability


    Definition 221

    Latent or patent conditions aredifferent from existing contract

    requirements and,therefore, result in the need to

    reevaluate current construction meansand methods and calculate possible

    impacts on the schedule

    Term 222

    For what can a progress report beused?

    A. Become the basis for historicaldata.

    B. Used to estimate and schedulefuture work.

    C. Convey information concerning the

    project progress.D. All of the above

    Definition 222

    D. All of the above.

    Page 74 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 226What are some common types ofrecovery schedule techniques?

    A. Acceleration, schedulecompression, overtime, multiple

    shifts, or additional

    resources.B. Extending the schedule duration.

    C. Reducing manpower orsubcontracts.

    D. Deceleration of critical activities inorder to have non-critical path

    activities reaches apar with critical path activities

    Definition 226

    A. Acceleration, schedulecompression, overtime, multipleshifts, or additional resources.

    Term 227

    How is recovery schedules triggered?A. By contractual requirement

    B. By the prime contractorC. By the owner

    D. By the project plans

    Definition 227

    A. By contractual requirement.

    Term 228

    Recovery schedules are a result ofwhat?

    Definition 228

    Variances and trends, delays, orrevisions to the scope of work.

    Page 76 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 229

    For what are recovery schedulesused?

    Definition 229

    Bringing the schedule and cost backinto alignment with contract

    requirements and stakeholder needs.

    Term 230

    What is a management summary?A. A detailed report

    B. A set of construction documentsC. A concise summary of key points

    and issuesD. A report that excludes problem


    Definition 230

    C. A concise summary of key pointsand issues.

    Term 231

    The summary report is directedtowards?

    A. SuperintendentsB. Project controls staff

    C. Management and owners

    D. Subcontractors

    Definition 231

    C. Management and owners

    Page 77 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 232

    The management summary assists in?

    A. Making decisions about riskB. Giving detailed advice to the owner

    C. Procurement of third partyequipment and materials

    D. Developing operating procedures

    Definition 232

    A. Making decisions about risk.

    Term 233

    What type of information doesmanagement require?

    A. Concise and accurate with nosurprises

    B. General information about theproject

    C. Graphs and presentations onsimilar projects

    D. Detailed schedule analysis

    Definition 233

    A. Concise and accurate with nosurprises.

    Term 234AD Activity Description

    ACWP Actual Cost of WorkPerformed

    ADM - Arrow Diagramming MethodADR - Alternative Dispute Resolution

    AE - Apportioned EffortAF - Actual Finish date

    ALAP - As Late As Possible

    AOA - Activity on Arrow (method)AON - Activity on Node (method)

    AS - Actual Start (date)

    Definition 234

    Page 78 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 235ASAP - As Soon As PossibleBAC - Budget at Completion

    BCWP - Budgeted Cost of WorkPerformed

    BCWS - Budgeted Cost of Work

    ScheduledCA - Control Account

    CAC - Cost at CompletionCM - Construction ManagementCPI - Cost Performance Index

    CPM - Critical Path MethodC/SC2 - Cost/Schedule Control System


    Definition 235

    Term 236CV - Cost Variance

    CWBS - Contract Work BreakdownStructure

    DCN - Design Change NoticeDCR - Design Change Request

    DD - Data DateDDT&E - Design, Development, Test


    DU / DUR DurationEAC - Estimate At Completion

    ECN - Engineering Change NoticeECR - Engineering Change Request

    Definition 236

    Term 237EF - Early Finish (date)

    EH - Earned HoursES - Early Start (date)

    ETC - Estimate To CompleteEV - Earned Value

    EVMS - Earned Value ManagementSystem

    FF - Finish-to-Finish (logic tie)FF - Free Float

    FS - Finish-to-Start (logic tie)GAAP - Generally Accepted


    Definition 237

    Page 79 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 238

    ITC - Indicated Total CostKPI - Key Performance Indicators

    KSI - Key Success IndicatorsLF - Late Finish (date)

    LOB - Line of Balance (method)LOE - Level oOf Effort

    LML - Lowest Management LevelLP - Longest Path

    LS - Late Start (date)LSB - Lowest Static Baseline

    Definition 238

    Term 239LSM - Linear Scheduling MethodMBM - Management bBy Methods

    MBO - Management bBy ObjectivesMBP - Management bBy PoliticsMBR - Management bBy RulesMBV - Management bBy Values

    MBWA - Management bBy WalkingAround

    MRP - Material Requirements Planning

    MRP - Manufacturing ResourcePlanning

    MPS - Master Production Schedule

    Definition 239

    Term 240NTP - Notice To Proceed

    OBS - Organizational BreakdownStructure

    OFFE - Owner Furnished Fixtures andEquipment

    OD - Original DurationPC / PCT - Percent Complete

    PDM - Precedence DiagrammingMethod

    PDS - Product Breakdown StructurePERT - Project Evaluation and ReviewTechnique

    PF - Planned Finish (date)PM - Project Management

    Definition 240

    Page 80 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 241PM - Project Manager

    PMIS - Project ManagementInformation System

    PMO - Program / Project ManagementOffice

    PMS - Performance MeasurementSystem

    PS - Planned Start (date)RAP - Resource Allocation Plan

    RBS - Resource Breakdown StructureRD - Remaining Duration

    SF - Scheduled Finish (date)SF - Start-to-Finish (logic tie)

    Definition 241

    Term 242SOW - Statement oOf Work

    SPI - Schedule Performance Index /Indicator

    SS - Scheduled Start (date)SS - Start-to-Start logic (tie)

    SV - Schedule VarianceTC - Target Completion (date)TCM - Total Cost Management

    (process) (AACEInternational)

    TF - Target Finish (date)TF - Total Float

    TS - Target Start (date)

    Definition 242

    Term 243

    WBS - Work Breakdown StructureWD WorkdayWH WorkhourWW - Workweek

    Definition 243

    Page 81 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 244

    Basic types of contracts:

    Definition 244

    o Fixed price.o Unit price.

    o Cost plus (with fixed, incentive, oraward fees).

    o Time and materials (T and M).o Guaranteed maximum price (GMP).

    Common delivery methods:o Design-build.

    Term 245

    Planning, scheduling and reportingrequirements:

    Definition 245

    Notice to proceed (NTP).o Milestones.

    o Phases.o Resources.

    o Costing.o Substantial completion.

    o Project completion

    Term 246

    Delivery methods.

    Definition 246

    Development and coordination ofcontract component elements:

    - Specifications.- Plans.

    - Special requirements, e.g. permits.

    - Contract formulation.

    Page 82 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 247

    General and special conditions:

    Definition 247

    a. Labor.b. Weather.

    c. Equipment.d. Material.

    e. Environment.f. Regional constraints.

    g. Any other project-specific variablesand requirements.

    Term 248

    Public agencies stakeholders:

    Definition 248

    - Federal.- State.- Local.

    - Special purpose entity;- School or university.

    - Utility district.- Special legislative, e.g., Tennessee

    Valley Authority (TVA).

    Term 249

    Types of stakeholders:

    Definition 249

    - Public agency- Private entities

    - Engineer-architects.- Contractors.

    - Subcontractors.- Consultants.

    - Vendors.- General public

    Page 83 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 250

    Private entities stakeholders:

    Definition 250

    - Owner.- Developer.- Individuals.

    - Social or political organizations.- Individuals and special interest

    groups.- Public agencies and private


    Term 251

    General public stakeholders:

    Definition 251

    - Land owner.- Activist.- Investor.

    - Concerned citizen

    Term 252

    Methods of constructability:

    Definition 252

    o Modularization.o Pre-fabrication.

    Page 84 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 253


    Definition 253

    o Design-build.o Material alternatives.

    o Means and methods analysis.o Design alternatives and constraints.

    o Health, safety and environmental(HSE) impacts.

    Term 254

    Costing constructability:

    Definition 254

    o Time.o Labor.

    o Transportation.o Storage.

    o Site access.o Governmental requirements.

    - Permitting.- Accessibility.

    - Inspections and compliance.

    Term 255

    Categories of resources:

    Definition 255

    o Labor.o Equipment.

    o Material.o Human.

    o Technology.

    Page 85 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 256

    Labor categories of resources:

    Definition 256

    - Management.

    - Technical.- Supervisory.

    - Craft.- Subcontract.

    Term 257

    Equipment categories of resources:

    Definition 257

    - Construction equipment.- Engineered (installed) equipment.

    Term 258

    Material categories of resources:

    Definition 258

    - Type.- Availability.

    - Deliverables.- Timing and phasing (need-by dates

    and logistics).- Installation.

    - Protection.

    Page 86 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 259

    Human categories of resources:

    Definition 259

    - Skill level.- Social values.

    - Cultural impacts.- Performance issues.

    Term 260

    Data sources:

    Definition 260

    o Historical database.o Program or project specific data.

    Term 261

    Historical database data sources:

    Definition 261

    - Type of program or project.- Location.

    - Prevailing conditions.

    Page 87 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 262

    Program or project specific datasources:

    Definition 262

    - Site survey.- Local resource studies.

    - Logistics and transportation.

    Term 263

    Terms to KnowValue engineering (VE).

    Cost effectiveness.Materials selection.Functional ability.Constructability.Design schedule.

    Definition 263

    Term 264

    Terms to KnowOwner


    Public agenciesDesigners

    Public groups

    Third partiesNon-governmental organizations(NGOs)

    Definition 264

    Page 88 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 265


    Definition 265

    a) Phaseb) Milestone

    c) Completiond) Operations

    Term 266

    Site and local considerations:

    Definition 266o Resources (labor, material,

    equipment, etc.)o Location

    - Urban- Rural

    - Remoteo Project Type- Undeveloped

    - Reuse- Renovation

    o Local environment and climaticconditions

    Term 267

    Delivery methods:

    Definition 267

    o Design-bid-build 48o Design-build

    o EPC (engineering-procurement-construction)

    o Design-build-operate

    o Variations of above

    Page 89 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 268


    Definition 268

    o Accesso Utility availability

    o Easements

    Term 269


    Definition 269

    o Laboro Equipment

    Term 270

    Scope of work:

    Definition 270

    o Asset.o Function.

    o Program and project.

    Page 90 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 271

    Work packages:

    Definition 271

    o Engineering and design.o Contract.

    o Construction.

    Term 272

    Considerations and constraints:

    Definition 272

    o Deliverables.o Milestones.o Variables.

    Term 273

    Contractual obligations:

    Definition 273

    o Milestones.o Deliverables.

    Page 91 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 274


    Definition 274

    o Schedule.o Budget and cost.

    o Forecasts.o Periodic reporting.

    Term 275

    WBS development & OBSdevelopment:

    Definition 275

    o Basic techniques.- Top-down.- Bottom-up.

    - Template-based.o Roll-up and summarization.o Code or chart of accounts.

    Term 276

    Cost breakdown structure (CBS):

    Definition 276

    o Elements of cost.o Labor.

    o Materials.o Direct costs.o Indirect cost.

    o Work breakdown structure (WBS).

    o Organization breakdown structure(OBS).

    Page 92 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 277

    Planning for forecasting:

    Definition 277

    o Periodic- Weekly- Monthly

    9 Quarterlyo Special

    - Change in conditions- Added or deleted work- Progress variance(s)

    Term 278

    Estimate types and classes:o Class 5 o Class 4 -o Class 3 o Class 2 o Class 1

    Definition 278

    o Class 5 Screening or Feasibility.o Class 4 - Conceptual or Feasibility.o Class 3 Budget, Authorization, or

    Control.o Class 2 Control or Bid/tender.o Class 1 Check or Bid/tender.

    Term 279

    Status reporting:

    Definition 279

    o Progress.o Schedule.

    o Cost.o Earned value.

    o Change and configuration


    Page 93 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 280


    Definition 280

    o Periodic.- Weekly.- Monthly.

    - Quarterly.Special.

    - Change in conditions.- Added or deleted work.- Progress variance(s).

    Term 281

    Control level schedules:o Level 1 o Level 2 o Level 3 o Level 4 o Level 5

    Definition 281

    o Level 1 Milestone / Executivesummary.

    o Level 2 Contract master / Detailedintegrated.

    o Level 3 Area master / Contract.o Level 4 Control 2-3 Week Look-

    ahead schedules.o Level 5 Daily / Hourly.

    Term 282

    Schedule development tools andtechniques:

    Definition 282a) Bar or Gantt charts.

    b) Critical Path Method (CPM) andnetwork models:

    - Arrow Diagramming Method (ADM) / i j Node, also known as Activity-on-


    - Precedence Diagramming Method(PDM).

    c) Program Evaluation and ReviewTechnique (PERT) and other riskmodels:- Parties.

    - Transactions and considerations.- Written versus oral.

    Page 94 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 283

    Breakdown structures:

    Definition 283

    o Work breakdown structure (WBS).o Organization breakdown structure

    (OBS).o Cost breakdown structure (CBS).

    Term 284

    Work Breakdown Structure (WBS):

    Definition 284

    a. Defining WBS by levels andelements.

    b. Coding techniques.c. Activity coding.

    d. How WBS is used in schedulemodeling and control

    Term 285

    Organization Breakdown Structure(OBS):

    Definition 285

    a. Defining OBS by levels andelements.

    b. Coding techniques.c. Activity coding.

    d. How OBS is used in schedule

    modeling and control

    Page 95 of 104Printable Flash Cards


  • 8/13/2019 Flashcard Psp


    Term 286

    Cost Breakdow