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1 Design and Implementation of a SIP- Design and Implementation of a SIP- Based Mobile and Vehicular Wireless Based Mobile and Vehicular Wireless Network Network With Push Mechanism With Push Mechanism Yu-Chee Tseng, Jen-Jee Chen, and Yu- Li Cheng National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 56, NO. 6, NOV. 2 007

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IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 56, NO. 6, NOV. 2007. Design and Implementation of a SIP-Based Mobile and Vehicular Wireless Network With Push Mechanism. Yu-Chee Tseng, Jen-Jee Chen, and Yu-Li Cheng National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan. Outline. Introduction - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Yu-Chee Tseng, Jen-Jee Chen, and Yu-Li Cheng National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan

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Design and Implementation of a SIP-Based Design and Implementation of a SIP-Based Mobile and Vehicular Wireless Network Mobile and Vehicular Wireless Network With Push MechanismWith Push Mechanism

Yu-Chee Tseng, Jen-Jee Chen, and Yu-Li Cheng

National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 56, NO. 6, NOV. 2007

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Outline Outline

• Introduction• System Architecture and Motivation• Basic Operations of the SIP-Based Mobile Network

– MH Joining the Mobile Network– Session Setup Procedure and CAC and RM Mechanisms– Handoff Procedure– MH Leaving the Mobile Network

• Proposed Push Mechanism– Sleep Procedure– Wake-Up Procedure

• Experimental Results and Comparison– Our Prototype– Call Setup Time and Maximum Num ber of Supported Calls– Handoff Delay– Performance of the Push Mechanism– Comparison of Signaling Cost

• Conclusion

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Introduction Introduction

• Extensive research has focused on how to maintain the global reachability of a device without interruption even when it is moving around.

• However, these host mobility management schemes manage the mobility and connectivity of mobile devices in an individual manner.

• Supporting host mobility when users exhibit group mobility causes significant costs.

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IntroductionIntroduction (cont.) (cont.)

• MIPv6-NEMO– IETF network mobility working gr

oup– “Network Mobility Basic Support

Protocol” RFC 3963

• SIP-NEMO– C.-M. Huang, C.-H. Lee, and J.-

R. Zheng, “A novel SIP-based route optimization for network mobility,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 1682–1691, Sep. 2006.

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IntroductionIntroduction (cont.) (cont.)

• Both MIPv6-NEMO and SIP-NEMO have shortcomings– Do not consider how to manage wireless resource.– Incurs unnecessary charges and energy consumption for

the external wireless interfaces.– For SIP-NEMO, additional servers are required.

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IntroductionIntroduction (cont.) (cont.)

• SIP-based Mobile Network Gateway (SIP-NMG)– The only component that required.

• No modification required to the end nodes.

– Support multiple external interfaces.– When there is no Internet activity, the SIP-NMG

disconnect the wireless interfaces to save energy and cost.

– SIP session control feature is exploited and a push mechanism is proposed.

• A push server is required.

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System Architecture and MotivationSystem Architecture and Motivation

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System Architecture and MotivationSystem Architecture and Motivation(cont.)(cont.)

• Design motivations– Saving charges of Internet access– QoS guarantee– Push mechanism– An added service for public transportation operators– Backward compatibility– Reducing handoffs– Saving the power consumption of MHs– Decreasing the complexity of MHs

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Basic Operations of Basic Operations of the SIP-Based Mobile Networkthe SIP-Based Mobile Network

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MH Joining the Mobile NetworkMH Joining the Mobile Network

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Handoff ProcedureHandoff Procedure

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MH Leaving the Mobile NetworkMH Leaving the Mobile Network

• The MH may detect other networks and update its contact information by sending a SIP REGISTER message.– If there is an ongoing session, it can be resumed by SIP

re-INVITE.

• Since the MH does not deregister with the SIP-MNG, the allocated resource will never be released.

• The authors suggest setting a timer for each session and integrating the SIP-MNG with the underlying routing protocol in MANET

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Proposed Push MechanismProposed Push Mechanism

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Sleep ProcedureSleep Procedure

SIP-MNG id, status, MSISDN, and IP address

SIP URI, SIP-MNG id, and registration expiration time

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Wake-up ProcedureWake-up Procedure

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Session Transfer ProcessSession Transfer Process

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Experimental Results and Experimental Results and ComparisonComparison

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The PrototypeThe Prototype

• SIP-NMG (IBM T42) is implemented over FC4– iptables and libipq are used for NAT and SIP-ALG– External wireless interfaces

• Nokia card (GSM) phone• PHS WiWi Card MC-P300/P-Card MC-6550 and Huawei E612 WCDMA PCMCIA card

• Push server (ASUS note book) is implemented by C++ on Microsoft Windows XP• MHs are IBM X23 with ASUS WL-167G usb WLAN adapters

– OS: Windows XP– SIP client: Windows messenger 5.1

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Call Setup Time and Maximum Number Call Setup Time and Maximum Number of Support Callsof Support Calls• IP phone MH2

– Support calls by single interface with acceptable quality, i.e. <1% packet dropping rate.

• A GPRS interface cannot provide enough bandwidth to support even one single voice call– the GPRS downlink bandwidth is only 28.8 kb/s, and the uplink

bandwidth is even less

• Via cellular > via 802.11– Internet PSTN cellular network MANET

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Handoff DelayHandoff Delay

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Performance of the Push MechanismPerformance of the Push Mechanism

• IP phone MH2

• Call setup time consists of two major components:short message transmission time + wireless interface reconnection time

• The call setup time is not short.– This is why we design our push server to temporarily answer an

incoming call to keep the session alive, or the caller may hang up before the call is established.

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Comparison of Signaling Cost Comparison of Signaling Cost (when handoff)(when handoff)

• The offline case– SIP-MNG has no SIP signaling cost– MIPv6-NEMO has to track network signaling and update w

ith its HA (costHABU)

• The online case– SIP-MNG N x costSIP-reregistration + S x costSIP-reINVITE

• N is the # of MHs in the mboile network• S is the # of sessions

– MIPv6-NEMO costHABU + M x costBU

• M is the # of CNs• assume that the routing optimization approach based on binding u

pdate for network prefixes is used

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Conclusion Conclusion

• A SIP-based mobile network architecture to support networking services on the roads– Multiple wireless interfaces– Dynamic bandwidth to internal users– By interpreting SIP signaling, the RM and CAC

mechanisms inside the SIP-MNG can guarantee QoS for users

– a push mechanism to allow the SIP-MNG to stay offline– do not modify the current SIP client–server architecture

and protocol

• A prototype has been developed

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commentscomments

• Simple, but maybe effective proposal• The handoff detection on SIP-NMG still rely on lower

layer.– May not be efficient enough

• When basing on Mobile IP(v6), if address translation is used, the cooperation with upper (application) layer should be considered.– e.g., Using SIP.

• Implementing a prototype is interesting but requires manpower and time.