Youth Civic Engagement

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Youth Civic Engagement. William Galston Professor, School of Public Affairs, University of Maryland. Director, CIRCLE. Registration and Voting. Source: The Civic and Political Health of the Nation, A Generational Portrait, 2002. Follows Government and Public Affairs. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Youth Civic EngagementWilliam GalstonProfessor, School of Public Affairs, University of Maryland.Director, CIRCLE

  • Registration and VotingSource: The Civic and Political Health of the Nation, A Generational Portrait, 2002.

  • Follows Government and Public AffairsSource: The Civic and Political Health of the Nation, A Generational Portrait, 2002.

  • Community Problem SolvingSource: The Civic and Political Health of the Nation, A Generational Portrait, 2002.

  • Regular Newspaper, TV News, and Radio News ExposureSource: The Civic and Political Health of the Nation, A Generational Portrait, 2002.

  • Tolerance/Appreciation of DiversitySource: The Civic and Political Health of the Nation, A Generational Portrait, 2002.

  • Distrust of PeopleSource: The Civic and Political Health of the Nation, A Generational Portrait, 2002.

  • Pro-Government responses to questionsSource: The Civic and Political Health of the Nation, A Generational Portrait, 2002.

  • Changing Priorities Among College Freshmen: Money CountsSource: HERI Freshman Survey, 1966 to 2000.

  • Interest in Public Affairs Among College Freshmen is DownSource: HERI Freshman Survey, 1966 to 2000.

    High School Activities

    15.81966196672.9196623.3

    16.51967196775.227.422.3

    196812.7196878.733.620.3

    196916.4196971.430.519.7

    197014.1197070.931.319

    197113197166.824.418.4

    197219721972197219721972

    197319731973197319731973

    197419741974197419741974

    197519751975197519751975

    197619761976197619761976

    197719771977197719771977

    16.68.91978197819781978

    18.48.61979197919791979

    198019801980198019801980

    20.18.81981198119811981

    21.88.21982198219821982

    21.37.51983198319831983

    19848.972.5198419841984

    1985198573.3198519851985

    1986198672.3198619861986

    198719871987198719871987

    35.48.71988198821.51988

    37.3198966198919891989

    39.6199066.41990199020.4

    39.3199168.83524.918.7

    41.17.370.234.429.71992

    38.5199372.6199322.71993

    40.5199474.3199419.21994

    41.1199574.926.217.91995

    42199676.926.918.71996

    42.4199778.924.916.51997

    45.9199879.624.616.51998

    46.4199981.123.916.91999

    45.420008122.816.42000

    organized demonstrations

    political campaign work

    volunteer work

    voted in student election

    discussed politics

    president of student organization

    High School Activities Reported by Incoming College Freshmen

    NES newspaper

    1974197464

    1976197665.4

    1978197858.7

    1980198050.5

    198219821982

    71.518.61984

    78.2231986

    65.822.31988

    74.818.61990

    63.115.11992

    199419941994

    67.110.71996

    199819981998

    66.517.62000

    Source: National Election Study

    read newspaper at least once a week

    read newspaper every day

    Do you read a daily newspaper?

    Newspaper readership

    Participation Index

    1.48

    1.58

    1958

    1.84

    1.24

    1.71

    1966

    1.62

    1.47

    1.79

    1.33

    1.66

    1.41

    1.63

    1.47

    1.55

    1.26

    1.38

    1.22

    1.61

    The average number of the following activities performed during a campaign: trying to influence others to vote for a candidate; attending political meetings; working for a party or candidate; wearing a button or sticker; donating money; and writing letters to the editor. (Moving 4-year avarage to account for the election cycle.) Source: National Election Study.

    mean participation index

    Political Participation Index

    NES political acts

    339.1266.2

    276.31.817.1

    15.71958195844.8

    29.312.101960

    11.82.6043.7

    414.82.928.6

    28.21966196647.2

    348.72.923.9

    23.16.15.446.9

    38.99.23.925.7

    15.671.346.1

    3661.827.5

    15.56.54.238.3

    41.27.4122.2

    20.810.65.626.6

    30.86.73.616.2

    15.63.50.837.9

    23.15.40.61988

    11.42.61.71990

    34103.21992

    1994199419941994

    20.25.11.51996

    1998199819981998

    36.14.51.82000

    At least one political act

    talk, influence others' vote

    attend political meeting

    work for party or candidate

    Talk, influence others' vote

    attend political meetings

    work for party or candidate

    at least one political act*

    at least one political act*

    talk, influence others' vote

    attend political meetings

    work for party or candidate

    Political Activities

    talk, influence

    33

    27

    15.7

    29.3

    11.8

    41

    28.2

    34

    23.1

    38.9

    15.6

    36

    15.5

    41.2

    20.8

    30.8

    15.6

    23.1

    11.4

    34

    1994

    20.2

    1998

    36.1

    source: National Election Study

    Talk, influence others' vote

    Moving 4-year average

    percent of Americans age 17-24

    Talking About Politics

    objectives of freshmen

    1966196669.71966196660.328.142.219661966

    1967196763.71967196754.52641.985.81967

    1968196860.61968196855.422.739.5851968

    18.135.767.21969196956.219.342.284.91969

    2035.371.731.1197057.21636.279.11970

    15.929.964.227.5197146.714.637.272.61971

    17.431.968.631.3197253.316.638.774.91972

    15.932.265.71973197346.21973197372.41973

    13.928.463.230.1197441197443.765.21974

    15.931.268.133197542.7197546.968.31975

    16.931.265.531.6197642.6197650.265.21976

    17.732.466.9323944.6197756.2631977

    16.732.967.429.137.141.9197858.560.31978

    17.333.566.328.535.142.6197961.156.31979

    18.234.266.729.635.745.2198062.554.21980

    16.73365.226.133.644.119816452.81981

    16.833.16425.334.243.719826850.61982

    15.732.464.524.433.540.5198368.747.91983

    17.234.16424.334.543.2198470.4481984

    17.734.16524.735.21985198569.246.91985

    16.434.359.120.430.11986198671.9441986

    18.638.160.421.732.21987198774.143.11987

    1988198819881988198819881988198819881988

    21.643.360.825.238.244.4198973.843.81989

    22.244.863.228.242.346.6199072.345.91990

    20.542.962.926.438.853.5199172.747.51991

    22.346.164.92946.444.634.571.448.91992

    22.544.365.428.243.442.1199371.947.81993

    20.842.364.227.238.536.534.971.846.61994

    18.740.762.925.835.832.333.572.845.41995

    18.840.363.625.836.132.835.372.944.51996

    17.639.163.825.333.730.13573.344.51997

    17.538.363.524.732.330.234.472.944.11998

    17.137.361.923.33028.631.572.1431999

    17.637.661.722.730.828.130.973.442.42000

    influence political structure

    influence social values

    help others in difficulty

    participate in community action

    promote racial understanding

    keep up to date with political affairs

    become a community leader

    become well off financially

    develop meaningful philosophy of life

    Objectives of College Freshmen

    values

    196642.2

    85.841.9

    8539.5

    84.942.2

    79.136.2

    72.637.2

    74.938.7

    72.4

    65.243.7

    68.346.9

    65.250.2

    6356.2

    60.358.5

    56.361.1

    54.262.5

    52.864

    50.668

    47.968.7

    4870.4

    46.969.2

    4471.9

    43.174.1

    1988

    43.873.8

    45.972.3

    47.572.7

    48.971.4

    47.871.9

    46.671.8

    45.472.8

    44.572.9

    44.573.3

    44.172.9

    4372.1

    42.473.4

    develop meaningful philosophy of life

    become well off financially

    News Interest

    60.3

    54.527.4

    55.433.6

    56.230.5

    57.231.3

    46.724.4

    53.3

    46.2

    41

    42.7

    42.6

    44.6

    41.9

    42.6

    45.2

    44.1

    43.7

    40.5

    43.2

    1984

    1985

    1986

    198721.5

    44.4

    46.6

    53.524.9

    44.629.7

    42.122.7

    36.519.2

    32.317.9

    32.818.7

    30.116.5

    30.216.5

    28.616.9

    28.116.4

    important to keep up to date with political affairs (college freshmen)

    discussed politics in high school

    volunteering

    72.5

    73.3

    72.3

    1987

    1988

    66

    66.4

    68.8

    70.2

    72.6

    74.3

    74.9

    76.9

    78.9

    79.6

    81.1

    81

    performed volunteer work in high school

    priorities

    1966196669.71966196660.328.1196642.2

    1967196763.71967196754.52685.841.9

    1968196860.61968196855.422.78539.5

    18.135.767.21969196956.219.384.942.2

    2035.371.731.1197057.21679.136.2

    15.929.964.227.5197146.714.672.637.2

    17.431.968.631.3197253.316.674.938.7

    15.932.265.71973197346.2197372.41973

    13.928.463.230.1197441197465.243.7

    15.931.268.133197542.7197568.346.9

    16.931.265.531.6197642.6197665.250.2

    17.732.466.9323944.619776356.2

    16.732.967.429.137.141.9197860.358.5

    17.333.566.328.535.142.6197956.361.1

    18.234.266.729.635.745.2198054.262.5

    16.73365.226.133.644.1198152.864

    16.833.16425.334.243.7198250.668

    15.732.464.524.433.540.5198347.968.7

    17.234.16424.334.543.219844870.4

    17.734.16524.735.21985198546.969.2

    16.434.359.120.430.1198619864471.9

    18.638.160.421.732.21987198743.174.1

    198819881988198819881988198819881988

    21.643.360.825.238.244.4198943.873.8

    22.244.863.228.242.346.6199045.972.3

    20.542.962.926.438.853.5199147.572.7

    22.346.164.92946.444.634.548.971.4

    22.544.365.428.243.442.1199347.871.9

    20.842.364.227.238.536.534.946.671.8

    18.740.762.925.835.832.333.545.472.8

    18.840.363.625.836.132.835.344.572.9

    17.639.163.825.333.730.13544.573.3

    17.538.363.524.732.330.234.444.172.9

    17.137.361.923.330