Young Language Learners Characteristics

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Transcript of Young Language Learners Characteristics

2.1CHILD DEVELOPMENTYLLs Characteristics1.AChildrenbringdiferent experiencesandknowledgeto theirlearninganditislikelythat eachchildwilllearnsomething diferent from the same activity.nthe classroom! the teacher has theresponsibilitytomakes"re thateachchildislearning#itis nottheresponsibilityofthechild alonetokeep"pwithwhatthe teacheristeaching.$eachers thereforeneedtoobserveand noteindivid"alchildrensneeds! andthenworkonmeetingthose needsthro"ghs"pportingtheir learning.

2.1CHILD DEVELOPMENTYLLs Characteristics1.A%ho are Yo"ng Lang"age Learners&Yo"nglearners'YLs(arechildren from)*1+yearsold,'themost vitalageinachilds development(.Yo"nglang"agelearnerslearn -nglishasaforeignlang"age aftertheyhavealready developed their L1.YLslearnaforeignlang"age,, asopposedtohavingthe opport"nity to acquire it as they did their L1.*Diferentsourcesciteyounglearnersatvariousagesfrom4to13yearsold.Inthiscourse,wehavecitedtheYLsage according to the research suorting the !"! Young Learner #odule.** $oreign language learning is when the learner lives in a country where the target language %eing learned is diferent from the native language.2.1CHILD DEVELOPMENTYLLs Characteristics1.AAltho"ghweidentifyYLLstobe fromtheagesof)to1+!they sho"ldnotbegenerali.edintoa homogeno"sgro"pb"tbroken down into s"bgro"ps.Asingleyearofagecanmakea h"gediferenceamongchildren# th"sdetailedanalysisisneededto identifydiferencesbetweenthem thatsigni/cantlychangestheway they learn from one or two years to the next.2.1CHILD DEVELOPMENTYLLs Characteristics1.A0Astheconcept1teaching-nglish toyo"nglearnerss"ggests!age playsacr"cialroleinwhatwe teach and how we teach it! since a yo"nglearnerclassisdiferent from an ad"lt or yo"ng ad"lt class intermsofthelearnerslang"age learningneeds!thelang"age competences emphasi.ed! and the cognitiveskillsaddressed.$hats why! it is highly important to show thediferencesoftheselearner gro"pskeepinginmindthefact thateverylearneris"ni2"eand s"chlistscanonlyre3ect generali.ations45eremy 6armer! +7782.1CHILD DEVELOPMENTYLLs Characteristics1.A$hefollowinggro"pingre3ects the-9Lteachingenvironment ofyo"nglearnersof-nglishin primary ed"cation:Ages )*; ?rade +Ages @*1+?rades = to )2.1CHILD DEVELOPMENTYLLs Characteristics1.Atisnotpossibletosaythatat theageof/veallchildrencarry o"tspeci/ctasks!b"titis possibletopointo"tcertain characteristicsofyo"ngchildren whichteacherssho"ldbeaware ofandtakeintoacco"ntin teaching.$hefollowingslideswilllist speci/ccharacteristicsforthe twoyo"nglearneragegro"ps previo"sly identi/ed.%hat are YLLcharacteristics&2.1CHILD DEVELOPMENTYLLs Characteristics1.A$heir own understanding of the world comes rom !ands" e#es andears.$hephysicalworldis dominant at all times.$hey are $er# logical >what yo" say /rst is what happens /rst.%!ortattentionand concentration s&an.AiBc"ltydisting"ishingbetween act and 'ction.$heyneedt!ecom&an#o ot!ers.Learners ages ( )*2.1CHILD DEVELOPMENTYLLs Characteristics1.A$heycannotdecideort!emsel$eswhatto learn.$hey learn best when en+o#ing t!emsel$es.$heyareent!usiasticand&ositi$eabo"t learning.$hey can use a ,ide range o intonation &atterns in their L1.$heycanunderstanddirect!uman interaction.$hey have a need to eel sae and relaxed.2.1CHILD DEVELOPMENTYLLs Characteristics1.A$hey"nderstandtheworldis go$erned -# rules.$heyunderstandsituations 2"ickerthanthey"nderstand lang"age.$heyuselanguages.illslong -eoret!e#area,areof them.$hey learn -est ,!en t!e# are interested and engaged.$hey are not usuall# conscious o t!eir learning.2.1CHILD DEVELOPMENTYLLs Characteristics1.A$heirbasicconceptsareformed. T!e#!a$eas&eci'c$ie,o t!e ,orld.$heycantellt!edi/erence -et,een act and 'ction.$heyas.questionsallt!e time.$heyrel#ont!es&o.en,ord and the physical world to convey and "nderstand meaning.$hey are a-le to ma.e some decisions abo"t their learning.Learners ages @ *1+Learn language c!un.s.2.1CHILD DEVELOPMENTYLLs Characteristics1.A$hey!a$ede'nite$ie,s a-out,!att!e#li.eand don0t li.e doing.$hey!a$ede$elo&edasense oairnessabo"twhathappens andbeginsto2"estionthe teachers decisions.$heyarea-leto,or.,it! ot!ers and learn from others.nlanguagede$elo&ment! they:"nderstand abstract"nderstand symbolsgenerali.e and systemati.e$heylearnt!roug! interactionwithpeersandthe teacher.2.1CHILD DEVELOPMENTYLLs Characteristics1.A$hesecharacteristicssho"ldbeconsideredalongwithindivid"al ones that vary between children like learning styles! intelligences! previo"slearningexperience!L1backgro"nd!motivation! personality and attention spans. 2.1CHILD DEVELOPMENTYLLs Characteristics1.A 6ow do characteristics in3"ence what we teach&CnderstandingYLLscharacteristicscanpositively in3"ence the way we teach.Look at the following list of characteristicsandtheirimplicationsondecisionsabo"t teaching.2.1CHILD DEVELOPMENTYLLs Characteristics1.A2.1CHILD DEVELOPMENTLesson D"mmary1.Anthislesson!weconsideredtheefectsoflearner characteristics on yo"ng learners.$hesecharacteristicshavecertainimplicationson"sas teachers insofar as what we plan! the activities we choose! the way we teach! and on how learners will learner. E-9FG- YFC CFH$HC- $F $6- H-I$ L-DDFH:%atchthevideoagainandbecome familiarwiththetermsandconceptsof learnercharacteristics.Completethe2"i..esandcheckyo"r answers.