Yankee worldview

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Yankee Republicanism and Northern Worldview Sept 12 th

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  • Yankee Republicanism and Northern Worldview Sept 12th

  • Lousiana Purchase

  • Antebellum Period 1815 1860Westward ExpansionPolitical DemocratizationUniversal Male, White SuffrageIndustrialization vs. Agricultural BoomGreat AwakeningAbolition MovementDevelopment of Free Religious Sentiment

  • Market Revolution1820 1830 different future between North and SouthConsumer, defense of free labor, common man ideologyTremendous Technological ChangeTransportation, Communication, CitiesChange from Subsistence to Cash CropsHome becomes its own Domestic Factory for Markets

    Yankee Peddler

  • Market RevolutionFirst Reform PeriodThoreau & EmersonIndustrialization ProcessRacial EqualityGender EqualityWar and PacifismIndividual Religious and Morality

    Emerson Man the Reformer

  • Market Revolution IdeologyIndividualism vs. StructureI can remake my worldReduce the ideology that individualism is powerfulTremendous OptimismBroad social optimism, butIndustrial FortunesWall Street, RailroadsInequality would widenRedefinition of family, childhood in the bourgeoisie classDoctrine of Progress

  • Yankee WorldviewInheritance from HistoryUriah Parmalee & Abolitionism, Civil War, IdealismYoung, white, northern, yankee, anglo-saxon protestantsFree Labor IdeologyThe West Women, children entering the labor market, immigrants arriving from IrelandMentalitHabits, individual rights, mobility, morality, conception of what men and women can give their children

  • Yankee WorldviewSelf RelianceExpression of Individualism (Agency) Without using the word individualismRealities of Agency in the Market RevolutionAnxiety, Dread, DespairGreat Fortunes, Great Inequality, Boom and BustMechanical vs. Organic SolidarityYoung women, and girls left farms, child laborers, new concept, definition of childhoodImmigration and Population Boom Double in 1825 1850 (1.5 billion)1830s (600,000 ), 1840s (1.5 m), 1850s (3m)Boston and New York had 50 percent foreign born

  • Yankee WorldviewMexican War of 1848Markers of Technological & Transportation ProgressSteam-boatsRomantic symbol of transportation revolutionRailroadsRevolutionize sense of time and travelMade the first multi-millionaires and private fortunesDeep relationship between government subsidies, business, and official corruptionCertain sense of economic isolation in the southern statesErie Canal1825 1880s: 300 miles between Buffalo and New York City

  • Yankee WorldviewManifest Destiny Most prevalent idea of the 19th CenturyProgress: Boundless resources, boundless land, natural wealth, the place of progress in the worldRooted in the principals of the Declaration of Independence Assertion of American ExceptionalismPoets, writers, politiciansA new man, a new start for mankind, new hopeNever vanished in American CultureConsequences and contradictions to saying this to the world

  • Self-Reliance and IndividualismTrancendentalismNew conception of how the mind knows the world, and the place and result of thoughtParadigm shift from empiricism and reliance on the past to a trust in the power of original thoughtLockean understanding and Emersonian intuitionSensory understanding, as Locke describes the process, reason then interprets, but religion molds an understanding of reason, linking reason to intuition of the soul. You-Tube Self Reliance Commercial http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hslN0C8GGaA

  • Self Reliance and IndividualismAmericas greatest cultural and political philosophyIndividualismCalm and considered feeling that disposes each citizen to isolate himself from the masses of his fellows and withdraw into the circle of his family and friends. With this little society formed to his taste he gladly leaves greater society to look after himself. (Tocqueville)For Tocqueville it is a destructive social current. He defines it as different from egoism but ultimately to egoismEmersons Self-Reliance individualism is a concept toward self-maturityBreach between Puritinism and Enlightenment (Franklin) Breach between the Enlightenment and Unitarianism (Emerson)Central drama of human life returns to religion

  • Self-Reliance and IndividualismConsistency-ContradictionA foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds (pg.19)ConformityWhoso would be a man, must be a nonconformist (pg.17)If I know your sect, I anticipate your argument (pg.18)Intuition The inquiry leads us to that source, at once the essence of genius, of virtue, and of life, which we call Spontaneity or Instict (pg.20)Man is timid and apologetic; he is no longer upright; he dares not say I think, I am but quotes some saint or sage (pg.21)Philanthropy/Travel/Society

  • AbolitionismGeneration of children that inherit the ideology of the American Revolution15 % of the population of the Northern StatesEnlightenment Ideology vs. Southern Slave SystemSanctity of the ConstitutionMonumental challenge of intractable issue

  • AbolitionismAmerican Colonation SocietyVolunteer free blacks who choose to return to Africa to found an African-American ColonyJeffersonian IdealismRejected by a majority of free African AmericansLiberia 1820-18221500 Free African Americans to Liberia 1821-1831Gradualism

  • Radical AbolitionsmEvangelical ChristianitySecond Great AwakeningRealization of Southern Ideological Commitment to SlaveryBritish Influence from Anti-Slavery Crusade1807 anti-slave trade act of parliament1833 abolition act of parliamentPolitical and Social EventsSouth CarolinaOhio ResolutionDomestic Slave trade and demographic movementWilliam Lloyd Garrison The Liberator