Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan( Yolanda) Philippines - 9 NOV 2013 - 2:00 am EST
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Transcript of Yale Tulane Special Report - Typhoon Haiyan( Yolanda) Philippines - 9 NOV 2013 - 2:00 am EST
- 1. YALE/TULANE ESF-8 PLANNING AND RESPONSE PROGRAM SPECIAL REPORTTYPHOON HAIYAN (YolandaPH) - THE PHILIPPINES BACKGROUND CURRENT SITUATION AFFECTED AREA WEATHER OUTLOOK CURRENT SITUATION - MEDICAL NATIONAL RESPONSEPHILIPPINES NATIONAL DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT COUNCIL PHILIPPINE ATMOSPHERIC, GEOPHYSICAL AND ASTRONOMICAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE AND DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION & COMMUNICATIONS DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH OFFICIAL GAZETTE PHILIPPINE COAST GUARD PHILIPPINE INFORMATION AGENCY PROJECT NOAH INTERNATIONAL/REGIONAL RELIEFWEBIFRCEUROPEAN Humanitarian Aid and Civil ProtectionNGOUNITED STATES THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE OFDA US EMBASSY THE PHILIPPINES NOAA PACOM JOINT TYPHOON WARNING CENTER NASAAS OF 9 NOV 2013INJUREDDEAD CONTACTS7*4**Numbers are likely to significantly increase as Search and rescue efforts continue9 NOV 2013LINKSHEALTH INFORMATION CDC DISASTER INFORMATION MANAGEMENT CENTER PORTALS AND RESOURCES ASEAN COORDINATING CENTER FOR HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE ON DISASTER MANAGEMENT GDDAC PREVENTION WEB PHILIPPINES PACIFIC DISASTER CENTER THOMAS REUTERS FOUNDATION UNDERGROUND WEATHER GOOGLE CRISIS RELIEF MAP HUMANITY ROAD
- 2. BACKGROUND Typhoon Haiyan passed over the islands of Yap and Ngulu in Yap state of Micronesia as a super typhoon overnight between 6 and 7 Nov 2013, causing minor damage. In the early hours 7 Nov, the center of the typhoon passed over Palau, where damage was reported in the northern states of Kayangel, Ngerchelong and Ngaraard. (OCHA, 7 Nov 2013) In the Philippines, Haiyan is known as Yolanda and made its first landfall in Guiuan municipality, Eastern Samar province at 4:40 am on 8 Nov with maximum sustained winds of at least 235 kilometres per hour (km/h) near the center, as well as wind gusts at 275 km/h, making it the strongest typhoon to hit the Philippines in 2013. It made subsequent landfalls in Tolosa municipality south of Tacloban City, Leyte province, Daanbantayan and Bantayan Island, Cebu province, and Conception, Iloilo province. It is en route to affect the city of Roxas in Capiz province and the tourism centre of Borocay in Aklan province during the night of 8 Nov. (OCHA, 8 Nov 2013)Haiyan is expected to hit Central Viet Nam on 10 Nov as category 2 or 3 typhoon. It is estimated that 6.5 million people will be affected by the storm. (IFRC, 8 Nov 2013)
- 3. CURRENT SITUATIONTyphoon "YOLANDA" continues to move over the West Philippine Sea and is expected to exit the Philippine Area of Responsibility this afternoon. Location of Center: 549 km West of San Jose, Occidental Mindoro (as of 10:00 a.m.) Coordinates: Strength: Movement:12.6N, 116.0E Maximum sustained winds of 175 kph near the center and gustiness of up to 210 kph Forecast to move West Northwest at 35 kphSaturday evening: Forecast 915 km West of San Jose, Occidental Mindoro Positions/Outlook: or outside the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR).Areas Having Public Storm Warning Signal PSWS #LuzonVisayasMindanaoSignal No. 1 (30-60 kph winds may be expected in at least 36 hours)Northern Palawan Puerto Princesa CityNoneNonePublic Warning Signal elsewhere are now lowered. Estimated rainfall amount is from 5.0 - 15.0 mm per hour (moderate heavy) within the 400 km diameter out of 600 km diameter of the Typhoon. Sea travel is risky over the seaboards of Northern Luzon, Central Luzon and the Eastern seaboards of Southern Luzon and Visayas.PAGASA
- 4. CURRENT SITUATION AS OF 9 AM PHT, 9 NOV 2012EVACUATIONS: 151,910 families/748,572 persons were evacuated to 664 evacuation centers in 31 provinces, 32 cities, 181 municipalities in Regions IV-B, V, VI, VII, VIII, X, and CARAGA CASUALTIES 4 dead: 3 electrocuted, 1 struck by lightning 7 injured 4 missing AFFECTED POPULATION A total of 161,973 families (792,018 persons) were evacuated to 812 evacuation centers in 37 provinces, 38 cities, 215 municipalities in Regions IV-A, IV-B, V, VI, VII, VIII, X, XI and CARAGASTRANDED A total of 3,398 passengers, 76 vessels, 743 rolling cargoes and 8 motorbancas are stranded in Regions IV-A (Batangas and Lucena), IV-B (Romblon), V (Albay, Sorsogon, Camarines Sur and Masbate), VI (Bacolod, Iloilo, San Jose de Buan and Caticlan), VII (Cebu and Dumaguete) and VIII (Maasin City and Catbalogan City), IX (Zamboanga), and ARMM (Jolo). SEAPORTS AND AIRPORTS November 8, 2013, operation of thirteen (13) airports were suspended by CAAP and 118 domestic flights have been cancelled due to the typhoon. November 9, 2013, operations of thirteen (13) airports are still suspended until further notice. pagasa.dost.gov.ph ndrrmc.gov.ph
- 5. CURRENT SITUATION POWER OUTAGES HEALTH According to Health Secretary Enrique Ona, around P15 million worth of assorted drugs and medicines, medical supplies, water and sanitation for health kits, cot beds, family tents, and other emergency supplies are available in Department of Healths regional offices in areas that is being battered by typhoon Yolanda. These regional offices are Centers for Health Development VI (Western Visayas), VII (Central Visayas), and VIII (Eastern Visayas), including DOH Manila central office . Ona has also activated Code Blue in all regions, meaning medical personnel in the regional offices will go on 24-hour duty. He also instructed hospitals to be on Code White, meaning hospitals should be ready with standby response teams.The DOH Health Emergency Management Service in the Central Office will also go on 24/7 with the following contact numbers: Hotline: 711-1001, 711-1002 Trunkline : 734-83-01, local 2206, 101 STATUS OF ROADS AND BRIDGES (AS OF 6:00 AM PHT - 9 NOV 12pagasa.dost.gov.ph ndrrmc.gov.ph doh.gov.ph OFFICIAL GAZETTE
- 6. AFFECTED AREA
- 7. WEATHER OUTLOOKNov 9 7:13 am Local Time Source: NOAASource: Accuweather
- 8. CURRENT SITUATION - MEDICAL The most recent disaster in the Philippines, a 7.2-magnitude earthquake, occurred October 15, 2013 and killed over 220 people. The country is still recovering leaving the population deficient in medical and public health resources. These conditions will likely degrade in the wake of this storm. Public Health Issues: Shortage of safe, clean water Shortage of adequate sanitation facilities Shortage of shelters Shortage of food markets not fully operational in many areas fishing trade impeded due to destruction of boats and gearSources and transmission of infectious diseases thousands sleeping outdoors exposure to weather and insectsdiarrhea and other water-borne diseases dengue fever and other vector-borne diseases pneumonia and viral upper respiratory illness impetigoMedical Issues: Increased mosquito population vectors for dengue fever, malaria, etc. outbreak of Chikungunya present prior to earthquake; potential to worsenTreatment capabilities for increased infectious diseases Increase in general medical complaintsmore physician visits are needed but cannot be accommodatedPoor hygiene Posttraumatic stress disorders Shortage of medications and other medical supplies Shortage of health care providers and support staff Community health centers and hospitals rendered inoperable due to infrastructure weakness Diminished transportation capabilities roads and vehicles severely damaged shortage of personnel and helicopters for air transporthttp://www.oxfam.org/en/pressroom/pressrelease/2013-10-21/serious-public-health-issues-earthquake-bohol-philippines. Accessed 07 Nov 2013. https://www.ifrc.org/news-and-media/news-stories/asia-pacific/philippines/mounting-health-concerns-in-the-aftermath-of-the-bohol-earthquake-ashospitals-destroyed-63670/. Accessed 07 Nov 2013.
- 9. HEALTH RISKS DURING/AFTER THE STORM IMMEDIATE RISKS Wounds and Injuries - Crushing injuries: compression of extremities or other body parts due to the collapse of buildings and other structures. Can lead to muscle swelling/neurological disturbances, and most often affects the lower extremities. If possible, crushing object should be removed, and injured person must be kept warm and comfortable, keeping any fractures immobile. - Lacerations: most common injuries occurring during and after a typhoon, account for 80% of wounds and are often related to flying debris and clearing off debris. Main priority of lacerations is to stop the bleeding and protect wounds with a sterile dressing to prevent infections. - Puncture wounds: often caused by flying debris. - Risk of wound infection and tetanus are high due to the difficulties with immediate access to health facilities and delayed presentation of acute injuries. - Gangrene occurring from wound contamination which requires immediate treatment. Gangrenous wounds should be managed aggressively, with surgical removal of gangrenous tissue. There is no risk of transmission of gangrene to unaffected persons. Drowning and Mudslides - Drowning: most common cause of immediate death during and following a tropical storm. - Mudslides: the region has already had multiple mudslides this year from heavy rain along the mountainous terrain. More mudslides are expected as a result of this storm. - Caused by rising water levels from heavy rainfall, flash floods, rip currents, storm surges, and storm tides. - The greatest threat to life and property is along the coast, but a storm surge can be well over 20 feet and travel miles inland. The Philippines Department of Science and Technology predicts storm surges for Tropical Storm Haiyan may reach up to 7 meters (23 feet). - Citizens along the coast need to evacuate to higher ground and avoid driving their vehicles onto roads covered by water.COMMUNICABLE DISEASES Water sanitation and Foodborne diseases - Displaced populations are at high risk from outbreaks of water, sanitation, and hygiene and foodborne-related diseases due to reduced access to safe water and sanitation systems. - Disruption of usual water sources and contamination of water by damaged sewage infrastructure may result in unsafe drinking water. - Perishable foods, or any food with unusual color, odor and/or texture should be discarded. Vector-borne and water-borne illnesses; injury-related infections - Vector-borne, water-borne and other zoonotic diseases: represent a major issue (malaria, dengue, rabies, etc.); pest control dealing with stray animals and insect and rodent control necessary during debris removal and clean up. - Immunization against endemic communicable diseases recommended. - Tetanus: bacterial disease resulting from contact of non-intact skin and contaminated objects. May lead to muscle rigidity and spams, and severe disease may progress into respiratory failure and death. - Up to date immunizations against tetanus highly recommended.
- 10. NATIONAL RESPONSE National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council (NDRRMC) Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) Opened 812 evacuation centers in 37 provinces of the countryDepartment of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) Activated District Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Teams in order to monitor national roads and bridges Prepositioned heavy equipment in strategic areas for clearing operations Started clearing operations to manage fallen and uprooted trees along blocked roadways Installed barricades on the Catanduanes Road Bocon Spillway to control floodingPrepositioned P192.7 million worth of emergency relief resources Alerted Quick Response Teams (QRTs) at national and regional levels, and Social Welfare and Development (SWAD) teams at provincial levelsDepartment of Health Established a 24/7 Emergency Operations Center Central Office Prepositioned assorted drugs, medicines, and hygiene kits to health care facilities Placed response teams on standby/on-call status Assigned 4 medical teams to evacuation centersPhilippine National Police (PNP): Assisted in evacuation of families and repacking of relief goods Prepositioned search-and-rescue teams in strategic locations around the country Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP): Prepositioned helicopters, navy vessels, and other vehicles to provide logistic support and relief items Prepared 1400 personnel for emergency response efforts Deployed 100 servicemen and trained volunteers to augment evacuation and rescue operations Volunteers pack relief goods inside a Department of Social Welfare and Development warehouse before shipping out to devastated provinces hit by Typhoon Haiyan in Manila November 8, 2013. REUTERS/Romeo Ranoco
- 11. RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT ACTION RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT ACTION The Philippine Red Cross alerted all Chapters within the Typhoon Track and submit list of inventory of existing supplies and equipment, manpower, and vehicles. Mobilize RC 143 Volunteers, instruct to monitor and report to RJG, SecGen, PRC NHQ Opcen, and Chapters Mobilized staff from National Headquarters for: 24-hour duty (per 12-hour shift) assign at the PRC NHQ Operation Center coming from Services and departments such as DMS, Health Service, Social Services, Safety Services, Communication Dept., Logistics Dept. and Fund Generation; Provided instruction to immediately establish welfare desk and first aid station to all evacuation centers ones activated during disaster Mobilization of staff from other department to render 24-hour duty (3 staff per duty 12-hour shift) to augment Operation Center staffing; Launched provisions of hot-meals (soup kitchen) to affected population displaced by the disaster Mobilization of NHQ staff already in Western Samar and Eastern Samar (on field training) to augment Chapter staff operation during disaster event; and following response units are on standby: Ambulance 3 (Bicol Chapters), 16 (Visayas Chapters) and 19 (Mindanao Chapters) WASAR Team: Flood Rescue Boat 20 (Visayas Chapter) and 12 (Mindanao Chapters) WASAR Manpower 20 (Visayas Chapter) and 12 (Mindanao Chapters) Alerted Chapters to stand-by manpower trained on Emergency Shelter, WASAR, WATSAN, Welfare and Health for possible deployment.PRC Preparedness and Response Plan Re: Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan) Pre-disaster deployment oneA ssessment Team to be station in Cebu composed of three PRC NHQ Staff (TL: Denise Avelino DMS, LinaSison Health Service, and Michael Belaro DMS) and one IFRC Delegate
- 12. NGO Catholic Relief Services is engaging partners and other aid agencies, mobilizing resources to help the government and the most affected areas. Currently moving tarpaulins to Cebu City to provide 8,000 families with inevitable shelter needs. Response teams are traveling to the areas hardest hit to conduct needs assessments. Feed the Children Is formulating response plans with its office in Cebu to prepare to provide relief in the form of food, water, and basic necessities to the more than 200,000 children currently supported by Feed the Children programs.Shelter Box USA currently has a team based in the country providing shelter in response to the October 15 earthquake that hit Bohol. Shelter Box USA will conduct needs assessments soon and formulate a response. Oxfam International's assessment teams will be dispatched Saturday to begin work. Handicapped International will soon send an emergency assessment team to the hardest-hit areas in collaboration with other international NGOs starting with the city of Tacloban.Tlcoms Sans Frontires Bangkok-based team, as well as backup from its international headquarters in Europe, is providing essential telecommunications to the hundreds of thousands of people affected in need of contacting families and supporting the communications needs of numerous humanitarian aid agencies in the field. Child Fund International is participating in coordinated response and needs-assessment planning with the government and other NGOs, and coordinating closely with our local partner organizations. Emergency response teams prepositioned supplies, including emergency kits and tents, and made arrangements with local suppliers to access food and non-food relief supplies. Preparations are being made to setup of Child Centered Spaces in the storms aftermath so that children will have a safe haven. International Medical Corps' emergency teams are on standby, closely monitoring the storm, coordinating with partners and prepositioning supplies for a potential response. Save the Children is on the ground delivering essentials such as blankets, mosquito nets, emergency kits for children and families (household and hygiene supplies, clean drinking water, cleaning items, temporary school tents and education materials). Additionally, they are partnering with local governments and other relief agencies to assess needs and provide assistance, with a special focus on affected children.
- 13. POINTS OF CONTACT National Emergency Telephone Number: 117 National Disaster and Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) hotlines: (02) 911-1406, (02) 9122665, (02) 912-5668, (02) 911-1873 NDRRMC hotlines for Luzon National Capital Region: (02) 421-1918 Region I: (072) 607-6528 Region II: (078) 844-1630 Region III: (045) 455-1145 Region IV-A: (049) 531-7266 Region IV-B: (043) 723-4248 Region V: (052) 481-1656, (052) 481-5031 Cordillera Administrative Region: (074) 304-2256, (074) 619-0986 Office of the Civil Defense regional office telephone directory National Capital Region: (02) 913-2786 Region I: (072) 607-6528, 700-4747 Region II: (078) 844-1630 Region III: (045) 455-1526 Region IV-A: (049) 834-4244, 531-7279 Region IV-B: (043) 723-4248 Region V: (052) 481-1656 Region VI: (033) 337-6671, 509-7971; Region VII: (032) 416-5025, 416-5025 Region VIII: (053) 323-8453 Region IX: (062) 215-3984 Region X: (088) 857-3988, 875-3907 Region XI: (082) 233-2022, 233-0611 Region XII: (083) 552-9759; 553-2994 Cordillera Administrative Region: (074) 304-2256 CARAGA: (085) 815-6345, 342-8753, 341-8629Philippine National Police (PNP) Hotline Patrol 117 or send TXT PNP to 2920 Bureau of Fire Protection (NCR) 117, (02) 729-5166, (02) 410-6319 (Regional Director, Information Desk) Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA) 136, 882-0925 (flood control) Trunkline: (02) 882-4150-77 loc. 337 (rescue), 255 (Metrobase) Metrobase: 882-0860 Red Cross hotline 143, (02) 527-0000, (02) 527-8385 to 95 Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) hotline (02) 433-8526 Philippine Coast Guard (02) 527-3877, (02) 527-8481, 0917-724-3682 (globe), 0917-PCG-DOTC (globe) Manila Water Hotline 1627PHIVOLCS Trunkline: (02) 426-1468 to 79, local 124/125 (emergency); Text/call: 0905-313-4077 (globe) DSWD (02) 951-7119 Disaster Response Unit: (632)931-81-01 to 07, local 426DSWD (02) 951-7119 Disaster Response Unit: (632)931-81-01 to 07, local 426 Cebu Provincial Government emergency numbers: Command Centers Cebu City Hall Command Center - 2530357 Cebu Province Disaster Risk Reduction and Emergency Management - 255-0046 Cebu City Disaster Risk and Emergency Management - 255-0046 Ambulance / Rescue Team ERUF (Emergency Rescue Unit Foundation) Dial 161 from any landline within Cebu * ERUF Banilad: +63.32.233-9300 * ERUF Lapu Lapu: +63.32.340-2994 / 261-9788 * ERUF Abellana Sports Complex: +63.32.2557287 LAPU-LAPU CITY RESCUE UNIT FOUNDATION (32) 3402994 Bohol Provincial Government emergency numbers: Police: 09173051833, 09128089279 Army: 09082682695 Fire: 160 Emergencies: 117HUMANITY ROAD