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2. VIRTUEIt comes from the Latin virtus, meaning courage or bravery, especially that of a soldier.Virtus is derived from vir which means man. Hence, literally speaking, virtue means manliness. 3. VIRTUEIt is a habitual and firm disposition to do the good.It allows the person not only to perform good acts but also to give the best of himself/herself. 4. VIRTUEIn ethics, virtue signifies a habit inclining one to think and act correctly, to follow what is right, and to avoid evil. 5. VIRTUESt. Augustine defines virtue as a good quality of the mind by which one lives rightly, which no one uses badly, and which God works in us. 6. VIRTUE St. ThomasAquinas explainsthat virtue is ahabit that is good;it perfects thepower of the souland inclines one todo good. 7. VIRTUEThree key ideas inAristotles definition:1. Virtue is a state of character.2. Virtue makes humans good.3. Virtue makes humans do their work well. 8. CHRISTIAN VIRTUE It does not center onthe human person buthas its source in theHoly Spirit with Histransforming grace. It consists inconformity to the imageof Christ and in thenew creature createdafter the likeness ofGod in truerighteousness andholiness. 9. Catechism of the CatholicChurch (CCC) classifiesvirtues asTheological virtues- faith, hope, and love.Human or moral virtues- prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance. 10. THEOLOGICAL VIRTUE Its immediate object is God. It disposes Christians to live ina relationship with the TriuneGod. 11. 1. VIRTUE OF FAITHWe believe in God and all that He has said and revealed to us- and that the Holy Church proposes for our belief- because He is truth Himself. 12. 1. VIRTUE OF FAITHVatican IIs document Dei Verbum states that by faith one freely commits his/her entire self to God (#5). 13. 1. VIRTUE OF FAITHAll however must be prepared to confess Christ before men and to follow Him along the way of the Cross, amidst the persecutions which the Church never lacks. (LG 42) 14. 1. VIRTUE OF FAITHThe first step to faith is to understand the credibility of God- the God revealed in history and in Jesus Christ. 15. 2. VIRTUE OF HOPEWe desire the kingdom of heaven and eternal life as our happiness, placing our trust in Christs promises and relying not on our strength but on the help of the grace of the Holy Spirit. 16. 3. VIRTUE OF LOVE It enables us to love Godabove everything for hisown sake and to love ourneighbor as God loves us. This is the virtue whichperfectly binds together allother virtues. We cannot work for justicewithout love. To be just is to be lovingand vice versa. 17. FOUR CARDINAL VIRTUES 18. 1. Prudence Is good common sense.Right reason in action St. Thomas A.Helps us to discover what is good in every situation & helps us to choose the right ways of achieving it.A prudent person always seeks the most loving & just thing to do in a given circumstance. 19. PrudenceThe exercise of conscience is always guided by PRUDENCE.It is the capacity for DISCERNMENT.It formulates & imposes the correct dictates of reason.What is the best way for me, in this situation, to do the right thing?The prudent person must investigate the situation & take counsel from others. 20. Prudence presupposes the ff. qualities:Knowledge of moral principlesAbility to make rational inferencesVision or foresightAbility to weigh circumstancesAbility to anticipate obstacles & plan to surmount them.Ability to decide. 21. 2. FortitudeGives us the firmness, strength, & courage to deal with temptations, difficulties, & dangers in doing what is right and true.It is spiritual courage to do what is right, helping us conquer fear, even of death in defending a just cause. 22. 3. TemperanceModerates the attraction of pleasures & provides balance in the use of created goods.Is the virtue that enables us to control our appetites for these goods (food, drink, sexual pleasure) & use them in God-intended ways.We develop this virtue by acts of self-denial. 23. 4. The Virtue of JusticeIt is the moral &cardinal virtue bywhich we giveGod & ourneighbor what istheir due byright. 24. References/Sources: CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH A PILGRIMS NOTES by Fr. Fausto Gomez, O.P.