World War I World War I “The Great War” US History.

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Transcript of World War I World War I “The Great War” US History.

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World War I World War I The Great War US History Slide 2 Causes of WWI Nationalism Strong pride/belief in your country Imperialism Quest for colonial empires Militarism Glorification of military strength Arms race Alliances Promise to aid each other Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, and Bulgaria (Central Powers) France, Russia, Great Britain (Triple Entente) Nationalism Strong pride/belief in your country Imperialism Quest for colonial empires Militarism Glorification of military strength Arms race Alliances Promise to aid each other Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, and Bulgaria (Central Powers) France, Russia, Great Britain (Triple Entente) Slide 3 The Beginnings in Europe Balkan feuds June 28, 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a Serbian Nationalists Ultimatum by Austria- Hungary Alliances bring war Balkan feuds June 28, 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a Serbian Nationalists Ultimatum by Austria- Hungary Alliances bring war Slide 4 US Neutrality? Not our war But tied to Europe anyway Problems with neutrality Arabic & Sussex Pledges Germany would warn non-military targets at sea & not use unrestricted sub warfare Trade continues US Preparesfor war or peace? Not our war But tied to Europe anyway Problems with neutrality Arabic & Sussex Pledges Germany would warn non-military targets at sea & not use unrestricted sub warfare Trade continues US Preparesfor war or peace? Slide 5 The US Goes to War Zimmerman Note + Submarine warfare lead to US Declaration of War Zimmerman Note + Submarine warfare lead to US Declaration of War Slide 6 The European War Western Front/Trench Warfare Thought cavalry and charges (quick, decisive battles Instead battered and bloodied stalemate Trench warfare from North Sea to Switzerland New Weapons Machine Gun Tanks Poison Gas Modern Airplanes and Submarines The AEF joins in (American Expeditionary Force) Western Front/Trench Warfare Thought cavalry and charges (quick, decisive battles Instead battered and bloodied stalemate Trench warfare from North Sea to Switzerland New Weapons Machine Gun Tanks Poison Gas Modern Airplanes and Submarines The AEF joins in (American Expeditionary Force) Trench Warfare Slide 7 The Home Front Wilsons Preparedness Program Mobilization of men, money, machines & minds Selective Service Act, 1917Selective Service Act, 1917 Ship Building Campaigns Liberty Bonds & Victory Loans Wilsons Preparedness Program Mobilization of men, money, machines & minds Selective Service Act, 1917Selective Service Act, 1917 Ship Building Campaigns Liberty Bonds & Victory Loans Woodrow Wilson Slide 8 Fighting the War at Home War Industries Board Fuel Administration Food Administration Committee on Public Information Civil Liberties Espionage Act Trading with the Enemies Act Sedition ActSedition Act National War Labor BoardNational War Labor Board War Industries Board Fuel Administration Food Administration Committee on Public Information Civil Liberties Espionage Act Trading with the Enemies Act Sedition ActSedition Act National War Labor BoardNational War Labor Board WWI US Propaganda Poser Slide 9 Casualties Slide 10 Surrender Germany surrenders on November 11, 1918 The cease fire goes into place at 11 AM on 11/11/1918 (Armistice Day) Peace Conference set for January 1919 - Paris Germany surrenders on November 11, 1918 The cease fire goes into place at 11 AM on 11/11/1918 (Armistice Day) Peace Conference set for January 1919 - Paris Slide 11 Woodrow Wilsons 14 Points Wilsons Plan for World Peace. 9 Points Self Determination. The right of people to govern themselves. Settles territorial disputes. 4 Points Causes of War. Secret Diplomacy, Arms Race, Violation of freedom of the seas, and Trade Barriers. 1 Point League of Nations. Set up an international body designed to prevent offensive wars. Wilsons Plan for World Peace. 9 Points Self Determination. The right of people to govern themselves. Settles territorial disputes. 4 Points Causes of War. Secret Diplomacy, Arms Race, Violation of freedom of the seas, and Trade Barriers. 1 Point League of Nations. Set up an international body designed to prevent offensive wars. Slide 12 Paris Peace Conference Big Four David Lloyd George Great Britain Georges Clenemceau France Vittorio Orlando Italy Woodrow Wilson U.S. Italy, France, and Great Britain want revenge United States wants to end all wars Six months of debate until reach a decision Big Four David Lloyd George Great Britain Georges Clenemceau France Vittorio Orlando Italy Woodrow Wilson U.S. Italy, France, and Great Britain want revenge United States wants to end all wars Six months of debate until reach a decision The Big Four Slide 13 Treaty of Versailles Harsh and Humiliating Terms. Germany and the Ottoman Empire were divided among the Allies. France reclaimed territory lost to Germany. 15 years Germany disarmed. Germany forced to admit full responsibility for the War. Germany charged billions of dollars in reparations. Terms. Germany and the Ottoman Empire were divided among the Allies. France reclaimed territory lost to Germany. 15 years Germany disarmed. Germany forced to admit full responsibility for the War. Germany charged billions of dollars in reparations. Slide 14 Before the Great War Slide 15 After the Great War Slide 16 League of Nations Set up under the Treaty Resolve disputes peacefully Established a waiting period Economic Pressure Force Respect and Preserve all other member nations Set up under the Treaty Resolve disputes peacefully Established a waiting period Economic Pressure Force Respect and Preserve all other member nations Slide 17 US Reaction Senate refused to approve treaty If a member, U.S. forced to go to war in defense of any League member Wilson refused to compromise League set up in Geneva, Switzerland without the U.S. Senate refused to approve treaty If a member, U.S. forced to go to war in defense of any League member Wilson refused to compromise League set up in Geneva, Switzerland without the U.S.