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  • Social Studies in Action K5 Workshop - 99 - Workshop 6

    Workshop 6

    Engaging Students in Active Learning

    Session Summary How do we engage students in active learning? This session examines the relationship between social studiescontent and the teaching strategies that tap students critical thinking skills, promote cooperative learning, andunderscore the relevance of social studies in students lives. To help you extend your thinking, you will:

    Explore cooperative learning.

    Define the elements of authentic instruction.

    Analyze social studies lessons for active learning strategies.

    Learning GoalsAt the end of this session, you will be able to:

    Identify the elements of authentic instruction.

    Identify strategies that promote active learning.

    Apply strategies for active learning in your practice.

    FACILITATORS NOTE: You will need to make copies of the following materials for all participants (pages 107116).

    Concept Chart Viewing Chart Elements of Authentic Instruction

    Developing a Lesson Summary

  • Workshop 6 - 100 - Social Studies in Action K5 Workshop

    Key Concepts Cooperative learning Jigsaw Authentic instruction

    ReadingsBefore arriving for each session, read each of the articles listed below to gain knowledge about key concepts relat-ed to active learning in social studies. As you read, look for these concepts, their definitions, and examples of each.

    After you read the articles, write answers to the following questions. Use the Reading Questions form on page 106.

    1. What are the elements of authentic instruction? How does each element engage students and increaseunderstanding?

    2 What is cooperative learning, and how does it differ from other small-group work?

    3. How do different kinds of questioning promote active learning?

    4. How can active learning help teachers assess studentsunderstanding?

    ArticlesMeaningful, Engaged LearningDescribes the characteristics of active learning.Jones, B. G., G. Valdez, J. Nowakowski, and C. Rasmussen. Meaningful, Engaged Learning. North CentralRegional Educational Laboratory.

    Essential Elements of Cooperative LearningDescribes how cooperative learning is used in active learning.Stahl, Robert J. The Essential Elements of Cooperative Learning in the Classroom. Educational Resources Information Center.

    Five Standards of Authentic InstructionExplains how the five standards of authentic instruction promote active learning.Newmann, Fred M., and Gary G. Wehlage. Five Standards of Authentic Instruction. Educational Leadership.Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

    Classroom QuestioningDescribes the types and uses of classroom questions.Cotton, Kathleen. Classroom Questioning. North West Regional Educational Laboratory.

    FACILITATORS NOTE: Be sure that everyone has access to these readings.You may want to have a few copies available for those without Internet access.

    Explore

    Assignment: Bring your written workto the session, and save it to submit asan assignment.

    Visit the Web Site: These articles are available online at the workshop Web site at:

    www.learner.org/channel/workshops/socialstudies

    Go to session 6 and select Printouts.

  • FACILITATORS NOTE: When the workshop session begins, you may want to spend a few minutes reviewing the Reading Questions and key concepts.

    Activity 1: Getting StartedWatch the video introduction to familiarize yourself with the session, instructor, and participants. Before youwatch, consider the following questions:

    How do you define active learning?

    How does active learning differ from traditional, or non-active, learning?

    How does social studies content lend itself to active learning?

    Activity 2: What Do You Know?FACILITATORS NOTE: Distribute the Concept Chart.

    This activity is designed to help you think about teaching strategies you use to engage students in active learn-ing. Begin by thinking of a social studies unit you teach. Then recall your objectives and the strategies you use toengage students in active learning.

    Use the Concept Chart to list the objectives and the active learning strategies you already use.

    Activity 3: Reflect on Your WorkAfter you have completed your chart, review your answers and consider the following questions:

    What active learning strategies do you tend to use?

    Why are some strategies more successful for you than others?

    How do the strategies you use enhance learning and help you meet your learning objectives?

    What strategies from the video would you add?

    View Video Segment: Introduction: Go to this segment in the video bymatching the image (to the left) on your TV screen. Youll find this segment atthe beginning of the video. Watch for about 18 minutes.

    In this video segment, participants take part in a cooperative learning activi-ty that reviews the elements of authentic instruction.

    Social Studies in Action K5 Workshop - 101 - Workshop 6

    Engage

  • Workshop 6 - 102 - Social Studies in Action K5 Workshop

    FACILITATORS NOTE: Distribute the Viewing Chart.

    The following video segment reviews teaching strategies that promote active learning in classroom examples. Asyou watch, take notes on the teaching strategies you see in the classroom examples.

    Use the Viewing Chart to record your observations. This will prepare you for the upcoming activity.

    After you have completed the Viewing Chart, review your answers and consider the following questions:

    Which strategies seemed most relevant to your teaching?

    What made these strategies effective?

    How do the related activities demonstrate students understanding?

    What would you add?

    Explain

    View Video Segment: Identifying Strategies in Classroom Examples: Goto this segment in the video by matching the image (to the left) on your TVscreen. Youll find this segment approximately 19 minutes into the video.Watch for about 27 minutes.

    In this segment, workshop participants watch several classroom teachersengaging students in active learning. After each classroom example, partici-pants discuss their observations.

    Assignment: Save your written workto submit as an assignment.

  • Now that you have explored and viewed teaching strategies that engage students in active learning, apply whatyou know in the following activities.

    Activity 1: Examples of Authentic InstructionFACILITATORS NOTE: Distribute the Elements of Authentic Instruction form.

    In this activity, youll analyze three of the classroom segments you just watched and identify teaching strategiesthat illustrate authentic instruction. Before you begin, review the strategies you listed on your Viewing Chart, andthe elements of authentic instruction below.

    Elements of Authentic Instruction Higher-order thinkingstimulates critical thinking

    Depth of knowledgeencourages comprehensive learning

    Real-world connectionteaches applications of concepts

    Substantive conversationuses meaningful discussion

    Social supportprovides encouragement and inclusion

    Use the Elements of Authentic Instruction form and follow the instructions.

    Activity 2: Developing a LessonFACILITATORS NOTE: Distribute the Developing a Lesson form.

    Now that you have identified teaching strategies that engage stu-dents in active learning, develop a social studies lesson of yourown with these strategies in mind.

    Use the Developing a Lesson form to help you organize your lesson plan.

    Visit the Web Site: This activity is also available online as an Interactive Activity at:

    www.learner.org/channel/workshops/socialstudies

    Go to session 6 and select Apply.

    View Video Segment: Mini-Lesson: Go to this segment in the video bymatching the image (to the left) on your TV screen. Youll find this segmentapproximately 47 minutes into the video. Watch for about 10 minutes.

    Watch this segment to see how workshop participants use the Pledge of Allegiance to plan for active learning.

    Assignment: Save your written workto submit as an assignment. Note: Ifyou are taking all eight sessions forcredit, you may continue to work onthis unit in subsequent sessions. Savea copy of your work.

    Social Studies in Action K5 Workshop - 103 - Workshop 6

    Apply

  • Workshop 6 - 104 - Social Studies in Action K5 Workshop

    What Did You Learn?FACILITATORS NOTE: Distribute the Summary form.

    In this session, you examined a range of strategies that promote active learning. Review your initial concept chart,answers to the reading questions, strategies you observed in the video segments, and the lesson you developed.Now write a summary to record what youve learned. Use the Summary form and follow the instructions.

    Assignments

    Submit Your WorkIf you are taking this workshop for credit or professional development, submit the following assignments for session 6: Engaging Students in Active Learning.

    1. Explore: Read the articles and respond to the questions that follow using the Reading Questions form.

    2. Explain: Watch the video segment, complete the Viewing Chart, and answer the questions that follow.

    3. Apply: Apply what youve learned and complete the Developing a Lesson activity.

    4. Evaluate: Summarize what youve learned and how you will apply new strategies in your teaching.

    For Next WeekSee Explore: Readings for session 7 for next weeks reading assignment.

    Evaluate

    Assignment: Save your written workto submit as an assignment.

    Check the Assignments list that fol-lows to be sure youve completed allassignments for this session.

  • Social Studies in Action K5 Workshop - 105 - Workshop 6

    PrintBlythe, Tina, and Associates. The Teaching for Understanding Guide. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1998.

    Newmann, Fred M., and Associates. Authentic Achievement: Restructuring Schools for Intellectual Quality. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1996.

    Web Active Learning Practices for Schoolshttp://learnweb.harvard.edu/alps/Provides information about Teaching for Understanding.

    Harvard Research Online http://www.edletter.org/past/issues/2000-mj/models.shtmlDescribes four leading models of cooperative learning.

    Jigsaw Classroomhttp://www.jigsaw.org/Explains the jigsaw strategy of cooperative learning.

    Resources

  • Workshop 6 - 106 - Social Studies in Action K5 Workshop

    After you read the articles, write answers to the following questions:

    1. What are the elements of authentic instruction? How does each element engage studentsand increase understanding?

    2. What is cooperative learning, and how does it differ from other small-group work?

    3. How do different kinds of questioning promote active learning?

    4. How can active learning help teachers assess students understanding?

    6: Engaging Students in Active Learning

    Reading Questions

    2003 WGBH Educational Foundation.

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    Social Studies in Action K5 Workshop - 107 - Workshop 6

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  • Social Studies in Action K5 Workshop - 109 - Workshop 6

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  • Workshop 6 - 110 - Social Studies in Action K5 Workshop

    6: Engaging Students in Active Learning

    Elements of Authentic Instruction

    This activity takes a closer look at how authentic instruction engages students in active learning,using teaching examples from three classroom video segments. Review the elements of authenticinstruction, then read the description of each classroom segment and identify up to three elementsof authentic instruction best represented in the segment. Explain each answer by giving an exam-ple, then compare your answers to what other teachers said.

    Elements of Authentic Instruction

    Higher-Order Thinking

    Depth of Knowledge

    Real-World Connection

    Substantive Conversation

    Social Support

    stimulates critical thinking

    encourages comprehensive learning

    teaches applications of concepts

    uses meaningful discussion

    provides encouragement and inclusion

    1

  • Social Studies in Action K5 Workshop - 111 - Workshop 6

    Description: Ms. Mesmer uses probing questions to guide students in a discus-sion about the winter solstice, winter holidays in different cultures,and what they have in common.

    Select up to three elements displayed in the example above and write in your explanation ofwhy you chose these elements.

    Higher-OrderThinking

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    Social Support

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  • Workshop 6 - 112 - Social Studies in Action K5 Workshop

    Description: Mr. Cuddi uses essential questions to connect the early explorersto other themes and disciplines, such as geography, economics, and politics.

    Select up to three elements displayed in the example above and write in your explanation ofwhy you chose these elements.

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  • Social Studies in Action K5 Workshop - 113 - Workshop 6

    Description: Mr. Kitts uses stories about past and present farming practices to teach students in an agriculture-based community about change over time.

    Select up to three elements displayed in the example above and write in your explanation ofwhy you chose these elements.

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  • Workshop 6 - 114 - Social Studies in Action K5 Workshop

    Higher-OrderThinking

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    Ms. Mesmer challenges students to master abstract science concepts aboutlight.

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    Students are asked to explain the economic impact of the explorers, and syn-thesize new knowledge with content from previous units.

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    Segment 2

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    Students make comparisons and distinctions between the past and present.

    Mr. Kitts asks students to show what they know by completing a time wheel.

    Mr. Kitts uses farming as a topic that his students can relate to.

    Segment 3

    2003 WGBH Educational Foundation. 5

    Sample Answers

  • Social Studies in Action K5 Workshop - 115 - Workshop 6

    Lesson Title:

    Objectives

    Lesson outline

    Activities

    Strategies to engage students in active learning

    Methods for assessing students understanding

    6: Engaging Students in Active Learning

    Developing a Lesson

    Use this form to create a draft of your lesson.

    2003 WGBH Educational Foundation.

  • Workshop 6 - 116 - Social Studies in Action K5 Workshop

    6: Engaging Students in Active Learning

    Summary

    Write a summary of what youve learned. Be sure to include:

    the range of active learning strategies you studied;

    the benefits and challenges of planning for active learning;

    how promoting active learning can increase students engagement with material, long-termretention, and understanding; and

    how you might incorporate elements of active learning into your practice.

    2003 WGBH Educational Foundation.